Christian Insights from Hanukkah

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Introduction

Most people have heard of the Jewish Holiday called Hanukkah and understand it to be a holiday similar to that of the cultural Christian celebration called Christmas. Some of Hanukkah's modern observances are similar to that of Christmas in that they both occur around the same time of year, there is an exchange of gifts, and the use of and theme of lights.

Most of us think of Hanukkah as a fun filled lighthearted occasion but the history of this holiday is actually quite intense, gruesome and fraught with the ultimate of challenges faced by the Jewish people. It's story is both tragic and yet victorious. There is much to learn from this ancient observance concerning the issues of love as is expressed in loyalty to our God in the face of extreme persecution.

Its a Menurkey!
Its a Menurkey! | Source

Thanksgivukkah

This year Hanukkah fittingly overlaps with our American holiday of Thanksgiving with the first day of Hanukkah actually being on Thanksgiving day. The last time this happened was 1888 and won't happen again for another 70,000 some years.

How appropriate in that thanksgiving could be considered a central theme of this Jewish festivity, in reference to God's deliverance and miracles.

Jesus Celebrated Hanukkah

Most modern Jewish celebrations can be traced to, and are rooted in, God's instruction for Holy days in the Old testament. Hanukkah however is not mentioned in the Old because its events occurred in the 400 years between the two Testaments. These 400 years were known as the "silent years" because it is the last we hear of the prophets until Jesus is born.

In light of this it might be tempting to question the legitimacy of this holiday until it is understood that Jesus Himself actually observed Hanukkah otherwise known as the "Feast of Dedication"

Now it was the Feast of Dedication (Hanukkah) in Jerusalem, and it was winter. And Jesus walked in the temple, in Solomon’s porch. ~ John 10:22-23

In understanding the History of this observance it is my hope to give this account in John chapter 10 greater depth and clarity as will be addressed later in the article but first the foundation...

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A Bit of Background Information

Historically the Old Testament leaves off at the time of the return of God's people from their appointed 70 year Babylonian captivity, which was a result of their forsaking God and His ways for idolatry and adopting the wicked practices of the pagan world around them. When they returned to their land to restore the temple they were under the rule of the Medo-Persian empire, that overtook the Babylonian empire, which was later conquered by Alexander the Great, king of Greece. Alexander the Great had no successors and therefore his kingdom went to four of his generals which eventually led to the Seleucid empire and the rule of Antiochus Epiphanes over the region of Israel.

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Antiochus Epiphanes Barbaric Cruelty

Antiochus Epiphanes was a cruel tyrannical leader and an ancient terrorist who insisted that the Jewish people assimilate to the customs of the culture and forsake their God and worship of Him. His name "Epiphanes" means "God made manifest" and implied his desire to be worshiped as such. It was a highly blasphemous claim. His method of persuasion to comply was as graphic, horrific and hostile as the holocaust itself. He forbade the Jewish people from engaging in any form of religious practice including the reading of the Torah, circumcision, and observance of the sabbath and if they were found so doing the result was torture, blood shed, and violent humiliation. Women and infants were not spared from his cruelty.

His desecration of the temple, which was the place and symbol of God's connection and presence with His people, was as equally notorious. Antiochus Epiphanes erected a statue of Zeus, to which he believed himself to be a manifestation of, in the inner courts of the temple. He also offered a pig (a type of poster animal of uncleanness and defilement to the Jews) on the altar of the temple and poured its blood on the stones of the Holy of Holies.

It is at the height of Antiochus Epiphanes brutality that the events of Hanukkah take place. Hellenistic hedonism (the devotion to and worship of one's own pleasure), just prior to the execution of this radical persecution, had become extremely influential and pervasive in the secular world as well as in Jewish thought and culture.

Daniel prophecies about this time period and can be seen in the book of Daniel chapters 8 and 11.

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The Maccabean Revolt

It is out of this tumult that Judas Maccabeus, a Jewish priest, who refused to abandon his God, temple, and traditions, led a successful 3 year revolt, through several battles against the much larger Seleucid army, to reclaim the temple and its practices of worship, which was the first of great miracles (a major theme of Hanukkah) surrounding these events. Their loyalty was admirable and unprecedented...

