The APOSTLES of CHRIST - The First Anointed Ones - The "Fishers of Men" and "The Rock" - (PART 2)
"He who believes and is baptized will be saved. . ."
The First Anointed Ones
We will start off with the first "anointed ones", those persons that were called directly by God and the Holy Spirit to recognize Jesus Christ as the "Messiah" and pronounce His arrival. Once His ministry had started there were a few exceptional men, who through divine revelation, knew Jesus was the "Christ" (the "anointed one" of God) simply by seeing Him.
John the Baptist
We have listed John the Baptist because even though he was not an Apostle of Jesus, he was very instrumental in helping establish the ministry of Christ and it was prophesized in the Old Testament that a "messenger" would come to announce the arival of the "Messiah". That messenger would be found in John the Baptist.
"Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the LORD, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts." (Malachi 3:1 KJV)
John the Baptist was the cousin of Jesus (through Zacharias and Elisabeth, Mary's sister) and his birth was announced by the Angel Gabriel, just as Mary was informed (six months later) of her own immaculate conception. Zacharias was a faithful Jewish priest and Pharisee, but being an older man, and his wife Elisabeth having been sterile, had already lost hope of having children until they were blessed by the Lord to have a child. Their son "John", would likewise be blessed and ordained to proclaim the coming Messiah and received the anointing of the Holy Spirit to minister in doing so.
But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John... For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb... And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just; to make ready a people prepared for the Lord. (Luke 1:13,15,17 KJV)
John the Baptist is also refererd to as the "voice in the wilderness" (John 1:23) and conducted his ministry outdoors amongst the people of the land. He was a good man who followed the example of previous Hebrew prophets, being very self-disciplined, challenging sinful rulers, calling for repentance, and promising God's justice. John is therefore regarded more as a prophet, though His ministry made great strides in discipleship and paved the way for the arrival of Christ. John commanded the Jews to exercise virtue, both as in righteousness towards one another and piety towards God, and so to come to baptism. John is also best known for these baptismal pratices which were a purification rite for repentant sinners, performed in "living water" (in this case the running water of the River Jordan) in accordance with Jewish custom. John also anticipated that a messianic figure greater than himself would arrive one day and when Jesus came to be baptised, John then realized who that person was.
And John bore witness, saying, "I saw the Spirit descending from heaven like a dove, and He remained upon Him. I did not know Him, but He who sent me to baptize with water said to me, ‘Upon whom you see the Spirit descending, and remaining on Him, this is He who baptizes with the Holy Spirit.’ And I have seen and testified that this is the Son of God." (John 1:32-34 NKJ)
John's baptism of Jesus marks the beginning of Christ's ministry and the Book of Acts portrays the followers of John as eventually merging with the disciples of Jesus (Acts 18:24-19:6), with John explaining that Jesus "must become greater" while he, John, "must become less" (John 3:22-36).
Both John and Jesus preached during times of great political, social, and religious conflict, under the reign of King Herod Antipas. In the Jewish Antiquities (book 18, chapter 5, 2) by Flavius Josephus, he recounts that: "Now when [many] others came in crowds about him, for they were very greatly moved [or pleased] by hearing his words, Herod, who feared lest the great influence John had over the people might put it into his power and inclination to raise a rebellion, (for they seemed ready to do any thing he should advise,) thought it best, by putting him to death, to prevent any mischief he might cause, and not bring himself into difficulties, by sparing a man who might make him repent of it when it would be too late." So, at the beckoning request of his wife, King Herod had John imprisoned and then put to death by beheading. Because of this act, the Jews later had the opinion that the destruction of Herod's army and continued occupation of their lands by Rome was a resulting punishment and mark of God's displeasure with their King.
The "Fishers of Men" and "The Rock"
Jesus began His ministry at about thirty years of age (Luke 3:23) after being baptised by John (his cousin) the son of Zacharias. Jesus, being indwelled with the Holy Spirit at His baptism, left from the River Jordan and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, where he was tempted for forty days by the devil (Luke 4:1-2). When he came back from the wilderness, Jesus went into the northern regions of the Sea of Galilee, between the River Jordan (near Bethsaida) and the town of Capernaum. There in the lands of Zebulun and Naphtali He began his public ministry, where the prophecy might be fulfilled as was spoken by Isaiah the prophet (Isaiah 9:1). Jesus had returned in the full power of the Holy Spirit and news of Him quickly went out through the surrounding region (Luke 4:14).
