Ukrainian Genocide (Holodomor) (1932 –1933). List of Genocides of the 20th Century
List of Genocides of the 20th Century
Pre Genocide: Ukraine Forced Into Collective Farming
The trouble began as the soviet control and cruelty over the country became unbearable for the Ukrainian people; the people wanted freedom including agricultural freedom from soviet control. Stalin didn’t approve of this.
In 1928 Stalin enforced Forced Collective Farming, a way of farming were many farmers and workers were forced together onto large industrial scale farms under the control of the Soviet Union. All the privately owned farmland and livestock was taken from the independent farmers and became part of the collective farming regime.
Stalin used this method of farming to create the greatest amount of profit possible for the Soviet Union to fund his industrialisation plans, and also obviously to remove power and wealth from the farmers who took up about 80% of the Ukrainian population.
Many of the proud and independent farmers refused to join the collective farms for obvious reasons so Stalin in a dictator fashion decided to liquidate them as a class and teach them a lesson.
In 1930, Stalin dragged hundred of thousands of Ukrainian patriots from their homes, took all their possessions and shipped them off to Siberia were many of them suffered horrendously due to the lack of food, water and shelter and unforgivable climate. Overall, fewer than 1 Million patriots were deported to Siberia.
From 1932 to 1933, Stalin increased Ukraine’s farming production by 44%, which was a strategic plan for starvation and could not be met. Starvation among the people became imminent and to aid in this forced genocide, Stalin ordered to seal off the Ukrainian borders and the borders of the towns to ensure the starving people could not escape the country and towns and that food and food aid could not enter.
Soviets were sent to every household to ensure all hidden grain and food was confiscated. Anyone who tried to steal food and grain was killed, including children. The population became starved to such an extent that there were reports of cannibalism among the people.
The starvation resulted in the death of 10 million people, or which 3 million were children. It was estimated that 25,000 people perished every day.
Post Genocide: Genocide Denial
The forced famine in Ukraine has never been recognised as an act of genocide, this non recognition is backed by the United Nations.
The Soviet Union never admitted to a forced famine or that they were ever involved in an act of genocide. They and others suggest that this mass death was a result of a poor harvest.
In Ukraine, the opinions are divided to whether the famine was an act of genocide or not, but most people do believe it was an act of genocide. The topic there has never been forgotten, leaving many people, till today, looking for genocide recognition.
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