When America Isn't American

Thomas Jefferson, Author of the Declaration of Independence

The Founders' Idea of America was A Demanding One
The Founders' Idea of America was A Demanding One

Do We Truly Desire to be Free?

 
"We're all living in Amerika
Amerika ist wunderbar
We're all living in Amerika
Amerika, Amerika 
 
"Wenn getanzt wird will ich führen
auch wenn ihr euch alleine dreht
Lasst euch ein wenig kontrollieren
Ich zeige euch wie es richtig geht
Wir bilden einen lieben Reigen
Die Freiheit spielt auf allen Geigen
Musik kommt aus dem Weißen Haus
und vor Paris steht Micky Maus"
 
Rammstein 
 

Amerika

(Translation: http://herzeleid.com/en/lyrics/reise_reise/amerika

"We're all living in America
America is wonderful
We're all living in America
America, America 
 
"When there's dancing I want to lead
even if you're whirling around alone
Let yourselves be controlled a little
I'll show you how it really goes
We're making a nice round dance
Freedom is playing on all violins
Music is coming out of the White House
and Mickey Mouse is standing in front of Paris")
 

America's Problem, and America as a Problem

If America has a problem, it isn't with her foundations, it's in the citizens entrusted with the maintenance and application of them. If America has a problem, it lies in people who would be more than happy to have an America that does not live up to the challenge that America, in fact, is - because America is an ideal, something never quite completely made or attained. She is a task to be performed by each generation, she is a hope and a calling, always existing a little in the future.

America is founded on some powerful and even frightening ideas, dangerous ideas. One of them is the idea of freedom. Probably, in all of history, our conviction that freedom is a great value and essential to human life is one of the strangest things a people have ever enshrined in law, culture, and ethics.

The Traditional View of Humans

Strange because unusual - most groups of people and their traditions historically existed to deny individual freedom, limit it, thwart it, deny it exists, define it as license, subordinate it to majority needs or the demands of an aristocracy, oligarchy, or tyranny. Many traditions are founded on the belief that humans, given freedom to choose, will choose wrongly and poorly and so must be guided or forced to make the right choices - in these traditions, most adult humans are not thought capable of using their minds well enough to discover and choose a decent form of life.

Of course, these beliefs rested on a skewed vision of humans that did not take into account that most of us are capable of learning how to reason well or that reason is capable of discovering ethical principles and applying them apart from the dogmatic claims of religions or governments or cultures. The picture of the human being painted by many traditions was based on the fact that the majority of humans were once uneducated, forced to be concerned with little more than daily survival, and were not exposed to anything that might be thought of as classical culture - the traditions and their institutions made an illogical, illegitimate jump from this factual description of the average human to the concept that humans in general were incapable of anything better.

People, in general, were not only seen as in need of leadership - and this notion seems very sensible - but they were in need of caretakers and outright masters, as if they were little more than overgrown mentally defective children. Governments and the organization of societies were once based on this tacit belief about humans... and in many places, this persists.

A New Idea

Yet, the Founders of America had a different vision of what humans were capable of and of what we need. It was a risky proposition, a gamble, a radical departure from historical precedent. It involved shifting the availability of the classical humanist ideal from a carefully selected social elite to the majority of people - eventually, the ideal would expand to include not just white men, but people of all races and both genders, people with a wide variety of beliefs, and presently we are in negotiation to recognize the ideal includes people of a variety of sexual orientations and inclinations.

Old Tom Jefferson wrote the words:

"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.--That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed, --That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness."

from The Declaration of Independence

http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/charters/declaration_transcript.html

How bizarre an occurrence on the human stage this Declaration was, and all the events and documents that followed it that created The United States of America. This little paragraph contains world of assumptions and beliefs and hopes that we are still unraveling and arguing over - an argument I fear the better positions are losing to worse ones.

Modern Deafness

For most of us, these are dead words, archaic sounds that have as little to do with us as powdered wigs and embroidered coats and knee britches. How quaint these lines are and these terms - life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness. They are nothing to be taken in an overly serious way - American Idol, our paychecks, and our mortgage has more impact on most of our lives than these notions. We rarely think about them even when making decisions that, indirectly, are responses to this single paragraph.

