Successful Interventions For Toledo, Ohio: Third Largest City for Child Trafficking and Slavery

Number One Gateway City

Toledo Skyline
Toledo Skyline | Source

According to the International Labor Force, the money illegally acquired through human trafficking is estimated to be more than $35 billion.

— Ohio Department of Health 10/2016

How to Help

If you think you have seen a victim of human sex trafficking - child or adult, even an infant - contact the following organization anytime toll free, 24 hours a day.

National Human Trafficking Resource Center: 1-888-373-7888

In cases of immediate life-or-death emergency, call 911.

New Findings in Prevention

Call to report or seek information, toll free, 24 hours a day:

National Human Trafficking Resource Center: 1-888-373-7888

Progress in 2014 - During 2014, Forbe's Magazine and Sperling's Best Places named Toledo, Ohio as the 4th Top City of Opportunity in America.

Progress to 2016

Judge Paul M. Herbert in Columbus, Ohio feels that The Ohio State University can be a leader in the study to end human trafficking, especially through a specialized office that could be set on on the Columbus main campus.

The beginnings of such an office were initiated at the OSU Extension office in June 2016 (Reference: http://ohioline.osu.edu/factsheet/hyg-5900).

In America over 100,000 children are involved and Ohio is still sited as a major hub of this activity, despite some progress in Toledo, a gateway city.

Reference at Holly Zacharia.

Source

New Action 2012 - 2022

In 2013, data suggests that Toledo is enjoying some success in combating human trafficking and the city may be dropping down the ranks of cities with the highest numbers of victims affected by it. Meanwhile, government and non-profit groups as well as individuals are fighting more forcefully against human trafficking in Ohio

A growing church in Central Ohio, RockCity, is most successful in helping families and individuals in need, especially the homeless, single parents, and all those affected by the recent Recession 2008 - 2010 and its aftermath. Pastor Chad Fisher and his family, who came to Central Ohio from Toledo to start the church and serve the people of Central Ohio. During 2012 alone, this amounts to many thousand's of dollars donated to helping groups in the state and in multiple service projects for volunteers.

RockCity donates funds to one local initiative that is established to work against the spread of human trafficking in Ohio and this surely will continues to be supported by volunteers and prayer. RockCity donates one dollar to such initiatives for every attendee at its services each week - prior to Easter, this was already 600 per week, 800 - 1,000 thereafter and growing.

An organization in the initiative called www.GraceHavenHouse.org is the first in the State of Ohio to provide a group home for children and youth taken out of the human trafficking system. Previous to this, they had to be sent to jail by law.

Ohio Governor John Kasich took a firm stand and signed legislation in recent weeks to set up obligatory cooperation of state and local agencies and organizations to allow them to use their resources together for the good of trafficking victims and the elimination of the phenomenon in our state.

RockCity (RockCityChurch.tv on the web) reports that a trafficking corridor that especially needs attention extends from Columbus, north to Toledo and farther on to the Detroit. Other organizations in the Columbus OH are quickly joining the initiative against this illegal and hurtful "business." Post your organization's name in the comments and tell us what it's doing to help.

  • Sunday Services at 9:00am + 10:45am + 12:30pm
    AMC Lennox Town Center at 777 Kinnear Road, Columbus OH 43121
  • eMail: info@rockcitychurch.tv
  • Twitter: twitter.com/RockCityOnline
  • Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/RockCityChurch

An organization in the initiative called www.GraceHavenHouse.org is the first in the State of Ohio to provide a group home for children and youth taken out of the human trafficking system. Previous to this, they had to be sent to jail by law.

  • A trafficking survivor raises awareness -- Even 30 years after escaping her use for trafficking, author and survivor Theresa Flores said she knows she could be sucked back again if her former pimp showed up and started talking to her. (See http://urbanacitizen.com).

