India Who Rules -( Punjab )
Punjab is Positive.
India has gone through a sea change after 65 years of democracy and Freedom from Foreign Rule,but the people who are over 65 years and 70 years hold on to political power and are unable to keep LAW and ORDER.Here I try to take INDIA State by State and see what happens there and record it for reference.May be I will EDIT it each year.
Punjab of today was PUNJAB of INDIA as one,however politicians have divided this Mother State in to two.The result is we have HARYANA a part of erstwhile PUNJAB on our Map.We study what goes on in today's PUNJAB.
Punjab and People
On 13th April 1977, head of Naqli Nirankaris named Gurbachan led a procession in Amritsar. Earlier he had declared that "If Guru Gobind Singh can make five beloved one's., he will make seven stars" . Naqli Nirankaris are strongly associated with Arya Samajis and other such organization which came out of need to reform Hinduism, from its age old superstitions and rituals, but these movements instead of targeting common Hindu individuals spearheaded their movement against Sikhism. Arya Samajis and Naqli Nirankaris wanted Sikhs to start shaving and to drop their individuality and assimilate into Hinduism (or their form of Hinduism with rituals like "Havan"). So on this occasion of Vasakhi, Gurbachan Nirankari led a procession in Amritsar. Bhindrenwale at this time was a small time preacher, who would visit villages and preach to youngsters to adopt Sikh practices. Akhand Kirtani Jatha with its leaders set out from Akal Takht to stop Gurbachan Nirankari for his act of "Creating five stars". Gurbachan and his armed accomplice fired at these Akalis and one by 13 Akalis were killed.
After this incident, Bhindrenwale's reputation as a fierce emerging Sikh leader rose tremendously in Sikh political circles. From 1977 until 1983, Bhindrenwale led his agitation against Arya Samajis and other fanatic Hindu organizations who were working against Sikh and ncept of Punjabiat as well as many Sikhs who opposed him for his fanatical views. Many of his followers were young rural Sikhs, who had been disappointed with state and central government due to unemployment, poverty and other problems. After 3-4 years of trial, Gurbachan of Nirankari sect was acquitted by Indian court, even though more then 10 person testified against him in court, it was clearly evident that there were political heavy weights behind him.
Till 1983 newspapers all over Punjab reported daily killings of innocent by standards by armed brigades of young motor cycle driving terrorists who would suddenly appear and with one burst of machine gun kill few people. Congress Punjab government came out with a law banning the pillion(double) riding of a motor bike. Prominent Arya samaji leaders and news paper publishers of Hind Samachar group like Lala Jagat Narain was killed by unidentified persons and Government of India implicated Bhindrenwale and arrested him at Chowk Mehta in 1982, but he was released in two days. Then, in later half of 1982 he moved to Golden temple complex where he setup his headquarters in Guru Ram Das Sarai.
In 1984 he moved to Akal Takht. Indira Gandhi and government of India declared president rule in Punjab and deployed 4 division of Army through out Punjab, in a desperate attempt to flush out Bhindrenwale and his accomplice from Golden Temple complex. At Seven o'Clock on the evening of 5th June, tanks of the 16th Cavalry Regiment of the Indian army started moving up to the Golden Temple complex. They passed Jalianwala Bagh, the enclosed garden where General Dyer massacred nearly 400 people. That massacre dealt a mortal blow to Britain's hopes of continuing to rule India and was one of the most inspirations of the freedom movement. When Mrs. Gandhi was told that Operation Blue Star had started,she must have wondered whether it would provide the decisive inspiration for the Sikh independence movement, a movement whch at that time had very little support outside Bhindrenwale's entourage and small groups of Sikhs living in Britain, Canada and the United States. Major-General Brar was leading a mixed bag of troops, representative of the widespread recruiting pattern of the modern Indian army, which has broken with British tradition of limiting recruitment to certain 'martial castes'. There were Dogras and Kumaonis from the foothills of the Himalayas, India's northern border. There were Rajputs, the desert warriors from Rajasthan. There were Madrasis from Tamil Nadu, one of the most southern states. There were Biharis from the tribes of central India, and there were some Sikhs. Major Brar had joined Maratha Light infantry 30 years ago in 1954 as a lieutenant. He had fought in Bangladesh under Lieutenant-General Jagjit Singh Aurora, the Sikh general who was most outspoken critic of the Operation Blue Star."
