to Game Theory? In the book "Gaming the Vote" it says that: In 1844, an abolitionist spoiler put a slave-owner in the White House. In 1848, a former Democratic president sabotages the Democratic Party’s changes. In 1884, a Prohibition Party candidate helped elect a supposedly “ally of the saloon.” In 1912, a former Republican candidate prevented the reelection of a Republican president. In 2000, a consumer and environmental advocate elected the favored candidate of corporate America.