STORYLINE - 4: IN (AND OUT OF) PRINT: Lockouts, Pontoon, Bacon 'Butties', Bomb Alerts and a touch of Brollywood

It's the papers, but not as we knew them...

Murdoch brandishes copies of The Times and The Sun - end of an era of shop floor representation and the onset of 'New Technology' (a byword for lowering standards)
Murdoch brandishes copies of The Times and The Sun - end of an era of shop floor representation and the onset of 'New Technology' (a byword for lowering standards) | Source
The Wapping dispute rumbles on - except for the Electricians Union, who were expelled from the TUC in the late 80's, all unions in the print blacked Murdoch's papers. Not that it bothered Mrs T. The Iron Lady was full of praise for Rupert.
The Wapping dispute rumbles on - except for the Electricians Union, who were expelled from the TUC in the late 80's, all unions in the print blacked Murdoch's papers. Not that it bothered Mrs T. The Iron Lady was full of praise for Rupert. | Source
The Times front cover in earlier days before Wapping
The Times front cover in earlier days before Wapping
Protest at Wapping, the Met's 'cavalry' moves in on the picket lines
Protest at Wapping, the Met's 'cavalry' moves in on the picket lines
'Fortress Wapping - razor wire featured on outside walls
'Fortress Wapping - razor wire featured on outside walls
Protest poster calling union members to a 'show-down'
Protest poster calling union members to a 'show-down'
Some of the 'Security Staff' at Fortress Wapping'
Some of the 'Security Staff' at Fortress Wapping'

At 'The Square' we had a card school.

That was at 'The Times' on Printing House Square, across Queen Victoria Street from Blackfriars Station (District and Circle Line as well as over the bridge by British Rail to the Kent coast). 'The Observer' shared our presses at the back of the building, away from the street.

The manager usually sat giving us what he thought was a stern, uncompromising stare, but in reality he just looked bored out of his skull, grey-faced during the morning break, trying not to look at his curly 'British Rail'-style sandwiches. Alternatively he might have been constipated from sitting on a succession of train seats, management chairs and the squeaky one he sat on in the office.

Meanwhile we slurped tea brought in a giant urn on an antiquated, squeaky wooden trolley, wheeled into every office by a smartly attired, pinafore-wearing tea-lady who usually looked pretty bored as she turned the tea urn tap and slopped the milk into our cups. For our part we carelessly dropped crumbs onto the lino floor from our crusty cheese or bacon butties whilst we turned over our hands (pontoon) to see what we had that might earn a few extra matchsticks (hardened gamblers that we were!) There was a chess school in the background that the boss viewed more favourably, but one of the lads couldn't take losing in either so he annoyed everyone with his whining. When the break was over Jeremy went back to his work - if you can call hurtling around, dropping letters onto managers' desks work - and we to ours. He was a messenger and we 'processed' the incoming cash from advertisers.

That was no laugh at the best of times, pardon the pun. While Jeremy was swanning around - some of us were less polite, and talked about him 'prancing' and 'poncing' around as the situation dictated - we were locked in hard graft. To start off with we had to split the invoices, reams of them, twice! That gave us a top copy that was sent to advertisers, a second copy held on file and a bottom copy we kept in our desks, 'in case of query'. These were for our records and had to be balanced against incoming cheques from undertakers called 'Jolly' and 'De'ath' (no joke!) in the 'Hatches, Matches and Dispatches' (Births, Marriages and Deaths) columns of the main paper, or education authorities in the Ed. Supp, or publishers in the Lit. Supp. There were the weekend supplements, colour supplements on Sunday and all manner of loose inserts that had to be accounted for in the invoicing. A proper headache for the Credit controllers, Eddie and Martin, was private advertisers pleading on the phone or in scribbled notes, asking for time to pay beyond the usual fourteen days! They had 'the power' over life and death, so to speak. 'Sorry', being said in such a way as to bring tears of laughter. Agencies like JWT and Ogilvy & Mather had thirty days to 'cough up', but their credit was good anyway. Smaller advertising agencies - they kept splitting like amoeba on a laboratory slide - and joining.in new partnerships to challenge the big boys

Then there was 'Little Birdy' who sat next to me on the next desk. He had a beak, not a nose, a pair of glittering little eyes and a physique that reminded me of a character perched on top of Snoopy's kennel in the Shulz cartoons. Whilst he worked on separating the invoices his left leg bounced up and down as if he were working a sewing machine treadle! I had another character who sat across from me, a proper 'wide boy' who wore tinted glasses and had an expensive-looking hair-style. Ask him a question and he'd come back with 'I don't know, what...' (repeating your question). You'd tell him you were asking because you needed to know the answer - connected or not with the work you were all 'progressing' - and he'd come back with 'Well if you didn't know the answer, why did you ask the question - how would you know if I wasn't pulling a fast one?' End of question and answer session. Clever Dick, I'm surprised he showed up for work every day without a black eye from someone who didn't have to put up with him.

