Mosquito Killing Devices

Zika outbreak: The mosquito menace

Zika outbreak: The mosquito menace

By James Gallagher Health editor, BBC News website

  • 29 January 2016
  • From the section Health

The mosquito, Aedes aegypti, is causing widespread fear in Brazil where it is spreading the Zika virus that has been linked to thousands of babies being born with birth defects.

So what do we know about it?

It loves our cities

This is not some jungle-dwelling insect that rarely comes into contact with people.

It is one of those animals, like cockroaches, pigeons and urban foxes, that thrives in built-up areas.

It does not need natural water sources to breed as it can lay eggs in the small and plentiful pools of stagnant water, such as gutters or flower pots, found in cities

Cities like Singapore have big problems with the mosquito.

Prof Uriel Kitron, from Emory University, said: "Aegypti is really adapted well for urban areas.

"It is becoming more and more of an urbanised world and aegypti thrives - Brazil is an extreme example going from 20% to 80% urban in 70 years."

There's also plenty of food - us.

They harbour a bunch of diseases

Zika is currently getting all the attention, but Aedes aegypti has long been known as the yellow fever mosquito.

Yellow fever is a viral disease that can cause jaundice, bleeding and multiple organ failure in some cases.

And 390 million people are infected with the dengue virus each year, largely as a result of bites from Aedes aegypti.

Chikungunya, another virus causing alarm as it expands around the world, is also spread by the insects.

They do it by biting someone who is infected and then biting someone else.

More on the Zika crisis:

Up to four million Zika cases predicted

What you need to know

Zika 'could become pandemic'

Video - WHO: 'Level of concern is high'

Video - How mums-to-be are tackling Zika

Only the females bite and they love human blood

Both the male and female mosquitoes feed off plant nectar. However, the females need a blood meal in order to produce eggs.

Two traits make them especially good at spreading disease.

First they feed almost exclusively on humans, so if they pick up a disease from one person, they are likely to pass it on with their next bite.

Other mosquitoes are less efficient spreaders as they feed off a variety of animals.

These particular blood suckers also drink little and often.

Rather than gorge their entire meal from one person and running the risk of being swatted they graze from multiple people making it easier to spread disease.

They are also active during the day so bed nets are less effective.

It's a lazy hitch-hiker

"They're amazing hitch-hikers, but they're lousy flyers," argues Prof Kitron.

The mosquitoes that carry malaria can fly for miles, but Aedes aegypti is pretty lazy by comparison.

It stays close to the area where it was born and 100m is a long way for it to fly.

Prof Kitron says: "But they're good at catching rides, their whole life cycle can take place in the water in a boat."

So despite its short flying distances it has managed to conquer the world.

It has a cousin that could bring Zika to Europe

Aedes aegypti lives in tropical and subtropical climates - it is why experts are worried Zika could spread across the Americas, a huge swathe of Africa as well as India and China.

However, the similar Aedes albopictus - or Asian Tiger mosquito - likes cooler more temperate areas.

It has been linked to outbreaks of chikungunya virus in Italy and France.

There are suspicions that it could also spread Zika virus, but it is not yet clear.

Out of Africa

Aedes aegypti exists in two forms or sub-species.

Aedes aegypti formosus is the original type found in Africa, which does not often come into contact with people and is not a major spreader of disease.

Aedes aegypti aegypti is the form that has spread around the world.

It probably arrived in the Americas from Africa after being transported around the ocean in the ships of European colonisers.

"Yellow fever outbreaks were known in Africa from around 1400 and the first confirmed cases, from the Yucatan, were documented in 1648," Dr Michael Bonsall from Oxford University said.

It is now found throughout tropical and subtropical regions around the globe.

Killed off once before

Eradication campaigns were successful in the Americas with 18 countries getting rid of the insect by 1962.

But insecticide resistance plus a lack of political will led to re-bounce of Mosquitoes

But now far more people live in its preferred urban home and a similar achievement would require a huge effort.

Below is my Reason for making a mosquito device.

http://mike1242-malariakills.blogspot.co.uk/

Mosquito Device by mike semple feb 2016

Well finally finished the design for my MOSQUITO killer device. Parts due from China 5-6 weeks... Already have my designer mosquito trap ready, and doing a small field trial tomorrow to see if it works and how many mosquitoes I catch..... If all goes well, its back to Sierra Leone to wipe out a few thousand mosquitoes... had malaria twice and its my turn to hunt and destroy them and there eggs.... KARMA waits for no man ... When the times right things happen .... NOW is my Time.... This device will kill bed bugs and eggs, mites and other bugs that affect people's living condition. If it does as I expect it will help reduce malaria cases to areas I visit....

As I move on with this venture, I will update...

Mosquito Device by mike semple 13th Feb 2016

Mosquito Device by mike semple 13th Feb 2016

Well finally finished the design for my MOSQUITO killer device. Parts due from China 5-6 weeks... Already have my designer mosquito trap ready, and doing a small field trial tomorrow to see if it works and how many mosquitoes I catch..... If all goes well, its back to Sierra Leone to wipe out a few thousand mosquitoes... had malaria twice and its my turn to hunt and destroy them and there eggs.... KARMA waits for no man ... When the times right things happen .... NOW is my Time.... This device will kill bed bugs and eggs, mites and other bugs that affect people's living condition. If it does as I expect it will help reduce malaria cases to areas I visit....

UPDATE 13th Feb 2016

I still awaiting parts to be delivered to enable me to complete my designed unit.

During the last week since 1st posting about this design , its become very apparent on the need for such devices , having actually looked at what I have designed and realised through research that it will take more than one type of unit , due to the fact that capturing and destroying adult mosquitoes is only one step in the chain to stop mosquitoes from biting people , the other factor is the eggs of laying females , they can lay up to 200 eggs at any one time , with a hatch rate at above 50 % .

So i've adapted my design and will have very soon 2 designed units to capture mosquitoes and a third unit to destroy the eggs.

To every one who left comments , thank you for having the faith in a design that im still working on.

It may take another month to get right but I will never give up designing units to stop these blood suckers.

Saturday Evening came home to find 3 parts arrived from china in post, now waiting for 2 more pieces...

#zikavirus #malaria #dengie #mike1242

Update 14th March 2016

Ive tried doing updates within the LinkedIn Groups but doesn't seem to work, so i'll do it here.

Have a Image you can view in the link below, if your interested email me at semplemike@yahoo.com

These units will be made ASAP.

The LINK Mosquito Killer Device 003 (MosKatchi)

Mosquito Killer Devices.

Mosquito Killer Devices.

Hi , you’ve probably noticed over the last few weeks , my links to a mosquito killing device.

So to give you all a little back ground to reasons why such a device is needed.

Mosquitoes cause many diseases to humans and animals, they are one of the most deadly creatures on earth.

