The toolbox republic

I have never loved Poland, the country I was born. I was only 11 when the martial law started. This meant growing up under a Communist military junta, cultivation for which began well before 1981 and has persisted well past 1983. There are no inborn feelings. Everyone is free to consider if Poland would be lovable.

Just bundles of property

Personal freedom is a most important aspect of citizen lives. Polish authorities yet would hold the people for property. Born in Poland — and no one ever has choice on the place — you cannot change your citizenship, unless the President allows it, says a regulation.

You get a special form to fill. You need to write a letter and enclose numerous documents, along with even a biographical note by hand. The President may grant permission or — not.

Polish Military Information

All males of Polish citizenship further "belong to" the Polish military. Armed forces qualification and potentially service is obligatory for all men aged 19. Below, the emblem of Polish Information Services (WSI) may be suggestive of the satirical flair by Andrew Mleczko. The air of absurd did not come or die with the martial law.

Years 1991-2006, the emblem befitted the spirit of the Polish Military Services well, to imply a crowned capon for the Polish eagle. In "democratic" Poland, WSI operatives formed and named

The Society for Utmost Irresponsibility "Rollup",

Stowarzyszenie Najwyższej Nieodpowiedzialności „Rolowisko”.

They were seeking extra money. With a fly-by-night animus, they interfered with civilian businesses. A report is available via

The emblem of the Polish Military Information Services may be suggestive of Andrew Mleczko satirical vein.
The emblem of the Polish Military Information Services may be suggestive of Andrew Mleczko satirical vein. | Source

The Main Directorate

WSI was a merger between the former Communist Internal Military Service and the Second Directorate of General Staff of the Polish Army, describes Wikipedia.

The post-1989 military agency employed unverified agents who derived from Communist forces. Those forces in their times gave death verdicts on suspected opposition — also women, though women never have been subject to military service by Polish law.

In Poland, agent verification is a career check. It is expected to explore on the agent's potential involvement with foreign services, and criminal record.

Identified after exhumation
Identified after exhumation | Source

"Name Unknown", "Nazwisko Nieznane"

August 2013 brought further body identifications, as one may learn from the Polish Institute of National Remembrance.

You are going to be an en-en (będziesz NN) was a phrase you could hear in Poland, if you were not complacent. NN meant "name unknown" (nazwisko nieznane). The acronym was used for bodies difficult or impossible to identify, as well as of those buried secretly.

The English Wikipedia article on the Main Directorate of Information would not have the names of Krystyna Mielczarek or Barbara Niemczuk. Polish Wikipedia says,

Executed in the Main Directorate of Information, Polish Army


  • Krystyna Mielczarek (1923 – 1946)
  • Barbara Niemczuk (1922 – 1946)

Arrested in the beginning of July 1946. Sentenced to death on July 31 1946. The execution was carried out on August 27 1946 in the Military Main Directorate, Warsaw quarters.

The "Meadow"

It is also in the Polish Wikipedia only that you get lists of those executed or tortured to death and secretly buried in the "Meadow", the infamous Section Ł (from the Polish "Łączka") in the Powązki Military Cemetery. The nickname for the location is quite sarcastic.

A temporary memorial, the "Meadow"
A temporary memorial, the "Meadow" | Source

"Number Unknown", "Numer Nieznany"

Present days, the acronym "NN" has recurred for surveillance. Purportedly, it is to mean telephone "number unknown" (numer nieznany). Polish surveillance claim they happen to be unaware of the telephone number they monitor or want monitored.

The "dummy citizen"

Communist times, a Bureau B human target was termed a figurant ― a dummy, poser, silly, someone to pretend. In colloquial Polish, a term to get along with thieves and their jargons. A surveillance task would be worded as

addresses, contacts, and lifestyle; observation to be continued also if the dummy departs.

adresy i kontakty oraz tryb życia; w razie wyjazdu figuranta obserwację prowadzić dalej

The facsimile below shows a declassified document from 1969 with the word "dummy" (figurant) in a red frame. Many present-day reports would try to tell those were informers the services nicknamed dummies, not citizens as objects. The services yet could not have had to find out about their cooperative's whereabouts, moreover to say: taken under observation based on a photograph.