Halfway through the day we'd have a bomb warning, a message from the 'Provos' over the phone to the bosses to clear the building. We'd all troop out to the back of the building where the paper reel deliveries came in for The Observer next door, and wait for the Bomb Squad - or whatever. I thought it was a spoof, where some Guinness-guzzling member of staff wasn't keen on coming back before the weekend as most of the warnings came on Friday afternoons, someone trying to celebrate Poets' day a bit earlier. Poets Day stood for 'p**s off early, tomorrow's Saturday'. I don't think they celebrate it in the print these days. Then they'd slope off for a drop of the hard stuff while we waited for the Bomb boys. There were enough pubs in the area to 'slope off' to, one behind the offices next to a bomb site (there were still some of them, even in the early 70's, waiting for developers to come along and snap up the sites for offices). Some toff from 'higher up' would come out and tell us the alarm was over and we'd troop back in again, minus the one or two still in the local.

That was when we weren't being 'locked out' due to an industrial tiff. We'd come to the office one morning and the bosses had locked up the whole joint. Between them and the 'IRA', we were lucky if we got the work done! Quick zip through the invoices and it was time to go home again, 'Night-night, see you tomorrow/Monday'.

Card school at 10.30 and 3 in the afternoon, lunch break at one, finish at five and no overtime. It was almost as if the bosses didn't want the work finished. Then the owner, Thomson, gave up the ghost. Well, he didn't die. He was fed up with all the shenanigins, sold up to Rupert Murdoch and went to live on a desert island where nobody'd ever heard of newspapers or TV. For all we cared, that's what he did, but he probably went into business in something less strenuous - like the stock exchange or something like that. And we had a new boss.

He didn't like us. He'd heard stories, saw the make-up of The Times and started shedding workers. Jobs in the print works went flying like skittles in a bowling alley! Meanwhile office jobs carried on as before, more job creation to keep tabs on the tabs that had been previously been kept. The hem-lines kept rising as well when we moved from opposite Blackfriars Station to Grays Inn Road. We had never been in Fleet Street proper, and now we were even further off the beaten track. What was more, the Underground was further away. The buses were full before they came anywhere near us and the pubs were further away as well! From the back of the building we had a grandstand view of another bomb site, with the Royal Mail Mount Pleasant Letter Office beyond. At one end of Phoenix Place - behind the sorting office- was The Apple Tree on the corner of the Mount, and equally far away was another public house, the Pakenham Arms near the corner of Mount Pleasant's van park. Further away yet was the Yorkshire Grey on the corner of Grays Inn road opposite the inns of court. We were marooned in a virtual desert by any other description - it was as if we'd been posted to the moon!

One night we learned from the TV news that Uncle Rupert had gone to No.10 [Downing Street] to see the Iron Lady, or 'Maggie of the Handbag'. She'd invited him to dinner to discuss his new business proposals, and we'd learn in no uncertain terms what the 'terms' were by the following morning.

We were out of a job, no less... What?! We'd been asked if we wanted to work in a new, state-of-the-art office at Wapping. Where the Hill-billy Tinkers was that? Even more like a desert down there, it was miles from London Bridge, Blackfriars, Waterloo or Kings Cross stations. There was the Underground of course, they'd said, and Tower Hill was only a mile away. Even worse than Grays Inn Road, and the site even looked like a prison! Nobody wanted to go there, not never, not no-how! So we were going to have to look for a job or start 'Knocking on Number One' (sign on for hand-outs).

We had to do something. The first day we had a meeting on Grays Inn Road the Met was there (Metropolitan Police), watching. We were told by Branch (*NATSOPA London Head Office) that Murdoch was having workers ferried by coach from Southampton - they couldn't get staff from any closer, nobody would touch it, not even the employment agencies - in the evening. The PM had sanctioned it, and it was now law.

The Thames Valley police was there that evening, and so was the Met's 'cavalry', their horses prancing like Jeremy after he'd lost at cards. We were kept at a safe distance when the coaches came in, scared faces looking out, like moons, at us. The coaches sped past and the roar went up,

'Scabs, scabs, scabs!'