Source

New Action By the State of Ohio

March 30, 2012

Governor John Kasich declared this week that the administration put more effort into ending human trafficking in the State of Ohio. He signed a declaration requiring State Agencies to cooperate in working together to capture and bring charges against perpetrators of trafficking. State statistics report:

Thirteen is the most common age in Ohio for children to become victims of human trafficking. An estimated 1,078 underage Ohioans are trafficked each year, and another 3,016 children are considered at-risk...roughly 1,000 American-born children forced into the sex trade in Ohio every year, about 800 immigrants are sexually exploited and pushed into sweatshop-type jobs. -- Ohio Human Trafficking Commission and Attorney General Mick DeWine.

How many children are trafficked, unknown to that statisticians or the State? It seems that nail saloons are a hot place for trafficking in the 2010s, workers being slavers, and the Governor is finding all the related facts he can. Public Service Announces will begin shortly on television and the Governor plans to approach President Obama for additional help.

Gateway to Large Air and Rail Hubs, US and Canadian Highways

show route and directions
A markerToledo OH -
Toledo, OH, USA
[get directions]

B markerDetroit MI -
Detroit, MI, USA
[get directions]

C markerWindsor ON -
Windsor, ON, Canada
[get directions]

Traffickers, however, commonly use violence, threats, debt bondage, and other forms of deceit and coercion to compel adults and children into servitude.

— OSU Extension, Columbus

May Day Celebration of Life

Back on May Day 2010, I sat in a meeting of over 400 concerned Ohioans and visitors from other states and countries. We viewed a presentation and made a discussion about human and child sex trafficking/tourism in the USA and Ohio and what we can do to stop it.

Growing numbers of people have become concerned about this and all sex and labor slavery in America. Laws have been passed to put an end to these practices, but they are not always fully enforced city by city. We chose May 1 to begin adding our voices to the demand to end human sex trafficking, especially child sex slavery.

Toledo Supplies Las Vegas

Toledo is the third largest gateway city for child sex tourism and child sex trafficking in America. The City of Toledo has run aground of some hard economic times in recent years and the Underground Economy has grown a bit larger in response -- This includes anything from hair braiding without a cosmetology license to neighborhood auto mechanics working on a cash-only basis, to selling children as young as 6 months old into sex slavery.

Professor Celia Williamson of the University of Toledo chaired a task force for research into Ohio's contribution to the child sex trafficking industry. Initial results estimated Toledo in 4th place in this child sex trafficking in America, that this result was conservative, and that it may be actually worse. [Worse than we thought: 1,000 new American Toledo/Ohio children annually; Toledo a major site for foreign-born victims and a leading recruitment gateway for them all. Ohio AG Richard Condray's group found even hundreds more Ohio kids at risk yearly of such victimization in the Toledo Gateway. Toledo exhbits the highest per capita related victim rate in the USA.]

At least 1,800 people at any point in time in Ohio are held in trafficking bondage. Miami Fl, Portland OR, Las Vegas NV, and Toledo OH are the top 4 US gateway cities, but the Las Vegas child sex victims come mostly from Toledo, pushing it up to third place overall. It is incredible. Also incredible is that 6-month-old infants are used sexually and that men pay $1,000 for 20 minutes to use girls ages 6 months to 12 years in sex tourism.

While is Toledo, Ohio such a major gateway into this human rights violation industry? Many of the youngsters - not all girls, but some boys as well - are being groomed and offered to the sellers and pimps by grandmothers that had been prostitutes first, had guided or allowed their own children into the industry, and then began groom the grandchildren. This is third-generation human trafficking that is trapping grandmothers, daughters, and granddaughters as well as some men and boys.

Letters and Phone Calls

During the evening event, our group completed short letters to both Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton and US Attorney General Eric Holder to ask them to continue and to strengthen their efforts in implementing fuller enforcement of human sex trafficking laws already on the books in this nation.

