How to Cast Spells: Magical Timing by Planetary Hours

How to Cast Spells

In previous articles on how to cast spells, I discuss magical timing by moon phases and by moon signs. Not every Witch worries about magical timing, but many do feel it gives a boost of energy conducive to your efforts.

Another way to plan your magical timing is by planetary hours. Planetary hours are useful if the ideal moon phase or moon sign are not possible when you want to cast your spell, or if you want to lend even more energy to your moon phase and moon sign timing.

Calculating planetary hours requires a bit of math; but if you can tell time and divide, you will be fine. It looks more complex than it actually is, so let’s get started.

How to Cast Spells Using Planetary Hours

Planetary hours for precise spellcasting
Planetary hours for precise spellcasting | Source

What Is a Planetary Hour?

Planetary hours are the hours in the day associated with the various planets that have astrological influence: Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Sun, Venus, Mercury, the Moon, and then the pattern is repeated. This sequence is known as the Chaldean order.

The Chaldean order is an ancient philosophy that is based on things like planet distance and velocity relative to their centers of orbit from a heliocentric perspective, and their astrological spheres from a geocentric perspective.

Each hour is ruled by a planet, and thus the planets influences briefly come into play. Each day is kicked off by a different planetary influence. The difference that seems to confuse everyone is that planetary hours do not match the 60 minute hours of man-made time. They depend on the exact moments of sunrise and sunset.

Chart of Planetary Influences

Planet
Influences
Saturn
Long-term goals, career goals, protection
Jupiter
Wealth and prosperity, meditation, luck
Mars
Courage, passion, defensive spells
Sun
Sunday Success, happiness, healing, boosting physical energy, strength
Venus
Love, romantic relationships, beauty, domestic efforts
Mercury
Education,legal issues, communications, self-improvement, wisdom
Moon
Psychic abilities, gardening, emotions, fertility, family

Recommended Witchcraft Books:

The Witches' Almanac, Issue 36, Spring 2017-2018: Water, Our Primal Source
The Witches' Almanac, Issue 36, Spring 2017-2018: Water, Our Primal Source

The Witches' Almanac is a must-have resource for any Witch, particularly those who use Magickal Timing. Think of it as the Old Farmer's Almanac for Witches.

 

Example of How to Cast Spells with Planetary Hours

Let’s say I want to cast a spell to help me with a career goal. Ideally for my goal, the moon would be in Capricorn, but the moon doesn't enter Capricorn until near the end of the month. Worse, Mercury is in retrograde from now until February 28th -- and that won't do at all! I just can't wait, so I decide to use the planetary hours of Saturn to draw the influences from it that I need, and I choose to do the spell on February 13th because the moon phase is good and I'm off that night.

So let's walk through the process of how to cast spells for the best outcome with planetary hours. I promise, try it a couple of times and you'll find it's not as complicated as you think!

Sunrise/Sunset Hours Matter

When casting spells, don't go by conventional 60-minute hours; they'll fail you.
When casting spells, don't go by conventional 60-minute hours; they'll fail you. | Source

How to Calculate Daylight Planetary Hours

The bolded text are the instructions. The non-bolded text is how I would calculate using the specific February 13th example above.

1. Find the exact moments of sunrise and sunset.

You can find that in your local newspaper, or by going to a website like this one here. I look up in my local paper to find the sun is rising at 7:10 am and setting at 6:20.

2. Calculate the number of minutes between sunrise and sunset.

From 7:10 am to 7:59 am there are 49 minutes; from 8 am to 6 pm is 10 hours, multiplied by 60 minutes (10 hours * 60 minutes = 600 minutes); from 6:01 through 6:19 gives me 18 minutes. So I add 49 minutes + 600 minutes + 18 minutes = 668 minutes of daylight hours.

3. Divide the amount of daylight minutes by 12.

There are 668 minutes between sunrise and sunset on February 13th, so we would calculate 668/12 = 55.58. We’ll only use the even minutes: so in our example, each planetary hour will be about 55 minutes long.

