The forerunners to the Republican party are the anti-Federalists who were the corpus of the anti-administration faction of the Washington administration. Washington insisted there be no political parties during his administration so Congress split into the anti-administration faction and the pro-administration faction made up of Federalists. In 1790, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison formally organized the Democratic-Republican party and in 1794, Alexander Hamilton and John Adams began the Federalist party. Around 1828 - 1830, the Democratic-Republican party split into the Democratic party and the National Republican party, who was joined by the now defunct Federalist party members. The National Republican party became the Whig party. In 1854, the Whig party split into the American/No-nothing party and, joined by War Democrats and a few Bourbon Democrats, became today's Republican party. By today's standards, the Republicans were the liberal political element and the Democrats were the conservative political element. By WW II, however, the switch in alignment was almost complete so that the two parties more or less look like they do today.