Some people in the group decided to begin placing phone calls to the Secretary's and the Attorneys General as well as to State and Local elected Officials to encourage them to implement stronger enforcement of anti-trafficking laws on the local level.

Numerous clubs, civic organizations, churches and other houses of faith are planning ways of increasing public awareness of the problem and asking elected officials to help.

Office To Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

The Office To Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (G/TIP), led by Ambassador Luis CdeBaca -- Click the embedded link to access Report 2014.

If you are interested, you can read the Office's earlier data gathered on this phenomenon in their free online 2009 Trafficking in Persons Report. It covers 175 different nations and reports upon the global efforts of all concerned governments that are combating severe trafficking in persons.

Broadcasting this information to others will promote and secure additional awareness and support for ending these practices. The US Federal Government uses this report to encourage partnerships with other nations to fight the institutions of forced labor, sexual exploitation, and slavery (labor, forced marriage, and sex tourism, to name a few).

WORLD DATA

The International Labor Organization (ILO) of the UN examines labor standards, employment issues, and protection against exploitation around the globe. they say that in 2009, at least 12,300,000 adults and children were held forcefully in forced labor, bonded labor, and commercial sexual servitude. About 1.39 million of these people, about a tenth, are in commercial sexual servitude, inter- and intra-nationally.

Human traffickers are recognized as preying on the weak and vulnerable in society. This includes starving peoples, low castes, orphans, and public assistance recipients. Recruiters frequently use false promises of a better life, good jobs, education, marriage, or other benefits attractive enough to lure victims into bondage. Visit this federal government site: Modern Slavery for specific first-hand stories.

Some Distribution Points From Toledo

show route and directions
A markerToledo OH -
Toledo, OH, USA
[get directions]

B markerDetroit MI -
Detroit, MI, USA
[get directions]

C markerWindsor ON -
Windsor, ON, Canada
[get directions]

D markerToronto ON -
Toronto, ON, Canada
[get directions]

E markerLas Vegas -
Las Vegas, NV, USA
[get directions]

How You and I Can Help

Since May Day on May 1 in 2010; people around the nation have been communicating to the US Federal Government that they want to strengthen efforts toward ending Child Sex Trafficking and Child Sex Tourism. They have contacted the government by phone, snail mail, and Internet.

Toledo OH is the 3rd largest gateway city for this human rights crime and we are communicating with state and local leaders in Ohio in an ongoing conversation that seeks to end human rights violations in our state. Because Toledo is so close to Detroit and large Ontario Province cities, heavy trafficking flows through Toledo to other places, including Las Vegas and overseas. We want it to end.

For the larger effort, you can, if you wish, call, write, or email Secretary of State Hillary Clinton (http://www.state.gov/secretary/) or US Attorney General Eric Holder (http://www.usdoj.gov/ag/) to declare your support for strongly enforcing anti-trafficking laws and upholding human rights globally. Our friends from out of the country are emailing Secretary of State Clinton, because she is interested in ending this problem globally, for everyone.

On an individual level, we can remain alert to signs of child sex trafficking and report any signs that we see to the toll free number at the head of this page.

© 2010 Patty Inglish

More by this Author


Comments and Experiences 61 comments

blue parrot profile image

blue parrot 6 years ago from Madrid, Spain

What bad news from home! But thanks all the same. I had heard Hillary Clinton was concerned about this but I never could have guessed that it was happening, and on such a scale, in Toledo.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

I also was surpised. It is all ghastly. Thanks for commenting.


tony0724 profile image

tony0724 6 years ago from san diego calif

Patty this is just so alarming that I am virtually speechless. I know when it comes to children I will be one to protect them at all costs. My life Included. Thanks for exposing this henious crime. I know I will help out where I can .


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

tony0724, thank you very much. I was shocked by all this and that it is so close, right in my state.


DiamondRN profile image

DiamondRN 6 years ago from Charlotte, NC USA

That's now what I wanted to hear. I was born in Toledo. It's normally a very boring town.