Estimated deaths per year are over 1,000,000

Below is a list of some know and some unknown diseases that Mosquitoes can transfer via bites to humans and animals.

Malaria

Chikungunya

Dog Heartworm

Dengue

Yellow Fever

Eastern Equine Encephalitis

St. Louis Encephalitis

LaCrosse Encephalitis

Western Equine Encephalitis

West Nile Virus

Zika Virus

Malaria is an ancient disease. In all likelihood originating in Africa, it has been described by the Chinese as far back as 2700BC and the Sumerians from 1700 BC. The malaria parasite (plasmodium) is transmitted by female Anopheles mosquitoes. More than one million deaths and 300 - 500 million cases are still reported annually in the world. It is reported that malaria kills one child every 40 seconds.

Chikungunya virus is a pathogen transmitted by mosquitoes, and has established itself in the Caribbean (approximately 350,000 suspected cases in the Western Hemisphere since December 2013). It has now resulted in 2 cases of locally-transmitted Chikungunya virus in Florida in July of 2014. As of July 22, 2014, 497 travel-related cases have been found in 35 states, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Dog heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) can be a life-threatening disease for canines. The disease is caused by a roundworm. Dogs and sometimes other animals such as cats, foxes and raccoons are infected with the worm through the bite of a mosquito carrying the larvae of the worm

Dengue is a serious arboviral disease of the Americas, Asia and Africa. Although it has a low mortality, dengue has very uncomfortable symptoms and has become more serious, both in frequency and mortality, in recent years.

Yellow fever, which has a 400-year history, at present occurs only in tropical areas of Africa and the Americas. Every year about 200,000 cases occur with 30,000 deaths in 33 countries.

Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) is spread to horses and humans by infected mosquitoes. It is among the most serious of a group of mosquito-borne arboviruses that can affect the central nervous system and cause severe complications and even death.

St. Louis Encephalitis (SLE) is transmitted from birds to man and other mammals by infected mosquitoes (mainly some Culex species). SLE is found throughout the United States, but most often along the Gulf of Mexico, especially Florida.

LaCrosse encephalitis (LAC) is much less widespread than EEE or SLE, but approximately 90 cases occur per year. It occurs in all 13 states east of the Mississippi, particularly in the Appalachian region. It was reported first in 1963 in LaCrosse, Wisconsin and the vector is thought to be a specific type of woodland mosquito (Aedes triseriatus) called the tree-hole mosquito, with small mammals being the usual warm-blooded host.

West Nile virus (WNV) emerged from its origins in 1937 in Africa (Uganda) into Europe, the Middle East, West and Central Asia and associated islands. It is a Flavivirus (family Flaviviridae) with more than 70 identified viruses. Serologically, it is a Japanese encephalitis virus antigenic complex similar to St. Louis, Japanese and Murray Valley encephalitis viruses. Similar to other encephalitises, it is cycled between birds and mosquitoes and transmitted to mammals (including horses) and man by infected mosquitoes.

Zika Virus about 1 in 5 people infected with Zika virus become ill (i.e., develop Zika).

The most common symptoms of Zika are fever, rash, joint pain, or conjunctivitis (red eyes). Other common symptoms include muscle pain and headache. The incubation period (the time from exposure to symptoms) for Zika virus disease is not known, but is likely to be a few days to a week.

The illness is usually mild with symptoms lasting for several days to a week.

People usually don’t get sick enough to go to the hospital, and they very rarely die of Zika.

Zika virus usually remains in the blood of an infected person for about a week but it can be found longer in some people.

For an insect so small, they cause a great deal of trouble around the world. I have personally had two major bouts of Malaria. Once whilst in Sierra Leone and the other in London, upon returning from Sierra Leone 12 days earlier; the London bout, I must add, put me in intensive care for 4 days. I was informed that I had a ‘Malaria to Blood’ count of 27%. 5% or more is usually fatal.

I have looked at ways to capture and kill mosquitoes for many years. I have studied a fair amount of research on how they currently try and also propose to control mosquitoes. I have also studied the various types of mosquitoes and their habits, the type of which relate to how and where they eat, breed and perform other activities natural to them.

So now I have designed 2-3 devices.

I am looking at having at least two devices built or constructed within next 2-3 weeks.

I need assistance in communicating with the World Health Organisation as I have no personnel contact names from this organisation, as to who exactly may be interested in my devices to assist in controlling mosquitoes world-wide.


Zika Virus Facts

Zika Virus Facts

Global health officials have said that the Zika virus, which has been linked to severe birth defects in thousands of babies in Brazil, is rapidly spreading in the Americas and could infect up to 4 million people.

The race is on to develop a Zika vaccine.

The following are some questions and answers about the virus and the current outbreak.

How do people become infected?

The virus is transmitted to people through the bite of infected female mosquitoes, primarily the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the same type that spreads dengue, chikungunya and yellow fever. The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) said Aedes mosquitoes are found in all countries in the Americas except Canada and continental Chile, and the virus will likely reach all countries and territories of the region where Aedes mosquitoes are found.

How do you treat Zika infection?

There is no treatment or vaccine available for Zika infection. Companies and scientists are racing to develop a safe and effective vaccine for Zika, but the World Health Organization said it would take at least 18 months to start large-scale clinical trials of potential preventative shots.

How dangerous is it?

The PAHO said there is no evidence that Zika can cause death, but some cases have been reported with more serious complications in patients with pre-existing medical conditions.

The virus has been linked to microcephaly, a condition in newborns marked by abnormally small heads and brains that have not developed properly. It also has been associated with Guillain-Barre syndrome, a rare disorder in which the body's immune system attacks part of the nervous system.

The suspected link between the Zika virus and the two birth defects could be confirmed within weeks, the WHO said.

How is Zika related to microcephaly?

Much remains unknown about Zika, including whether the virus actually causes microcephaly. Brazil is investigating the potential link between Zika infections and more than 4,400 suspected cases of microcephaly, a condition marked by abnormally small head size that can result in developmental problems. Researchers have confirmed more than 500 of these cases as microcephaly and identified evidence of Zika infection in 41 of these cases, but have not proven that Zika can cause microcephaly.

It is unclear whether in pregnant women the virus crosses the placenta and causes microcephaly. Research in Brazil indicates the greatest microcephaly risk appears to be associated with infection during the first trimester of pregnancy.

What are the symptoms of Zika infection?

People who get Zika virus disease typically have a mild fever, skin rash, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain and fatigue that can last for two to seven days. But as many as 80 percent of people infected never develop symptoms. The symptoms are similar to those of dengue or chikungunya, which are transmitted by the same type of mosquito.

How can Zika be contained?

Efforts to control the spread of the virus focus on eliminating mosquito breeding sites and taking precautions against mosquito bites such as using insect repellent and mosquito nets. U.S. and international health officials have advised pregnant women to avoid travel to Latin American and Caribbean countries where they may be exposed to Zika.

