U.S. Constitution 2.0
Revised U.S. Constitution-Part One
I hope my efforts lead to the changes which, if made, would lead to a fairer treatment of all Americans, rich and poor, young and old, famous and unknown. Isn’t that what government is supposed to do?
The following is a working draft of a NEW U.S. Constitution, something which I believe is overdue and which will help correct many of the problems which exist today. As I begin writing this, I am working at a resort in the Grand Teton National Park, which is now nearly shut down because of the infighting in Washington D.C. between the political parties. Many of the problems which exist between them can be corrected with the adoption of this Constitution, though I realize that my version would probably not be the final one adopted, IF we are ever able to reach a point where the American People are able to step up and lead an effort to do just this. However, for it to be successful, I don’t believe that any politician or current public servant should be a party to the writing process or adoption of this document. It should be submitted to all registered voters and, using a paper ballot only, the votes counted by groups of independent, average citizens under the protection of local law enforcement. It’s not that I don’t trust those who are in office right now, but I’m concerned that those powerful influences who seem to control our government and military from secret meetings and locked rooms could prevent a truly new, workable Constitution from being written and voted on fairly. It might sound cynical, but our invisible government gives most Americans the same thoughts. It’s time for us to take back our government and put the rich and powerful in their places.
We the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.
Furthermore, we establish that government exists specifically for the benefit of its citizens, the people, not the institutions created by its citizens. Corporations, partnerships, and other business entities are not people and therefore do not have any of the rights of citizens. Those institutions may not vote, hold office, make donations to political campaigns, or attempt to influence government decisions. Those rights are reserved to individual citizens.
Furthermore, the primary purpose of government is to secure the Basic Rights for all citizens. Those who are merely legal residents or legal visitors in the United States are not promised the Basic Rights of food, shelter, clothing, medical care, employment, or education. Those illegally in the United States are only entitled to fair treatment as they are deported to their country of origin.
Section 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America for one six-year term and shall be elected by a majority popular vote, by paper ballot, of legally-registered citizens. A Vice President, who is also restricted to one, six-year term, shall be elected at the same time in the same manner, appearing on the same ballot with the Presidential candidate.
Section 2. Voting in federal elections shall take place during the first 12 days of November in even-numbered years, with Sundays reserved as non-voting days. Eligible voters who will be out of the country shall obtain absentee ballots from the county of their legal residence and mail them no later than 5 weekdays (Saturday and Sunday not being designated as weekdays) before November 1st for said ballots to be counted. Exceptions to this are active duty military personnel and embassy employees who will vote according to rules established by Congress.
Section 3. No person except a natural born citizen shall be eligible to seek the offices of President or Vice President. To be eligible for these offices, a citizen must have attained the age of thirty-five years and been a resident within the United States for at least ten years prior to filing for office. Residing outside the United States in official service to the United States does not disqualify a person from seeking the offices.
Section 4.In case of the removal of the President from office, or of death, resignation, or inability to discharge the powers and duties of the said office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President. Following the Vice President in line of succession shall be, in this order, Secretary of State, Secretary of Defense, and Attorney General. If none of those are eligible or available to temporarily serve, the House and Senate shall convene immediately and, by a majority vote of their combined membership, elect a temporary President and Vice President to serve until a national election can be held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday of the sixth month following the date that the office of President was vacated.
Section 5. The President and Vice President shall be compensated for their services. Compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during their period of service, shall include a salary set by the House of Representatives. Salary shall be subject to federal income tax withholding, social security, and Medicare. Health insurance is the responsibility of the office holders. In addition, the President and Vice President shall not receive any other remuneration, including free trips, accommodations, and meals, from either domestic or foreign sources during the term of office, with the exception of official, diplomatic events. Any gifts, awards, honorariums, souvenirs, etc. are the property of the United States.
Section 6. Before assuming the office, the following oath or affirmation will be taken publicly:--"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President (Vice President) of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."
Section 7. Presidents have the limited authority to issue executive orders for thirty days in cases of national emergency. After thirty days, the Senate must give its approval for it to remain in effect for an additional sixty days. Following the sixty days, Congress as a whole must give its approval; otherwise, the executive order is null and void and cannot be re-issued by the President.