Two disciples of John the Baptist, Andrew and John the son of Zebedee (fishermen from Capernaum), were present when John proclaimed about Jesus: "Behold the Lamb of God!" (John 1:35). Andrew went to find his brother Simon (Peter) and told him, "We have found the Messiah" (Mark 1:41) which is translated, "the Christ" or "anointed one". Simon-Peter was introduced to Jesus, who looked at him and said, "You are Simon the son of Jonah. You shall be called Cephas" (which is translated, "a Rock"). *The true meaning behind this name would be revealed to the disciples at a much later time.
Jesus had been preaching and gaining momentum in the region and as He stood by the Lake of Gennesaret (Sea of Galilee) the multitude pressed Him to hear the word of God (Luke 5). There was a group of fishermen cleaning their nets nearby after an unsuccessful night. This was Andrew and Simon (Peter), along with the the sons of Zebedee and their father's hired men. Jesus got into one of the boats (Simon-Peter's) and asked them to take him out into the water so He could address the crowd.
After He had finished His sermon, Jesus turned to the fishermen and told them to cast their nets into the water. Simon (Peter) answered and said to Him, "Master, we have toiled all night and caught nothing; nevertheless at Your word I will let down the net." (Luke 5:5) When the men did this, they caught a great number of fish, so much that their net was breaking and they signaled to their partners in the other boats for help. This was James and John the sons of Zebedee, and all who were with them were astonished at the catch of fish which they had just taken. As they returned to shore, Jesus spoke to the four fisherman (Andrew, Simon-Peter, James and John) saying: "Follow Me, and I will make you fishers of men." (Matthew 4:19) These four fishermen would play an instrumental role in the beginnings of Christian ministry and would help rally many others to the discipleship of Jesus Christ.
Andrew was a former disciple of John the Baptist and the "first-called" of the Apostles, personally selected by Jesus. He was the brother of Simon (Peter) and both were humble fishermen. He was born in Bethsaida and at the beginning of Jesus' public ministry, it is said that he also shared a house with his brother at Capernaum (where Peter's mother-in-law lived). The Gospel of John states that Andrew went to follow Jesus first and called for his brother (Simon-Peter) to accompany him. In the gospels, Andrew is listed as being present at some of the more important occasions being one of the Apostles closely attached to the ministry of Jesus. It was Andrew who brought the young boy to Jesus with the five loaves of barley and two small fish by which Jesus multiplied for the "miracle of feeding the 5000" (John 6:1-14).
In the early days of the church after Christ's resurrection, Andrew was known to have preached in Asia Minor and Scythia, along the Black Sea and as far as the Volga River and Kiev (Ukraine). He also preached in Thrace, and his presence in Byzantium (Constantinople) is also mentioned in the apocryphal Acts of Andrew, written in the 2nd century. Andrew henceforth became a patron saint of Ukraine, Romania and Russia. According to tradition, he also founded the See of Byzantium and was first bishop of the Christian church there. This diocese would later develop into the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople where Saint Andrew is recognized as its patron.
Andrew is said to have been martyred by crucifixion at the city of Patras in the province of Achaea, on the northern coast of the Peloponnese in Greece (mid to late 1st century AD). Texts describe Andrew as being bound, not nailed, to a Latin cross of the form called Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, or "saltire"), now commonly known as a "Saint Andrew's Cross". This was done supposedly as his last request, being he deemed himself unworthy to be crucified on the same type of cross as Christ had been.
Andrew is said to have been martyred by crucifixion at the city of Patras in the province of Achaea, on the northern coast of the Peloponnese in Greece (mid to late 1st century AD). Texts describe Andrew as being bound, not nailed, to a Latin cross of the form called Crux decussata (X-shaped cross, or "saltire"), now commonly known as a "Saint Andrew's Cross". This was done supposedly as his last request, being he deemed himself unworthy to be crucified on the same type of cross as Christ had been. The Basilica of St. Andrew at Patras in Greece is said to be erected over the place of his martyrdom and likewise is where the relics of Andrew the Apostle are kept.
