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On October 9, Leipzig's anti-communists took to the streets under the banner "We are the people!".Military surrounded the demonstrators, but did not take action. The Stasi, East Germany's secret police, unsuccessfully attempted to spark violence by planting violent demonstrators in the middle of crowds.Honecker had to resign on October 18. The non-violent demonstrations were a key component in the fall of the Berlin Wall on November 9 and ultimately led to the fall of the East German regime. The German reunification happened within a year, on October 3, 1990.