HYGIENE ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE
Islam and Hygiene
HYGIENE ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE
In Islam Hygiene is very important part of religion and daily life. Islam teaches how to keep everything hygienic. Hygiene has developed over the years but Islam taught it at best.
Cleanliness is half Iman (faith) – In Islam hygiene is very important and considered as half faith. 'Abū Mālik said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, "Purification is half the faith." Prophet (PBUH) has given clear instruction about how to when to clean. Jābir said, The Messenger of Allāh, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, said: "The key to paradise is prayer and the key to prayer is purification." Cleanliness in food handling, cooking, preserving, processing, etc. is highly recommended and emphasized besides an overall cleanliness of body, clothing, home, and surroundings.
When you wake up from sleep first clean up your hands
"When you wake up from sleep, you should wash your hands before putting them in the wudu water, for none of you knows where his hands were during the night." Hadith Bukhari
Cleaning of Tooth – the tooth-brush – Use of Miswak – The first thing after waking up is cleaning your tooth. Miswak is an Arabic word meaning tooth cleaner. It is made of wood and the Prophet (PBUH) recommended its use with every ablution (washing for prayer) five times a day and before and after every meal. How our modern day dentists would applaud that advanced view.
Ā'ishah ( Ummul Mominun) Radi Allahunha said on the authority of the Prophet, ( PBUH) "The tooth-brush ( miswak) purifies the mouth and is a means of seeking the pleasure of the Lord."
Abū Hurairah said, on the authority of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, "Were it not that I would place too heavy a burden on my community, I would have commanded them to use the tooth-brush ( miswak) at every ablution."
Washing your hands before and after food – The Barakah (blessing) of eating is gained by washing the hands and rinsing the mouth before and after meals. (Hadith Tirmidhi) .
The Messenger of Allah PBUH - said: "The blessing in the meal is by washing before and after it." It is Sunnah to use a toothpick after meals. Eat with the right hand. (Hadith Bukhari, Hadith Muslim)
• Cutting of nails and hair -- Natural state
It is Sunnah to cut the nails at least once every weak, Friday is recommended for it. But it is compulsory to cut nails and hair once every forty days. Zaid bin Arqam (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said that, 'He who does not remove bodily hair from below the navel, and does not trim the nails, and does not trim his moustache, is not one of us.' i.e. it is against our practice.
Growing of moustache is forbidden. It is not allowed to keep long nails. Anas ibn Malik (r.a.) reported "The time period for us to trim the moustache, clip the nails, pluck out the underarm hairs and cut the pubic hairs was (once in at least) forty nights."
Cleaning after relieving yourself – natural evacuations-Istinja’ and Istijmar
Istinja’ - cleaning your poo and pee using WATER. Istijmar — cleaning your poo and pee using STONES or anything that can serve the same purpose like tissue or paper. Other hadīth speak of stones for cleaning purposes, but water was used when available even after cleaning with earth or stones. These may appear to be minor details, but the minutest details are necessary to develop habits of cleanliness. Water or earth was also used after urinating. Toilet paper would serve the same purpose. "When one of you goes to ease himself, let him take with him three pebbles with which to clean himself, for these will suffice him."
Anas reported, When the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, went out for natural evacuation, I and a boy used to go and with us there used to be a bucket of water.
'Abd Allāh said, -The Prophet, peace and blessings of Allāh be on him, went to ease himself and he asked me to bring him three pebbles.
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