4. Figure out the times your daylight planetary hours begin and end.

Since the sun is rising at 7:10 am in our example, we'll start there and keep adding 55 minutes. The calculation for February 13th daylight hours would look something like this:

Example of Calculated Daylight Hours for Feb. 13th

Time
Hour
7:10 am to 8:05 am
1st planetary hour
8:06 am to 9:01 am
2nd planetary hour
9:02 am to 9:56 am
3rd planetary hour
9:58 am to 10:53 am
4th planetary hour
10:54 am to 11:49 am
5th planetary hour
11:50 am to 12:45 pm
6th planetary hour
12:46 pm to 1:41 pm
7th planetary hour
1:42 pm to 2:37 pm
8th planetary hour
2:38 pm to 3:33 pm
9th planetary hour
3:34 pm to 4:29 pm
10th planetary hour
4:30 pm to 5:25 pm
11th planetary hour
5:26 pm to 6:20 pm
12th planetary hour*
*Note that because of that .58 of a second there can be slight variations and it may not come out precise—that’s okay, though; less than 6/10 of a second difference is not enough to really matter

Planetary Hour Fun Fact:

There are 2 days of the year when your planetary hours will be exactly the same for daytime and nighttime: The Spring and Autumn Equinoxes. On these two days, daytime and nighttime are completely balanced, 12 hours long each.

It's also the only two days of the year when your planetary hours will actually be 60 minutes hours!

Calculating Nighttime Planetary Hours

Now, I'm only half-way through calculating a 24 hour period. I've calculated the first 12 daylight planetary hours, now I want to calculate the 12 nighttime planetary hours. The process is roughly the same, but the length of each hour will almost always be different. Remember, for half the years, days are longer and nights are shorter; for the other half of the year, that reverses.

1. Find the time of sunset and the time of the next day's sunrise.

Using our example, the sun is set hour is 6:20 pm; the sun rise the next morning is 7:09 am (a minute earlier than the day before).

2. Calculate the minutes between sunset and sunrise.

6:21 pm to 6:59 pm = 38 minutes. There are 12 hours between 7 am and 7 pm, so 12*60= 720 minutes. 7:01 am to 7:09 am = 8 minutes. I add up all the minutes: 38 + 720 + 8 = 766 minutes between sunset and next day sunrise.

3. Divide the minutes between sunset and next day sunrise by 12 to find the length of nighttime planetary hours.

766/12 = 63.91. So that's 63 minutes long for each nighttime planetary hour on Feb. 13th.

4. Complete the chart, picking it up where you left off.

In my example, I would be adding 63 minutes for each planetary hour, and the remainder of my chart to cast spells by planetary hours would look like this:

Example of Calculated Planetary Hours for Feb. 13th

Time
Hour
6:20 pm to 7:23 pm
13th planetary hour
7:24 pm to 8:27 pm
14th planetary hour
8:28 pm to 9:32 pm
15th planetary hour*
9:33 pm to 10:36 pm
16th planetary hour
10:37 pm to 11:40 pm
17th planetary hour
11:41 pm to 12:45 am
18th planetary hour*
12:46 am to 1:49 am
19th planetary hour
1:50 am to 2:53 am
20 planetary hour
2:54 am to 3:58
21st planetary hour*
3:59 am to 5:02 am
22nd planetary hour
5:03 am to 6:06 am
23rd planetary hour
6:07 am – 7:09 pm
24th planetary hour
*Note that here we have a .91 variation here, which actually does make some difference, because that’s almost one whole second difference. To compensate, for every 3rd hour, I’m going to add 1 second to keep it more even. Again, calculations will be

Learn Astrology

Astrology benefits spellcasting
Astrology benefits spellcasting | Source

Astrology Books Recommended:

Using the Chaldean Order in Sequence

Now you know (roughly) what time each planetary hour begins and what time it ends for a full 24-hour period. You’re going to apply the Chaldeon Order of planets to it. This will depend on the day of the week.


Each day of the week, the first planetary hour begins with a different planet:

Planets Ruling Days of the Week

Day of the Week
Ruling Planet
Sunday
Sun
Monday
Moon
Tuesday
Mars
Wednesday
Mercury
Thursday
Jupiter
Friday
Venus
Saturday
Saturn

So How Does It Fit All Together?

1. Figure out the ruling planet of the day.

In my case, this would be Jupiter because the day I want to cast a spell -- February 13th -- falls on a Thursday.