The Founders made a move that was more than simply "bold." It was akin to betting the farm on Black 13 in a game of roulette. Here is what they did: They recognized that, inasmuch as we are all humans, we are all equally human - we are all free as we all have the capacity to reason and choose moral values and take responsibility for our actions; we all have the right to live and the right to determine what to do with our lives without governments and self-appointed "authorities" ordering us about and detaining us and punishing us without just cause; we all have the capacity and need to discover what a good life looks like and how best to live it, to argue this out for ourselves and struggle with the choices with no one imposing a definition on us - we have the right to pursue happiness, though we run a strong risk of failing to discover it or take the actions that will bring it into being.

No more traditions using government to impose answers to any of these questions - the view of humans presented here is neither optimistic nor pessimistic, it is simply hopeful; it says that almost all human beings have a great capacity and a tremendous responsibility in this world, but that the exercise of this capacity and responsibility is largely voluntary and cannot be imposed or required by force and law from a government or authority. The assumption is that humans are capable of being improved and living lives of great worth and admiration - should they choose to do so. Governments exist to guarantee our capacities are not violated or stunted or unduly limited or destroyed outright by our neighbors, by the churches down the street, by governmental representatives, by the people who run businesses and influence power - by no one.

José Ortega y Gasset, Philosopher of Liberal Democracy

Ortega y Gasset Appreciated the Tension Between the Individual and the Group
Ortega y Gasset Appreciated the Tension Between the Individual and the Group

Ortega y Gasset's Great Work On Society, Government, and the Individual

Rammstein -- Great Music to Think By

The Trade-Off Between Majority Rule and the Rights of the Individual

In this is a trade-off: The Founders recognized the reality that we are all equally human and must be treated as humans, but they also recognized that no group of people, small or large, should be able to use government to silence others and disallow others from using their rights and explore what a good life might look like. American government and law was to serve all, not simply this group or that; the capacities of government to impose solutions and answers to all sorts of questions was limited, and the capacity of government to impose restrictions on unpopular segments of society was minor.

The American ideal was this: It was to be a place where the Roman Catholic and the Protestant, the Jew and Muslim, the Anglican and Orthodox, the pagan and the atheist and the agnostic, the intellectual and the common person would not only live with a bare tolerance for one another, it was to be a place that all would cooperate and govern themselves without attempting to impose their ideas on others by the misuse of laws. It was a place where we would all have the right to our ideas and opinions, a right to fashion our lives as best as we could, work out our existences and ask the weighty questions required to do so without fear one or another group or coalition of groups would get themselves elected and use the legislative, judicial, or executive branches to interfere with their freedom to live and pursue happiness.

Liberty and Discomfort

Yes, it would be a place we'd argue. Yes, it would be a place we'd be offended by others. Yes, oftentimes it'd be an uncomfortable place - but it would be a place of freedom... and those are the unavoidable consequences of liberty. It would not be paradise or perfection, because no human institution in this world is perfect or utopian, nor should we even aim at such historical monstrosities; but it would be possible, it would be practical, and with enough labor it would give us the opportunity to live as free people on the earth, together, for the small space we are allotted to be here.

It would be a place where we do not attempt to use war and the threat of violence as a tool to influence other nations - we would use negotiation and rational argumentation, we would use economic means of persuasion, and we would resign ourselves that the world is not something we can perfect with armies and death. We would not be the nation Rammstein laments in their song, the nation that uses force and threat to, ironically, impose a false "liberty" on others.

It would be a place where the police would keep the peace and restrain those who are irrational and use violence and lies against others - but not a place where the police are used to enforce "community standards" and peculiar interpretations of morality that cannot be backed up with both rational argumentation and a demonstration that enshrinement in law will further the cause of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness for all to whom the law applies.

It would be a place where safety is important, but not as important as liberty, which is inherently risky and dangerous. Our government would not spy on us or act against us even in a time of war because the Founders handed us a Constitution and Bill of Rights based on principles such as, "It is better that ten guilty men go free than one innocent man be punished." Our fundamental innocence is always to be presumed by government and is to limit it; there must be proof we are guilty of something prior to representatives of the government deciding to treat us as if we are potential criminals and threats to "safety."

