U.S. Constitution 2.0-Part Two
U.S. Constitution-Part Two
- Article II
Section 1. All legislative powers shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives.
Section 2. The members of the House of Representatives shall be composed of eligible, registered voters who have been elected by a majority popular vote in each state during even-numbered calendar years. To be eligible to seek this office, a citizen must have attained the age of twenty-five by the day of filing for office, have been a citizen of the United States for seven years by that same date, have been a resident of the state for at least five years, and not have been convicted of a felony. In addition, said person shall have been a registered member of the party on whose ballot his/her name appears for that same five-year period.
Section 3. Representatives shall be apportioned among the states based on the registered voter records six months before the national election date. Each state shall have three Representatives for each 1,000,000 legal citizens who are registered voters. Representatives shall be chosen at large in each state, districts being eliminated to prevent political gerrymandering. No more than a third of a state's representatives may come from one political party. No state shall have fewer than three Representatives. Representatives shall serve two-year terms, but each is limited to a total of six years. When vacancies occur in the representation from any State, each state shall determine its rules for filling such vacancies, taking into consideration the rules of eligibility.
Section 4. The House of Representatives shall choose a Speaker and other officers, who may serve a maximum of two years in their respective positions. Members may call for the removal of said Speaker or other officers by written petition of 51% of the House membership. Removal is immediate, and a new Speaker or other officer shall be chosen at that time.
Section 5. The Senate of the United States shall be composed of three Senators from each State, chosen by the legally registered eligible citizens of each state and serve for a single, six-year term. No Senator in any state may come from the same political party as any other in that state. Each Senator shall have one vote.
Section 6. When Senatorial vacancies occur, each state shall determine its rules for filling such vacancies, taking into consideration the rules of eligibility.
Section 7. To be eligible to be a Senator, a person shall have attained the age of thirty years prior to registering to run for office, been a legal citizen of the United States for a minimum of ten years, and shall have been a legally registered voter and resident of that state for five years. In addition, said person shall have been a registered member of the party on whose ballot his/her name appears for that same five-year period.
Section 8. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote except to break a tie.
Section 9. The Senate shall choose its other officers, and also a President pro- tempore, who, in the absence of the Vice President or when he shall succeed to the Office of President of the United States, shall act as the presiding officer. These officers shall serve a maximum of two years and may be removed by the Senate members by a vote of at least 51% of Senate membership.
Section 10. The Senate shall have the sole power to impeach the President. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be under oath or affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside. The President can only be removed from office by a two-thirds vote of the Senate membership.
Section 11. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any public office to which one must be elected. However, the party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law.
Section 12. Election of all members of the House and Senate shall take place during the time period set aside for federal elections, giving voters 12 days to cast their votes at their convenience during that specified period.
Section 13. The Congress shall convene, and new members sworn in, on the first Tuesday after the second Monday in January. Congress shall be considered in session throughout the calendar year except for holidays and recesses as set by a joint committee of its members.
Section 14. Members of the House and the Senate are required to attend a minimum of 90% of the sessions with exceptions for documented illness or government business which has been authorized and approved by the leadership of the chamber. Failure to do so will subject members to censure and/or removal from office.
Section 15. All legislation presented for consideration must be voted on by the House or Senate as a whole after it has been considered by a committee as organized by each House. Committees must consider each piece of legislation in a timely manner and forward it to the floor with either a favorable recommendation or a negative recommendation. Timely is defined as within thirty days. That time can be extended by thirty days by a unanimous vote of the committee; otherwise, it must be sent along for a floor vote. The leadership of either House is responsible for timely voting on all bills. Refusing or neglecting to do so is grounds for criminal prosecution and/or removal from office. All legislation that is submitted must have three Senate or House sponsors to be considered. The full House or Senate must vote on each piece of legislation within thirty days.
Section 16. Majority vote is necessary for passage of legislation. Filibustering is hereby outlawed. Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds of its membership, expel a member.
Section 17. Each House shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and, on a weekly basis, publish the same. Individual member votes of either House on every resolution must be listed in said journal. In addition, attendance records of each member will be kept and published in the weekly report as well.