Bhindrenwale and his group had moved to Akal Takht, the highest seat of Sikh authority few weeks before Army attack. He had been criticized for this act as he became the only person after Guru Hargobind to live in Akal Takht. He was obviously spearheading the last showdown with Indian army and had knowledge that sooner or later Army would attack and he himself wanted to go down in Sikh history as a martyr and not deserter or negotiator as other Akalis political leaders. He had support of Major General Shabeg Singh, unofficial hero of Bangladesh war., as well as thousands of rural Sikh youth.
Brar's superior officer was Lt-General Krishnaswamy Sunderji, who asked his chief staff Officer, Lt-General Ranjit Singh Dayal, to draw up the plans for Operation Blue Star. Dayal, like Brar was a Sikh, but he had not shaved his beard or cut his hair, and still wore a turban. Dayal was also an infantry soldier, having served in the Ist Battalion, the Parachute Regiment, which was to spearhead the attack on the Golden Temple Complex. During the 1965 war with Pakistan, Dayal became legend by capturing a pass which had previously been thought to be impregnable, and blocking off one of the most important routes from Pakistan-Controlled Kashmir into Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. A frontal assault was impossible and so Lt-General Dayal climbed up the mountains towering over Haji Pir pass and came down on top of the Pakistanis.This was a moment when the J & K problem could have been solved but it was not in sight as to what the future of J & K would be to the rulers of the day.
Lt-General Dayal Sundarji and Brar drew up at twofold plan for Punjab:
The essence of this plan was to separate the hostel complex from the Temple complex so that the hostels could be evacuated without becoming involved in the main battle. To achieve the prime objective to get group leader Bhindrenwale out of the temple complex they had planned a commando operations. Commandos were to be supported by infantry, Tanks were only to be used as platforms for machine guns to neutralize fire on troops approaching the Golden Temple complex, and to cover the Temple exits in case anyone tried to escape. Armored personnel carriers were to be positioned on the road separating the hostels from the Temple complex to keep the two potential battle fields apart.This Plan was know or unknown to the country's Intelligent Agency 'RAW' is not known but perhaps it was overlooked. However the plan did not go with out many causalities and complex issues after it was executed.The main person who did go signal was our Iron Lady Prime Minister. Why she took such a bold decision is unknown to many and remains a secret to many.However no Indian never even thought of what the future of J & K would be since they were more concerned in politics and power which came from people who voted them to power.
Blue Star turned Red.
he first task was the destruction of Major-General Shahbeg Singh's outer defenses. Much of this had been completed in the preliminary firing when Major-General Brar had hoped to frighten Bhindrenwale into surrendering. These defenses included the seventeen houses which the police had allowed Bhindanwale's followers to occupy in the alleys surrounding the Golden Temple. Some of them were as far as 800 yards away from the complex. These outposts were all in wireless contact with Shahbeg Singh's command post in the Akal Takht. The Temple view hotel outside the Temple complex had also been occupied. Next to it was Brahmbuta Akhara, a large building housing the headquarters of a Sikh sect. Then there were three main towers which had been fortified to make positions from which Bhindranwale's men could fire into the Golden Temple complex. Because they stood well above the rest of the building, the towers were also excellent observation posts for watching the movement of troops in the narrow alleys surrounding the Temple. The tops of these towers were blasted off the by artillery fire. The use of artillery in the dense city of Amritsar proved very costly, many innocent people living in close proximity of Golden Temple lost their lives. Then the commando operation was planned.
It was between 10 and 10:30 PM when commandos from 1st Battalion, the parachute regiment, wearing black denims were ordered to run down the steps under the clock tower on to the parikarma, or pavement, turn right and move as quickly as they could round the edge of the sacred tank to the Akal Takht. But as the paratroopers entered the main gateway to the Temple they were mow-down. Most of the casualties were caused by Sikhs with light machine-guns who were hiding on either side of the steps leading down to the parikarma. The few commandos who did get down the steps were driven back by a barrage of fire from the building on the south side of the sacred pool. In the control room, in a house on the opposite side of the clock-tower, Major-general Brar was waiting anxiously with his two supporting officers to hear that the commandos had established positions inside the complex. When no report came through he was heard over the command network saying "You bastards, why don't you go in."
