I am very much a planner. I plan out almost every detail of my life...all the way down to every outfit that I will be wearing for an entire work week.
I just happened to be married to one of the biggest procrastinators that I have ever met. There is nothing in his life that can be decided until the very last minute.
Although, it can cause some minor arguments at times...especially when we're dealing with more serious matters than "What should we have for dinner?"
Every good marriage is made up of a whole lot of compromise, this happens to be the area where we compromise the most, and it works for us. In fact, our differences in approach actually help us complement each other. He helps me stay grounded in the areas that really don't need to be worried about, and I help him stay focused in the areas that are a little more urgent, and need to be addressed sooner than later.
So, in answer to your question, yes you can have a wonderful relationship with someone who doesn't have your same views, compulsions, obsessions, or opinions. Life would be boring if everyone was identical!