Pamela99 profile image

Pamela99 6 years ago from United States

I never would have thought of Toledo as a leader in child sex trafficking. It is shocking. Children need to be protected at all cost. I hope the letters will spur those with the power to get the FBI or appropriate agency involved to stop this heinous crime. I will write also. I'm glad you brought this to our attention.


samboiam profile image

samboiam 6 years ago from Texas

I am blown away. I never knew this occurred on such a large scale in the States. Thanks for shedding light on this issue.


fishtiger58 profile image

fishtiger58 6 years ago from Momence, Illinois

This is just awful. Can't believe stuff like this goes on.


Hello, hello, profile image

Hello, hello, 6 years ago from London, UK

I don't believe it. I never imagine it is that big a problem. What are all these big organization of policeforces do? Surely it can and must be reduced drastically.


billyaustindillon profile image

billyaustindillon 6 years ago

Patty - I am shocked that this is occurring in somewhere like Toledo - what a disgraceful business and lets hope it starts to get cleaned up.


theherbivorehippi profile image

theherbivorehippi 6 years ago from Holly, MI

Wow...this is very surprising to me. I went to the University of Toledo so I lived there and it seemed like such a wonderful city. Of course this was many years ago. So scary! Wonderful information!


Faybe Bay profile image

Faybe Bay 6 years ago from Florida

Wow, Patty, I had no idea Toledo was number 3. I wrote some hubs on Human Trafficking, you can check out Not For Sale. I added them on Facebook, and you can if you haven't already. This is going on in our own back yards, the only way to change things is to heighten awareness.


JenDobson27 profile image

JenDobson27 6 years ago

I had no idea it was that prevalent in Toledo, Ohio. It's really sad that it's prevalent anywhere. Thanks for informing us and making us aware of this concerning issue.


Enlydia Listener profile image

Enlydia Listener 6 years ago from trailer in the country

this is sort of shocking news to me, since Toledo is only a few hours from where I live...our county has a very high unemployment rate also...if that is one of the factors, then anywhere there is high unemployment you can wonder about this...How has our society become so sordid, that men would find pleasure in raping an infant?


Frieda Babbley profile image

Frieda Babbley 6 years ago from Saint Louis, MO

Third generation now. How absolutely terrible (for lack of what I really want to say about this). I want to say it's shocking, because part of me is, but the other part that knows better isn't. I'm glad you wrote about this. It's essential people know.


Sandyspider profile image

Sandyspider 6 years ago from Wisconsin, USA

I didn't know it Toledo was the third highest. This is surprising to know.


Scar 6 years ago

I had no idea all of this was going on right here on American soil. This was a real eye-opener.


leverton Lisa 6 years ago

It is just so wrong that this is still going on, but it's the people that pay from them that need to be targeted too. To think that Grandmothers would be happy to sell their grandchildren is shocking but then if they come from a life of prostitution they probably know no other way.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

"Considering Toledo's and Lucas County's smaller population compared to the other cities, the report said Toledo must be considered the per capita *leader of the nation* for such activities." - see the link in the text. It's worse than I suspected.


Herald Daily profile image

Herald Daily 6 years ago from A Beach Online

My God, I had no idea that this problem existed in the state of Ohio. I suppose that I shouldn't be surprised to read about it happening anywhere but I was. So sad, no tragic. Very best of luck in your letter campaign.


Shirley Anderson profile image

Shirley Anderson 6 years ago from Ontario, Canada

Patty, just reading your opening at the top almost made me sick. Infants??? I could cry. Can't bring myself to go to the site you linked to that offers first-hand stories, sorry. Don't think I could handle it. Well, I probably could but it would make me feel ill for a long time.

While I'm filled with sadness and pain about this situation existing, I'm very happy to see that you're making people aware and taking action to try and do something about it. Hats off to you and the others.

