The Last King Of Nepal

The Last Hindu King
The Last Hindu King

King Gyanendra

Born on 7 July 1947, Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the last King of Nepal, from 2001 to 2008.

He succeeded to the throne upon the death of his nephew Prince Dipendra, who was King for only three days while in a coma, following the massacre of the preceding king (Gyanendra's brother, Birendra) and other members of the royal family. Gyanendra has been skeptically and persistently viewed as a culprit of this massacre although Dipendra was officially declared responsible for all those killings in a rage, over Queen's refusal to his choice of bride. .

In February 2005 King Gyanendra finally took complete control of the government, after dismissing the elected parliament and a series of prime ministers. This move accelerated the Maoist movement, who had been fighting to replace monarchy with a Communist Republic since 1996.

Royal coup also raised concerns among the international community, who criticised his actions. The United States, Britain and India responded by stopping the supply of arms to the Royal Nepalese Army, others suspended aid commitments and pressurised the king to reconcile with political parties to resolve the country's political crisis.

Following opposition to his direct rule he was forced to return power to parliament in April 2006, which in turn reduced the king's status to that of a ceremonial monarch. He continued as such until May 28, 2008 when he was peacefully deposed and Nepal became a federal republic.

His business interests - which will become much more important to him now he is no longer king - have included a hotel in Kathmandu, a tea estate in the east of Nepal and a cigarette factory. The deposed king is a leading figure in the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation in Nepal and has worked closely with the World Wildlife Fund.

So had the Shah dynasty died out on schedule?

According to the fable, Gorakh Nath took on the form of a sadhu and met Prithvi Narayan, the first Shah King. The King gave him some curd as bhiksha.

The sadhu vomited the curd and asked the King to eat it as prasad. Unsurprisingly, the King refused.

In some versions of the story, the vomit fell on his feet. In all versions, what happened next remains the same: the sadhu was revealed to be Gorakh Nath and he told the King that his line would last only for ten generations (in some versions: because it fell on his ten toes) as a consequence of the insult to the sadhu.

If you exclude the Queens who ran Nepal as Regents and the Kings who reigned under the thumb of the Ranas, then, on some calculations, Birendra was the tenth Shah King. So had the Shah dynasty died out on schedule? It's beginning to look that way.

King Birendra and family
King Birendra and family

King Birendra

Generally seen as a benevolent monarch, King Birendra ruled absolutely for 18 years before being shot to death by his son, Crown Prince Dipendra, in a massacre that nearly wiped out the entire royal family. His wife, Queen Aiswarya; their daughter, Princess Shruti; and another son, Prince Nirajan, were also killed. Dipendra died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound.

King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was born on December28, 1945 at the Narayanhity Royal Palace, Kathmandu. His Majesty was the eldest son of The king Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah and The Late Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah.

Birendra, believed to be the reincarnation of Vishnu, acceded to the throne in 1972. In 1990, a pro-democracy movement led to the first free election in three decades and a new role for Birendra as constitutional monarch. His 18 years of rule under the Panchayat dispensation were those many years of development neglect. Most importantly, the self-esteem of the Nepali people was slowly sanded down to cynicism and apathy, which afflicts Kathmandu's elite even today. If Nepal lacks brilliance in social, economic or political spheres, it can be attributed to the intellectual stagnation fostered during that period by a regime incapable of looking beyond the security of the crown. King Birendra, who was both the fount and executor of all power in those decisive years, must be considered responsible for the lost decades, and for its legacy today.

King Mahendra

Good or bad, right or wrong, for better or for worse, King Mahendra bequeathed a legacy that has shaped the course of political events in Nepal for four long decades.

Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, was King of Nepal from June 11, 1920 - January 31, 1972. He was also made a British Field Marshal in 1960. He succeeded his father, Tribhuvan, who had, after years as a puppet of the Rana family, finally managed to break their more than 100-year hegemony over the country.

The pace set by King Mahendra when he introduced the Panchayat system in 1960, had dissipated by the second decade of his son's reign in the 1980s. The economy was stagnant, environmental destruction had accelerated, Kath-mandu Valley succumbed to uncontrolled urbanisation, the bureaucracy evolved into a clique of corrupt yes-men, and the educational system from primary schools to the university was a mess. The only area where the government was truly energetic was in moving amongst the donor countries, begging bowl in hand.