Let your heart therefore be loyal to the Lord our God ~ I Kings 8:61

...to which God gave them the victory over their enemies and they reclaimed the temple.

Yours, O Lord, is the greatness, The power and the glory, The victory and the majesty; For all that is in heaven and in earth is Yours; Yours is the kingdom, O Lord, And You are exalted as head over all ~ I Chronicles 29:11

The dedication of the temple was immediate and the first order of business was to cleanse the temple of all the defilement it had suffered as well as to re-establish the worship observances and illustrates for us a lesson of sanctification. If there be seasons in the spirit realm according to these observances, this time of year may be a good time to search out and cleanse our lives of things that are tainting, defiling and distracting in the temple of our hearts, things that are standing in the way of pure worship and allowing our enemies to defeat us.

Now sanctify yourselves, sanctify the house of the Lord God of your fathers (we are that house - I Corinthians 6:19), and carry out the rubbish from the holy place ~ II Chronicles 29:5

A seven branched menorah
A seven branched menorah | Source
Ancient jar for olive oil
Ancient jar for olive oil | Source
An 8 branched Chanukiah only used for Hanukkah
An 8 branched Chanukiah only used for Hanukkah | Source

The Menorah - Festival of Lights

This re-establishment included the relighting of the menorah, the seven branched lampstand that was in the Holy place which brings us to the second miracle of Hanukkah by which this holiday came to be known as a Festival of Lights.

It might be a fair revelation and application that when there is another god in the temple, the lamp of the Lord is extinguished. Re-dedicating our lives to God is the start of reestablishing the light of God in us.

This menorah was lit by the use of olive oil and a search was made for the pure oil to light it but only one cruse of undefiled oil was discovered, which only was enough to keep it lit for one day yet miraculously it lasted for 8 days. This is why Hanukkah menorahs have 8 branches. There is a middle stem in each Hanukkah menorah and it is called the shemash otherwise known as the servant candle that lights all of the others. This offers us a unique picture drawn from Revelation

I saw seven golden lampstands,and in the midst of the seven lampstands One like the Son of Man...the seven lampstands which you saw are the seven churches ~ Revelation 1:13,20

It could be observed that the "One like the Son of man in the midst of the lampstand (Church)" is foretold in the shemash portion of the menorah. Jesus the light of the world (John 8:12) is the source of light for all the other branches which represents the church against the backdrop of a very dark world and is further imaged in this event in that it occurs during the darkest part of the year during winter.

You are the light of the world. A city that is set on a hill cannot be hidden. Nor do they light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven ~ Matthew 5:14-16

Potato Latkes
Potato Latkes | Source
Sufganiyot
Sufganiyot | Source
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ancient oil lamp
ancient oil lamp | Source

Significance of Oil

Modern observances of Hanukkah most commonly involve the cooking of fried foods such as potato latkes and sufganiyot (jelly doughnuts) in memory of this miraculous event of the oil. In the scriptures oil is many times symbolic of a work and or empowerment of the Holy Spirit that dwells in and works through us (II Timothy 1:14) and is often expressed in terms of anointing that resulted in miracles, again a theme of this holiday

God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and with power, who went about doing good and healing all who were oppressed by the devil, for God was with Him ~ Acts 10:38

In the Old testament this anointing was reserved for priests and kings. In the New Testament we are made these very priests and kings...

To Him who loved us and washed us from our sins in His own blood, and has made us kings and priests to His God and Father, to Him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen. ~ Revelation 1:5-6

...and empowered to do His work.

...they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and they spoke the word of God with boldness ~ Acts 4:31

This symbol of oil also is in concert with the parable Jesus told of the ten virgins concerning some who kept their lamps (spirits) filled with oil (Holy Spirit) in preparation of the coming of the bridegroom (The Lord Jesus Christ) and some who did not and were excluded from the marriage feast. This can be an essential lesson on keeping our lamps filled with oil especially in these dark times so that upon His return we would be found ready and about His business rather than procrastinating in spiritual matters and disciplines.

