The Awesome Power of Mother Nature
Iceland's Volcano Eruptions And The Awesome Power Of Mother Nature At Her Best And Worst:
Eyjafjallajokull Volcano Erupts in Iceland
The 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajokull Volcano in Iceland was relatively small for Volcanic Eruptions, but the eruption still managed to cause enormous disruption to air travel across western and northern Europe over a number of days in April 2010. Additional localised disruption continued into May 2010.
From 14–20 April, ash covered large areas of northern Europe when the volcano erupted. About 20 countries closed their airspace to commercial jet traffic and it affected more than 100,000 travellers.
Seismic activity started at the end of 2009 and gradually increased in intensity until on 20 March 2010, a small eruption started rated as a 1 on the Volcanic Explosivety.
Beginning on 14 April 2010, the eruption entered a second phase and created an ash cloud that led to the closure of most of the European IFR airspace from 15 until 20 April 2010. Consequently, a very high proportion of flights in and out of Europe were cancelled, creating the highest level of air travel disruption since the Second World War.
The Second Phase of Eyjafjallajokull Volcano Eruption
The second phase of the eruption started on 14 April 2010 and resulted in an estimated 250 million cubic metres of ejected tephra. The ash plume rose to a height of approximately 9 kilometres which rates the explosive power of the eruption as a 4 on the Volcanic Explosivety.
By 21 May 2010, the second eruption phase had subsided to the point that no further lava or ash was being produced. More seismic activity was produced.
By the morning of 24 May 2010, the view from the web camera installed on Porolfsfell showed only a plume of water vapour surrounded by a bluish haze caused by emission of sulphurous gases.
Due to the large quantities of dry volcanic ash lying on the ground, surface winds frequently lifted up an ash mist that significantly reduced visibility and made web camera observation of the volcano impossible.
The Awesome Power of Mother Nature
Volcano Eruptions, Oil Spills, Earthquakes, Storms, Hurricanes, Tsunamis, Firestorms and Floods Mother Nature at her best or Manmade disasters.
Mother Nature or Mother Earth as she is sometimes known, never ceases to amaze me.
With all this current activity that is going on around the world it makes me wonder is this Mother Nature doing her thing or are these recent global disasters Man Made?
We need to rethink how we treat our planet and show a bit more respect for our Mother Earth. We are constantly taken from Mother Natures resources, which in moderation is fine but maybe we are taken more than we need too.
It seems we are having a lot of 'natural disasters' in recent times and it has me thinking. Are they 'Natural disasters' or 'Man Made disasters' ?
Volcano Eruption Declared Officially Over
By the evening of 6 June 2010, a small new crater had opened up on the west side of the main crater. Explosive activity from this new crater was observed with emission of small quantities of ash. Seismic data showed that the frequency and intensity of earth tremors still exceeded the levels observed before the eruption, therefore scientists at the Icelandic Meteorological Office and the Institute of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland continued to monitor the volcano.
In October 2010, Ármann Höskuldsson, a scientist at the University Of Iceland Institute Of Earth Sciences, stated that the eruption was officially over, although the area was still geothermaly active and might erupt again.
Mother Earth and her Awesome Power
Work to Improve the Monitoring of Iceland's Volcano's
In May 2011, a nearby volcano named Grímsvötn started erupting, disrupting air travel mostly in Iceland.
Work is under way to improve monitoring of Iceland's volcanoes and give earlier warning of possible eruptions.
The FutureVolc project is funded by the European Union and involves more sensors as well as better real-time data analysis.
It is a response to the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajokull, which closed down much of European airspace.
It is hoped the work will enable better detection of imminent eruptions and map their evolution.
"Volcanoes actually scream 'I'm about to erupt'," Dr Matthew Roberts of the Icelandic Meteorological Office told the BBC.
"Before they erupt they show many measurable signs, and it's the challenge for today's volcanologists to actually gather all that information and make use of it in real time and that's exactly what FutureVolc is about."
Devastation in Iceland
Live Video Footage of Iceland's Volcano 2010
Ireland Flying Again
Airports Reopen after Iceland's Volcano Eruptions Causes Air Traffic Disruptions
Dublin Airport reopens, ash threat recedes
Monday, 17 May 2010.
All Irish airports have reopened until further notice after volcanic ash grounded flights yesterday and this morning.
The Irish Aviation Authority said it did not expect to restrict Irish airspace for at least the next 48 hours.
The authority said the ash cloud is now moving east away from Irish airspace.
Restrictions at Heathrow and Gatwick airports have also been lifted.
From 1pm to 7pm today, the no-fly zone remains in place in the Orkney and Shetland Islands, but restrictions have been lifted at all other UK airports.
Airports in Amsterdam and Rotterdam have also reopened.
Check your Airline's Websites for Updates on Disruptions to Air Traffic
Passengers intending to fly over the coming days are advised to check airline websites before going to the airport.