2. Make the ruling planet of the day your first planetary hour for that day.

So my first planetary hour (7:10 to 8:05 am) for Thursday, Feb. 13th, would be Jupiter.

3. Continue listing the rest of the planets in Chaldean sequence. Repeat the sequence for the rest of the day's hours.

The Chaldean sequence was mentioned earlier: Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Sun, Venus, Mercury, the Moon. Since my first planetary hour is Jupiter, I'll start with that, so my second planetary hour would be Mars, then the Sun, and so on.

My final calculation for casting spells on February 13th would be:

Example of Calculated Planetary Hours for 24-Hour Period, Feb. 13th

Planetary Hour
Time I calculated for that day
Planet (starting planet based on day of week it is)
1st Planetary Hour
7:10 am - 8:05 am
Jupiter
2nd Planetary Hour
8:06 am to 9:01 am
Mars
3rd Planetary Hour
9:02 am to 9:56 am
Sun
4th Planetary Hour
9:58 am to 10:53 am
Venus
5th Planetary Hour
10:54 am to 11:49 am
Mercury
6th Planetary Hour
11:50 am to 12:45 pm
Moon
7th Planetary Hour
12:46 pm to 1:41 pm
Saturn
8th Planetary Hour
1:42 pm to 2:37 pm
Jupiter
9th Planetary Hour
2:38 pm to 3:33 pm
Mars
10th Planetary Hour
3:34 pm to 4:29 pm
Sun
11th Planetary Hour
4:30 pm to 5:25 pm
Venus
12th Planetary Hour
5:26 pm to 6:20 pm
Mercury
13th Planetary Hour
6:20 pm to 7:23 pm
Moon
14th Planetary Hour
7:24 pm to 8:27 pm
Saturn
15th Planetary Hour
8:28 pm to 9:32 pm
Jupiter
16th Planetary Hour
9:33 pm to 10:36 pm
Mars
17th Planetary Hour
10:37 pm to 11:40 pm
Sun
18th Planetary Hour
11:41 pm to 12:45 am
Venus
19th Planetary Hour
12:46 am to 1:49 am
Mercury
20th Planetary Hour
1:50 am to 2:53 am
Moon
21st Planetary Hour
2:54 am to 3:58
Saturn
22nd Planetary Hour
3:59 am to 5:02 am
Jupiter
23rd Planetary Hour
5:03 am to 6:06 am
Mars
24th Planetary Hour
6:07 am – 7:09
Sun

When You Are Casting Spells...

what types of magical timing might you utilize?

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Bingo! I Have My Timing to Cast Spells

I found my planetary hours influenced by Saturn, so now I know how to cast spells successfully at 12:46 pm to 1:41 pm, 7:24 pm to 8:27 pm, or 2:54 am to 3:58 am, despite the fact that other timing would be working against me.

Sound confusing? Yes, it can seem so looking at it all at once. But if you break down the steps, take them as one task at a time, you will find it's not all that difficult-- just a bit tedious.

Still, once you get the hang of how to cast spells with planetary hours, it'll only take you a few minutes to figure out your timing. I'm fairly mathematically challenged (I was an English Lit major-- 'nuff said!), and it scared the heck out of me the first time I saw instructions on how to do this. After a few tries, I could do it in 10 minutes.

Actually try to calculate any day at random-- by doing it just once, a lot of the confusion falls away and you understand the process better.

When it comes to casting spells, my magical motto is: every little bit helps! Any little boost I can use to effect my spell, I'm going to take it. If you're already working with magical timing when spell casting, give planetary hours a try.

© 2014 Mackenzie Sage Wright

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Comments 4 comments

KarthikKash 3 years ago

very nice hub, indeed :) I extensively make use of planetary hours irrespective of the moon phase. It definitely adds extra boost. As you said, any additional boost for the spell is welcome.


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WiccanSage 3 years ago Author

Thanks KarthikKash! I appreciate your comment; thanks for stopping by, it's always good to hear from you :-)


MHermes 2 months ago

you and everyone else can save time with all those calculations by downloading one of several Planetary Hours apps for smartphone


WiccanSage profile image

WiccanSage 2 months ago Author

MHermes, lol, I actually find it easier to calculate myself. Smart phones and apps confuse the hell out of me... I am SO not techno-literate.

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