I wish you much success in helping these poor individuals.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

Unfortunately yes, infants. In fact, the central part of the state has prosecuted infant rape a few times in the last several years. Not only is it morelaly repugnant, but it physically harms the babies to a great extent.

I have not yet received replies from letters, but it has not been very long, and both official receive avalanches of mail and emails every week. Many hope that residents in the Toledo area will contact local elected officials, the governor, and the state congressional houses for help with this matter.

I'll add updates from time to time and readers can keep an eye on the news feed in the Hub, too. Thanks for such sincere concern; it is encouraging that people want this to end and Toledo restored to justice as well as a recovering economy - Toledo Center of Science and Industry is reopening, if it has not yet done so - a great site for the family, so this trafficking problem needs to be cleaned up pronto.


Herald Daily profile image

Herald Daily 6 years ago from A Beach Online

Patty, I don't understand people sometimes. The ones that cause such harm to others, I mean.

I'm sure that if enough people kick up a stink, something good will happen.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

Thanks Herald Daily, that's encouraging; I must keep complaining...and see who I know in Toledo now.


jiberish profile image

jiberish 6 years ago from florida

It's amazing and sad how much Ohio has changed since I lived there. There must be something in the water there, like in Florida!


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

I think America has pockets of activities pretty much unknown until someone digs it up. At the same time this is happening, Ohio increased new jobs by 37,000 in April 2010 alone, highest increase in the nation. Out state is very visibly a place of good and bad things. People are asking for change and a response foprm govt that will make that change. Thanks for commenting, jiberish.


Sundy Goodnight profile image

Sundy Goodnight 6 years ago from New York

You would never think of a smaller city like Toledo being the third largest city for child sex trafficking, but this just proves it is all over the United States and not just in third world countries. Thank you for bringing this horrible problem to the attention of others and letting others know how they can help. If your hub saves only one child it is well worth it.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

Its probably the position of Toledo so near several large interstate highways, major shipping lanes on Lake Erie, airports, and border crossings into Michigan and Canada. Pretty hectic. Lots of people are contacting state and federal government officials about this, so I hope it helps.


SirDent 6 years ago

I couldn't finish this hub. It is so sad that so many children are exploited and used like a piece of yesterday's garbage.

Thanks for bringing it to our attention. I will try to finish it up at another time.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 6 years ago from North America Author

The phenomenon is pretty disgusting, for sure. I pray that our letters are affecting the right attitudes to change this.

Toledo was able to gain enough funding to reopen COSI science and industry center, which is good especially for the kids and families; and, University of Toledo has increased its enrollment by furnishing free tuition, so a positive move is beginning to get a toe hold.

I like Toledo and want the best to happen there. Thanks, SirDent!


rescueachild profile image

rescueachild 6 years ago from San Jose, Ca

I am a survivor of child sex trafficking and it happened to me in foster care. The government is involved and the conspiacy to cover up pedophiles within our government runs deep.

Pro~active awareness is the only way to protect you and your childrem These predators know everything about our children in order to lure them into the sex industry. You should learn everything about the problem to protect your child. THIS is NO joke. The crimes taken of me are still on pedophile sites considered as awesome, "vintage child porn." These crimes against me happened when I was 3-7... it CAN happen to your child. Learn all you can because the people in charge have been allowing this to go unchecked for so long for a reason.


eventsyoudesign profile image

eventsyoudesign 6 years ago from Nashville, Tennessee

It is sick to think that an adult could have sex with a child. Our government is not worried about the people of this great country. The sex slave trade is not the only area where our government falls short. There are others. Great article, but it makes me sad to hear about how bad the abuse really is.


Huntgoddess profile image

Huntgoddess 5 years ago from Midwest U.S.A.

I am also a survivor.

I couldn't read the article. But, thanks for posting this information.

Many of these children do not live. I was one of the lucky ones.

