Understand the Real Meaning of Democracy to Shape a Better Society

Real Meaning of Democracy

Democracy is a political system in which the supreme power lies in the hands of citizens and where they have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives. It allows the body of citizens to participate either directly or through elected representatives in law-making and other government decisions.

Hence democracy is considered to be the best form of government and most of the countries in the world have adopted it. But every form of government is bound to have some shortfalls. Although democracy has a lot of advantages, it has some disadvantages too. Different people have different views about democracy. The advantages and disadvantages of the democratic system have to be weighed carefully before arriving at any conclusion. Here we discuss in detail, the pros and cons of democracy.

Pros and Cons of Modern Democracy

First let’s go through the advantages that democracy provides to the people. Democracy based upon the principle of equality, safeguards the social, economic and political interests of the people better than any other system. Here no citizen is discriminated by the state on the basis of caste, religion, sex or property. In a democracy, elections provide the transfer of power from one party to another preventing the monopoly of an authority since the tenure of the elected representatives is fixed.

It provides for changes in government without violence as all have equal right to choose their government. Moreover the government thus formed would be stable because it is based on public support and administration is conducted with a sense of responsibility. In direct democracy people have a great sense of involvement in government decisions as they actively participate in policy initiatives. The representative form of democracy is similar to the US republican form of government. Here the real power lies in the hands of the people who exercise it by the representatives elected by them and who are responsible for them. These representatives are capable enough of discussing matters more thoroughly and take reasonable decisions.

There are some demerits for the democratic system of government as all the people don’t have enough knowledge about the definition of democracy and how it works. Since democracy is based upon quantity and not on quality, majority party holds the reigns of government which may be lead by inefficient and corrupt persons. Thus today democracy is, in fact, capitalistic. It is ruled by capitalists. Rich candidates purchase votes, since electioneering is carried out with money.

They create public opinion to their favour by their great influence over media. These problems are all caused due to the uneducated people who tend to lean towards radical ideologies as these ideologies might seem to have a sufficient solution to the problems of the society. Moreover many people tend to regard democracy as a system where everything literally is allowed. This causes a complete chaos that devastates the order of the society.

Steps for a Democratic System to Work Well

Thus an educated population is very necessary for the democratic system to work well who don’t fail to see or ignore that these solutions are based on suppression of other groups in society which usually doesn't affect the majority. Corruption has to be completely wiped out from the society which has started losing people’s faith in democracy. The real success of democracy lies on its good citizens. It is democracy that provides the proper environment for the development of personality and cultivating good habits in citizens. Thus citizens become aware of their rights and duties in it.

They also have an obligation to become informed about public issues, to watch carefully how their political leaders and representatives use their powers, and to express their own opinions and interests. In proper democracies people are given the most importance and they need not fear the government. Thus we can come to a conclusion that although democracy is being misused by some people, if used in the right manner is the best form of system for the growth of any country.

More by this Author

Comments 4 comments

pramodgokhale profile image

pramodgokhale 3 years ago from Pune( India)


I agree with you but western democratic nations and societies are one way because they have colonies in Asia and Africa and looting and plundering had been done for centuries and now these nations are preaching us democratic values and system.

I am an Indian and we sustain our democracy and democracy is taking roots in our country. We change governments at will so democracy is functioning but misuse of power or abuse of power is going on.

Our democracy has faced problems which seldom many democratic nations faced.We searched own solutions.

No doubt because of democratic system i am able to interact with you.

Democracy is great, we shape the society and sustain it.

thank you for nice topic.

pramod gokhale

Anna Sternfeldt profile image

Anna Sternfeldt 3 years ago from Svenljunga, Sweden

Very important matter! Voted up. These are subjects we really need to discuss, frequently. I believe we have a democratic problem in Sweden right now, and the problem is that we have forgotten to talk about it, to learn about it and to regain our democracy again and again. We were just happy we had a good country and relaxed and went on with our houses, cars and comfortable life. Now it isn't so comfortable anymore, some people are getting richer and many are getting poorer. And I see this as a lack of participation in the democratical work and an understanding what a democracy is really about.

Kevin Peter profile image

Kevin Peter 3 years ago from Global Citizen Author

Hi Anna,

I came to know from your comment that there are some problems in Sweden regarding democracy. I wish that the same old happy days will return back in Sweden.

HSchneider 2 years ago from Parsippany, New Jersey

Excellent Hub, Kevin. Democracy is probably the best model currently of government and elections but there are certainly numerous pitfalls. An informed and educated public is certainly the largest. Thomas Jefferson recognized this and founded the University of Virginia. He also laid the foundations for public education. The American founding fathers feared the common rabble. In the beginning, only propertied white men could vote. These were horrible precedents but they did highlight their fear of uneducated voters.

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.

    Click to Rate This Article