Simon-Peter "The Rock"
Simon was a fisherman from the village of Bethsaida in the province of Galilee (John 1:44, 12:21). He was among the first of the disciples called during the ministry of Christ when his brother (Andrew) came to get him claiming "We have found the Messiah" and upon meeting Jesus, he was given the name "Cephas" ("Rock"). He was also known as Simon Bar-Jonah (son of Jonah). Simon lived in the town of Capernaum with and his wife's family and his brother, where Jesus is later noted as healing his mother-in-law's illness (Luke 4:38).
Jesus went with his group of disciples to many towns performing miracles and conducting his ministry; when sometime later they were travelling north to the Roman city of Caesarea Philippi (in the "Golan Heights" of Syria today - the land formerly of the Amorites in the Old Testament) where Jesus asked his disciples: "Who do men say that I, the Son of Man, am?" and Simon Cephas responded, "You are the Christ, the Son of the living God." (Matthew 16:13-20) Jesus then proceeded to declare: "Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it. And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven." This famous event is where Simon-Peter officially claimed his name. Peter or "Petros" in Greek (like Cephas - also meaning "ROCK"), was a prophetic proclamation indicating Peter's role in becoming the cornerstone and foundation of the future Christian church of the Roman empire.
Peter was a key figure in Christ's ministry but it seems his faith was always being put to the test. In three (Matthew-Mark-John) of the four Canonical Gospels (*later canonized by the Christian church as the "official" gospels to be included in the New Testament) recount the story of Jesus walking on water, where Matthew additionally describes Peter as walking out on the water towards Christ, but begins to sink when his faith wavers (Matthew 14:28-31). Peter is however present at events in which many of the other Apostles were not present, such as witnessing the Transfiguration of Jesus (2 Peter 1:16-18). Peter is the one that Jesus fortells during the "Last Supper" as denying Him three times before the dawn (Matthew 26; Mark 14; Luke 22; John 13). The Gospel of John later accounts that when Jesus was arrested, Peter drew his sword and cut off the ear of the High Priest's servant, Malchus (John 18:10), where Christ exclaims; "Put your sword in its place, for all who take the sword will perish by the sword." (Mark 26:52) Peter was one of the first Apostles to see the empty tomb of Jesus after his crucifixtion. Later, when the resurrected Christ revealed himself to the disciples, is where Peter three times affirmed his love for Jesus (balancing his threefold denial) and thus Jesus reconfirmed Simon-Peter's position (John 21:15-19) and prophesized his future.
Peter is always mentioned first in the lists of the Twelve Apostles given in the canonical Gospels and is often depicted as the spokesman of all the disciples. Immediately after the crucifixtion of Jesus many of the disciples had scattered. Peter then became an integral part in restoring the discipleship and he also took the lead in selecting a replacement for Judas Iscariot (Acts 1:21). Peter is also known for his significant open-air sermon during Pentecost when the manifestation of the Holy Spirit came upon the Apostles and they soke in "tongues" before the crowds (Acts 2:14-39).
Many of the disciples remained in the regions surrounding Judea as evangelists for approximately twelve years, until harassment by King Herod Agrippa I led to their scattering again. The writings of the Apostle Paul (Book of Acts) affirm that Peter had the special charge of being the Apostle to the Jews and gentiles. In his early missionary journeys, Peter evangelized the Jews and pagans of Antioch, which was one of the first gentile communities to receive the gospel. Peter would also become a further instrument for establishing the new Christian church and undertook a missionary journey to Lydda, Joppa and Caesarea Maritima (Acts 9:32–11:18) where miracles are attributed to him, such as healing the crippled man Aeneas (Acts 9:34) and the raising of the disciple Tabitha who had died (Acts 9:40). It was in Caesarea Maritima (near the West Bank today), that Peter met with the Centurion Cornelius (both having divine revelations) and all the gentiles present became anointed with the Holy Spirit. Peter returned to Jerusalem announcing that: "God has also granted to the Gentiles repentance to life" (Acts 11:18), then becoming instrumental in the Apostulate's decision to promote evangelism in all the other Gentile cities and nations.
