Top 10 facts about 2010
1. Earthquake on Haiti
The earthquake that shook the January 12 Haitian capital Port-au-Prince, did not have the highest magnitude of fluctuations, however, undoubtedly been the most destructive. A few hours more than a million people homeless. From buildings in the city and its environs are preserved only fragments. About 230 thousand people were killed and thousands injured. The international community reacted quickly - in dozens of countries assisted, profit rescue teams and military personnel to stabilize the situation. However, one of the poorest countries in the western hemisphere has suffered a devastating and extraordinary losses. Tens of thousands of people are still in the abandoned campsites, which was originally a little food or none at all. Full of reports of rape, an outbreak of cholera, which killed more than 300 people, and now needs more international assistance. Haiti's weak government is not able to solve this issue - said the former president Rene Preval, shocked observers - and it is unlikely that the results of upcoming elections significantly alter the cruel circumstances.
Wikileaks,an organization that seeks out and publishes an important or sensitive government information, blew up two large bombs: in July 77.000 U.S. military documents describing the campaign in Afghanistan, and a large portion of 400.000 military documents from Iraq in October.Both documented previously unknown loss of civilian population and abuse. Then the site «WikiLeaks» was indeed nuclear, it has published more than 200 thousand U.S. diplomatic dispatches some media in November. Although few discoveries in dispatches were sensational (in fact, there is corruption in Russia?), Leakage alarmed technocrats in major world capitals and raised fundamental questions about the nature of security in digital XXI century. Also at the scene of Julian Assange - grizzled leader «WikiLeaks» with the nasal voice. Former Australian journalist was arrested on 7 December in London for alleged rape in Sweden. His lawyers argued that the charges were fabricated to destroy his reputation. However, Assange still "last laugh": there are daily published dozens of new uncovered cablegrams, forcing some of the most influential people in the world awkwardly apologize and call a crisis meeting over and over again.
3. Chilean miners
August 5, 1933 miners were trapped at a depth of 700 meters under the ground because of the dam in the copper mines of San Jose in the Atacama Desert. Due to this, a 69-day underground staying became today's worldwide hard drama,optimistic story and soap opera at the same time. Miners suddenly turned into national heroes, and grainy pictures with them, shot down in a heap under the ground, appeared on front pages around the world. Soon after intense international public learned about well, the rescue capsule and the personal lives of miners (in particular, and their mistresses). Cinematic release of the miners, which showed live, provided a fascinating, better than anyone could dream up, the spectacle: each of the brave emerges from the bowels of the earth into the arms touched by relatives and smiling Chilean president. In this story about the miracle of survival forgot to mention the stories of hundreds of miners every year do not have such luck - after a few months after the rescue of miners such obstruction killed 29 miners in New Zealand.
4.Floods in Pakistan
Permeated with extremist militancy, burdened by weak civilian rule and a major financial crisis, Pakistan has already received more than enough problems. And the rainy season in July caused an almost unprecedented flood, which flooded the basin of the Indus River.Almost instantly a fifth of the country was under water. About 20 million Pakistanis were evacuated due to rising water level, 2 thousand people died, and killed 10 million livestock. Damage to the economy, by some estimates totaled $ 43 billion, became the fatal hit to Pakistan, who tried to help many homeless and stranded. It was wrote that the event involved charitable institutions connected with the fundamentalists. The international community was slow to react to the expansion of the disaster - while more than $ 742 million assistance has been granted to Haiti during the earthquake, only 45 million dollars allocated to Pakistan a month after the rainy season started.
5. Year of bad behavior of North Korea
It began in March , by killing 46 sailors, when South Korean corvette Cheonan drowned in the waters, for which the dispute between the two Koreas. Investigation of the South Korean military has concluded that the ship hit by the North Korean torpedo. The incident led to a year of strained relations - United States and South Korea held naval exercises near the state-hermit, which in turn enraged China, the sole protector of the DPRK. While Washington and Beijing threw diplomatic pins into each other, Pyongyang on Sept. 29 gave a celebration in honor of 65 years of communist party rule, opening the door for a moment the foreign press for the appointment of a smooth Kim Chon Ina a successor to ailing father - Kim Chen Ira. After that wayward state has done what he do best, and fired a South Korean island on November 23th. Four South Koreans were killed, and the peninsula mired once again in a geopolitical hostility.