How widespread is the outbreak?

Zika outbreaks have been reported in at least 40 countries or territories, according to the WHO. Brazil has been the nation most affected.

Africa (2): Cape Verde and Gabon

Americas (26): Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Curaçao, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Suriname, U.S. Virgin Islands and Venezuela

Asia (12): American Samoa, Cambodia, Fiji, Indonesia, Maldives, Philippines, Malaysia, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Thailand, Tonga and Vanuatu

What is the history of the Zika virus?

The Zika virus is found in tropical locales with large mosquito populations. Outbreaks of Zika virus disease have been recorded in Africa, the Americas, Southern Asia and the Western Pacific. The virus was first identified in Uganda in 1947 in rhesus monkeys and was first identified in people in 1952 in Uganda and Tanzania, according to the WHO.

Can Zika be transmitted through sexual contact?

Two cases of possible person-to-person sexual transmission have been described, but the PAHO said more evidence is needed to confirm whether sexual contact is a means of Zika transmission.

British health officials reported Zika was found in a man's semen two months after he was infected, suggesting the virus may linger in semen long after infection symptoms fade. The WHO has advised women, particularly pregnant women, to use condoms.

The PAHO also said Zika can be transmitted through blood, but this is an infrequent transmission mechanism. There is no evidence the virus can be transmitted to babies through breast milk.

What other complications are associated with Zika?

The WHO says because no big Zika outbreaks were recorded before 2007, little is known about complications caused by infection. During an outbreak of Zika from 2013-2014 in French Polynesia, national health authorities reported an unusual increase in Guillain-Barre syndrome. Health authorities in Brazil have also reported an increase in Guillain-Barre syndrome.

Long-term health consequences of Zika infection remain unclear. Other uncertainties surround the incubation period of the virus and how Zika interacts with other viruses that are transmitted by mosquitoes, such as dengue.

Mosquito Killing Devices

Zika Virus is the TRUTH being HIDDEN

Zika Virus is the TRUTH being HIDDEN

Hi another post , below is a document taken from a GMwatch .org

It really is a bit of a eye opener , are we in trying to feed the world population actually harming the very people we are trying to feed. Likewise are the World Health Organisation listening to the correct people when they stated “ GM mosquitoes could be used in Brazil to help stem the Zika Virus “ when these so called GM mosquitoes could infact make things worse.

Please read and comment, good or bad , they assist me with my own goal of producing my Mosquito Killing Devices. Links to my other posts below.. thanks mike .


A report from the Argentine doctors’ organisation, Physicians in the Crop-Sprayed Towns,[1] challenges the theory that the Zika virus epidemic in Brazil is the cause of the increase in the birth defect microcephaly among newborns.

The increase in this birth defect, in which the baby is born with an abnormally small head and often has brain damage, was quickly linked to the Zika virus by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. However, according to the Physicians in the Crop-Sprayed Towns, the Ministry failed to recognise that in the area where most sick people live, a chemical larvicide that produces malformations in mosquitoes was introduced into the drinking water supply in 2014. This poison, Pyriproxyfen, is used in a State-controlled programme aimed at eradicating disease-carrying mosquitoes.

The Physicians added that the Pyriproxyfen is manufactured by Sumitomo Chemical, a Japanese "strategic partner" of Monsanto. Pyriproxyfen is a growth inhibitor of mosquito larvae, which alters the development process from larva to pupa to adult, thus generating malformations in developing mosquitoes and killing or disabling them. It acts as an insect juvenile hormone or juvenoid, and has the effect of inhibiting the development of adult insect characteristics (for example, wings and mature external genitalia) and reproductive development. It is an endocrine disruptor and is teratogenic (causes birth defects), according to the Physicians.

The Physicians commented: “Malformations detected in thousands of children from pregnant women living in areas where the Brazilian state added Pyriproxyfen to drinking water are not a coincidence, even though the Ministry of Health places a direct blame on the Zika virus for this damage.”

They also noted that Zika has traditionally been held to be a relatively benign disease that has never before been associated with birth defects, even in areas where it infects 75% of the population.

Larvicide the most likely culprit in birth defects

Pyriproxyfen is a relatively new introduction to the Brazilian environment; the microcephaly increase is a relatively new phenomenon. So the larvicide seems a plausible causative factor in microcephaly – far more so than GM mosquitoes, which some have blamed for the Zika epidemic and thus for the birth defects. There is no sound evidence to support the notion promoted by some sources that GM mosquitoes can cause Zika, which in turn can cause microcephaly. In fact, out of 404 confirmed microcephaly cases in Brazil, only 17 (4.2%) tested positive for the Zika virus.

Brazilian health experts agree Pyriproxyfen is suspect

The Argentine Physicians’ report, which also addresses the Dengue fever epidemic in Brazil, concurs with the findings of a separate report on the Zika outbreak by the Brazilian doctors’ and public health researchers’ organisation, Abrasco.[2]

Abrasco also names Pyriproxyfen as a potential factor in the outbreak of microcephaly cases and calls for suspension of its use. It condemns the strategy of chemical control of Zika-carrying mosquitoes, which it says is contaminating the environment as well as people and is not decreasing the numbers of mosquitoes. Abrasco suggests that this strategy is in fact driven by the commercial interests of the chemical industry, which it says is deeply integrated into the Latin American ministries of health, as well as the World Health Organization and the Pan American Health Organisation.

Abrasco names the British GM insect company Oxitec as part of the corporate lobby that is distorting the facts about Zika to suit its own profit-making agenda. Oxitec sells GM mosquitoes engineered for sterility and markets them as a disease-combatting product – a strategy condemned by the Argentine Physicians as “a total failure, except for the company supplying mosquitoes”.

The poor suffer most

Both the Brazilian and Argentine doctors’ and researchers' associations agree that poverty is a key neglected factor in the Zika epidemic. Abrasco condemned the Brazilian government for its "deliberate concealment” of economic and social causes: “In Argentina and across America the poorest populations with the least access to sanitation and safe water suffer most from the outbreak.” The Argentine Physicians agreed, stating, “The basis of the progress of the disease lies in inequality and poverty.”

Abrasco added that the disease is closely linked to environmental degradation: floods caused by logging and the massive use of herbicides on (GM) herbicide-tolerant soy crops – in short, “the impacts of extractive industries”.

The notion that environmental degradation may a factor in the spread of Zika finds backing in the view of Dino Martins, PhD, a Kenyan entomologist. Martins said that “the explosion of mosquitoes in urban areas, which is driving the Zika crisis” is caused by “a lack of natural diversity that would otherwise keep mosquito populations under control, and the proliferation of waste and lack of disposal in some areas which provide artificial habitat for breeding mosquitoes”.