What To Do With The Defiled Stones?

One more detail of the temple cleansing worth noting, that will tie us to the New Testament account of this observance, was the removal of stones from the Holy of Holies which Antiochus Epiphanes so deliberately and blasphemously defiled with the pigs blood. The priests of the time were unsure as to what to do with these stones. On the one hand they were sacred and therefore disposing of them seemed sacrilegious yet on the other hand they were defiled and could not remain in the Holy of Holies. They decided to place them in "Solomon's Porch", the outer court of the temple where Jesus was during the discourse observed in John chapter 10. They concluded that when the messiah came He would tell them what do with the stones.

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The Pharisees and Sadducees

Before looking at the text in John 10, it is important to understand that two well known biblical groups emerged from the Maccabean Revolt, one being very liberal that succumbed to the secular systems and lifestyles of its time and would later become those known as the Sadducees. The other group was resolved in maintaining the religious rule for the sake of nationalism and this group became known as the Pharisees. Both groups were self righteously and politically motivated in their philosophies and religious views. These along with the scribes were the religious rulers of Jesus time who seemed to work the hardest at discrediting Him as God

We may be able to see a similar parallel in our own Greco-Roman like culture showcased in our political parties. This is also mirrored in the increasing pressure to assimilate to the hedonistic values of this present day in one camp, much like the Sadducees as well as, is seen ,the temptation to campaign and politicize our faith, like the Pharisees. Either way we miss the eternal big picture.

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John chapter 10

It is in John Chapter 10 beginning at verse 22 during the celebration that Jesus continues his conversation with the religious rulers in Solomon's porch (John 10:22) that began during the feast of Tabernacles, a chapter earlier, after healing the man born blind which illustrated the blindness of the religious rulers who refused to acknowledge His deity.

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The Good Shepherd

Their debate as noted in John 9:16 centers on whether or not Jesus is God to which He does not make obvious proclamation but implies it in His actions of miracles and discourse on being "The" Good Shepherd in John 10.

Keep in mind that it was this very temple and its rituals of worship that was so vehemently fought for during the reign of the sacrilegious and blasphemous Antiochus Epiphanes who claimed to be God and demanded their worship as well as violated their temple.

The religious leaders practically begged Jesus to just come right out and say that He is God, undoubtedly so that they might accuse Him of the blasphemy, that most, at this occasion, would be hypersensitive to.

the Jews surrounded Him and said to Him, “How long do You keep us in doubt? If You are the Christ, tell us plainly ~ John 10:24

In this chapter we see Jesus implying Himself to be God interestingly not as a dictatorial leader like Epiphanes but one of a shepherd that does not drive or force but leads and does good and not evil. He chastises them for not being able to see the obvious earlier in John 9:39-41, and begins to describe in shepherding terms the reason for their blindness which essentially amounts to unbelief in Him that results in their not being one of His fold.

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Miracles a Theme of Hanukkah and Witness of Jesus Godship

He points to His miracles, which would have been a recognizable theme surrounding the current holiday of Hanukkah they were observing, to validate His insinuation as well as He directly and indirectly accuses them of not hearing Him, when, finally, Jesus makes the grand claim...

I and My Father are one ~ John 10:30

This was the moment they had all been waiting for. The Jews understood that Jesus was making a claim to be God, in this statement. And It was at this statement that the religious rulers took entitlement to make a possible legal claim of blasphemy against Him. They utilized and prostituted the passion and themes of this occasion of Hanukkah in an attempt to rid themselves of the one they perceived as standing in their way of both political advancement, as well as the maintenance of their perceived religious superiority among the people. They had begun to worship the traditions rather than the One whom the traditions pointed to and In their misguided religious zeal they..

...took up stones again to stone Him ~ John 10:31

Here is the Messiah they had so long been waiting for, the one who would tell them what to do with these stones, and they picked up these very stones to throw at Him.

Jesus asked them, following the theme of miracles once again...