A documented surveillance task to use the term 'figurant' (in red frame)
A documented surveillance task to use the term 'figurant' (in red frame) | Source

The operative toolkit

A typical operative toolkit of those times would look capable of influencing things as well as people. Present-day toolkits involve technologies capable of inducing physical heat, vibration, and related painfulness. Methodology compares with Burrhus Frederic Skinner's ideas on operant modification of behavior, as well as Donald Ewen Cameron's depatterning. Nothing I might respect as a psycholinguist.

A standard toolkit of a Polish special security agent in the Polish People's Republic
A standard toolkit of a Polish special security agent in the Polish People's Republic | Source

Devotee myth

Communist times, the services were aware of own bad renown. Therefore, cooperatives would point at people and say they knew them, had cooperated with them, liked and respected them. It was you to attract bad guys, you know.

Service psychological devices have not changed since. Year 2013, Chris Cieszewski became accused of cooperation with SB in a program by Polish state television, TVP1. Nobody, including Tomasz Sekielski, the post-1989 reporter, thought if Mr. Cieszewski might have had any business with the service. It turned out Mr. Cieszewski was innocent.


Polish services used narcotics, also if the substance induced amnesia. They produced and ascribed false "materials", too.

An employee of "Tygodnik Powszechny”, Irena Kinaszewska, was a single mother. Operatives adulterated her drink to present her as their "source". They wrote and planted "her diaries". She denied the security line. The "diaries" did not hold.

The operation "Triangolo" was to imply that Karol Wojtyła, John Paul II, secretly had offspring. One of the operatives is reported as captain Grzegorz Piotrowski, suspected in the death of Jerzy Popiełuszko.

"The citizen has no defense"

Implying intimacy or intimate imaging at least remain a device by Polish services. Henryk Piecuch shared his observations in 2009, in the "democratic" Poland,

The citizen has no chance for defense. Techniques are at such high levels. It is only the matter of matching the proper agent with the victim.

Obywatel nie ma szans na obronę. W dzisiejszych czasach technika jest na tak wysokim poziomie. To tylko kwestia doboru odpowiedniego agenta do ofiary.

"Tender Tom"

Gromosław Czempiński praised a Polish agency intimate socialite, in 2009 too:

... he (the "tender Tom") carried out his tasks excellently. — He made two illustrious cases, and that certainly owing to his talent, skills, and proper training.

... świetnie wypełniał swoje zadania. – Zrobił dwie głośne sprawy. Zapewne dzięki talentowi, umiejętnościom i odpowiedniemu przeszkoleniu.

Agent Tom in parliament.
Agent Tom in parliament. | Source

Mr. Tomasz Kaczmarek found support from the Law and Justice party. "Tender Tom" became elected a Polish Sejm representative in 2011. He gave up as a parliamentary in 2015.

The "carousel"

2016, Andrzej Milacznowski describes Polish services as a carousel. He says the carousel turns owing to frequent changes in staff.

Demand on loyalty

Polish cooperatives would need to have very much loyalty for the service. In Poland you could get animated, after you got painted. Polish animation was smooth enough on smelling the wind already in Communism. Pixel by pixel (pikselek po pikselku) became another verbal threat in Poland.

Disregard for human life

The death theme continues indigenously in Poland. Dorota Kania, an investigative reporter, has written a book about a series of murders and suicides she suspects the services in, Cień tajnych służb.

The victim names involve Alicja and Piotr Jaroszewicz, Marek Papała, Ireneusz Sekuła, Jacek Dębski, Jeremiasz Barański, Marek Karp, Krzysztof Olewnik, Andrzej Lepper, and Sławomir Petelicki. Most died after 1989. Some had been involved with the services, as Mr. Petelicki.

Disregard for human life has made a tradition, in Poland. The Warsaw Uprising took about 200 thousand civilian lives. The rebel had no chance for success. The Home Army knew the Nazi policy to inflict mass retaliation in cases of unrest.

The sad act befitted the myth by Polish Romanticists about Poland as "the Christ of Europe" (Chrystusem Europy). To think about identity, "being Christ" never could make sense. It seems, no such intellection preceded the Warsaw act, and present-day, there are more and more streets named after the event.

