Buddha- Mythological Hero

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It does not matter what culture people are from, it is human nature to ask why. Most people are burning with questions, which there really are no answers too. How did I get here? Why was I born? What is my purpose? What is going to happen to me after I die?


Creation myths provide answers to these questions, by putting everything in the hands of a God, Goddess, or Buddha. What is my purpose in Life? Oh that is easy! According to the Bible; it is everyone's purpose to accept the savior, spread the word, and follow a righteous path. Doing this will ensure a place in Heaven.

According to the Dharma, each individual has a purpose to find their unique gifts, and use them to help others, which will create ultimate happiness. Pursuant to the Four Noble Truths and the Eight Fold Path, the purpose of life is to follow the right path, so that enlightenment can be achieved, ending the cycle of rebirths. This will end the suffering that is life.

Each culture passes down these myths as a way to teach the younger generation about what their ancestors believed. In essense, creation myths serve two purposes; they help people answer, unanswerable, questions; and they keep people connected to their ancestors.

In this Article, we will be exploring the mythical archetype of the Hero.This article is not arguing the existence of the hero, in the chosen creation myth. It is meant to explore the story of how he came to exist, and the characteristics that make him a hero.



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An important aspect of a creation myth, is the Mythological hero. A mythological hero helps make the myth seem more real, and has the added bonus of giving people someone to aspire to be like. Siddhartha Gautama (The Buddha) has many characteristics of a mythological hero. First, his birth was one of Immaculate Conception. Second, his birth was in a hidden place. Third, his life (spiritual path) is threatened by his father. Fourth, he embarks on a quest, because of a sign, and must face temptation, before he can reach his goal. Finally, He has a death and a rebirth, of a spiritual nature (Leeming, D. A., 1990).



It is said that Siddhartha Gautama impregnated his own mother, in a dream. He took the form of a white elephant, ran in circles around her, and then jumped into her womb (Leeming, D. A., 1990, p.228). This is a classic example of a mythological hero. When society looks for a hero, they are looking for someone that has come into existence in a divine way.



In addition, when his mother gave birth to him, she did so in a hidden grove, standing up. She also died soon after his birth, so that she would be unable to bear additional children. This not only connects his mother to the earth, but it also shows that she possesses a great deal of strength. Additionally, her timely death shows that the baby she carried was so special that the Gods decreed that he could not have any siblings (Leeming, D. A., 1990).



Even more, Siddhartha Gautama’s father, tried to prevent him from following a spiritual path. He wanted him to be a ruler, and tried everything he could to shield him from seeing pain and suffering. This may not have been a direct threat to his life, but it was a very real threat to the spiritual life that he was meant to lead. This characteristic is important in a mythical hero because it shows that the hero had to overcome something in order to begin their journey (Leeming, D. A., 1990).



Moreover, the journey that the Buddha went on is definitely reminiscent of a mythological hero’s quest. He received four signs of human suffering. These signs lead him to contemplate the life that he was living, and decide to abandon everything to go on a quest, to end suffering (Leeming, D. A., 1990). During this quest he sat in front of the Bodhi tree of wisdom, where he sought enlightenment. Mara the fiend did not want him to obtain enlightenment, so he did everything he could to stop him.



First, he disguised himself as a messenger, and delivered to the Buddha a message that said his kingdom had been invaded, and his family was in danger. He resisted the temptation to go to his family, which strengthened his resolve. Next Mara sent winds and rain, but they did not touch the Buddha. He tried to demand Buddha to get up, stating that it was his seat. Buddha defies Mara, telling him that he has not earned his seat. The Great God then comes down and asks them to show witnesses to their alms. Mara had many demons, and Buddha had no witnesses, but he compelled the Earth God to bear witness for him. Afterwords, all of the demons that were on Mira’s side fled. Next, he tried to tempt Buddha, with his daughters, but Buddha denied them. The women were then consumed by shame, and offered him a prayer, to support his cause (Leeming, D. A., 1990). This journey is definitely one fit for a mythological hero. He faced temptation, and threat of death and pain, but he held steadfast to his resolve.



Finally, Buddha was left alone for the night. He slept, sitting up, in front of the tree of wisdom. As he slept, he obtained “Omniscient vision, understanding of good and evil, and perfect enlightenment, as he became enlightened; resentment faded, all lack was supplied, the sick were healed, chains of hell were loosened, and all creatures found peace, and rest” (Leeming, D. A., 1990, p. 254). The Buddha accomplished a spiritual death and rebirth, which is a common characteristic in Mythical heroes.



In conclusion, the purpose of the mythological quest that Buddha went on, was supreme enlightenment. He was exposed to suffering, and realized that he needed to find out how to end the suffering of the world. He set out to obtain enlightenment, so that he would be able to find the root of suffering. Once he obtained enlightenment, he discovered the root of suffering, which is desire. He then set out to teach the eight-fold path and the Four Noble Truths, so that others could end their suffering as well.

Four Noble Truths

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10 comments

billybuc profile image

billybuc 2 years ago from Olympia, WA

Hey Lisa!

If you have never read "Siddhartha" by Herman Hesse, do so. It is one of my favorite books and I think you will enjoy it.

Nice job my friend. Great topic.


Lisawilliamsj profile image

Lisawilliamsj 2 years ago Author

Bill, No I have not read "Siddhartha" by Herman Hesse, but I will definitely do so! Thanks stopping by and for the awesome tip!


someonewhoknows profile image

someonewhoknows 2 years ago from south and west of canada,north of ohio

The last time I heard those words " the noble truth" was a spokesperson for on the question over Obama's place of birth.

He said the "noble truth" is that Obama was born in Hawaii.


Lisawilliamsj profile image

Lisawilliamsj 2 years ago Author

Someone,

That is an interesting piece of information, which I did not know. Thanks for stopping by!


DJ Anderson 2 years ago

Super job on this hub, Lisa.

There are so many truths out there and we should be open to listening to

new ideas. My cousin was working on his Ph.D. in religious philosophy.

He was required to study different belief systems. He learned some great

points that he brought back home. He incorporates many of these practices in his life, and he teaches others who are willing to learn.

Many of the "Truths" and "Paths" are simply common sense. "The root of suffering is desire." What an incredibly simple thought, but it is spot on!

If we could keep this thought in mind, it could be life changing.

Sadly, most of us were never taught enlightenment or any other "mystic" truths.

I really enjoyed this read and I am so glad that you brought these "truths" to our attention.

Thank you, Lisa.

DJ. Up and interesting!!


Frank Atanacio profile image

Frank Atanacio 2 years ago from Shelton

I had to vote up and interesting although I believe in science more than I believe in mystic truths.. I still find this hub fascinating thank you for sharing :) Frank


MG Singh profile image

MG Singh 2 years ago from Singapore

Nice post, but Buddha never stated anything original. His entire thoughts were a rehash of Hinduism and Vedic philosophy


Lisawilliamsj profile image

Lisawilliamsj 2 years ago Author

Thank you DJ, for stopping by and leaving such a thoughtful comment!!


Lisawilliamsj profile image

Lisawilliamsj 2 years ago Author

Thank you for stopping by Frank! I complete understand where you are coming from. I myself am kind of an atheist when it comes to the thought of a higher power. However, religion fascinate me, and I think that fantastic lifestyle choices can be gained from each and every religion out there.


Lisawilliamsj profile image

Lisawilliamsj 2 years ago Author

MG,Thank you so much for stopping by! This article is not really meant to argue religion, or philosophy. I actually wrote it for a Literature class. It is more about the creation myth and what a mythological hero is...

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