Herod Agrippa I (Marcus Julius Agrippa) had just arrived from Rome to become the Tetrarch of Galilee and to appease the complaints of the orthodox Sanhedrin Jews, he began to persecute the Christian church throughout Judea (41 A.D.). James the Elder was the first Christian leader to have been imprisoned and executed. Peter was then taken next and the same fate awaited him, but his arrest came during the Hebrew Festival of Unleavened Bread so his execution was postponed until after the Sabbath. Constant prayer was being offered to God by the church on Peter's behalf and the night before his trial an angel appeared to him. Peter had been bound with chains and was lying between two sleeping soldiers. There were more guards that were also stationed outside keeping watch on the prison. When the angel spoke, the chains fell off. Peter was dismayed but stood and got dressed while the guards remained asleep. He then followed the angel past the guard posts and through the iron gate that led out to the city, which opened to them of its own accord (Acts 12:3-19). They weet into the city where the angel disappeared and Peter was then able to escape from Jerusalem undetected. After Peter's flight, Herod relocated to Caesarea Maritima and stayed there. When Herod became angered with the people of Tyre and Sidon, he was struck down by an angel and eaten alive by worms (a similar fate had befallen his grandfather, King "Herod the Great") in 44 A.D.
After leaving Judea, Peter returned to work with the church at Antioch in Syria for another seven years. He presided there as the city's bishop. Peter would later travel throughout Asia Minor with Mark the Evangelist as his interpreter, preaching to the scattered communities of believers (Jews and Hebrew Christians), in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia Minor and Bithynia. They would eventually end up in Rome during the second year of Tiberius Claudius Caesar. It is claimed that Peter overthrew Simon Magus (originally the sorcerer from Acts 8:9-24) from the priesthood and that his preaching in Rome was so successful that he was honored by the inhabitants with a statue in the city. Mark continued to record his sermons (later to become the Gospel of Mark) and Peter stayed on to hold the Sacerdotal Chair (High Priesthood) for the next 25 years there. Later, at the hand of Emperor Nero, Peter is said to have been put to death where he was crucified upside-down, around the time of the 'Great Fire of Rome' in the year 64 A.D. Saint Peter's Basilica at the Vatican in Rome, Italy was built on the supposed burial site of Peter the Apostle..
James the Elder
James, the brother of John the Apostle was a son of Zebedee and Salome (one of the women present at Christ's crucifixtion-Mark 15:40). He is also called James the Greater (or "Elder") as he was believed to be the eldest of the two brothers and also to distinguish him from the other Apostle James, the son of Alphaeus. James was one of the first four disciples to be called by and join Jesus. Two of the Synoptic Gospels (*those having similar stories or parallel content) state that James and John were with their father at the Sea of Galilee when Jesus called them to follow him along with the other two fishermen, Andrew and Simon (Matthew 4:21-22; Mark 1:19-20). James was also one of the three Apostles (Peter, James, John) whom Jesus selected to bear witness to His Transfiguration (Matthew 17:1-9; Mark 9:2-8; Luke 9:28-36; John 1:14).
According to an ancient local tradition of Caesaraugusta in Iberia (Spain), on January 2nd of the year A.D. 40, the Virgin Mary appeared in a vision to James on the bank of the Ebro River. The account claims that James had been evangelizing in Iberia and was preaching the Gospel to the local inhabitants when this occurred. It is said that shortly after witnessing this, James concluded his missionary travels and voyaged back to Judea. Although this tradition reports that James also founded an Apostolic See in Iberia, no mention of it is found in early writings nor the records from the early councils until around the year A.D. 700; the first certain recorded mention found is from the ninth century, by Notker of Liège (a Benedictine monk, and first prince-bishop A.D. 980–1008), the Provost of Saint Gall in Switzerland.
James and his brother (John "the beloved") were known for their fiery tempers, for which they earned the nickname "Bo-aner'ges" or "Sons of Thunder" (Mark 3:17). Meanwhile, King Herod Agrippa I, having recently acquired the seat of the Tetrarch of Galilee, began his persecution of the Christians. It is speculated that because of James' adamant nature, he was one of the first disciples to be arrested by Herod's soldiers in Caesarea Maritima. He was subsequently imprisoned and then beheaded by the sword the following day (Acts 12:2) in 41 A.D. James the Elder was the first of the Twelve Apostles to die since the addition of Matthias.The Apostle James, the son of Zebedeeare, is the Patron Saint of Spain. The remains of Saint James, are said to be in the Santiago de Compostela Cathedral at Galicia in A Coruña, Spain where his tomb is housed and is considered the third most holy town within Roman Catholicism (next to Jerusalem and Rome). It is believed that after his martyrdom at the hands of King Herod, his friends carried the body by sea to Iberia, where they landed at Padrón on the coast of Galicia, and took it inland for burial at Santiago de Compostela. The traditional pilgrimage to the grave of the saint, known as the "Way of St. James", has become the most popular pilgrimage for Western European Catholics from the early Middle Ages onwards.