The few commandos who survived regrouped in the square outside the Temple, and reported back to Major-General Brar. He reinforced them and ordered them to make another attempt to go in. The commandos were to be followed by the 10th Battalion of the Guards commanded by a Muslim, Lieutenant-colonel Israr Khan. This battalion had Sikh soldiers in its rank. The second commando attack managed to neutralize the machine-gun posts on either side of the steps and get down on to the parikarma. They were followed by the Guards who came under withering fire and were not able to make any progress radioed for permission to fire back at the buildings on the other side of the tank. That would have meant that the Golden Temple itself, which is in the middle of the tank, would have been in the line of fire. Brar refused permission. But then he started to get messages from the commander of Guards reporting heavy casualties. They had suffered almost 20 percent casualties without managing to turn the corner of parikarma to the western sides. Sikhs would also suddenly appear from man-holes in the parikarma the Guards were fighting from, lef off a burst of machine-gun fire or throw lethal grenades, and disappear into the passages which run under the Temple. These machine-gunners had been taught to fire at knee-level because Major-General Shahbeg Singh expected the army to crawl towards its objective, But the Guards and commandos were not crawling, and so many of them received severe leg injuries.
Brar, then decided on a change of plan. He ordered to occupy the roof tops of the clock towers as well as all the rooms along the parikarma. Army commandos rushed in from main clock tower entrance, their objective being to neutralize fire from Akal Takht in North. They ran into trouble as soon as they went down the steps, automatic gunfire hit them from both sides of stairs and more then 40 commandos lost their lives in less then five minutes, amazingly only two Bhindrenwale supporters were firing at them. Next batch of commandos were able to run down the stairs and turn right but here again, automatic gun fire from Akal Takht as well as old towers and water tank hit them. By this time Soldiers from Bihar regiment had cordoned off the whole Golden Temple complex, but not very effectively. Madras regiment was trying to enter through the Eastern gate and had reached many difficulties. While Kumaonis from North close to Langar were trying desperately without much success. So General Brar requested tanks to be brought in to Golden Temple, but he was give armored personnel carrier. Which was blown up by rocket launcher as soon as it had crossed Baba Deep Singh's Samadhi.
Brar again requested tanks and was allowed this time. According to Giani ji of Golden Temple, who was present at Golden Temple itself during all this time, as many as 13 tanks were brought into parikarma and lined up on the eastern side, expensive marble was crushed and whole eastern parikarma broke. Brar ordered to blew up the Akal Takht and thus the highest seat of Sikh authority was brought down by Indian army. Bhai ji at basement of Akal Takht tells us that Bhindrenwale came to Guru Granth Sahib and after Ardas said "Those who want to be martyrs come with me" then he dashed outside in front of Akal Takht and was greeted with bullets, like about 40-50 of his group. Many were able to reach Sarovar . Next morning, Indian army was responsible for gutting down historical Sikh relic, some soldiers set fire to Sikh library and many historical manuscripts were lost as well as treasury Toshakhana was gutted. There were more then 140 bullets marks on Golden Temple itself, even though Indian army insisted that not a single bullet was fired towards Golden Temple.
Sikh pilgrims who were held up by Army in buildings in and around Guru Ram Das Sarai, Teja Singh Samundri Hall, etc. These innocent bystanders were not given any food or water for 4 days. Army soldiers asked them to drink water mixed with urine from small puddles on ground. One army soldier went berserk and fired on these innocent pilgrims killing 70. About 40 or so bodies of Sikh men with their hand tied up behind in execution style, were found in several rooms. A Journalist saw a whole truck filled with bodies of women and children. There is more then enough evidence that Army Soldiers were served alcohol as well as cigarettes inside Golden Temple complex it was a situation like war who can control solders in war they fight and bring everything that they do is to get their breath and not death..
I Saw Punjab but could not Dance.