A Philosopher Speaks On Liberal Democracy

The Spanish philosopher, José Ortega y Gasset had a very clear vision of the ideal I call "American" and desired a version of it for his own nation and for the continent of Europe, though he did not live to see this come to pass - yet it did, eventually. I feel compelled to quote him at length here, as I know of no better voice:

"The political doctrine which has represented the loftiest endeavour towards common life is liberal democracy. It carries to the extreme the determination to have consideration for one's neighbor and is the prototype for "indirect action." Liberalism is that principle of political rights, according to which public authority, in spite of being all-powerful, limits itself and attempts, even at its own expense, to leave room in the State over which it rules for those to live who neither think nor feel as it does, that is to say as do the stronger, the majority. Liberalism... is the supreme form of generosity; it is the right which the majority concedes to minorities and hence is the noblest cry that has ever resounded on this planet. It announces the determination to share existence with the enemy; more than that, with an enemy that is weak. It was incredible that the human species should have arrived at so noble an attitude, so paradoxical, so refined, so anti-natural. So it is not to be wondered at that this same humanity should soon appear anxious to get rid of it. It is a discipline too difficult and complex to take firm root on earth." [pg. 76, The Revolt of the Masses]

America, founded as we are on the principles of classical liberalism, is always in danger of being undone or turned into something far more easy. America is a perpetual difficulty when she functions at her best and requires a great deal of labor, requires its leaders to exercise a great deal of restraint, and requires the public to listen to leaders who are disciplined and motivated by something better than power lust and money. Otherwise, we get leaders who are really not leaders at all, but panderers - they promise things to the people government ought not be doing in return for votes and the power to enshrine the will of the majority into law while trampling on the rights of the minority, whether that minority be intellectual, racial, sexual, gendered, or individual.

The de-Americanization of America

We have watched a process of de-Americanization unfold and accelerate for decades, but finally we're witnessing the attainment of a fever pitch with the past 8 years: Civil liberties were and are suppressed in the name of a false "safety"; the Supreme Court is packed with Justices who seem to know more about their churches' teachings about scripture than the legal precedents of The High Court and what the philosophers have shown about interpretation of legal documents.

We have a Congress that moves to make the Executive a de facto monarch (or doesn't oppose the trend adequately), that bails out huge private businesses with tax money while allowing the same businesses to remain in the hands of the irresponsible people who mismanaged them in the first place.

We have government agencies that are spying on American citizens with no real legal grounds for doing so. We are running concentration camps around the world and torturing people in the name of "liberty." We have invaded a country that posed no threat to us and started a war in the name of "peace."

America: More or Less?

We are left with an America that is less of an America than we were handed; and it is certainly an America that is far less than we could make it. But that's the odd thing about liberal democracy - government isn't "someone else" or "someone else's problem." It's ours, as citizens. The government is what it is because of our choices, not because vague historical forces caused it to become that way.

Either we are a risk-taking people, the kind that bet the farm on Black 13 in a game of roulette like the Founders, or we are cautious and fearful and greedy and try to make America a safe proposition, a lazy version of itself that requires no effort aside from following arbitrary rules, marching in single file, following The Leader, and acting just as the majority always dictates.

America was not founded by people who were very big on conformity. It won't last in the hands of people who are.

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Comments 11 comments

WarnerSherry 4 years ago

People deserve very good life time and loans or just student loan will make it much better. Because people's freedom depends on money.


Richard VanIngram profile image

Richard VanIngram 5 years ago from San Antonio, Texas Author

Thank you much, chefsref. I agree with you. I think the right-wing's major problem, the libertarian right-wing,is that they define liberty as absolute, with no limits and no responsibilities -- but liberty is not only "freedom from" the undue demands of government or society, but also "freedom for" taking care of one's responsibilities to one's self, family, community, and country, and world (aka morality). One is not free if one slavishly follows one's desires and impulses and greed and selfishness; one is only truly free when serving virtues and seeking excellence in one's activities which almost always involve not only self, but others -- and not only others here now, but others to come whom we will never see and carrying on the good work of others who have gone who we will never directly know. Freedom is hardly ever a matter of "I'll do as I please." The moments and zones within which it acceptable to just "do as I please" with no recognition of others and values is very slim and very rare, I think.


chefsref profile image

chefsref 5 years ago from Citra Florida

Well reasoned essay. What troubles me is that the same freedoms you write about are being called on by the extreme right wing as a justification to dismantle the government.

We have a host of agencies designed to protect consumers and, corrupt or not, they are needed to protect us from those who place profit above all. I still want my meat inspected and if the inspector has been bribed or corrupted the inspector needs to be replaced, not the agency.

I cannot understand the reasoning of common folk supporting an ideology that wants to abandon the protections provided by government rather than reforming them.

At the time the Constitution was written there were few really large businesses, if the butcher sold you tainted meat you knew who to hold accountable. Now that tainted meat came out of a supply line through multiple hands and only the government is capable of tracking and holding people accountable.