And then the cops got mobile, surging to seal the gateway, batons flailing. You've seen it on the news, that's how it was. It was mayhem after that... and the night after, and so on. Murdoch was adamant, we learned. No jobs for the unions, the door was shut. That wasn't strictly true, as the electricians' union had agreed their contracts, signed sealed and delivered. 'Murdoch's Lap Dogs' the unions called them, and they were thrown out of the TUC for their pains. Still the 'show' went on, nightly cabaret near Tower Hill it was. Print union sympathisers and all sorts turned up, even railwaymen and postal workers. Strictly speaking, they weren't supposed to be there, though. Maggie had come up trumps with something we found out called 'Secondary Picketing', that meant only workers employed at a site could picket their colleagues. That was rich, because we weren't employees - any more.

Somebody got a club together, the Wapping Race Committee** they called it. Nothing to do with racial equality, they were getting together enough cash to buy a nag to take to the 'Derby' or Newmarket. We learned later they'd cornered a trainer willing to forego his fees for half a season until they'd got some prize money together to pay him. Some hope. That's a rich man's game, camel hair coats, binocculars, race-goers' tags and all that! Still, more power to them. If it comes off that's the card school gone for a burton, though!


*There were several unions 'in the print' back then when I worked at Printing House Square (PHS) in the Advert Accounts Department, and later after I left to work at IPC Business Press in EC1, Argus Press near Liverpool Street, EC2 and Telegraph Publications in Fleet Street and on the Isle of Dogs at South Quay and Canary Wharf where computerisation brought 'direct input' by the journalists and new technology put two old-established unions 'out to grass'. The various unions involved machine minders, graphical and associated clerical workers as follows:

National Society of Printers and Assistants (NATSOPA) who had a clerical branch. I joined this union when I worked in the Ad Department at the Nottingham Post (until 1971 when I moved to London) and found employment a various papers, magazine and book publishing houses such as Butterworths in Kingsway, WC2, and IPC Magazines in Stamford Street, SE1);

Society of Graphic and Allied Trades (SOGAT) who also had a clerical branch. The two unions amalgamated and split again twice during my membership of NATSOPA.

Society of Lithographic Artists, Designers & Engravers (SLADE) part of whose task was reading the copy from the 'flongs' (papier mache impressions of the rollers before being cast in lead for the printing stage for type errors etc. They also used to produce artwork for the papers, but latterly advertising copy was bought by advertising agencies and supplied by courier to the production people. Now the journalists and advert production departments type copy straight in there are some serious howlers and lots of furious advertisers;

When computerisation came in the mid-80s to the newspaper industry several unions joined together, NATSOPA, SOGAT and SLADE under the auspices of a new print union with Brenda Dean as General Secretary (at the time she was married to a member of the 'bosses union', Confederation of British Industry [CBI] - talk about sleeping with the enemy!)

National Union of Journalists (NUJ), writers of sometimes brilliant editorial copy, but on the other hand... Past members include Boris Johnson. They think they're the bees knees, but we know differently, and it sometimes shows.


**There's a film starring Bob Hoskins on that theme, called 'OUTSIDE BET' and outside scenes filmed on location. It'll be interesting to see how close they came to the real thing. In the summer of 1971 I did work at The Times on Printing House Square, opposite Blackfriars Station.

The cameraderie was great, but with the parting of the ways I left to work a couple of miles away on Bowling Green Lane in EC1 at IPC Business Press from September, 1971, and got married the first time the month after. Halcyon days! We were still celebrating Poets' day in 1994 when I was 'eased' out of my job at The Telegraph at Canary Wharf, E14 due to Conrad Black's activities. What goes around, comes around. Conrad spent some time 'at the President's Pleasure' before being released not long ago. He'd 'had his hands in the till', so to speak. Forgot he'd floated the company and was siphoning off funds for life's little luxuries. (It just goes to show). Now Rupert Murdoch's in everybody's 'bad books' because of the 'News of the World' caper. What's in store for him, I wonder?

'OUTSIDE BET' is the story of a group of out-of-work newspaper printworkers who invest in a racehorse to get them well into the black (some hope!) That's the storyline of this hilarious feature film starring Bob Hoskins as the 'FOC' (Father of the Chapel = trade unions were forbidden at the time they were founded, so they saw cloaking themselves as religious groups as the best way forward).

Worth a watch, hilarious and sometimes pithy. Bob at his best with Jenny Agutter (remember 'Walkabout'?) and Rita 'Tush' Tushingham supporting.