“Many good works I have shown you from My Father. For which of those works do you stone Me? ~ John 10:32

Their reply is one that is as if they were accusing Him of being Antiochus Epiphanes himself...

For a good work we do not stone You, but for blasphemy, and because You, being a Man, make Yourself God ~ John 10:33

The language and imagery of Hanukkah continues this time with the theme of sanctification which has a relevant application as well

do you say of Him whom the Father sanctified and sent into the world, ‘You are blaspheming,’ because I said, ‘I am the Son of God’? ~ John 10:36

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The Temple

Jesus is showing them that He is the true ultimate temple that they are so seemingly loyal to and are religiously protecting. The Old Testament patterns of the wilderness Tabernacle of worship as well as the Temple imaged the God who who would come to dwell with His people. Every detail and measure of their structures pointed to and illustrated the very One that was standing before them and they couldn't see it being blinded so darkly by their self perceived righteousness, religious zeal, and political agendas that they thought would bring "this life" happiness.

The practical application is to realize that we too are temples of the Holy Spirit in need of continual sanctification of anything, attitude or activity that comes before Him and centers itself on personal agendas and worldly temporal counterfeit forms of happiness and security.

what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For you are the temple of the living God. As God has said: “I will dwell in them And walk among them. I will be their God, And they shall be My people ~ II Corinthians 6:16

Personal Application

I was previously at a loss as to how to conclude this article until the Lord had a genius idea of animating the lesson through how it applied to me through some humbling personal revelations that exposed some embarrassing prideful places in myself that are in need of cleansing and sanctification.

I have lived on both ends of the spectrum through the course of my life as represented by both the liberal Sadducee and the religious Pharisee

Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees ~ Matthew 16:6

The contrast of these two parties not only show up in the politics of the world outside of us but can be underlying in the world inside of us as was displayed in a recent event.

In my younger years like the Sadducees, I compromised my faith and succombed to the adaptation of worldliness and was the epitome of unfaithfulness to God which ultimately reflected itself in my life choices and relationships.

In my returning from such a place of disloyalty, loyalty to God became the focus of my attention in both my studies and doing the best in my actions to be loyal as well

This loyalty had obviously turned pharisee in me and was exposed during what should have been an innocent conversation between myself and another, concerning an up and coming holiday event to which, I, in misdirected Pharisitic like zeal took occasion to launch into an opinionated speech concerning the things I knew and understood about the matters being discussed. The tone was so hostile that I surprised even myself. I found myself straining the gnats of particular details and yet swallowing the camel of my unkind presentation. All who were listening looked like a bomb had just gone off and weren't sure what to do or how to respond and rightfully so. One of my poor friends tried to rescue me and the unsuspecting listeners, by reminding me that I had children to pick up and maybe I should get going. Bless her heart! After awakening from my opinionated induced rant, I spent the rest of the morning trying to do some damage control, if that was possible, by way of sincere apology to which much grace was given.

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This reminded me of an Old Testament event about when God asked Moses to speak to a rock to bring forth water for the people. Instead of speaking to the rock as instructed Moses thought that it would be more effective to angrily express his underlying personal frustrations and took opportunity to yell at the people in accusatory fashion, and incidentally exalted himself by implying that it was somehow his ability and responsibility to bring them water from a rock.

“Hear now, you rebels! Must we bring water for you out of this rock" ~ Numbers 20:10

God didn't like it then and I don't suspect that He is pleased with it now.

The Love chapter came to mind as well, in conviction and reference to this.

Though I speak with the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I have become sounding brass or a clanging cymbal...though I have...all knowledge...but have not love, I am nothing. ~ I Corinthians 13:1-3

as well as...

Knowledge puffs up, but love edifies ~ I Corinthians 8:1

The Pharisee (religious zeal) is the opposite of a Sadducee (religious compromise) but neither is pleasing to God. When loyalty is not tempered with love, and when love is not tempered with loyalty it always becomes not about God, and all about us. Both extremes are blind guides that lead us into the ditch making us an ineffective witness of whatever it is we are trying to communicate.

