The U.S. Cabinet - The President’s Advisors

This photo, taken in July 2012, shows President Barrack Obama's Cabinet.
This photo, taken in July 2012, shows President Barrack Obama's Cabinet. | Source

By Joan Whetzel

The United States President has always had a set of advisors known as the Cabinet, which was established by the US Constitution. The President’s Cabinet consists of the Vice President, and the Secretaries (appointed department heads) of the 15 departments of the Federal Government. They are known as the Secretary of:

  1. The State Department
  2. The Treasury Department
  3. The Department of Defense (DOD)
  4. The Department of Justice
  5. The Department of the Interior
  6. The Department of Agriculture
  7. The Department of Commerce
  8. The Department of Labor
  9. The Department of Health and Human Services
  10. The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
  11. The Department of Transportation (DOT)
  12. The Department of Energy
  13. The Department of Education
  14. The Department of Veterans Affairs
  15. The Department of Homeland Security

The Cabinet positions are listed in this order because the departments were created in this order and because this list also represents the order of succession should anything happen to the President, Vice President, and Speaker of the House (next in line after the Vice President).

The Cabinet Set Up and Responsibilities

Cabinet members are nominated by the president (prior to taking the oath of office or when replacing an outgoing secretary) and must undergo a rigorous investigation process by the Senate before being approved and taking their own oath of office. Each Cabinet member acts as a liaison between the department he or she represents and the President, advising the President on issues that involve that department. The people working in each of these departments work for the US Government, not for the Secretary of that Department, and so they will remain in their jobs even though there is a change in Presidents or appointments of Cabinet members.

  1. Secretary of State
    Responsibilities:

· Carries out diplomatic duties.

· Responsible for foreign affairs tasks.

· Speaks for the President in his absence at UN and international functions.

· Organizes meetings with foreign leaders and diplomatic officials.

· Establishes treaties and other contract arrangements between the US and other countries.

· Defends the safety of US citizens travelling abroad.

  1. Secretary of the Treasury
    Responsibilities

· Controls the nation’s money as well as being in charge of the national debt.

· Advises the President about domestic affairs, economic policy, and tax issues.

· Oversees the Secret Service, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICD), the US Post Office (USPS), the US Treasury, and Internal Revenue Service (IRS).

  1. Secretary of Defense (DOD)
    Responsibilities

· Equips the armed forces with supplies, education and security.

· Administers the pay and benefits to the military.

· Responsible for locating MIAs and POWs.

· Oversees the more than 700,000 civilians employed by the DOD.

4. Secretary of Justice (DOJ)
Responsibilities

· Heads up the Department of Justice.

· Chief legal counsel for the US and the President.

· Oversees the FBI.

· In charge enforcement of Federal laws and criminal prosecution of Federal crimes.

· Oversees immigration and naturalization policy.

· Supports competitive business ventures.

· Responsible for consumer protection issues.

  1. Secretary of the Interior (DOI)
    Responsibilities

· Accountable for the care of the nation’s natural resources, especially water, land, coal, oil, natural gas, and wildlife issues.

· Administers removal of natural resources.

· Oversees environmental protection issues.

· Directs issues that concern Native Americans.

  1. Secretary of Agriculture
    Responsibilities

· Oversees farming, crops, food safety, and US food supply,

· Supervises the food stamp and poverty programs.

· Responsible for conservation of US national resources and the US Forest Service, national parks, park rangers, and park firefighters.

· Oversees the US Department of Agriculture.

  1. Secretary of Commerce
    Responsibilities

· Oversees the purchase and sales of goods and commodities.

· Responsible for foreign trade.

· Accountable for the granting of patent goods.

· Supplies analysis and statistics to government planners.

  1. Secretary of Labor
    Responsibilities

· Responsible for the protection of workers and making sure working environments are save and fair.

· Ensures minimum wage and overtime pay requirements are met.

· Oversees unemployment, unemployment benefits, and job banks for the unemployed.

· Provides safe, fair working conditions for elderly workers, minorities, and disabled workers.

  1. Secretary of Health and Human Services
    Responsibilities

· Supervises over 300 programs related health and medicine including Medicare, Medicaid, medical research, and infectious diseases.

· Oversees social services and substance abuse programs.

  1. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
    Responsibilities

· Assures access to safe, affordable housing.