Outside Bet

Poster for the film OUTSIDE BET starring Bob Hoskins
Poster for the film OUTSIDE BET starring Bob Hoskins | Source
In Dispute - the picket line prior to buying shares in the horse
In Dispute - the picket line prior to buying shares in the horse | Source
The meeting - like a chapel meeting, except in a pub - to decide on the motion (a chapel in the print is the equivalent of an industrial 'shop', the 'father/mother of the chapel' being like the shop steward - harks back to when unions were illegal)
The meeting - like a chapel meeting, except in a pub - to decide on the motion (a chapel in the print is the equivalent of an industrial 'shop', the 'father/mother of the chapel' being like the shop steward - harks back to when unions were illegal) | Source
t's enough to make a horse laugh! What's the betting this lot are non-starters - they'd never get past the first hurdle (not the right footwear)!
t's enough to make a horse laugh! What's the betting this lot are non-starters - they'd never get past the first hurdle (not the right footwear)! | Source

'Read all abaht it!

Explore London's newspaper mile, the Northcliffes, the Thompsons, Beaverbrooks and all around Fleet Street's environs (not all the newspapers were located in Fleet Street itself) within EC4. Above you can forage into the distant past, from when the first broadsheets were printed until the heyday of the newspaper industry when they could - and would - bring governments to their knees.

Below, the newspapers come of age, stand behind wartime governments and bring others down (like the Christine Keeler scandal in Harold Macmillan's day). 'Read all abaht it!'

So unlike father - Sir Keith enjoyed greater popularity than his son Rupert

Sir Keith Murdoch being welcomed home by wife Lady Elizabeth in 1942
Sir Keith Murdoch being welcomed home by wife Lady Elizabeth in 1942 | Source
Murdoch press release image of him with a copy of The Times fresh off the Wapping press - 'Fleet Street' has never been the same since
Murdoch press release image of him with a copy of The Times fresh off the Wapping press - 'Fleet Street' has never been the same since | Source

Fact: (added to the Hub 4th May, 2012)

Rupert Murdoch is no Alan Sugar. He had a good university education with an assured seat on the board thanks to the achievements of his father.

Sir Keith Murdoch (1885-1952) was an Austrialian journalist, a high flyer with a talent for spotting a story. As a writer for the Sydney Sun he obtained permission to visit Anzac Cove in the Gallipoli camapaign in September, 1915. A private letter sent to David lloyd George on the conduct of the campaign was published, and friendship with Lord Northcliffe assured his upward progress. In 1921 he was appointed Chief Editor of the Melbourne Herald. From 1926 he took over ailing Australian newspapers and in 1930 Murdoch's papers campaigned against the Labour Government of James Scullin, in support of the breakaway ex-Labour politician Joseph Lyons' Prime Ministerial campaign. In June 1940 Keith Murdoch was appointed Director General of Information for Australia, obtaining government authority to oblige newspapers to print government edicts as and when he felt they were needed, but had to resign the post when newspaper men compared him to Dr Joseph Goebbels. In 1942 he became Chairman of the Herald Group, and in 1944 established the Herald Chair of Fine Arts. Due to cancer spreading he gave up most of his work except on The Herald in 1949. He made a deal with the Herald Board to buy control of the adelaide papers in return for first option on any sale of his Brisbane newspaper shares. Sir Keith Murdoch died early on October 5th, 1952, leaving an estate of just over £410,000, most of which was used to pay off mortgages and death duties. However, the family kept control of News Limited, publishers of the Adelaide News.

A look behind the venetian blinds at 'Chateau Murdoch', Rupert Murdoch's media empire under the microscope with some interesting insights

Rupert Murdoch and the Media

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Comments 2 comments

UnnamedHarald profile image

UnnamedHarald 4 years ago from Cedar Rapids, Iowa

Interesting POV story, alan. The super-rich need a new poster boy besides Murdoch-- he's been outed for what he is. But don't worry about him, he's a special human being-- better than you or me.


alancaster149 profile image

alancaster149 4 years ago from Forest Gate, London E7, U K (ex-pat Yorkshire) Author

Rupert Murdoch's father Sir Keith Murdoch was a well-connected high-flying Australian journalist. He obtained permission to report on the Gallipoli campaign and submitted a private letter to Sir David Lloyd George on the progress (or lack of) of the campaign. He later gained the friendship of Lord Northcliffe, became Chief Editor of the Melbourne Herald in 1921. He took over ailing newspapers from 1926 and campigned in favour of Joseph Lyons. In June 1940 he was appointed Director General of Information with control over the Australian press. 1942 he became Chairman of the Herald Group. He retired from most of his work in 1949 because of cancer spreading, keeping work going on the Herald. He died 5th October, 1952 at Cruden Farm and most of his estate went to paying off mortgages and death duties. The family kept full control over News Limited, owners of the Adelaide News. Rupert was effectively presented with his silver spoon at an early age. With his schooling he knew how to control his media interests. No waste of money there, but unlike Sir Alan Sugar he had a seat on the board whilst virtually still in his nappies!

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