I visited Punjab more than 50 years ago when the state produced cotton which was in demand by every Cotton Spinning Mill in India.I had to visit each year with a colleague of mine who looked after quality and I was in charge of production management.We both used to travel to Delhi and from there we were taken in a Taxi to all the cotton growing centers after we were comfortably put up in a guest hose by the Cotton Broker and Grower.For the first time I had Apple for Breakfast which is rare among south Indians and tasting it with Salt & Pepper again very rare in South India.The Punjabi who looked after us was so nice that I wished I could stay there for ever.To me all around me I saw Punjab as Positive and powerful.The rulers at that time looked after the state better than their family and were very honest,corruption was color less at that time and not black as it is now after 50 years and what we now need in a hurry is a Lokpal more than Law.In Punjab I saw people here and there going around with guns strapped to their shoulder and few with swords,a sight which in South India is never seen.When I asked my host why guns and swords he said they have to look after our neighbor friendly country Pakistan.We saw huge roads seen meant for 4 way traffic and I told my host it was indeed a sight worth seeing he said yes and more so when the Army pass those roads in huge numbers which is why such roads are required unlike the pot holed narrow roads he saw in our City in South India.Punjab was a State among States and the richest state in India.The country which is so plain that the ground utilization is perhaps highest among all states.Known as the green bowl or food world of India and there is the problem of storage of corps grown by the state to our Govt of India.The wheat crop is allowed to rot in open go-downs rather than send them to States where people do not have two meals a day and children die of hunger.
What I did not see because of time was the Bangra Dance of the rural folks of this State.
I visit the website of the govt of Punjab and wonder if the progress is as good as it can be or if it could have been much much better with much better infrastructure and larger participation from the developed countries.A survey must be made to prove my point.
My Salutations to our son of Punjab the Martyrer Bhagat Singh our best of freedom fighters who all gave their life so we can live in freedom.
How Rapid is the Industrialization.?
Punjab will be power surplus by 2012 predicted but with rapid industrialization will it be still power surplus.Punjab is already home to many large Indian Companies and MNCs like Ranbaxy, Hero Group, Avon Cycles, Gujarat Ambuja, Trident Group, Rail Coach Factory (Kapurthala), Sonalika, M & M, Godrej, Phillips, Oswal Woolen Mills, HCL, Nestle, Smithkline Beecham, ICI, Quark, Dell, IDS Infotech, etc. to name a few but the few has not many MNC', how many will join the present in future which is just a year will the govt meet their power needs.
The present rulers of Punjab will be responsible if there is power shortage.When the following projects for Industrialization starts.
Mr.Chief Minister please take care.
Punjab is an economy where the basis for competitiveness is the intellectual capital and capability to absorb, process and apply knowledge. We have a strong technological base both in public and private sector and a vibrant entrepreneurial culture that thrives on creativity, nimbleness and good business sense. Industries remain an integral component of the State economy, with capabilities in the entire manufacturing value chain, from R&D and design to marketing and sales. Punjab is building successful partnerships with foreign firms, strengthening domestic capabilities and forging strategic linkages. The industrial work force should be cost-competitive, motivated, and highly productive with world-class capabilities in industrial and business management, technology, R & D, production and services, and international market development. The Department of Industries & Commerce ensures that the State stays on the path of its industrial progress.
List of Mega Projects approved prior to6-11-2007 which did not sign agreement and couid not be contracted
Application For Approval Of Mega Projects
Condition & Concession for Mega Mixed Use Integrated Industrial Park Projects
Expression of Interest for Environment Impact Assessment and Environment Monitoring Projects’ dated 18.0-5.2010.
Expression of Interest to conduct detailed Environment Impact Assessment (E.I.A.) study for the purpose of obtaining environmental clearance in accordance with the provisions of the Terms of Reference
Revised Tender Document for Project Management Consultant for Construction of Common Effluent Treatment Plants and cluster utilities Technical Consultancy and Financial Advisory Services at Tajpur Road & Village Bhattian, in Ludhiana
More by this Author
Hosur just 50 KM from Bangalore was once known as little England.To-day it has been raped to the extent it cannot be taken back to its Glory.Thanks to our politicians some life exists there,go see.
Hosur and Krishnagiri are close to each other but the place Krishnagiri has very good land scape and looks better than Hosur from the National High Way as you go east towords Channai.Visit this temple.