A good number of people joined the Buddha Sangha

Buddha sangha

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A Buddhist Sangha

The founder of Buddhism was Siddhartha who is also known as Gautama Buddha. He was born about 2500 years ago.

A Buddhist Sangha

The sangha was an association of those who left their homes in search of true knowledge. Vinaya Pitaka, the rule book of Buddhist sangha, tells us about it in detail. The book informs us about the separate branches of the sangha for men and women.

Anybody could join the sangha. But those who were dependent had a take the permission of their guardians. For example, children had a take permission from their parents. Royal servants had to take permission from their kings. Debtors had to take permission from creditors, while husbands could permit their wives to join the sangha.

Lord Buddha ashrama

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Life at the sangha

People who joined the sangha, meditated most of the time. They led a very simple life. During fixed hours, they visited cities and villages to beg for food. For this particular act of begging, they were regarded as bhikkhus (the Prakrit word for beggars). They were the teachers who taught others and also helped one another.

A good number of people joined the Buddha Sangha. They were brahins, kshatriyas, merchants, labourers, barbers and slaves. This led to the development of varied literature of teachings of the Buddha and beautiful poems describing experience in the sanghas.

Lord Buddha believed in a balanced life or a life of moderation. He preached that life is full of sufferings. This is a result of our desires which cannot be fulfilled. He taught that this thirst can only be quenched by following moderation in everything.

Buddha preached that a person should neither lead a very luxurious life nor should he give up everything and suffer. Moksha and nirvana should be obtained by following a balanced life. He laid stress on ahimsa or non – injury to all living beings. He did not approve the rituals of sacrifice. He wanted all people to be treated equality. He was also against the caste system.

He believed that what we do in our life affects us. The result of our actions (kama) affects our life.

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