John "the beloved"
John was the brother to James (the "Sons of Thunder") and is believed to be the younger son of Zebedee and Salome, where the brothers fished with their father in theSea of Galilee. He was first a disciple of John the Baptist and then became one of the first four disciples called by Jesus ("four fishermen"), and is also known as "the beloved", being the disciple that Christ cared for the most (John 20:2). He is also referred to as John the Evangelist for his obvious role in later helping to establish the Christian church.
John was one of the few disciples who always stood by his teacher's side. He is also one of the only three Aposltes (Peter, James, John) who were witnesses of the raising of Jairus's daughter (Mark 5:37), the Transfiguration of Christ (Matthew 17:1-9; Mark 9:2-8; Luke 9:28-36; John 1:14), and they were all three with Jesus at the Agony in Gethsemane (Matthew 26:37). During the trial of Jesus, John was the only one of the Apostles who was brave enough to sneak in and be present to watch the proceedings (John 18:15) while Peter waited outside (wherefore his denials occurred). John was also with Jesus’ mother (Mary) during the crucifixion and was even honored by having Jesus place Mary in his care.
According to scripture, the morning of the Resurrection, Mary Magdalene had first discovered the empty tomb and seeing the angel, went back and found Simon-Peter and John. They ran to the tomb and Peter went in first, but when John entered he immediately "saw and believed" that Jesus had in fact risen (John 20:2-10). When Christ later appeared at the Lake of Genesareth (Sea of Galilee), John was also the first of the seven disciples present who recognized his Master standing on the shore (John 21:7).
After Christ's Ascension and the manifesting of the Holy Spirit, John together with Peter, took a prominent role in the founding and guidance of the early Christian Church. We see him in the company of Peter at the healing of the lame man in the Temple (Acts 3:1) where the two are also temporarily thrown into prison for the act (Acts 4:1-20). John is listed again with Peter visiting the newly converted Christians in Samaria (Acts 8:14). In common with the other Apostles, John remained some twelve years evangelizing in Judea, until the persecution of Herod Agrippa I led to the scattering of the Apostles through the various provinces of the Roman Empire (Acts 12:1-17).
It does not seem improbable that John then went for the first time to Asia Minor and evangelized in the various provinces there. In any case a Christian community was already in existence at Ephesus before the Apostle Paul's first arrival. John did however return with the other disciples to Jerusalem for the Apostolic Council (about A.D. 51). Later, the Apostle Paul in opposing his enemies in Galatia names John explicitly along with Peter and James the Just (the brother of Jesus) as "pillars of the Church", some of the most prominent men of the old Mother-Church at Jerusalem (Galatians 2:9).
Roman Catholic tradition states that John went to Ephesus and from there he is attributed as writing four of his five canonical New Testament books; the Gospel bearing his name and the Epistles of John, somewhere between A.D. 52 and 65. His books are very different in nature from the standard Canonical Gospels and it is said that the Bishops of Asia, requested him to write his Gospel to deal with dogma of the Ebionites (a sect of Jewish Christians), who asserted that Christ did not exist spiritually before the assumption of Mary. It was also said that he composed his works because the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke, (of which he approved) had only given the history of Jesus for a brief period of time, the year which followed the imprisonment and death of John the Baptist. John's Gospel therefore records many of the other miraculous aspects of Christ's life and ministry.
