Iranian Islamic Women are Second Class Citizens Because of the Quran
Women's Rights in Iran
Most knowledgeable people probably already know this outside and within Islamic Iran and their Quran. Those that do not believe it simply refuse to because how women are treated in Iran and other Islamic countries is more based on tradition and dogma.
Who else would know by Shirin Ebadi, one of Iran's leading attorney's, a former judge, and winner of the 2003 Nobel Peace Prize for human rights.
It was in 1979, during the Iranian revolution that tossed out the USA and the Shah of Iran, that Iranian women lost many of their rights they had under the former Shah of Iran. Many women who were around then state while it was an Islamic Revolution, it was also a revolution of men against women. When Shirin began to read what the men had done in rewriting the Islamic Penal Code for criminals, she was shocked for it favored men over women many times taking Iranian women back to second class citizens. Shirin was personally impacted for she was a judge around 1979 presiding over many trials. Suddenly, in hours, men in charge, had removed her as a judge citing that women are not capable of such a position and had no choice but to be a secretary for a man. The man who replaced on the bench was not even qualified nor an attorney.
Ironically, today, 65% of the students in college there are women. There are many women who are professors or in social positions of the government. Despite this, Iranian law clearly favors the man in most proceedings and considers women just second class citizens of lesser importance. A perfect example is that Iranian court, it takes the testimony of two women to equal one man's regarding veracity. A man can have up to four wives and divorce at will, yet a woman, who seeks a divorce has a hard road to travel to get it. Worse, married women need their husband's permission to travel in writing! A woman convicted of adultery can be stoned to death, as Sakineh Ashtiani recently was.
Many laws, like those mentioned, are not Islamic nor based on the Quran. They are simply based on men's biases. Women in Iran face discriminatory laws and Islamic traditions, both make women second class citizens.The Iranian government continues to refuse to sign an international law agreement that discriminated against women.
Shirin, now lives outside of Iran, yet her husband is in jail and is frequently beaten for public testimony to speak out against his wife. So far, this has not happened. Her family members in Iran also face harassment from local police. Just recently, another highly skilled woman attorney, Soltani, and friend, was arrested and in a rapid trial sentenced to 18 years in prison. Shirin, herself, could not practice law until 1993 because of the demotion to "law clerk" in 1979. She is the first Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace prize. Iranian authorities froze her bank account and demanded $410,000 in taxes that they claimed for the $1.3 million she was awarded. Such prizes are exempt from tax under Iranian law. She said the government also confiscated her home.
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