Community-based actions

The Argentine Physicians believe that the best defence against Zika is “community-based actions”. An example of such actions is featured in a BBC News report on the Dengue virus in El Salvador. A favourite breeding place for disease-carrying mosquitoes is storage containers of standing water. El Salvadorians have started keeping fish in the water containers, and the fish eat the mosquito larvae. Dengue has vanished along with the mosquitoes that transmit the disease. And so far, the locals don’t have any Zika cases either.

Simple yet effective programmes like this are in danger of being neglected in Brazil in favour of the corporate-backed programmes of pesticide spraying and releasing GM mosquitoes. The latter is completely unproven and the former may be causing far more serious harm than the mosquitoes that are being targeted.


https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mosquito-killer-devices-michael-semple?trk=mp-author-card

ZIKA VIRUS is it an illusion

ZIKA VIRUS is it an illusion

This has been a strange month for me in many ways , since about 2014 ive been looking at ways to kill mosquitoes using devices ide designed.

During this time researching mosquitoes, there habits and how they behave in there natural enviroments in order to see were others have tried but in fact failed to stop mosquitoes from causing more than 1 million deaths a year.

So Feb 2016 arrives, I’ve decided on one or two designs, ordered parts I require and the waiting begins.

Nothing unusual in that, things take time.

Then the headlines start appearing Zika Virus, Babies born with small heads, Brazil thousands of women affected by Zika.

So the days pass and then I see Zika Virus Caused by Mosquitoes, now my hate for these little flying, biting vermin is already at a high, so I start researching the type of mosquitoes that reside in Brazil, in order to see why and how they cause babies to be born with small heads.

Ive seen women in Sierra Leone during Pregnancy who have been bitten and contacted malaria, with the baby being born normal, with no side effects.

So this puzzled me slightly, so I carried on looking at different posts and researched different avenues, then today someone left a comment on one of my posts, stating the Brazillian Government had issued a mandatory vaccination to be given to all pregnant women, the year 2014.

It doesn’t take a mathematician or scientist to calculate the dates and timings between the mandatory issue of a vaccine and babies being born with small heads and other side effects.

So I start digging around the internet looking at different sites and started see a pattern form that could leed to confusion and miss-understanding.

You make your own judgement on what im about to reveal, it’s a mine field.

Ok lets look at side effects of a few mosquito related diseases / viruses in the early stages.

Malaria

  1. Fever.
  2. Aching muscles and joints.
  3. Dizziness.
  4. Headaches.
  5. Fatigue.
  6. Vomiting.
  7. Diarrhea

Dengue Fever

  1. Aching muscles and joints.
  2. Body rash that can disappear and then reappear.
  3. High fever.
  4. Intense headache.
  5. Pain behind the eyes.
  6. Diarrhea
  7. Vomiting and feeling nauseous.

Zika Virus

  1. Mild fever and rash.
  2. Muscle pain, joint pain.
  3. Headache.
  4. Pain behind the eyes.
  5. Conjunctivitis.

When you look at Maleria, Dengue and Zika together, the starting phase is nearly identical, so it must be mosquitoes that cause the Zika Virus and the unfortunate babies to be born deformed.

Now look at these two vaccines, one was given to all Pregnant Women in Brazil and the Other was banned in the United Kingdon during the 1960’s

Tdap Vaccine – Brazil 2014

  1. Pain, redness, or swelling in the arm where the shot was given.
  2. Mild fever.
  3. Headache.
  4. Tiredness.
  5. Stomach upset, including nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
  6. Muscle aches and pains.
  7. Swollen glands.

Thalidomide – Banned uk 1960;s

  1. Anxiety.
  2. Chest pain.
  3. Cough.
  4. Dizziness or lightheadedness.
  5. Fainting.
  6. Fast heartbeat.
  7. Muscle weakness.
  8. Pain, redness, or swelling in the arm or leg.
  9. Sudden shortness of breath or troubled breathing.
  10. Tingling, burning, numbness, or pain in the hands, arms, feet, or legs.

Interesting when you look they all have the same types of side effect, the Tdap and Thalidomide are made in a Lab and mass produced probably after some animal testing. Lets look at both Thalidomide and Tdap

Thalidomide Pill

The drug was marketed as a mild sleeping pill safe, even for pregnant women. However, it caused thousands of babies worldwide to be born with malformed limbs. The damage was revealed in 1960’s. Before then, every new drug was seen as beneficial. Now there was suspicion and rigorous testing.

Thalidomide has strong sedative properties and many women in the early weeks of pregnancy had taken it to ease their morning sickness, utterly unaware its effect on the unborn child can be teratogenic, or "monster-forming".

Limbs can fail to develop properly, in some cases also eyes, ears and internal organs. No-one knows how many miscarriages the drug caused, but it's estimated that, in Germany alone, 10,000 babies were born affected by Thalidomide. Many were too damaged to survive for long.

Today, fewer than 3,000 are still alive. In Britain, it's about 470. Among the nearly 50 countries affected are Japan (approximately 300 survivors), Canada and Sweden (both more than 100), and Australia (45). Spain's government only recently acknowledged the drug was ever distributed there. No-one knows how many Spanish survivors there are. It could be hundreds.


Tdap Vaccine – Brazil 2014

In October 2014, the Brazilian Ministry of Health’s Epidemiological Surveillance Center “Prof. Alexandre Vranjac” (CVE) in São Paulo, Brazil published a “technical report” on the diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis vaccine (Tdap).1 In that report, the CVE stated that the Tdap vaccine would be included in Brazil’s National Vaccination Schedule for pregnant women.

Considering the epidemiological situation of the [pertussis (whooping cough)] disease and the need to protect the mother-child pair, the Tdap vaccine will be incorporated into the National Vaccination Schedule for pregnant women and health professionals (anesthesiologist, gynecologist, obstetrician, neonatologist, pediatrician, nurse, and nursing technician) who care for newborns in maternity wards and nurseries/neonatal ICUs.

A retrospective study published in the journal BMC Infectious Diseases in 2015 highlights the growing incidence of pertussis (whooping cough) in Brazil from 2007 to 2014. Using data obtained from case notification forms, the study identified a total of 80,068 “suspected cases” of pertussis in Brazil during that seven-year period.2 Another study published in Autopsy Case Reports last year cited the increasing number of deaths from pertussis in Brazil in recent years, particularly in 2013.

"Pertussis (whooping cough)

In 2013, 109 pertussis-related deaths were reported—a number 7-fold higher than the average number of deaths reported annually in the period from 2001 to 2010. More than 80% of the deaths occurred in infants younger than 3 months of age. "

It is understandable that the Brazilian government was concerned about the upward trend in pertussis infections. By the end of 2014, following the October report from the CVE, the Brazilian Ministry of Health announced the introduction of the Tdap vaccine for all pregnant women in the country, and the Brazilian National Immunization Program (NIP) had begun the vaccinations.

