The Future Of The Gay Movement: Is It Moving In The Right Direction A Brief History
Keeping their identities secret, social reformers began to defend homosexuality back in the 1870's. Campaigning for the legislation of homosexuality the "Order of Chaeronea" which was a secret British society and Oscar Wilde brought the movement into the 19th century. Writing in defense of same-sex love and androgyny John Henry Mackay and English poet Edward Carpenter aided in leading the way to the Gay Rights Movement in the 1890's. Calling for tolerance John Addington Symonds and Edward Carpenter were contributor's in the development of Havelock Ellis's cutting-edge book ***** Inversion which was censored when it was first published in England.
Materializing from the 1860's was another movement cropping up in America and Europe. Moving away from the enslavement of women first-wave feminists and radicals of the libertarian left, defied traditional institutions of marriage and family by expressing "free love" and challenged a repressive legislation.
As times change so did the Gay Rights Movement. Following World War II numerous gay rights groups were formed in the United States, Holland, Germany, France and England. There emphasis was on love and not coition. The movement continued through the 1950s and 1960s but were still being completely ignored by the media.
With the new movements of the 1960's came change. There were LGBT groups that became more radical giving birth to the Gay Liberation Movement. Shortly thereafter Gay Activists Alliance and the Gay Liberation Front were created. As noted by Gay Liberal writer Toby Marotta he was quoted as saying, "their Gay liberal outlooks were not homophile but liberationist".
Gay Pride was one of the concepts that was taken during the movement. Symbolizing that lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender should be proud of their identity and choice of orientation. The movement prides themselves on three main truths: diversity is a gift, generative orientation and gender distinctiveness are hereditary and cannot altered and people should be proud of their identity and generative orientation.
The word 'Pride' represents community as a whole and is not used as a repressive word. From the Stonewall movement to today many now celebrate LGBT pride. The symbols of the LGBT are composed of the LGBT rainbow flag, the Greek lamda symbol, black triangles symbols converted from its past use as Nazi concentration camps badges of shame, the butterfly and pink.
June was proclaimed in the United States to be Gay Pride month by Bill Clinton in 2000. President Barrack Obama on June 1,2009 also proclaimed June to be LGBT month in the United States.
From the 1800s until today the Gay Pride Movement has came a long way, it is no longer secret. In some parts of the United States LGBT couples are now allowed to marry. Internationally acknowledgement varies depending on the Country the couple reside in and there have been isolated incidences in the Middle East if a couple is caught they are murdered.
So has the Gay movement been moving in the right direction? The answer to that is yes. They have overcame every obstacle that has been put in front of them, dealt with every hardship and stood up for what they believe in; which is equality for every individual who is a part of the LGBT.
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