God bless.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

Huntgoddess - Thank you for posting your comments; this is a situation that I want Toledo to continue to fight and finally fix. Bless you and best wishes to you for the rest of your life!


dusy7969 profile image

dusy7969 5 years ago from San Diego, California

unbelievable. I wouldn't have believed that this could happen in the U.S. on this scale. Another clear example of why we should bring back the death penalty(while I know we have it, it is so rarely carried out that it is ineffective).


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

dusy7969 - I think not many, or none, of the convicted criminals in this category are ever rehabilitated.


chaunatye profile image

chaunatye 5 years ago

I live in Toledo and this is a HUGE shock to me!

Very sad indeed, and as a resident I am surprised I haven't heard more about it on a local scale or how they are going to fix it.

Wow...


Neetuar profile image

Neetuar 5 years ago from India

This is a complete shock! Have even heard about child ST, but infants too!!!! Have the conscience of the buyers and sellers gone into a deep sleep?! One can't say who all are involved and how deep the roots are that it is going on for 3 generations!!!!! my words are drying up. I just want to pray to Almighty to save them all, take the scar out of all the survivors, and give them all a good and safe life!


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

This is a horrible situation in my state, but I hear that government, social services, and educational leaders in Toledo are fighting back with help from the people.

Toledo is a great place, depite the issues. The university in town provided free tuition for many in Ohio in the last couple of years, COSI-Toledo re-opened, as I knew it would form listening to COSI-Columbus reports, and there is a lot more hope in the city today.


Wesman Todd Shaw profile image

Wesman Todd Shaw 5 years ago from Kaufman, Texas

WHEW!

I'd have . . .never thought about that. I just looked at your profile and saw this and said, "what?"

One thing I learned last year was that whichever city that hosts the "super bowl" in any given year is going to be. . .having some child sex slave imports. Seems that there are some rather wealthy and rich men (and probably women too) that like to indulge themselves in the private boxes at stadiums - at the expense of others, of course.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 5 years ago from North America Author

Thank you, Wes - I did not know much about the Super Bowl involvement.


funmontrealgirl profile image

funmontrealgirl 5 years ago from Montreal

This makes me sad. I definitely think all the support should be thrown to fighting this at every level.


Kari0320 4 years ago

Can this be true and baby's also. The government is involved and the conspiacy to cover up pedophiles within our government runs deep. Then where is help???


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

True, but the situation is improving. Governor Strickland called attention to the problem, the mayor of Toledo applied more law enforcement, and Governor Kasich is concerned as well. Children are being saved in larger numbers.


LocoElleCee2 4 years ago

I am very surprised that Toledo, Ohio is the THIRD largest city for sex trafficking of children and slavery! Of all the articles I have been reading lately about sex trafficking, it is most wide spread in third world countries or poverty stricken countries. I knew that it happened in the United States, but shocked to hear that one of the states in the US tops the charts in sex trafficking!


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

Although our Governor and the Toledo mayor are attacking this problem fiercely, Toledo provides children, even infants, to other trafficking markets through its port authority on Lake Erie. This fact brings the city up to first, especially since those who have been trafficked previously are now taking their own grandchildren into the "business."

Las Vegas has been a big market for this in the past, but unfortunately through Windsor ON, the youth and children are taken to other countries. Some, not most, of the kids in third world countries in this business are indeed Americans. But there is hope in new legislation passed this spring by Governor John Kasich.

Keep Ohio in your good thoughts, please and thanks for your post!


Lwelch profile image

Lwelch 4 years ago from USA

I liked the Columbus article on veterans better :) It made Ohio look better. I didn't realize that Toledo had this problem. I am guessing from what you are saying about ports that a lot of border cities have problems. I know Ohio is in the top 10 for car thefts for that very reason.

It is funny to discover a hubster is in the same vicinity as you are!


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

I did not realize about the magnitude of car thefts; however, a supervisor of mine a few years ago drove his brand new Cadillac to a high rise office building in downtown Cleveland, went inside and when he returned in 30 minutes, found his car stripped down to the chassis.