(In 2011, with little evidence proving safety, the CDC instituted a similar universal use Tdap vaccine policy for all pregnant women in the U.S. in an attempt to control pertussis infections)

The policy change to vaccinating pregnant women with Tdap to try to control pertussis infections in Brazil had been expected for many months. Earlier in 2014, at a meeting of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Strategic Advisory Group of Experts (SAGE), the group had written in a background paper…

[Brazil] will recommend Tdap in the routine immunization programme for pregnant women from 2014

The CVE report recommended the Tdap vaccine be given to women between the 27th week and 36th week of their pregnancy, and that it could also be administered up to 20 days prior to the expected date of birth.1 The report specified the Tdap produced by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) of the United Kingdom as the one to be used. GSK has a technology transfer agreement with Brazil’s Butantan Institute for the production of the Tdap vaccine in Brazil.

According to GSK, neither the safety nor effectiveness of Boostrix have been established in pregnant women. The package insert for Boostrix reads:

A developmental toxicity study has been performed in female rats at a dose approximately 40 times the human dose (on a mL/kg basis) and revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus due to BOOSTRIX. Animal fertility studies have not been conducted with BOOSTRIX. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, BOOSTRIX should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Despite this cautionary information, the Brazilian government has been vaccinating tens of thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of pregnant women in its country during the past year.

So could the Tdap Vaccination be the cause of the defects in the new born children, just like the Thalidomide Pill 50 years earlier. If this is in fact the case, companies that make and distribute these types of medication should be held accountable for there actions.

Another possible factor that could be involved was the release of GM mosquitoes into the areas of Brazil that has the zika virus, not sure about this yet.

So there you have it, another angle on the Zika Virus, Still unclear I am to a certain point.

Conspiracy theories are stemmed from things like this and all I really want you to look at is people are suffering the world over, from mosquitoes and other parasites, so if your able please in some way assist them in changing their lives.

Im still intending to get home to sierra leone with my devices and do my bit against these mosquitoes.

My kids and there friends will be taught new technics and electronics to combat mosquitoes and how to build easy sanitation units, using local available parts. Rubbish people discard even in Africa can be re-used for something else.

With about 30-40 detailed designs and scaled down proto types, my kids and there friends will be masters in there environment, helping others along the path of enlightenment.

Show ten people, then ask them to show 10 more, and continue, before long 1 million people will learn something new…. Its so easy…

EVERY DAY IS A SCHOOL DAY.

ZIKA VIRUS is it an illusion 2

ZIKA VIRUS is it an illusion 2

Hi this is a follow up to yesterday’s post.

Near the end of the post I mentioned GM Mosquitoes, could they be the issue in relationship to the Zika Virus and the cases of babies born with abnormal heads.

The condition is called MICROCEPHALY.

Through all this you have to keep a very open mind, a lot of things are in the arena and it must be clear that if there is a proven link between what I’ve written before and what is about to be written, somewhere is the guilty party.

So we have

  1. Zika Virus V 1. MICROCEPHALY
  2. The Tdap Vaccine 2. BABIES
  3. GM Mosquitoes 3. ANIMALS
  4. Larvicide
  5. Pregnant Women
  6. Men Zika Virus

OK Lets go through the list and see what I come up with, do a bit of history and see if there’s any tie in that stretch back in time, that could unlock this mystery.

Zika Virus

The mystery is how a seemingly mild virus can turn into a virus with the capability of changing human DNA in the Womb. I say mild virus because the Zika Virus has been around since 1947 when 1st discovered in Uganda and it’s only since 2015 that this has occurred.

“Zika Virus symptoms can include mild fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or headache. These symptoms normally last for 2-7 days.” This was taken from WHO website. ( No mention of Microcephaly until this outbreak )

So there we have it from the World Health Organization, A MILD FEVER…

Tdap Vaccine

Now the Tdap vaccination I mentioned yesterday, administered in 2014 to all pregnant women in Brazil by order of the Government, the pill was to assist in stopping deaths in infants from whooping cough. Below is the manufacturer’s guidance advice.

A developmental toxicity study has been performed in female rats at a dose approximately 40 times the human dose (on a mL/kg basis) and revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus due to BOOSTRIX. Animal fertility studies have not been conducted with BOOSTRIX. There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Because animal reproduction studies are not always predictive of human response, BOOSTRIX should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

Tested on Female Rats, no controlled studies in pregnant women; should be given to pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

So it’s clear the Brazilian Government knew better than the manufacturer when they decided to carry out a mandatory order to ensure every pregnant woman was given the Tdap pills.

GM Mosquitoes

GM Mosquitoes are mosquitoes that have been genetically modified to be released in to the wild and basically mingle with the local mosquitoes, have a good get together, talk, then mate, with all the new born male mosquitoes being made sterile, this would then stop the females having new broods and the populous of mosquitoes dying off.

Brazil introduced millions of these Mosquitoes between 2011 and 2012. All research I’ve looked at have stated the GM mosquitoes killed anywhere between 75 % and 85 % of the local mosquitoes at that time. That has left 25 % or less of the local mosquitoes still alive and able to breed.

There are a lot of questions regarding GM mosquitoes, can their generic modification jump to other species or humans, I don’t think so purely on a gut feeling. Maybe the generic modification can jump to another insect or bug, but not to humans.

Looking at the timeframe in which the GM Mosquitoes were released and the time women started having babies born with Microcephaly doesn’t add up, there’s a two year gap, until you look at the figures of Microcephaly between late 2015 and early 2016, when over 4000 cases were reported, previous to this a yearly total was 150.

So could these GM mosquitoes have been so good at finding a partner, who would produce batches of eggs of say 200 a time, with a 50% survival rate, 100 adults are capable of breeding but say 40 are now male, they would be sterile due to the GM Mosquitoes, this leave 60 female who will find a partner, mate then look for blood, again the cycle goes round. The GM Mosquitoes are supposed to die after a while, if too soon the mosquito populous would be greater due to numbers of GM Mosquitoes introduced.

The GM Mosquitoes do not kill the local mosquitoes. They make the female produce sterile males. Look at the survival rates above of the mosquitoes who survive after all the GM Mosquitoes die off, 15-25 %. Males will be some of the survivors and un sterilized.

Larvicide

Larvicide (alternatively larvacide) is an insecticide that is specifically targeted against the larval life stage of an insect. Their most common use is against mosquitoes. Larvacides may be contact poisons, stomach poisons, growth regulators, or (increasingly) biological control agents.

The chemical used in Brazil was or is called Pyriproxyfen.

Pyriproxyfen was placed in water tanks and other areas were water had built up, it goal to kill mosquito larva.