King Mahendra's Coronation ceremony
King Mahendra's Coronation ceremony

King Tribhuvan

Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah will always be remembered in the history of Nepal as the king who overthrew the autocratic Rana regime. Although sporadic public protests against the despotic Rana rulers were emerging in the country, the citizens of Nepal were not powerful enough to fight the oppressive force. King Tribhuvan took the bold action of openly defying the regime. His escape to India from internal captivity back home spurred a mass revolution in 2007 BS (1951 AD), which finally succeeded in ousting the Ranas from power. The result was the establishment of the first democratic government of Nepal. Today, this event is celebrated as the National Democracy Day.

The Maker Of Modern Nepal

King Prithvi Narayan Shah

Prithvi Narayan Shah, member of the ruling Shah family of the Gurkha (Gorkha) principality, Nepal, who conquered the three Malla kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhadgaon in 1769 and consolidated them to found the modern state of Nepal.. There were number of small kingdoms when Prithvi Narayan Shah became the king of Gorkha. He initiated to expand the territory of the kingdom invading to his neighboring kingdoms like Lamjung, Tanahuhn, Makwanpur, Nuwakot etc. He had brave courageous and expert courtiers, with such a strong army; he was able to defeat Jay Prakash Mall and sat on the throne of Kathmandu on 25 December 1768 (13th Ashwin 1825).

Map of Nepal

  • Official Name: Kingdom of Nepal
  • Area: 147,181 Sq Km (56,136 Sq Mi)
  • Altitude: From 70 Mts. in the flat parts of the Terai (shared boarder with India) to 8848 Mts. Mt Everest

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

National Flag

Nepal's Largest Stupa

The monasteries near the stupa have become a global center of Tibetan Buddhism
The monasteries near the stupa have become a global center of Tibetan Buddhism

Comments 33 comments

Ashu 7 years ago

I love it.


SHEKH MOHD SHAHID AMANI  6 years ago

I LIKE MY KING. THEY NEED TO COME BACK OF OWN POSITION OTHERWISE NEPAL IS CRASH BY IDIOT,S POLITICAL MAN.S


tenzin tsering 6 years ago

I am the Nepal map birthmark man.Tibetan people,reincarnation of King Mahendra of Nepal


tenzin tsering 6 years ago

Nepal UN tum logo ko janam dhene wala aadmi main Mahendra mat bhula kiya karo


himal tamang 6 years ago

NOW MUST BE KING IN NEPAL OTHERWISE WE CAN NOT ALIVE IN NEPAL.EVERDAY I HAVE EXPECTING TO FARMELLY KINGS.


Bhupal Thapa 6 years ago

We dont want any king like Gaynendra to be rule in our Motherland Nepal. We want the king like Birendra Bir Bikram

Shah Dev Forever and ever He was God Really God Everyone cried on his death


semeng profile image

semeng 6 years ago from Tungechha-7, semeng, Bhojpur, Nepal

something is better than nothing.... so.... ?? nepali political leaders are all worthless....


dr_moiz_1989 6 years ago

Very Educating Indeed


madan chand 6 years ago

we all nepalese should be proud to those persons and organisations who helped nepal up to now to protect the legacy of our motherland nepal


madanchand 6 years ago

to protect the pride of our motherland,we every youngsters need to be aware of it because we are the students of modern world and we have the ideas to promote the country to the right direction promoting the feelings of cooperation and brotherhood among all nepalese.


dhruba 6 years ago

i love king dynasty because king birendra was the best for our country among the political leaders (idiots). i also like badhamaharajadhiraj prithvinarayan shah coz he united our country and i proud to be a nepali.


sajan ale 6 years ago

i love king dynasty


kalamazad 6 years ago

meo nepali


Shah jahan 6 years ago

Make gyanendras grandson the new king


ram 6 years ago

king is not a god


tenzin tsering 6 years ago

Gyanendra,mero chora hamro SOS TCV Pokhara ko khana improve gharnu hagi.Mero matlab college baccha haru ko khana.Ma timi lai milna chahanchu.


jeevan lohani 6 years ago

king ganendra n his family can rule nepal.today's nepal's credit goes 2 their forfathers.ceromonial kingdom can attract toourism in nepal.celebrating festibals suits them nt these stupid politicians n netas


tenzin tsering 6 years ago

google-special coffins for tibetan persons in usa


VENUGOPAL SIVAGNA profile image

VENUGOPAL SIVAGNA 6 years ago from India.