Ohio governments and nonprofits are working hard on the problems surrounding human trafficking and are making headway. I feel we must put an end to this problem in our country. Thanks for reading!


Melovy profile image

Melovy 4 years ago from UK

Thank you for highlighting this issue. It is very encouraging to know that action is being taken to end child trafficking in this way. It is sad, though not surprising, that it goes down through generations and I hope the interventions mean that no more generations of children will go through this.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

I am hoping the same. Our governor's efforts and the fact that we have a home for these children that are saved from the trafficking system are really encouraging.


vocalcoach profile image

vocalcoach 4 years ago from Nashville Tn.

Patty - This is outrageous and so disgusting. It's hard to imagine that this kind of thing goes on. And why " Laws have been passed to put an end to these practices, but they are not always fully enforced city by city." - why are these laws not fully enforced? What are some of the excuses for not enforcing these laws?

Awareness is important and thanks for making me aware of this terrible and heart-breaking crime. I'm drafting my letter to Hillary Clinton today and checking the links you've provided. I want to be involved somehow.

Thank you so much Patty!


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

It is WAY disgusting. Our governor and the mayor of Toledo are placing more consistent efforts toward exposing and attacking this business every day. The University of Toledo is also involved. It's an every day full on battle and not enough manpower was always available on the payroll to do the work. A lot of the intergenerational trafficking has been pretty well hidden up until now. Since the governor signed legislation enabling community organizations to get involved with govt. efforts, it's been a step forward.


Marcy Goodfleisch profile image

Marcy Goodfleisch 4 years ago from Planet Earth

This makes me cry, and it makes me angry beyond words. You've done a great job of documenting the abuses - thank you for raising awareness. As always - outstanding writing!


RealHousewife profile image

RealHousewife 4 years ago from St. Louis, MO

Oh this is such a great cause! Awesome job - we have terrible issues with in in Missouri as well. Hilary Clinton did a fantastic job working on this. There is still so much that needs to be done...in Kansas City - there are girls disappearing at alarming rates!! They have busted trafficking rings as recently there as two weeks ago!

Love this cause and you always have excellent articles. Hats off:)


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

Thank you both for reading this Hub and contributing comments. This is one cause about which I am adamant. Thanks evermore to everyone that wants this business stopped.


Lord De Cross profile image

Lord De Cross 4 years ago

Thanks for the update Patty and your research is remarkable! Human trafficking is still happening as of today and tonight! Your hub will be linked to our charade of posts in our site. Thanks!


billybuc profile image

billybuc 4 years ago from Olympia, WA

Bravo Patty! Thank you for joining our H.O.W. movement. This is, of course, a powerful piece, and this problem is huge nearby us in Portland, Oregon....heck, it is an issue that affects us all.


marcoujor profile image

marcoujor 4 years ago from Jeffersonville PA

What a comprehensive report with well defined interventions on this tragic situation.

My Community nursing students spend field time at the Covenant House which helps girls that have been taken out of these situations.

Voted UP and UI...thank you for raising our awareness.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

Thanks for commenting, Everybody! We in Ohio have been blessed with two governors in a row - from different parties - that made it a priority to fight this problem.

billybuc - From Portland, I bet people are shipped overseas as well.

marcoujor - Thank God for Covenant House! That is good field experience, I think.

Lord De Cross - Thanks for reading and spreading the word.


HoneyBB profile image

HoneyBB 4 years ago from Illinois

Another well written article and informative with ideas on how the average person can help to end this appalling practice and horrible treatment of our nations children and people. Thanks for sharing. I will be sharing my support with the Hillary Clinton campaign. You could also start a petition at petitions.whitehouse.gov to bring more awareness to to have specific things tackled.


Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Patty Inglish, MS 4 years ago from North America Author

The petitions idea is a good one! The White House could use a few more good ones instead of some of the chaff posted there.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working