Since 2014 Brazil has been using Pyriproxyfen in its drinking water, many people are stating this is the cause of the babies being born with Microcephaly.

The fact that the chemical looks to kill Larva, when a woman is pregnant and drinks water from a water source were the Pyriproxyfen is also present, the chemical could mistake the foetus within the woman’s womb leading to the infant being born with Microcephaly.

Some areas of Brazil have now stopped using this chemical in its water tanks.

Pregnant Women

When a Pregnant Women becomes infected with Zika virus, the virus can also infect the fetus.

In Brazil, the number of Zika Virus Cases and Microcephalic babies spiked around the same time.

Before the current outbreak, the Zika Virus in Brazil was extremely rare; since the outbreak, up to an estimated 1.5 million Brazilians have been infected.

Between October 2015 and January 2016, more than 4,180 cases of microcephaly were reported by Brazilian health authorities; a total of only about 150 cases of microcephaly were reported annually in previous years

So again the Time Frame has to be looked at, we have the chemical Pyriproxyfen placed in drinking water in 2014 and the Tdap Vaccine also being issued in 2014. Then in 2015 woman were reporting their babies born with microcephaly.

Men and Zika Virus

Men get the Zika Virus like woman, i.e., from being bitten by a female mosquito. Men can also pass on the zika virus by sexual encounters as the zika virus stays in his semen for a period of time. No one’s really mentioned that I don’t think. They’ve told people to refrain from having sex to stop more pregnancies but not the fact that the men may be carriers.

The zika virus stays in the blood stream for 7-10 days but longer in Semen.


Ok if you got this far, you’re doing well. Again I am up on a Sunday at 4.30am so forgive the grammar etc.

Above I had another list with 3 topics, Microcephaly, Babies and Animals.

We’ve looked at the human elements of the zika virus regarding human babies being born with Microcephaly, so I wanted to see if any other species had been affected.

Mosquitoes don’t only rely on human blood in order to lay eggs. They also bite animals from bats, birds, dogs and cats; basically if it is hot blooded a mosquito will target that source of blood.

Well, I did a lot of searching and found very little to suggest that zika virus causes any abnormalities in any animal. There were two reasons why I wanted to look at humans versus animals

Because:

  1. When discovered in Uganda in 1947 and named Zika Virus in 1952, it was from a Macaque (small monkey) in a cage and it developed a febrile illness from something that was transmissible.
  2. If the chemicals in the water are the cause, animal DNA may also be affected.

So, I am no scientist or mastermind, this journey started with my killing mosquito device and led me along this path, how I see it and how the experts tell it may be totally at 180 degrees, but if you read what I’ve written, you can also find the same facts on line, just ask google the questions, and the answers will come.

So where does that leave us today.

I don’t think the Mosquitoes have caused this disaster, because that’s what it is. A mild virus like zika causing DNA changes within the womb is something I don’t think happens.

I am still inclined to think the cause is the Tdap Vaccine given to these unsuspecting women who now have to suffer the consequences of their own government decision.

This is also quite an eye opener and pushes me towards the Tdap Vaccine being the sole cause of the zika virus being blamed for the microcephaly in new born babies in Brazil.

It could be a case of a chemical reaction between the Tdap Vaccine and the Pyriproxyfen chemical in the drinking water and the catalyst is the Zika Virus.

Tdap is a vaccine indicated for active booster immunization against tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (given in Brazil)


There have been no cases of microcephaly in other countries affected by the Zika Virus, such as Colombia, which has the highest incidence of the virus after Brazil.


Maybe the Zika Virus is what it always has been and nothing more, but a virus caused by a mosquito that gives you a mild fever.

The Pyriproxyfen, Tdap and GM Mosquitoes together in same area, could be the issue.

Below are other related posts.

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zika-outbreak-mosquito-menace-michael-semple?trk=pulse_spock-articles

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zika-virus-facts-michael-semple?trk=pulse_spock-articles

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mosquito-device-13th-feb-2016-michael-semple?trk=pulse_spock-articles

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/mosquito-killer-devices-michael-semple?trk=pulse_spock-articles

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zika-virus-truth-being-hidden-michael-semple?trk=pulse_spock-articles

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/zika-virus-illusion-michael-semple?trk=pulse_spock-articles

Thanks for all comments, sometimes the group or site doesn't allow me to answer your comments.

#mike1242 #zikavirus #malaria #device

Zika Virus.... Money Money Money

Zika Virus.... Money Money Money

Over the last week, there has been a sudden halt in the news regarding the ZIKA VIRUS.

Only 2 weeks ago, it was going to be spread through-out the world and cause millions of people to suffer.

Guidelines came out about people travelling, especially pregnant women to the America’s.

The World Bank, Obama and The WHO Sending Billions of Dollars to Combat the Virus.

Then NOTHING.

WHY ?????

Could it be the fact that the cause of the babies being born deformed is not the Zika Virus, but the use of pesticides in drinking water to kill larva of the mosquitoes, that has had a similar effect on pregnant woman, the pesticide killing or affecting the baby in the womb.

Or have they realised the vaccination given to each pregnant woman in Brazil was administered untested and only to be given to pregnant woman after consideration of her condition.

Did the GM Mosquito trial fail that was launched prior to the huge increase of the zika virus or could these GM mosquitoes mutated with the local mosquitoes DNA and this new mutant breed of Mosquito has the power to change human DNA in the Womb of a pregnant woman if bitten.

Many Questions ?

No answers coming from the leading authorities or pharmaceutical companies.

Then I see this and it makes me laugh, if it was the mosquitoes as the authorities say that cause Zika.

Would the host nation of the Olympics charge for Mosquito Nets ????

I don’t think so.

I would say they would be eradicating every Mosquito in a 50 mile radius so as not to affect any athlete.

So ZIKA Virus makes Money Money Money

Rio Olympics to charge teams for mosquito screens to prevent Zika Virus

Screens will be installed in communal areas ‘where required’ but only affixed to lodging if national delegations decide to pay for it

Zika virus Brazil

Reuters in Rio de Janeiro

Friday 26 February 2016 23.21 GMT Last modified on Friday 26 February 2016 23.40 GMT

Even as athletes grow increasingly concerned about the outbreak of the Zika virus in Brazil, the organizing committee for the August Olympics in Rio de Janeiro said it will charge national delegations to have mosquito screens on athletes’ rooms.

The screens, one measure Brazilians are using to help ward off the mosquito that is the primary transmitter of Zika, will be installed in communal areas “where required” but only affixed to lodging if national delegations decide to pay for it, said Philip Wilkinson, a spokesman for the Rio 2016 organizing committee.

The committee did not say how much the screens would cost or what type they would use. Low-end screens attached to windows with Velcro can cost as little as $15 while more rigid and durable screens can cost more than $100.