Conclusion

I hope to encourage all this Holiday season to glean from this Biblical observance the blessed lessons of rededicating the temple of our lives to the one and only Light of the world that we might illuminate Him to a lost and dark world, keeping our lamps filled with the oil of the Holy Spirit as well as being thankful always for His deliverance and miracles.

May we maintain a loyalty to God that is tempered with all the mercy, love, warmth and acceptance that He has given and shown to us.

“‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind....‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself. On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.” ~ Matthew 22:36-40

May we love people with all faithfulness to God as He has shown Himself faithful to us.

With my mouth will I make known Your faithfulness to all generations ~ Psalm 89:1

God Bless!!

Tamara Jo

© 2013 Tamarajo

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17 comments

celafoe profile image

celafoe 3 years ago from Planet earth. between the oceans

I like your conclusion. my only question is why you included that Jesus celebrated this jewish holiday without also mentioning that it was done under the old testament. without pointing this out it gives credence to those that falsely think Christians should observe it, which is incorrect as it passed at the cross.


Tamarajo profile image

Tamarajo 3 years ago from Southern Minnesota Author

Greetings celafoe. It sincerely did not cross my mind in that the purpose of the content was to exhibit the lessons we might glean from it rather than create a debate about what Christians should or should not celebrate which was what led to my pharasitic experience in the first place.

Thank you for your interest and observations. I appreciate your visit.


celafoe profile image

celafoe 3 years ago from Planet earth. between the oceans

Did I misunderstand your comment or

are you saying that we should not be able to glean correct doctrine from everything that is written under the name of Christianity. ANd saying it is pharasaic to expect to do so? The article was good but this one observation is important based on the great amount of false doctrines presented on here in the name of Christiandom. There are many teaching that Christians should observe many things that do not apply to Christianity. As well as many other false doctines, and to give credence to them is neither wise or fruitful. I was not trying to say your article was not good , but as I said. making a very valid point for those that may think it was validating a false premise.


Tamarajo profile image

Tamarajo 3 years ago from Southern Minnesota Author

The very purpose of the article was to glean from a recorded observance in scripture that wasn't even required by the law to observe.

I am not sure what you mean by false doctrine as in relevance to my writing. Are you saying that I have implied that Christians are required to celebrate Jewish Holidays in what I have written?


Tamarajo profile image

Tamarajo 3 years ago from Southern Minnesota Author

...I don't maintain that Christians are required to celebrate Jewish Holidays and yet I have no problem with celebrating the Christ aspects of these observances in that they all point to as well as exhibit the New testament Jesus and many times give us a greater comprehension of Him.


Tamarajo profile image

Tamarajo 3 years ago from Southern Minnesota Author

I also forgot to address your question about phariseeism. The pharisee part would be to forbid or require the observances based upon self perceived rightness. I sincerely just want to showcase Jesus and encourage all to see Him as He shows Himself in all of the scripture both Old and New.


celafoe profile image

celafoe 3 years ago from Planet earth. between the oceans

Thanks for the explanation-- I think we agree God bless you


loveofnight profile image

loveofnight 3 years ago from Baltimore, Maryland

a well executed hub, you have included a lot of good stuff in here. one thing that i will take away from this hub is the reason for the season. so often we allow ourselves to get caught up in words and minor differences which could distract us from the true meaning. be well, stay to your path and happy hubbing.


Tamarajo profile image

Tamarajo 3 years ago from Southern Minnesota Author

Well observed loveofnight that focus on differences can many times be distracting and lead us to lose the real meaning and substance of our belief. That was what led to the ditch of my experience.

Glad you were able to take something useful from the article.

I appreciate your visit and comment.


Jackie Lynnley profile image

Jackie Lynnley 2 years ago from The Beautiful South

I found this very interesting and we cannot separate the old and new testament, it is all for us. Of course we know that the Saviour has come and the Jew doesn't but these are all things of Gods and the Jew is His chosen and that does not bother me one little bit. I love them because God does and He told me to. If not for the Jew we would have never been crafted in to have our place in eternity.

