From what I understand so far, the majority of the founders did support a limited form of judicial review but would not have approved today's type of review as it has evolved into a judicial supremacy over Congress.
Federalist no 78 expressed that the province of the courts were to interpret the law. and that the Constitution was superior to ordinary law. The Supreme court was to void laws contrary to the Constitution.
Originally all three branch of government also felt is was their duty to interpret the Constitution and not just leave it to the courts. At times the executive branch would refuse to enforce decisions of the courts because it felt the courts had overstepped their authority. Congress would also debate the Constitutionality of its own bills not just leave it to the courts.
The founders felt that the ultimate arbitrator of the Constitution were the people not the courts. And Congress more closely represented the people than the executive or judicial branches because they were the most accountable and closest branch representing the will of the people.
What we have today is a Congress that has ceded its most important powers to the judicial and executive branches so that they are relived of having to make important Constitutional decisions. They do this because they've made a career out of being a politician.
The Judicial branch was originally intended to be the weakest branch and under the oversight of Congress because Congress has the power to limit the scope and jurisdiction of judicial power. They also had the power to impeach judges for violations of the Constitution.