Northern Europe Political & Social Issues
'Operation Loyton' involved an SAS drop into the Vosges Mountains, N E France. Only to be there a short time to cause disturbance, the men were dropped among the Panzers and were there a lot longer
Leadership skills amongst Norsemen could move men to achieve the impossible against the odds. A leader could cheer his men to fight, create poetry to inspire, and die with them - remembered in awe.
Wondered how Irish blood came to Iceland or Norway; blonde, blue-eyed people came to the East? Long before Africans were sold in the Americas Vikings had a roaring trade in thralls across the seas.
"Viking!" A thousand years ago the word spread terror. In WWII years it was misused by certain parties, shunned by academics. These days the subject fascinates many, yet is still cloaked in mystery
HERITAGE - 35: MARKET GARDEN MIRED, How well planned was this thrust to bypass the Germans' Siegfried Line?
In September 1944 a thrust was planned by Field Marshall Montgomery to bypass the Siegfried Line and isolate Germany from its industrial heart. It went down as a heroic failure. Why did it fail?
Fortifying the kingdoms, raising armies in the Viking Age for defence and invasion - and the pyramid of society downward from king to thrall
The Vikings from raiders and traders to empire builders, Europe could not have been the same without them. Russia could never have influenced the east, Britain would have stayed a peaceful backwater.
AGE OF HEROES - 10: ATTIRE EVOLUTION - Warriors' & Workers' Wear; and IN THE LONG HALLS - A Time To Tell Tall Tales
Outfits worn by men and women in times of war and peace differed little between the homelands of Europe and southern Scandinavia and where they settled in Britain. Leisure hours were long in winter.
Battle order, shield-wall and swine-array, ruses for surprise attack and skills with the bow. The Norsemen's skills on the battlefield and at sea led to their takeover of much of north-western Europe
From early raids by opportunists at the end of the 8th Century, through the reign of Aelfred of Wessex to the infant England of Aethelstan the Norsemen threatened the security of these islands.
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