I wish Nepal should revert to monarchy. During those days, the King would visit every holy city in India and offer worship. He was the trustee of several temples in India. He enjoyed a rank in the Indian army. With the overthrow of monarchy, India-Nepal relationship has dipped to a low. India's relationship with Nepal is not just political... it is moral, cultural, religious and civilisation which binds both. India should take the initiative and install the monarchy on a proiority basis.

India's security interests lay mainly in Nepal, which once colonised Tibet and held it till 1952. Tibetan rulers were paying annual taxes to Nepal every year till 1952. To link with Tibetan affairs, India should first link with Nepal effectively.


vir 6 years ago

king without nepal like forest


shanti acharya 5 years ago

ilove nepal very much


dn adhikari 5 years ago

We have to bring back the king, otherwise these political parties will finish our identification.

So king is most in this contest..


Jatin Rijal 5 years ago

All Nepali political partys brings morderer, mad and all terriers person in there partys so its not possible to be a good peace and our own nepal like 20 years ago. we need a person who kknow our value and our contrie importance for our public so pls my father my god king Birendra ji plss pls come again we need u we need u again yeha ta Prachand le ta aphnai amalai chike ra ayeko chha tesle ke garchha sabai didi bahini haru lai nai aphno swasni samjhane manchele kehi pani gardaina and all political leader like madhav Nepal Baburam ,sherbahadur and all are not like a leader who can take good dicission and some good viwes for us so plsss come on again again!!!!!!


tenzin tsering 5 years ago

king gyanendra,i want to make youa visa for states when i become a us citizen


padam 4 years ago

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King Gyanendra

Born on 7 July 1947, Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the last King of Nepal, from 2001 to 2008.

He succeeded to the throne upon the death of his nephew Prince Dipendra, who was King for only three days while in a coma, following the massacre of the preceding king (Gyanendra's brother, Birendra) and other members of the royal family. Gyanendra has been skeptically and persistently viewed as a culprit of this massacre although Dipendra was officially declared responsible for all those killings in a rage, over Queen's refusal to his choice of bride. .

In February 2005 King Gyanendra finally took complete control of the government, after dismissing the elected parliament and a series of prime ministers. This move accelerated the Maoist movement, who had been fighting to replace monarchy with a Communist Republic since 1996.

Royal coup also raised concerns among the international community, who criticised his actions. The United States, Britain and India responded by stopping the supply of arms to the Royal Nepalese Army, others suspended aid commitments and pressurised the king to reconcile with political parties to resolve the country's political crisis.

Following opposition to his direct rule he was forced to return power to parliament in April 2006, which in turn reduced the king's status to that of a ceremonial monarch. He continued as such until May 28, 2008 when he was peacefully deposed and Nepal became a federal republic.

His business interests - which will become much more important to him now he is no longer king - have included a hotel in Kathmandu, a tea estate in the east of Nepal and a cigarette factory. The deposed king is a leading figure in the King Mahendra Trust for Nature Conservation in Nepal and has worked closely with the World Wildlife Fund.

So had the Shah dynasty died out on schedule?

According to the fable, Gorakh Nath took on the form of a sadhu and met Prithvi Narayan, the first Shah King. The King gave him some curd as bhiksha.

The sadhu vomited the curd and asked the King to eat it as prasad. Unsurprisingly, the King refused.

In some versions of the story, the vomit fell on his feet. In all versions, what happened next remains the same: the sadhu was revealed to be Gorakh Nath and he told the King that his line would last only for ten generations (in some versions: because it fell on his ten toes) as a consequence of the insult to the sadhu.

If you exclude the Queens who ran Nepal as Regents and the Kings who reigned under the thumb of the Ranas, then, on some calculations, Birendra was the tenth Shah King. So had the Shah dynasty died out on schedule? It's beginning to look that way.

King Birendra and family

King Birendra

Generally seen as a benevolent monarch, King Birendra ruled absolutely for 18 years before being shot to death by his son, Crown Prince Dipendra, in a massacre that nearly wiped out the entire royal family. His wife, Queen Aiswarya; their daughter, Princess Shruti; and another son, Prince Nirajan, were also killed. Dipendra died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound.

King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was born on December28, 1945 at the Narayanhity Royal Palace, Kathmandu. His Majesty was the eldest son of The king Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah and The Late Crown Princess Indra Rajya Laxmi Devi Shah.

