Specialized Agencies of the United Nations Organization

Specialized agencies of the United Nations
Specialized agencies of the United Nations

Specialized agencies of the UNO

Specialized agencies of the UN are seventeen in number as per the terms of the UN Charter. They are autonomous organisations set up to deal with specific issues. These agencies may or may not have been originally created by the United Nations Organisation, but they are incorporated into the UNO System by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). Specialized Agencies of the United Nations are as follows:

  • Food and Agriculture Organization established in 1945
  • International Atomic Energy Agency established in 1957
  • International Civil Aviation Organization established in 1947
  • International Fund for Agricultural Development established in 1977
  • International Labor Organization established in 1946
  • International Maritime Organization established in 1948
  • International Monetary Fund established in 1945
  • International Telecommunication Union established in 1947
  • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization established in 1946
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization established in 1967
  • Universal Postal Union established in 1947
  • World Bank established in 1945
  • World Food Program established in 1963
  • World Health Organization established in 1948
  • World Intellectual Property Organization established in 1974
  • World Meteorological Organization established in1950
  • World Tourism Organization established in 1974

Specialized Agencies of the United Nations

S.No.
Name of the Agency
Headquarters
Establishment
Objective
1
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
Rome, Italy
1945
To deal with the problem of food and agriculture.
2
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Vienna, Austria
1957
To promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy.
3
International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO)
Montreal, Canada
1947
To promote cooperation in air navigation and transport.
4
International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
Rome, Italy
1977
To extend financial assistance to least developed countries for increasing food production.
5
International Labour Organization (ILO)
Geneva, Switzerland
1946 (1919)
To improve labour conditions and to encourage productive employment.
6
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
London, United Kingdom
1948
To facilitate cooperation on maritime activities.
7
International Monetary Fund (IMF)
Washington, D.C., USA
1945 (1944)
To promote financial and monetary stability and assist revival of international trade.
8
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
Geneva, Switzerland
1947 (1865)
To promote cooperation in use of tele-communications.
9
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Paris, France
1946
To promote and to spread knowledge and education and mutual understanding of people.
10
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
Vienna, Austria
1967
To promote industrial development.
11
Universal Postal Union (UPU)
Bern, Switzerland
1947 (1874)
To improve world postal services.
12
World Bank (WB)
Washington, D.C, USA
1945 (1944)
To provide leveraged loans to developing countries for capital programs.
13
World Food Programme (WFP)
Rome, Italy
1963
To help people, unable to produce or obtain enough food for themselves and their families.
14
World Health Organization (WHO)
Geneva, Switzerland
1948
To promote highest possible levels of health of all peoples.
15
World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
Geneva, Switzerland
1974
To promote the protection of intellectual property.
16
World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
Geneva, Switzerland
1950 (1873)
To improve world meteorological activities.
17
World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)
Madrid, Spain
1974
To promote the development of responsible, sustainable and universally accessible tourism.
NOTE: In 'Establishment' the year mentioned in ( ) is the year of its establishment. The other year mentioned in there is the year of its becoming specialised agency of the UNO.

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