Your freedom has to be moderated by its infringement on my freedoms. This is implicit in the founding documents but unrecognized by the right wing.

Your essays are intense Richard, I get trapped in them thinking about what you say


someonewhoknows profile image

someonewhoknows 6 years ago from south and west of canada,north of ohio

Ideals are just Ideals that have never been fully achieved.In fact I would say we have slowly been going backwards since the beginning.

The British government and many Monarchies connected to them never really gave up trying to regain their control over America.They have done much to regain control over the new world.First,they loaned money to the colonists who could not pay it back.The colonies ships were open to piracy,in fact the colonies formed groups of prirates themselves with the blessing of the government,against not only pirates from other countries,but,we began to pirate british ships as well.

The love of money,not the money itself,was and still is the main reason for America's downfall.We've had several attemps at central banking that all failed,before the turn of the twentith century ,with the no small hand of the monarch's of the world who together with the worlds biggest banks,and America's wealthy investor's such as the Rockerfeller's,and their oil interests,and the Rothchilds with their monitary interests along with steel magnet J.P. Morgan and other manufacturing and mining and energy interests such as coal which the Germans were using to make drugs,and artifical dyes and later with the oil companies doing the same thing with food additives added in to the mix,that are poor substitutes that mimicked nature.

Then in 1913,these men finally got their way ,by getting congress to pass the federal reserve act,which was just another central bank that promised to smooth the ups and downs in the economy.Which of course it was never able to do.They wanted the government to tax the people in order to pay back loans from which the people themselves were to back with the full credit and faith of the American people.In other words they would lend us our own money and charge us for the "privilage" to do it.If,that was the case.Then why did we need them to do it.We,could have done it ourselves and saved all the interest they charged us.Not to mention the principle we paid them.Because that's what the other central banks we had did as well.There was no dfference between the new central bank and the old ones with the exception of the scope of it and the perception of the people that it was run by the government ,rather than private interests.


Flightkeeper profile image

Flightkeeper 6 years ago from The East Coast

Great hub, a lot to think over and I'm inclined to agree. America was never supposed to be this perfect paradise and it is a constant struggle because of freedom and liberty.


maven101 profile image

maven101 7 years ago from Northern Arizona

The Liberalism of Jefferson's day was quite different from the current product...the subordination of the individual ( and its inherent rights ) to the demands of the collective is not what Jefferson had in mind...

In a more honest approach to classical liberalism, I would have used Ayn Rand as a poster child....at least her assessment on the human condition was more realistic, pragmatic, and honest than the soft racism and poorly disguised oligarchy of modern liberalism...

I read your well written Hub with interest, and although in disagreement with many of your assumptions and conclusions, I applaud you for presenting your views with,intelligence, passion, and informative historical quotation.


Eaglekiwi profile image

Eaglekiwi 7 years ago from -Oceania

Im liking that Guy Thomas Jefferson even more an more !! wish He was here now....what a perceptive and wise man.

Who most is like him now?

Misha your welcome , so glad I didnt go to the womens room now lol


Misha profile image

Misha 7 years ago from DC Area

Excellent hub! How could I miss it before. Thanks Richard for writing it, and thanks Eaglekiwi for leading me here :)


Eaglekiwi profile image

Eaglekiwi 7 years ago from -Oceania

I enjoyed this hub and I confess Im quite politically ignorant ( definately need a re-read to let it sink in)...Im inspired ,thankyou.

Oh I should add too I am not American but living here . I admire Thomas Jefferson ,from what Ive gleaned from reading so far.


Richard VanIngram profile image

Richard VanIngram 7 years ago from San Antonio, Texas Author

Hi, Pate. Thank you for your comments -- and I agree with you. I think we are in trouble & the trouble is largely what you spell out.

I haven't read 1776, but have heard of it -- I want to read it. Madison is one of my heroes, so I'm sure it would be a useful book. Thanks for the recommendation!


Pate Hutson 7 years ago

Great article! Have you read 1776? The book is an examination of Madisons notes made during the Constitutional Convention. Based on those observations and conclusions, your article is spot on. We, as Americans have allowed our government to become corrupted by corporate influence and media. Your assertion that the America we have is not the our we were given is more true now than ever. If we are to survive as a Nation, we will have to recommit ourselves to the values of our founding fathers. We can no longer ignor our nations march towards corporate fascism and it's attack on our civil liberties!

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