· Responsible for making sure home mortgages are insured through the Fannie May and Freddie Mac programs.

· Assures home construction and home improvement loans are available for elderly and handicapped citizens.

· Manages Federal subsidies for low and moderate income families.

  1. Secretary of Transportation (DOT)
    Responsibilities

· Oversees US roads and transportation infrastructures.

· Responsible for passenger vehicle safety (cars, buses, trucks, planes, trains, and boats).

· Supervises US ports and waterways.

· Oversees oil and gas pipeline infrastructures and safety.

  1. Secretary of Energy (DOE)
    Responsibilities

· Ensures uninterrupted supplies of safe energy.

· Oversees the development of alternative sources of energy (wind, wave, solar).

  1. Secretary of Education
    Responsibilities

· Oversees the US public school system.

· Provides school supplies for students.

· Provides qualified teachers in classrooms across the country.

· Encourages parental involvement in schools.

· Supplies financial assistance for education where it is needed.

· Encourages technology in the classroom.

  1. Secretary of Veterans Affairs
    Responsibilities

· Supervises the Veterans Administration.

· Oversees veterans services including health care, social services support, benefits and pensions.

· Supports the hiring of veterans.

Secretary of Homeland Security
Responsibilities

· Manages all programs dealing with protection of the US against terrorist attacks.

· Oversees emergency preparedness programs.

· Coordinates the response of the US to emergencies that may happen in the future.

· Manages agencies that analyze intelligence reports on potential threats to the US.

· Supervises border security, airport security, and the protection of the national security infrastructures.

The President’s Cabinet members are responsible for knowing how the departments they represent operate and what they can accomplish. They must also advise the President on ways their departments can be changed or updated and how their department resources and the nation’s resources can be optimized. After decisions have been made by the President and the Cabinet members, the information is distributed to the appropriate Departments and the Secretaries are then responsible for making sure these new policies are organized and implemented within a realistic time frame.

References

The White House. The Cabinet.

http://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/cabinet

Making the Difference: Cabinet Departments and What They Do

http://www.makingthedifference.org/federalcareers/cabinetdepartments.shtml

Ben's Guide: The President's Cabinet

http://bensguide.gpo.gov/6-8/government/national/cabinet.html

Fact Monster: The President's Cabinet

http://www.factmonster.com/ipka/A0775305.html

Teacher Vision: The US President's Cabinet

http://www.teachervision.fen.com/us-presidency/executive-branch/1785.html

Netage: US Government Cabinet Positions and Nominees

http://www.netage.com/economics/gov/cabinet-appointees.html

Academic Kids: United States Cabinet

http://www.academickids.com/encyclopedia/index.php/United_States_Cabinet

Country Studies: The Executive Departments

http://countrystudies.us/united-states/government-9.htm

Country Studies: The Cabinet

http://countrystudies.us/united-states/government-11.htm

What does the President's Cabinet do? - U.S. Citizenship Test

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Comments 8 comments

carol7777 profile image

carol7777 3 years ago from Arizona

Well researched hub and I think many of us don't really know the duties of these leaders. thanks for a concise and well written hub. Voting up, sharing and bookmarking so I can read it again.


SkeetyD profile image

SkeetyD 3 years ago from Barbados

A very informative hub. Most people probably didn't know what these people did or what their responsibilities are. Thank you for the information.


joanwz profile image

joanwz 3 years ago from Katy, Texas Author

Thanks carol7777 and SkeetyD. Much appreciated.


rfmoran profile image

rfmoran 3 years ago from Long Island, New York

A well done resource for anyone who is interested in government affairs.

good job Joan.


ib radmasters profile image

ib radmasters 3 years ago from Southern California

Interesting list and duties.

Is there some information on how well these secretaries did their duties.

Maybe even a list of accomplishments?

Thanks


agusfanani profile image

agusfanani 3 years ago from Indonesia

An interesting and informative hub.


joanwz profile image

joanwz 3 years ago from Katy, Texas Author

ib radmasters, I don't about info on how past secretaries have performed. I'll have to check on that one.


ib radmasters profile image

ib radmasters 3 years ago from Southern California

Joan

How did the last cabinet do objectively, compared to what were their job duties, and maybe even compare it to their predecessor.

How else can we know if they fulfilled their duties.

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