A growing number of international athletes in recent weeks have said they are concerned about Zika, a virus that has been linked in Brazil to more than 4,000 suspected cases of microcephaly, a rare condition that causes abnormally small heads in infants and can lead to developmental problems.

No scientific proof exists that Zika causes microcephaly or other suspected complications, but traces of the virus have been found in the bodily fluids and tissues of mothers and babies affected by it.

The link has led the World Health Organization to declare the Zika outbreak a global emergency. The WHO, whose director visited Brazil this week, has said the virus should not affect international travel nor prevent a successful Olympics in Brazil.

But it has said that effective control of mosquitoes is the most important means of stopping transmission.

Olympic organizers in Rio say they are following WHO recommendations.

Organizers and city officials say that game venues and major tourist attractions will be inspected daily during the games, which start 5 August and end 21 August, to ensure there are no puddles or other possible breeding grounds for the insects.

Wilkinson said organizers will make mosquito repellent available in lodging areas and that all athletes’ rooms will be air conditioned.

Still, some delegations are taking extra steps to protect their athletes.

Earlier this month, Australia’s Olympic team said it had signed a sponsorships deal with a repellent maker to supply its athletes with the deterrent.

Brazil’s own Olympic committee has already decided to pay for the screens in the lodging for its more than 400 athletes, said Marcus Vinicius Freire, executive director of the committee, in an interview.

It also asked Nike, its official supplier, for more long-sleeve apparel to help athletes protect themselves. A spokesman for Nike in Brazil declined to comment.

Brazilian and Olympic officials have sought to dispel concerns about Zika in August by saying that the month – mid-winter in the southern hemisphere – is typically a time when there are fewer mosquitoes in Rio.

But a Reuters review of municipal health data showed that other infections spread by the same mosquito, known as Aedes aegypti, can be as bad in August of some years as they are during what would normally be peak months for infections in others.

So far this year, possibly because of warmer than usual weather, local infections of dengue, a virus related to Zika, are far worse than in 2015.

City officials say doctors have reported more than 6,000 cases of Zika in Rio since January. Brazil’s national government says as many as 1.5 million people may have been infected across the country.

Killer Mosquito Device

UPDATE 5th March 2016

Google: Company's Philanthropic Arm Donates $1 Million to UNICEF to Combat Zika Virus Epidemic. The grant from Google.org will reportedly be used to reduce mosquito populations, research vaccines and help prevent transmission. Google will also help collect on-the-ground data.

Zika Virus Verses Malaria.

Zika Virus Verses Malaria.

Zika Virus Verses Malaria.

Over the last month or so, I’ve written a few posts on the Zika Virus.

Loads of Questions un answered by the WHO and other governing bodies.

So let’s look at the Zika Virus.

The Zika Virus shot into the headlines worldwide in early February, when it was reported over 4500 women had given birth to babies born with MICROCEPHALY.

This put the world on notice, we now have an outbreak, epidemic, catastrophe upon us that will spread throughout the Earth caused by a Mosquito Bite.

Let’s rewind prior to this latest outbreak of the Zika Virus, which has been know about for years and was classified as giving a person the symptoms of a mild flu. That many people contacted the virus and were unaware they had it.

Why the Major Panic, Why Brazil.

There are other factors at play in Brazil that I’ve mentioned in other posts, that reading medical and scientific journal no one is testing the cause of the outbreak, are looking at.

Easy Questions to ASK.

To woman affected

  1. Were you given the Tdap vaccination ………. YES / NO
  2. Did you drink from locally stored tank water ……… YES / NO
  3. Did you use local tank storage water to cook with ….. YES / NO

Now if you asked the 4500 plus women these questions and the percentages were high, then the missing link is in the questions above.

Meanwhile the world is throwing money and research at finding a medication for this virus, sending hundreds of troops out to eradicate mosquitoes.

There doing Stem Cell studies that show the virus can cause damage to brain but again stating this isn’t scientific proof that zika virus has caused the MICROCEPHALY.

I even read yesterday the Indians have not 1 but 2 new medications ready to test against Zika Virus.

How many Countries have Cases of the Zika Virus …………………………………….

Chile, Colombia, Suriname, El Salvador, Mexico, Panama, Venezuela, Honduras, French Guiana, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Bolivia, Saint Martin, Haiti, Barbados, U.S. Virgin Islands, Dominican Republic, Nicaragua, Jamaica, Curacao, Costa Rica, United States*, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, Aruba, Bonaire, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Has any other Country with the exception of Brazil had any cases of MICROCEPHALY ... ANSWER - NO

Has the Zika Virus Killed anyone since it’s been known to exist…. ANSWER- NO

It been known for years all Viruses can mutate but there has to be something else in the honey pot for this to take place…

No one will hold thier hands up and say it was in the water laced with pesticide used to kill mosquito larva or it was the Tdap Vaccination. WHY

THE USUAL MONEY

Let look at MALARIA.

If you’ve had Malaria, you know the aches, the pains. This Virus because that’s what it is, knocks you off your feet. I’ve witnessed 18 stone men reduced to 10 stone in a fortnight.

Malaria caused again by Female Mosquitoes.

Malaria is deadly, below is a excerpt from the World Health Organization.

According to the latest estimates from WHO, there were 214 million new cases of malaria worldwide in 2015 (range 149–303 million). The African Region accounted for most global cases of malaria (88%), followed by the South-East Asia Region (10%) and the Eastern Mediterranean Region (2%).

In 2015, there were an estimated 438 000 malaria deaths (range 236 000–635 000) worldwide. Most of these deaths occurred in the African Region (90%), followed by the South-East Asia Region (7%) and the Eastern Mediterranean Region (2%)

The numbers are staggering 214,000,000 cases in one year, with 438,000 causing death.

Monies and good health care advice has reduced the numbers over the years but more has to be done.

I’ve lost a child due to Malaria and have been woken up during the night by friends in Sierra Leone who are at their wits end due to a child or relative dying with Malaria. You listen to the words in broken English, but know theirs’s nothing you can do or say because you know their pain.

Travelling outside London on a train one day, my mobile rings and a very good friend tells me his daughter just died. I’m on a moving train going to a place I’ve never been to and trying to keep my composure in front of other passengers, just wanting to get off that train. His daughter was eighteen month old, even writing this I can see her face, her hair braided with coloured beads crawling towards me, to sit on my lap…

Well the pain and memories don’t die once you recover from malaria; the mere mention of it brings it all back.

That’s why I decided to build a device that will eradicate the source ( EGGS ) prior to them hatching plus other devices to capture and kill adult mosquitoes, have the designs, done some field work but still waiting for items from china to finish the project, then it’s back to Sierra Leone to do some serious field work.

Mosquitoes are crafty little creatures, they hide, they communicate to each other, they have senses we don’t have, but that could be there down fall…

So for me, MALARIA is the most DANGEROUS VIRUS.