Section 18. Neither House, during the session of Congress, shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting. All meetings of Congress, whether in committee or as a whole shall be done in public; the press and interested parties are to be allowed to observe all deliberations. Seating may be limited, but a majority of the seating must be reserved to the public. All meetings must be made available for live television broadcast to those networks wishing to carry them.
Section 19. The Senators and Representatives shall receive a compensation for their services, to be set by their state legislatures, and paid out of the treasury of each state. As they are considered employees of the voters, their salary is subject to standard withholding for social security and Medicare. Members are to be offered health care insurance from a selection chosen by its members, but it is at the expense of the members, not the taxpayers. Members are not permitted to receive any compensation or increase in compensation for which they have voted. Those changes in compensation shall apply ONLY to new members (not re-elected members) of Congress. They shall in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during their attendance at the session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech made at any other place.
Section 20. No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States.
Section 21. Members of Congress are not permitted to accept payment for their services (speeches, appearances, etc.), nor are they allowed to accept gratuities of any kind for any reason. They are not allowed to accept gifts, free meals, free transportation, or accommodations for any reason. The sole exception to this rule is a member of Congress who is sent by the President to represent the United States while on a foreign mission.Those expenses must be approved and paid by the United States government agency responsible for the mission.
Section 22. All bills for raising revenue by means of taxation shall originate in the House of Representatives. Said bills shall then go to the President (the Senate is not involved in revenue-raising bills), who, within ten weekdays, shall either sign in agreement or veto and return to the House of Representatives. If vetoed, the House may, by majority vote, send the bill to the Senate for a vote to override the President. If, by a 2/3rds vote, the Senate overrides the President, said bill becomes law. If any bill shall not be returned by the President within ten weekdays after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return, in which case it shall not be a law.
Section 23. The House of Representatives shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, and excises to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general services of the United States; but all taxes, duties, and excises shall be uniform throughout the United States. The House of Representatives alone has the authority to borrow money on the credit of the United States.
Section 24. The United States Congress and the President are required to operate under a balanced budget. Any budget shortfalls at the end of a given fiscal year must be cleared in the next fiscal year budget. Any surplus must be used to pay down any National Debt which existed before the adoption of this Constitution. When that debt is eliminated, any surplus is to be deposited into the Social Security/Medicare Trust Fund. Congress and the President may join together to borrow in excess of revenues only in cases of National Emergency such as a legally declared war or natural disaster.
Section 25. The current National Debt will be capitalized over a 50-year period with new Debt Retirement Bonds issued at 4% interest and sold first to American citizens and then to the Social Security/Medicare Trust Fund. Any excess bonds that haven't been sold will be exchanged for the current Treasury Bills that represent the National debt. Interest on the new bonds will be tax exempt. At least one-fiftieth of the debt is to be retired each year and the interest is paid annually on said bonds.
Section 26: The Senate is responsible for and authorized to regulate Commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states, and with the Indian Tribes;
To constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court;
To define and punish piracy and felonies committed on the high seas;
To declare war and make rules concerning captures on land and water in theaters of operation;
To create uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States;
To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures;
To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and currencies of the United States;
To establish post offices and post roads;
To declare the punishment for treason;
To promote the progress of science and useful arts by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the exclusive right to their respective writings and discoveries;
To raise and support military forces and make rules for the governing and regulation of those forces;
To provide for calling forth the military reserves and state National Guard members in cases of national emergency or a legally declared war;
To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the National Guard may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;
To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases whatsoever, over the District of Columbia, and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State in which the same shall be, for the erection of military or government installations; and
To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.
Section 27. The privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless martial law has been declared by a joint declaration of the President and the Senate.
Section 28. No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed.
Section 29. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles transported from one state to another.
Section 30. No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another: nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one state, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay duties in another. The exception to this rule is for the support and maintenance of the highways; however, those road taxes must be uniform across the nation and dedicated to highway maintenance.
Section 31. No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published on a monthly basis.
Section 32. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States: and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept title, of any kind whatever, from any member of royalty or foreign state.
Section 33. No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; coin money; make anything a tender in payment of debts other than Federal Reserve Notes; pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility.
Section 34. No State shall, without the consent of the Congress, lay any taxes or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws; and all such laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress.
Section 35. No State shall, without the consent of Congress, enter into any agreement or compact with another state or with a foreign power.
Section 36. The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as Part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the States.
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