Things like addiction, propensity to violence, etc., scientists try to discover whether these things are genetic or environmental so they can be controlled, corrected. Plus things like learning certain things, there are windows of opportunity to learn language, sight, etc., it helps to know how things are learned so as ensure optimum timing on teaching, operations, etc.
Most things seem to be nature and nurture interacting. It's been discovered that some genes are switches that are turned on or off according to environmental factors.
Your question might be better put as "Nature? Or Nurture?"
Unless, of course, I'm misunderstanding your meaning.
My humble opinion: BOTH. However, nature plays a stronger role than nurture because it acts without and beyond our awareness and shapes our environment from the inside out. They are intertwined and it is only our self-awareness, or lack thereof that gives one primacy over the other.
By example, I have a chemical imbalance at root cause for my depression. I was unaware of why I was feeling depressed until some time into my early 30s. My behaviors and social interactions developed as they did because of how others were required to react to me, and how I acted from the standpoint of defense and coping mechanisms. So, I created the environment that furthered an existing problem.
The 'nurture' began the day I sought help, became aware and took it upon myself to alter my environment, once again, from the inside out.
The difference is this: Do you want to be the player or just be played?
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