YES ZIKA VIRUS may have caused all the cases of MICROCEPHALY In Brazil, but the jury is still undecided.

ALL I NEED IS FOR SOMEONE IN LONDON TO HAVE A HUNDRED OR SO MOSQUITOES I COULD HAVE TO USE IN AN EXPERIMENT. IF YOU HAVE ANY EMAIL ME....

Mosquito Killing Device

Mosquito Killer Device 003 (MosKatchi)

Mosquito Killer Device 003 (MosKatchi)

Well I have managed to change from proto-type 1 to 2 now number 3.

The previous ones, were not exactly up to doing what I had expected, 003 is the first of three designs for this type of Mosquito Killing Device.

Now I have the design on CAD instead of a piece of A4 paper, reality is actually coming to life.

The field trips with Proto-type 001 and 002 made me see a flaw in what I had designed internally, but that has been resolved and am now going to get this 003 made this week.

Need to do a field trip again just to see all my measurements externally and internally have solved the small issue I had with 002.

So with luck I should be able to have 003 on the market place by end of April 2016

14th March 2016

Well had a busy night and have another proto-type. MosKatchi 004.

Things are looking better and better as I chop and change these proto-types, 003 and 004 will do the business.

Im still waiting for parts from china which is annoying, these parts don't really affect 003 and 004, but are especially needed for the device that will eliminate the eggs and lava of the Mosquitoes.

Keep tuned as things are moving faster NOW.

The Zika virus is "scarier" than first thought.

The Zika virus is "scarier" than first thought and its impact on the US could be greater than predicted, public health officials have admitted.

A wider range of birth defects has been linked to the virus, said Dr Anne Schuchat of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

And the mosquitoes that carry the virus could travel to more US states than previously thought, she said.

The current Zika outbreak began almost a year ago in Brazil.

It has been linked to thousands of birth defects in the Americas.

"Most of what we've learned is not reassuring," said Dr Schuchat at White House briefing on Monday.

"Everything we know about this virus seems to be scarier than we initially thought."

Earlier this year, US President Obama asked the US Congress for $1.8bn (£1.25bn) in emergency funding to combat the virus.

In the meantime it has been using money totalling $589m left over from the Ebola virus fund.

That was a temporary stopgap and inadequate to get the job done, said Dr Anthony Fauci of the National Institutes of Health.

The US now needs more money to fight the mosquitoes and to fund better research into vaccines and treatments, he said.

"When the president asked for $1.9 billion, we needed $1.9 billion."

Without want to be alarmist, he said there had been recent discoveries about how destructive Zika appeared to be to foetal brains.

There were also reports of rare neurologic problems in adults, he said.

The CDC announced that Puerto Rico is to receive $3.9m in emergency Zika funding as the number of cases there doubles every week.

In February, the first US case of locally transmitted Zika was reported in Dallas, Texas - spread through sexual contact, not a mosquito bite.

Yellow Fever OUTBREAK

It is totally true, Mosquitoes are the most dangerous insect / animal in the world.

Since around February we have seen how the Zika Virus has effected many parts of the America's.

Now today in the news its been reported that a OUTBREAK of Yellow Fever has occurred in the Democratic Republic of Congo, just as dangerous as Zika, caused by the same Mosquito family as the ones that caused the Zika Virus.

Yellow fever spreads to DR Congo

An outbreak of yellow fever has killed 21 people in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the World Health Organization (WHO) says, linking some cases to an outbreak in neighbouring Angola.

In a statement, the WHO said the deaths had occurred in January to March, with 151 suspected cases recorded.

There was, it said, a "serious risk of further spread of the disease" in DRC.


The acute, mosquito-borne viral disease has killed 225 people in Angola and infected about 1,600 there.

The WHO said the DRC health authorities had set up a national committee to respond to the outbreak, including "screening and sanitary controls" on the country's borders.

It is thought that Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are key yellow fever carriers

People travelling to Angola will now be vaccinated against the disease, it added.

The WHO statement says that the DRC's health ministry has in addition activated a contingency plan which includes more community engagement to fight the disease and better training of health workers.

Yellow fever is a virus that can cause bleeding, jaundice and kidney failure, It is spread by mosquitoes, usually the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the same species that spreads the Zika virus.

It is endemic in tropical regions of Africa and South America.

Signs and Symptoms

Yellow fever begins after an incubation period of three to six days. Most cases only cause a mild infection with fever, headache, chills, back pain, fatigue, loss of appetite, muscle pain, nausea, and vomiting.In these cases, the infection lasts only three to four days.

In 15 percent of cases, however, people enter a second, toxic phase of the disease with recurring fever, this time accompanied by jaundice due to liver damage, as well as abdominal pain. Bleeding in the mouth, the eyes, and the gastrointestinal tract will cause vomit containing blood, hence the Spanish name for yellow fever, vomito negro ("black vomit").The toxic phase is fatal in about 20% of cases, making the overall fatality rate for the disease 3%. In severe epidemics, the mortality may exceed 50%.

Surviving the infection provides lifelong immunity, and normally there is no permanent organ damage

How is Yellow Fever Transmitted.

Yellow fever virus is mainly transmitted through the bite of the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti, but other mostly Aedes mosquitoes such as the tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus) can also serve as a vector for this virus. Like other arboviruses which are transmitted by mosquitoes, the yellow fever virus is taken up by a female mosquito when it ingests the blood of an infected human or other primate. Viruses reach the stomach of the mosquito, and if the virus concentration is high enough, the virions can infect epithelial cells and replicate there. From there, they reach the haemocoel (the blood system of mosquitoes) and from there the salivary glands. When the mosquito next sucks blood, it injects its saliva into the wound, and the virus reaches the bloodstream of the bitten person. Transovarial and transstadial transmission of the yellow fever virus within A. aegypti, that is, the transmission from a female mosquito to her eggs and then larvae, are indicated. This infection of vectors without a previous blood meal seems to play a role in single, sudden breakouts of the disease.

Three epidemiologically different infectious cycles occur, in which the virus is transmitted from mosquitoes to humans or other primates In the "urban cycle", only the yellow fever mosquito A. aegypti is involved. It is well adapted to urban areas and can also transmit other diseases, including Zika fever, Dengue fever and Chikungunya. The urban cycle is responsible for the major outbreaks of yellow fever that occur in Africa. Except in an outbreak in 1999 in Bolivia, this urban cycle no longer exists in South America.

Vaccination

Vaccination is recommended for those traveling to affected areas, because non-native people tend to suffer more severe illness when infected. Protection begins by the 10th day after vaccine administration in 95% of people, and lasts for at least 10 years.

Zika virus 'scarier than thought' says US

Leishmaniasis and Chagas Disease

Mosquito Killer Device 003 (MosKatchi) 004

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