The Real Original "G" John Brown
John Brown was born May 9,1800 - December 2,1859. He was known as a folk hero and an abolitionist. His Attempt in 1859 to start a liberation movement among enslaved African Americans in Harpers Ferry,Virginia electrified the nation. Harpers Ferry raid in 1859 escalated tensions that a year later led to secession and the American Civil War. He was born of a deeply religious family in Torrington,Connect in 1800. Led by his father who was opposed to slavery, the family moved to northern Ohio when John was five years old. During Browns youth he visited a farm and witnessed the beating of a slave.The violent incident had a traumatic effect on young John, which led him to become a fanatical opponent of slavery. Brown married at the age of 20. John and his family moved to several states. His passion to end slavery became the focal point of his life. Brown attended a meeting in 1837 in Ohio in the memory of Elijah Lovejoy, an abolitionist newspaper editor who had been killed in Illinois. During the meeting Brown raised his hand, and vowed that he would destroy slavery. During a meeting with Frederick Douglass, he argued that slavery was so entrenched that it could only be destroyed by violent means. John Brown and his five sons moved to Kansas to support the free soil settlers who wanted Kansas to come into the union as a free state in which slavery would be outlawed. Unlike Northerners, who still advocated peacefully resistance to the pro-slavery faction, Brown reportedly said,"These men are all talk,we need action"! In 1856 of May, in response to pro-slavery ruffians attacking Lawrence, Kansas Brown and his sons attacked and killed five pro-slavery settlers at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas. After his bloody reputation in Kansas, Brown became convinced that if he started an uprising among slaves by giving them weapons and a strategy, the revolt would spread across the entire South. Brown arrived in Harpers Ferry on July 3, 1859, using the alias Isaac Smith. John rented a farm house in near by Maryland. He waited for the arrival of his posse. Brown had only 21 men 16 white men, five black men, three free black men, one freed slave, and a fugitive slave. On the night of October 16, 1859, Brown and his followers drove wagons into the town of Harpers Ferry.They cut telegraph wires and quickly over came the watchmen at the armory seizing the building. His intent was to arm slaves with weapons from the arsenal, but the attack failed. They found themselves surrounded by militia men, and the U.S. Marines led by Robert E. Lee. During the raid,some of Browns men were killed,and some escaped, or captured. John Brown was taken to Virginia, and hanged.
These are the names of those that were killed in the raid.
Jeremiah Goldsmith Anderson
John Henry Kagi
Lewis Sheridan Leary
Those that were hanged
John E. Cook
John A. Copeland Jr
This is what John Brown said in court before he was hanged,
Had I interfered in the manner which I admit, and which I admit has been fairly proved (for I admire the truthfulness and candor of the greater portion of the witnesses who have testified in this case), had I so interfered in behalf of the rich, the powerful, the intelligent, the so-called great, or in behalf of any of their friends, either father, mother, brother, sister, wife, or children, or any of that class, and suffered and sacrificed what I have in this interference, it would have been all right; and every man in this court would have deemed it an act worthy of reward rather than punishment.
This court acknowledges, as I suppose, the validity of the law of God. I see a book kissed here which I suppose to be the Bible, or at least the New Testament. That teaches me that all things whatsoever I would that men should do to me, I should do even so to them. It teaches me, further, to "remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them." I endeavored to act up to that instruction. I say, I am yet too young to understand that God is any respecter of persons. I believe that to have interfered as I have done as I have always freely admitted I have done in behalf of his despised poor, was not wrong, but right. Now, if it is deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends of justice, and mingle my blood further with the blood of my children and with the blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by wicked, cruel, and unjust enactments, I submit; so let it be done!"
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