6.World cup in South Africa
A few months before the summer World Cup in South Africa, the international media raised questions about the ability of African nations to take on a proper level the most popular in the world sport competition. For the first time the World Cup was held on the African continent, and many challenges emerged: Will be the new stadium completed in time? Will the infrastructure of the country be able to take tens of thousands of fans who will arrive in South Africa? Does the country,that is famous for violent crimes,ensure the safety of thousand s of footbal fans that will arrive in country? The beginning of the championship was not favorable - Nelson Mandela, the chief leader of the struggle against apartheid, former president and an ardent football fan, refused to take part in the opening ceremony after his great-granddaughter died in a car accident. But, despite several setbacks in the early, negativity, which was preceded, cleared as soon as the championship began. During the four summer weeks South Africa has become the scene for one of the most successful world championships in recent years, the bustling crowds of happy, colorful performances - in particular, on the initiative of the Ghanaian and Spanish, which in the end became a champion - and the evil of the world debate about vuvuzela. On the eve of the final Mandela lit up at the sideline of the field, and cynics should have silenced, someone will listen to them when the octopus clairvoyant rules?
7.Yemen-the new front against terrorism
On Christmas Eve in 2009 a potential terrorist could not blow up, attached to his underwear, bomb on board of aircraft flying to Detroit. So the world thought of Yemen, one of the poorest and most troubled countries in the Middle East and the increasingly popular fundamentalist hotbed of militancy - a suspected terrorist, a young Nigerian, obviously, was trained on the Yemeni land.Since then, the world learned about the growth of forces of the Yemeni wing of al-Qaida, which is now, perhaps even more powerful and tactically stronger than the minions, which is located along the Afghan-Pakistani border. The recent series of bombs intercepted in the wrappers were to sent American recipients from Yemen. Influential person of the country, Ali Abdullah Saleh, ruled for more than two decades, but did little to correct the myriad economic woes Yemen. Norm of right in certain parts of Yemen are close to the weak state of Somalia, and his breakaway regions and the restless tribes would be quite appropriate in Afghanistan or Iraq. Saleh has promised that will eradicate terrorism in the country, but perhaps, doubting his commitment and capabilities, CIA began a secret war with the drone attacks and planned attacks against suspected activists of al-Qaida in the country.
8.Lessons of frugality in Europe
In Europe, it was summer of discontent. Reeling from the effects of the Great Recession, the economies of the European Union imposed a community thrift as a slogan of the day. After Greece nearly suffered bankruptcy in May, tens of thousands of people took to the streets of Athens and other cities to protest against government plans to cut costs on the public sector. Many felt the punishment for the actions of politicians, Western Europeans were grumbling about providing aid package to Greece, the value of almost $ 150 billion. Everywhere in Europe reigns feeling that prolonged social contract, established after the Second World War, was under threat: a few weeks, French cities were paralyzed by strikes and the young and the elderly, perturbed by the plan to increase the retirement age by two years. In October, the new Conservative government in London announced a startling reduction in the budget to 128 billion - trimming everything from military spending to possible residential projects. People are numb with fear.
9.War of the drug cartels in Mexico
Fighting in Mexico with powerful cartels turned in 2010 to awful. Alarmed border towns have been foreyed, when leaders of drug trafficking countries went to war over leadreship. At this time, the security services were either overwhelmed or intimidated, or even been in alliance with the cartels. In September, the bloody Juarez fired about 400 corrupt police officers. In the war against the cartels were a few minor victories of President Felipe Calderón: the arrest of drug lord nicknamed horrific El Barbie, as well as capturing an unprecedented 340 tons of marijuana in the border city of Tijuana. However, the good news is marred by dire reports of kidnappings, mass graves and killings of the night. More than three thousand people have been killed this year.
10. The Thai "red shirts"
Almost all of April and May of this year in the central commercial district of Bangkok, the capital of Thailand, lasted many thousands of anti-government demonstration. The name "red shirts" because of the color of his political movement (their opponents - "yellow shirts"), the activists sought to overthrow the government, which they consider to be elitist and undemocratic. Their political chairman, former Thai Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, has lived in exile since been overthrown in 2006 (in 2008, Thaksin was accused of corruption and sentenced in absentia). Commentators believe that the protests show a deep fissure in Thai society - between the big city and countryside, rich and poor, the royalists and populists. However, on the streets of Bangkok, Thai component inept policy has given way to fine spectacle. Protesters in red shirts poured hundreds of gallons of their own blood during a hideous act of propaganda. Later, after continuing paralysis of Bangkok has become intolerable for the government, it has used violence: on the streets was fighting between government forces and demonstrators, some of them were armed with pistols and even a few immature homemade rocket launchers. Due to severe punitive action, and spraying red-shirt "91 people died and more than 1800 were wounded. All events are recorded by cameras of the international media, which were broadcasting the event all the time from the line of Bangkok's front. Although since then circumstances have subsided, emotions are boiling until today. In November, thousands of supporters of the "red shirts" marched in Bangkok, honoring the memory of those killed six months ago, possibly holding shares and protests in the future.
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