In a statement issued tonight, the IAA said that revised safety zones agreed by aviation authorities, airlines and aircraft manufacturers are to be introduced from midday tomorrow.
The new zones are expected to reduce flight restrictions.
The new approach consists of a new three-zone safety area that comprises an inner no fly zone, a time limited zone and an enhanced procedures zone.
Aircraft with approved certification can now operate in the time limited zone with the approval of their regulatory authorities and engine and airframe manufacturers.
Black Gold or Oil
At the moment we have, as I am sure you are all aware, an Oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.
This is killing so much of our wild life and Lord only knows what it is doing in the ‘depths’ of our oceans. I believe up to now it has spilled 4 million gallons of oil into the ocean.
I once heard somewhere that people refer to Oil as “BLACK GOLD”.
I wonder if the people who refer to Oil as "Black Gold" still think of it in the same way as they watch it destroy our beautiful oceans and wild life?
BP Oil spill in Mexico
Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill a Threat to Ocean Life
The 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill is an expanding threat to ocean life A threat that could ultimately extend well beyond the Gulf.
From the April 20 Deepwater Horizon explosion to the July 15 placement of a temporary cap on the leaking well, the Department of the Interior estimates 35,000 to 60,000 barrels (1,470,000 to 2,520,000 gallons) of crude oil spilled into the Gulf daily.
At the low end, that's enough to fill the Aquarium's Giant Ocean Tank around 600 times.
Contamination has already spread to the Florida coast and is likely to move north along the Eastern Seaboard via the Loop Current by fall of this year.
President Obama's Oval Office Address on BP Oil Spill & Energy
BP Oil Spill
BP Begins Capturing some Oil from Gulf Leak
Friday, 04 June 2010
BP says it has begun capturing some of the oil leaking from a ruptured well in the Gulf of Mexico after installing a containment cap at the site.
The US Coast Guard said the containment cap placed atop the leak, a mile beneath the surface, is now collecting about 1,000 barrels a day.
It is a sign of progress after several failed attempts by the energy company. BP has already spent over $1bn on its clean-up operation.
US officials have cautioned against being too optimistic, however, since large amounts of oil are still escaping.
BP does not expect to be able to fully halt the oil flow until August, when two relief wells are to be completed.
Gulf of Mexico BP Oil Spill
BP Oil spill Containment Cap
The amount of oil being captured should increase as BP closes vents to trap more oil, Coast Guard Admiral Thad Allen told reporters today.
Earlier, BP Chief Operating Officer Doug Suttles said the containment cap 'should work' by capturing upward of 90% of the oil.
However, 1,000 barrels is a small fraction of the 19,000 barrels per day that the US government has estimated could be leaking from the well.
Elsewhere, oil sheen and tar balls have washed ashore on a northwest Florida beach.
The oil debris came ashore on Pensacola Beach, part of the Gulf Islands National Seashore which advertises 'the world's whitest beaches'.
Florida has been bracing this week for the forecasted arrival of the oil, which has already hit the coasts of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama to the west.
The Deepwater Horizon rig sank in April after an explosion that killed 11 workers.
Hurricane Warnings 'A Hell of a Year Ahead'
Hurricane Warnings: 'Hell Of A Year' Ahead
12:22pm UK, Friday May 28, 2010
Jonathan Robins, Sky News Online
The coming Atlantic storm season may bring the most destructive hurricanes in years, it is being warned.
Up to 14 hurricanes are being predicted for the Western Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)... and up to seven of these could be major storms.
"The numbers are going to go up quite high," said hurricane forecaster William Gray.
This year's season, which runs from next week to the end of November, "looks like a hell of a year," he added.
The current hurricane record was set in 2005, which saw 15 of them, including Hurricane Katrina that killed around 1,500 and caused $80bn (£55bn) in damage.
Up to seven hurricanes are predicted to be Category Three or above - meaning they have wind speeds over 110mph.
"If this outlook holds true, this season could be one of the more active on record," said Jane Lubchenco, NOAA's administrator.
Hurricanes of this strength can heavily damage buildings and disrupt oil and gas production, experts say.
They could even halt BP's efforts to stem the Gulf of Mexico oil leak.
"If we have a severe storm... my biggest concern is storm surge. Pushing oil up on land even further, up on beach areas in Mississippi, possibly Alabama," said meteorologist Aaron Studwell.
Such a surge would damage beaches and further inundate marshes that authorities are currently straining to protect from the oil leak, Mr Studwell said.
He added that even if BP were to halt further leaking immediately, enough oil is in the sea already to cause an environmental disaster.
Unusually warm sea temperatures are behind NOAA's predictions, but how active the season is depends on how strongly weather condition La Nina forms, which encourages storms to develop.The NOAA says conditions for La Nina are looking very favourable.
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