Birendra, believed to be the reincarnation of Vishnu, acceded to the throne in 1972. In 1990, a pro-democracy movement led to the first free election in three decades and a new role for Birendra as constitutional monarch. His 18 years of rule under the Panchayat dispensation were those many years of development neglect. Most importantly, the self-esteem of the Nepali people was slowly sanded down to cynicism and apathy, which afflicts Kathmandu's elite even today. If Nepal lacks brilliance in social, economic or political spheres, it can be attributed to the intellectual stagnation fostered during that period by a regime incapable of looking beyond the security of the crown. King Birendra, who was both the fount and executor of all power in those decisive years, must be considered responsible for the lost decades, and for its legacy today.

King Mahendra

Good or bad, right or wrong, for better or for worse, King Mahendra bequeathed a legacy that has shaped the course of political events in Nepal for four long decades.

Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, was King of Nepal from June 11, 1920 - January 31, 1972. He was also made a British Field Marshal in 1960. He succeeded his father, Tribhuvan, who had, after years as a puppet of the Rana family, finally managed to break their more than 100-year hegemony over the country.

The pace set by King Mahendra when he introduced the Panchayat system in 1960, had dissipated by the second decade of his son's reign in the 1980s. The economy was stagnant, environmental destruction had accelerated, Kath-mandu Valley succumbed to uncontrolled urbanisation, the bureaucracy evolved into a clique of corrupt yes-men, and the educational system from primary schools to the university was a mess. The only area where the government was truly energetic was in moving amongst the donor countries, begging bowl in hand.

King Mahendra's Coronation ceremony

King Tribhuvan

Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah will always be remembered in the history of Nepal as the king who overthrew the autocratic Rana regime. Although sporadic public protests against the despotic Rana rulers were emerging in the country, the citizens of Nepal were not powerful enough to fight the oppressive force. King Tribhuvan took the bold action of openly defying the regime. His escape to India from internal captivity back home spurred a mass revolution in 2007 BS (1951 AD), which finally succeeded in ousting the Ranas from power. The result was the establishment of the first democratic government of Nepal. Today, this event is celebrated as the National Democracy Day.

The Maker Of Modern Nepal

King Prithvi Narayan Shah

Prithvi Narayan Shah, member of the ruling Shah family of the Gurkha (Gorkha) principality, Nepal, who conquered the three Malla kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan, and Bhadgaon in 1769 and consolidated them to found the modern state of Nepal.. There were number of small kingdoms when Prithvi Narayan Shah became the king of Gorkha. He initiated to expand the territory of the kingdom invading to his neighboring kingdoms like Lamjung, Tanahuhn, Makwanpur, Nuwakot etc. He had brave courageous and expert courtiers, with such a strong army; he was able to defeat Jay Prakash Mall and sat on the throne of Kathmandu on 25 December 1768 (13th Ashwin 1825).


christopheranton profile image

christopheranton 4 years ago from Gillingham Kent. United Kingdom

Nepal seems to have had nothing but problems since the deposition of King Gyanendra.

They need to establish a ceremonial constitutional monarchy. It will give the country back it's identity.

The maoists should be got rid of.


mausam 4 years ago

hi, my nepal is grate


dolkha sherpa 4 years ago

it's so sadness new i saw on day of democaracy i really heartfelt to that when he was die from gunshort.....i love him n her sun, daughter god bless you..


Suraj swer 4 years ago

Ilove my nepal


Nepali 4 years ago

Nepal needs Monarchy.

Even when King Gyanendra took absolute power, it was because of the fact that political parties were creating crisis in Nepal & he did it for the people. He had asked for 3 years to maintain law and order in country which had been degraded because of the parties.

Now without Monarchy, Nepal is getting further deep into trouble. These political parties just look for personal benefits and are willing to sacrifice peace & mutual respect among different races of Nepal, just to fulfill their agenda to remain in power. They spent 4 years and Rs 9 billion on Constitutional Assembly for nothing. They didn't even run CA properly. They were more concerned on doing meetings on expensive 5-star hotels & resorts when people were dying because of diarrhoea in rural areas. Really appalling.

If King would've been here, he could have been bold enough to control & stop such a misuse of power by them.

Present President looks as helpless as the citizens in front of these shameless parties.


abc 4 years ago

one day same king will be in power in nepal


dan 21 months ago

It is horrible. How could be that a family member can kill the king. That's really insane, the important fact is he want the throne and the power and leading of the king family.


raj kumar dhungana 19 months ago

My name is raj kumar dhungana i live in kathmandu balaju boharatar i love in my nepal nd i love king of berandra ganera etc.

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