John had lived for a long time in Asia Minor and was thoroughly acquainted with the conditions existing in the various Christian communities there. It is believed that he held a position of authority recognized by all Christian communities as leader of this part of the Church. According to Tertullian (in The Prescription of Heretics) John was allegedly banished by the Roman authorities to the Greek island of Patmos after being plunged into boiling oil in Rome and suffering nothing from it. It is said that the entire Colosseum audience was converted to Christianity upon witnessing this miracle. This event would have occurred during the reign of Domitian, a Roman emperor who was known for his persecution of Christians in the late 1st century. Moreover, the Book of Revelation tells us that its author was living in exile on the island of Patmos, "for the word of God and for the testimony of Jesus", when he was bestowed with the heavenly vision contained in the Apocalypse ("lifting of the veil").
When John was aged, he trained Polycarp who later became Bishop of Smyrna. This was important because Polycarp was able to carry John's message to future generations. Polycarp taught Irenaeus, and passed on to him stories about John. Although there is no biblical record of John's death, it is traditionally believed that he survived his contemporary Apostles and lived to an extreme old age, dying naturally in Ephesus around A.D. 100. John's traditional tomb is thought to be located at Selçuk, a small town in the vicinity of the historical Ephesus in modern-day Turkey.
Read More about the APOSTLES of JESUS CHRIST in this Article Series:
- (QUIZ) Can You Name the First (13) Apostles of Jesus Christ? - The APOSTLES (PART 1)
Just a quick test of your memory - Can you name the original 12 Apostles and the one who followed after (the 13th Apostle)?
- APOSTLES (PART 2) - The First Anointed Ones
- APOSTLES (PART 3) - The Original Disciples of Christ
The original disciples that became the first 12 Apostles of Jesus Christ, who helped to establish the hierarchy of the early Christian Church. This will also include the demise of the "fallen Apostle" and his replacement (the 13th Apostle).
- APOSTLES (PART 4) - The "Seventy" Disciples - Seven Deacons & The Evangelists
The "Seventy Disciples" were chosen and sent out by Jesus after His Tranfiguration, to saturate Judea with the gospel, before His arrival in Jerusalem prior to "Palm Sunday". These people would later become the founding members of the early church.
- APOSTLES (PART 5) - The "Seventy" Disciples - The Apostleship and Ecclesiastes
The original Disciples became the Apostleship of the first ecclesiastic council. As their ranks grew organizationally the numbers of the discipleship likewise increased. The ministry also grew to include the evangelism of Gentiles in foreign lands.
- APOSTLES (PART 6) - The Apostolic Conference and the Jerusalem Council
The Council of Jerusalem (or Apostolic Conference) is an early Christian council that was held in Jerusalem around the year 50 A.D. One of the most significant steps in the unification of the early Christian church and solved early doctrinal issues.
- APOSTLES (PART 7) - Elders of the Disciples & Early Patriarchs of the Church - (A - H)
Alphabetical Listing (A-H) - (Part One) The ranks of these disciples are the more prominent patriarchs of the early church. These people and the elect others who followed, would establish the ecclesiastic hierarchy for the future Christian Church.
- APOSTLES (PART 8) - Elders of the Disciples & Early Patriarchs of the Church - (I - Z)
Alphabetical Listing (I-Z) - (Part Two) These disciples and the elect others that followed, became the patriarchs and elders of the early church. They would establish the foundation of the ecclesiastic hierarchy for the future of Christian Church.
- APOSTLES (PART 9) - Women Disciples and Lady Patriarchs of the Christian Church
Not many people realize the extent to which women were involved in the early Christian church or how they fit into the ranks of the Apostles and Ecclesiastic Discipleship today.
- (COMING) APOSTLES (PART 10) - The "Beloved Disciple" - Who was the un-named Disciple that “Jesus loved” best in the Gospel? Was it Lazarus, or John the brother of James, or someone else altogether? This topic has been questioned by scholars over the ages and the general consensus agreed to by most theologians is...
- (COMING) APOSTLES (PART 11) - The "Apostle to the Gentiles" and Early Christian Church - The Apostle Paul becomes instrumental in spreading Christianity to the Gentiles, but the Romans fights back. Eventually, the new "Holy Roman Empire" would rise and dominate the scene of Christianity, setting the standard for the future of the church.
- (COMING) APOSTLES (PART 12) - The HOLY ROMAN Empire and Orthodox Religion -
The Apostle Paul becomes instrumental in spreading Christianity to the Gentiles, but the Romans fights back. Eventually, the new "Holy Roman Empire" would rise and dominate the scene of Christianity, setting the standard for the future of the church.
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