Time is so short I hope Christians will have nothing to disagree about but reach out to all we can with the truth of salvation.


Tamarajo profile image

Tamarajo 2 years ago from Southern Minnesota Author

Hi Jackie, so glad to agree that its all about Jesus Old and New. I also agree about time being short and the importance of unity with Christians that the world may know Him and not our divisions.

His chosen ones have brought us so much in the keeping of His Word and it is through them that our savior has come.

Blessed by your input and support God Bless!!


Jackie Lynnley profile image

Jackie Lynnley 2 years ago from The Beautiful South

Thank you. God bless you!


no body profile image

no body 2 years ago from Rochester, New York

Tam, Hi Sister! It has been a while. I am so glad I read this. The reason I love your writing so much is when I read it, I feel kinship with the beginnings of faith. So many Christians are afraid to explore the Jewish historical background as if it may cause a breaking away of some Christian stability somehow. Yet each time I read anything you write I come away stronger in my faith and it is as if my grounding just got surer. Thank you. I am so glad you are moved to do this ministry. I love you Tam. Bob.


Tamarajo profile image

Tamarajo 2 years ago from Southern Minnesota Author

Hi Bob, I am glad you were able to glean from the article. I too am surprised sometimes by the reluctance of Christians to study the historical and biblical Jewish background of our faith considering that Jesus was Jewish and it was in these observances that He was foretold of and yet most unquestioningly practice "Christian" holiday traditions that have known pagan roots.

I have come to a place that whatever glorifies God and is rooted in scripture and gives us greater understanding of Him and His goodness in all that He has done is good with me. Christmas Hanukkah... all of it is simply opportunity for learning more of Him to me. I just give no mind nor practice to the things that don't serve that purpose.

I think the really important part is that we understand that all of scripture is significant every detail, observance, jot and tittle is meant to give clarity to the central theme of the gospel truth of salvation through Jesus Christ Gods' one and only Son who was the sacrificial lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world. This message is stamped in every corner of scripture (Old Testament and New) as well as creation. Although we are not required to observe I certainly would like to learn from it all that I am capable of comprehending.

Thanks for stopping by Bob and for your supportive comment.


no body profile image

no body 2 years ago from Rochester, New York

The pastor that led me to the Lord is one of the best Bible teachers I have ever known. He was one of my professors in Bible college and so much of him is reflected in me. But I have known for many years how frightened he is of connecting Old Testament and New accurately, as if he would open up a Pandora's box. Also this is the man that has gotten me to read the Bible cover to cover over and over, but I think in his case, the reading blurs into one chastisement after another of God to Israel. (There is a lot of incidences of chastisement from God to His people.) I think over the years reading the Bible once every month that he too is in chastisement mode of Israel. Now I am reading the Bible once through every 4 months. I love it but I constantly remind myself that God was in constant chastisement mode with Israel like He is in daily conviction of me while He walks with me. The time spans that I am covering so speedily are thousands of years. So my perspective must constantly be checked. I can see why some pastors don't wish to speak on Israel to connect her to now because each time they have to say the words, "Again, Israel was worshiping idols..." Again, Israel..." Just like me in my private life must constantly be convicted.


Tamarajo profile image

Tamarajo 2 years ago from Southern Minnesota Author

Yes Bob that is why I love the Old Testament so much. It images so accurately my personal spiritual journey as you so accurately describe. The daily battle of worshiping Him and no other and His loving correction that is always calling us back to Him. I could not possible even comprehend the New Testament without the imagery the Old presents. Prior to studying it the New sometimes seemed a bit random and disconnected. I discovered that reading the New without the Old was like starting a book 3/4 through and trying to connect the dots of the plot without some necessary background information.

I think there is significant value in reading ALL of scripture all the way through not just once. It really does give us the big picture view of God's heart.


no body profile image

no body 2 years ago from Rochester, New York

New Testament says, "For it is written" and no one thinks to read the "Here It Is?" How silly. Well You have pointed me in the right direction.

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