Martin Van Buren: 8th President

Portrait of President Van Buren

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List of United States Presidents

1. George Washington

2. John Adams

3. Thomas Jefferson

4. James Madison

5. James Monroe

6. John Quincy Adams

7. Andrew Jackson

8. Martin Van Buren

9. William Henry Harrison

10. John Tyler

11. James K. Polk

12. Zachary Taylor

13. Millard Fillmore

14. Franklin Pierce

15. James Buchanan

16. Abraham Lincoln

17. Andrew Johnson

18. Ulysses S. Grant

19. Rutherford B. Hayes

20. James Garfield

21. Chester A. Arthur

22. Grover Cleveland

23. Benjamin Harrison

24. Grover Cleveland

25. William McKinley

26. Theodore Roosevelt

27. William Howard Taft

28. Woodrow Wilson

29. Warren G. Harding

30. Calvin Coolidge

31. Herbert Hoover

32. Franklin D. Roosevelt

33. Harry S. Truman

34. Dwight D. Eisenhower

35. John F. Kennedy

36. Lyndon B. Johnson

37. Richard M. Nixon

38. Gerald R. Ford

39. James Carter

40. Ronald Reagan

41. George H. W. Bush

42. William J. Clinton

43. George W. Bush

44. Barack Obama

Van Buren: The Little Magician

Martin Van Buren was the first president to be born after our country officially became the United States. Up until Van Buren, all the presidents were born when it was still considered Colonial America. Van Buren was born to Abraham and Maria in Kinderhook, New York on December 5,1782, which was an old Dutch village, where they spoke Dutch more often than English. His ancestors actually came from the Netherlands.

His first experience with politics was in the tavern his father owned. Many traveling politicians would stop there to rest on their way between New York City and Albany. This not only perked his interest in politics, but also law. His father helped him get his first job as a law clerk at the age of 14. By the time he was 20, he was running his own law practice.

Despite his success as a lawyer, he soon started working as a politician, where he got the nickname "Little Magician," because he was very skilled at achieving his goals and stood only 5 feet 6 inches. He was very friendly and often enjoyed making people laugh. He was also known for dressing impeccably.

In the 1820's, one of his first successful political endeavors was the "Holy Alliance," although most people know it better as the "Albany Regency." It was created in New York state, and received it's nickname of regency, because when he was elected to the United States Senate in 1821, he was often out of state serving. This operation continued to run by designated people, much like the government of a regency does when the king is not available. The Albany Regency was very successful in maintaining party discipline, but many felt it was manipulating people and gained control over party conventions.

During the later years of his time in the Senate, his wife Hannah died, leaving behind him and his four children. This did not disrupt his success, and was soon recognized by Andrew Jackson.

In 1827, Jackson appointed him Secretary of State, and Van Buren became one of his most trusted advisers. Jackson respected him deeply and was quoted calling him "a true man with no guile." In 1832, Van Buren became the eighth Vice President under Jackson, during Jackson's second term.

Satirical Caption against Barnburner Democrat Van Buren

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Martin Van Buren's Presidency

Jackson was one of Martin's greatest supporters when he ran for the Presidency in 1836, in which he did win and went on to serve one term. Only two months after he was inaugurated, the financial panic of 1837 happened, causing banks to close, many workers lost their jobs, thousands lost their land. This became the worst depression thus far in the United States history and lasted for about five years.

Van Buren, having been part of the Bucktail faction, which was a group that believed in the Jeffersonian concept of limited government, felt that the government should stay out of private business affairs. As a result many felt he did little to help during this time. He did continue in Jackson's efforts with deflationary policies, but unfortunately his efforts only caused the depression to get worse and more persistent.

He believed that the panic was a result of recklessness in business and overextension of credit. He was adamant against the creation of a new Bank of the United States and was unwilling to place any government funds in state banks. Instead, he felt that establishing an independent treasury system to handle government spending would be more successful. During this time, he also did not allow any federal expenditures for internal improvements.

Unfortunately due to the state of the country at the end of his presidency, he was very unpopular. His opponents portrayed him as a rich man who drank out of silver goblets and ate off of gold plates. This caused him not to win the next election.

During the 1848 election, the democratic party no longer supported him; therefore, he was nominated by the Free Soil Party. They were a party that strongly opposed slavery. This was a cause he had supported during his own presidency. While in office he blocked the annexation of Texas, because he knew if he did not, it would add to slave territory, plus it could have caused war against Mexico.

In his later years, he mostly traveled and wrote his memoirs. At 79, on July 24, 1862, he died in his hometown of Kinderhook.

Exerpt from the History Channel on the 8th President

Fun Facts for the President

  • He spoke Dutch, better than he spoke English, though was fluent in both.
  • Credited as the person who began the phrase, "OK," because he was from Old Kinderhook, and somehow "OK," or "Okay," came to be known as "all right."
  • One of only two elected vice-presidents who went on to become elected presidents.
  • He was the first president to be born in the "new" United States. The first seven presidents were born in Colonial America.

Van Buren's Campaign Poster

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Basic Facts about the Eighth President

Question
Answer
Born
December 5, 1782 - New York
President Number
8th
Party
Democratic-Republican
Military Service
none
Wars Served
none
Age at Beginning of Presidency
55 years old
Term of Office
March 4, 1837 - March 3, 1841
How Long Served as President
4 years
Vice-President
Richard Mentor Johnson
Age and Year of Death
July 24, 1862 (aged 79)
Cause of Death
bronchial asthma and heart failure

Painting of Martin Van Buren

Source

References

  • "Albany Regency." Albany Regency. Web. 23 Apr. 2016.
  • Freidel, F., & Sidey, H. (2006). Theodore Roosevelt. Retrieved April 20, 2016, from https://www.whitehouse.gov/1600/presidents/theodoreroosevelt
  • "Martin Van Buren." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television. Web. 23 Apr. 2016.
  • Sullivan, G. (2001). Mr. President: A book of U.S. presidents. New York: Scholastic.
  • U.S. Presidential Fun Facts. (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2016, from http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/explore/history/presidential-fun-facts/#geo-washington.jpg
  • What are some interesting facts about presidents and first ladies? (n.d.). Retrieved April 20, 2016, from https://www.whitehousehistory.org/questions/what-are-some-interesting-facts-about-presidents-first-ladies

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