"Blame on the USA"

Polish public figures continue to blame the USA, as in Communist times, and for WWII altogether. Polish ex-president Lech Wałęsa said,

If there is anybody to be blamed, it is the USA more than Poland. Had our information been heard, they would have gotten involved early to oppose Hitler. They are guilty more than us,

Jeśli ktokolwiek jest winien, to bardziej USA niż Polska. Gdyby słuchano naszych informacji, to by się włączyli i szybko by się przeciwstawili hitleryzmowi. To oni mają większą winę niżeli my.

Lech Walesa
Lech Walesa | Source

Before WWII, Poland had a common defense pact with England, not the USA. Mr. Wałęsa has acquired an escutcheon, however. He is now one of the Order of the Seraphim.

Necrobusiness in Łódź

Media in Polish describe the year 2002 Skin Hunters affair without estimates on the overall number of victims, even in approximation.

Four persons got sentenced. One paramedic got 25 years, the other a life sentence. The doctors were sentenced to 5 and 6 years, both to be allowed back in the medical profession after 10 years. A foreign report indicated a body count at about 20 thousand people.

The Swedish-produced movie is unwelcome in Poland.
The Swedish-produced movie is unwelcome in Poland.

The court judged on 5 patient terminations, and 14 cases of exposure to a life threatening factor. English Wikipedia reports the bribes as 12-70 thousand PLN, that is, beyond a business calculation for promoting a funeral home actually door-to-door, for up to 20 people. There is no law in Poland to prescribe on citizen choice of a funeral home.

A regular funeral in Poland is about 5.5 thousand PLN, the state being obliged to contribute. To compare the real estate and get a picture on the money, single bedroom flats of some 30 square meters could be about 106-117 thousand PLN, in Łódź.

Polish hospitals to use Pancuronium for anesthesia record the substance supply and use. It is not allowed for self-administration. It gives visible results and remains in the corpse for months, if surgery ends in patient's death.

Polish law requires autopsy for bodies of patients who die within 12 hours, in hospital or on the way to it. The law was binding at the time of Łódź cases. It regards control over contagious factors. Autopsy is obligatory, even if the person opposed the procedure during his or her life, also in written form. Pancuronium is a curare-mimetic, unlikely to be overlooked. Discovery of the cases is depicted as a leak to the media.

Disrespect for individual property

As in Communist times, Polish authorities disregard citizen property. Early February 2014, the Polish central government decided to transfer about 51% of OFE citizen insurance money to the ZUS, a state pocket. The authorities took over 154 billion PLN people's cash, saying it was to reduce the public debt.

Every month, Polish workers have to pay 18% income tax, 9% obligatory health insurance (even if not sick), and about 19.5% state pension fund.

Coat of arms of Poland
Coat of arms of Poland | Source

Neglect of public vote

Citizens were not asked their opinions, about the Polish national emblem after 1989. The crown was added to the Polish eagle by the Contract Sejm. The paradoxical result is to have presidents with royalist insignia. Poland is the only such eccentric in Europe.

Disrespect for democracy

In Communism, it was the Central Committee to decide on the country. You also did not have presidents. You had first secretaries of the party. The video shows the SLD 2015 presidential candidate, Magdalena Ogórek.

Citizen autonomy: transplants law

Poland still has not ratified the 2002 European Convention on transplants. The 2005 Polish law has everybody for a donor, unless the person registers his or her objection. The law says it yet might be the family to have the last say, for which it is enough a family member states you spoke with them on the matter.

Stork the wrong place

Obviously, I've had my personal and strictly adverse experience with Polish services. I could not have a good business with a place on Earth as absurd and unpleasant as Poland. I want to pursue my happiness. I am a pragmatic. I do not esteem nonsense, and I hate horror. Sometimes, it has to be, "the stork stops the wrong place". Fortunately, if you ask in a lab, the guys will not be able to tell Polish blood by morphology or DNA. Nationality is not so genetic. It is not leopard spots.

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jhamann profile image

jhamann 3 years ago from Reno NV

After a quick and then a much longer read of this incredible hub, I have come to the conclusion that I might have to list this as my number one. Jamie

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teresapelka 3 years ago from Dublin, Ireland Author


I've expanded the hub; living under a bit of stress, writing has become more of a process. You can change your comment, if you like.

jhamann profile image

jhamann 3 years ago from Reno NV

Much much better. Jamie

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