The framers of the Constitution didn’t trust direct democracy.
Since electors are determined by how many Congress members there are per state and since the number on Representatives was based on the 3/5 rule then the Electoral College can be thought of as a holdover from slavery.
USC Article II Section 1
Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.
1787: 3/5, the Three-Fifth Compromise has it's roots in the Continental Congress in 1783;
Article I, Section 2, Clause 3
Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.
Thirteenth Amendment 1865 rendered the Three-Fifths Compromise obsolete.
1969 when the House of Representatives voted 338-70 to abolish the college and substitute a people's vote. President Nixon endorsed it, and opinion polls suggested that the required three-quarters of the states needed for constitutional amendment would agree. Died in the Senate
Laughing at this :
Alexander Hamilton writes in “The Federalist Papers,” the Constitution is designed to ensure “that the office of President will never fall to the lot of any man who is not in an eminent degree endowed with the requisite qualifications.” The point of the Electoral College is to preserve “the sense of the people,” while at the same time ensuring that a president is chosen “by men most capable of analyzing the qualities adapted to the station, and acting under circumstances favorable to deliberation, and to a judicious combination of all the reasons and inducements which were proper to govern their choice.”