Section 8. The President shall be Commander in Chief of all active and reserve military forces of the United States. The National Guard can only be called into service overseas upon a formal declaration of war by the Congress. The President may require the opinion, in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive departments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices and may remove them from office at any time, without redress. Upon recommendation of the Senate, the President shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States (federal crimes only), except in cases of impeachment.
Section 9. The President shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur, if a quorum is present. The President shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint, by a majority vote of a legal quorum in attendance, ambassadors, other public ministers and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law.
Section 10. The President shall, on the first Tuesday in February, present to both the Senate and the House of Representatives a State of the Union, along with a proposed balanced budget for the next fiscal year, either in person or in writing. The President may convene both Houses, or either of them, as considered necessary or in a national emergency. The President shall receive ambassadors and other public ministers, take care that the laws be faithfully executed, and shall commission all the Officers of the United States military.
Section 11. The President, Vice President, and all civil officers of the United States, shall be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of, treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors. The House of Representatives shall be responsible for impeaching government officials. The Senate shall be responsible for impeachment trials after being presented with a bill of impeachment by the House of Representatives.
Section 12. The Executive Branch of government shall consist of several departments, each under the auspices of the President. Each will have specific responsibilities and be led by a Secretary nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate after appropriate public hearings to verify their qualifications to the American people.
Section 13. The Department of State shall be responsible for conducting the affairs of state between the United States and all foreign powers, at the direction of the President. Included in those duties will be the issuance of passports, visas, and other documents related to the needs of American citizens and those who apply to visit the United States, whether it be for business, pleasure, or education/training.
Section 14. The Department of Defense shall be responsible for the protection of the United States, its territories, and all “American soil” (such as American embassies and military bases overseas). The Central Intelligence Agency, C.I.A., under the auspices of the Defense Department, is responsible for international intelligence gathering and evaluation as assigned (the Federal Bureau of Investigation, F.B.I., shall be responsible for domestic intelligence gathering and evaluation and work together with the C.I.A. through a liaison with the Secretary of Defense), along with the National Security Agency, N.S.A., which is tasked with monitoring all international communications as assigned (Monitoring and recording of communications of American citizens requires a warrant; however, communications between foreign nationals does not require a warrant.) Rules and laws regarding these matters rests with Congress, overseen by the Supreme Court.
Section 15. The Department of Justice shall be responsible for enforcing federal laws and regulations. The Securities and Exchange Division will oversee business regulations, stock market rules and ethics, and protect investors from fraud and deceptive practices. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (F.B.I.) is tasked with being the investigative arm of the Justice Department, in addition to its domestic intelligence work with the Defense Department. The Civil Rights Division will be responsible for protecting the Basic Rights of Americans, utilizing the F.B.I. and the courts as necessary.
Section 16. The Department of Natural Resources shall be responsible for protecting the air, water, and land of the United States and its territories. The Division of Environmental Quality will be tasked with monitoring all land, water, and air within the boundaries of the United States and regulating its use to reduce pollution of all kinds to the lowest levels established by law. The National Parks Service is responsible for the management and protection of all public lands. The Energy Division is responsible for monitoring and managing the energy resources for the benefit of the citizens of the United States. In addition, the Transportation Division shall have oversight of all means and modes of operation across state or international boundaries; the rules and regulations shall be set by Congress, along with fees and taxes to support the systems.
Section 17. The Treasury Department is responsible for the management and budget operations of the United States government. The Mint Division is responsible for the coining and minting of currencies, along with the task of monitoring/preventing counterfeiting of same. The Office of the Budget is tasked with monitoring all federal expenditures for all departments and issuing monthly reports to the public, the President, and Congress. The Social Security/Medicare Trust Fund is responsible for managing and protecting the retirement accounts of American citizens, along with the Medicare. system. Primary among its duties is to monitor costs and payments, insuring that fraud is prevented or punished. The United States Postal Service is responsible for the timely delivery of mail and packages without running at a deficit.
MORE WILL FOLLOW
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