Did Jesus Live During the Old or New Testament?
The Testaments and Jesus
Depending on which bible you use, the word testament and covenant could have the same meaning. The word testament is used to divide the two main parts of the bible, which we refer to as the Old Testament and New Testament. The Old Testament as we know describes everything from the time of God's creation which is in the Book of Genesis and all the way to the Book of Malachi. Now we come to what is referred to as the New Testament which describes from the birth of Jesus (in the first four gospel) to the final world events and the set up of the New Jerusalem in the Book of Revelation .
I will mention again the words testament and covenant are referred to as having the same meaning. And I believe this has caused a big problem within the christian faith. And the problem is; which Testament (Covenant) was Jesus born, lived His life and gave His three and a half years ministry? We all assume it was in the New Testament. But was it?
The simple answer is; No.
The Old Testament and Jesus.
I will quote the words of Jesus in Matthew 26:28 (KJV) which states: 28 For this is my blood of the New Testament which is shed for many for the remission of sins.
The following verses will prove my point in Hebrews 9: 16-17 (NKJV) which states: 16 "For where there is a testament, there must of necessity be the death of the testator. 17 For a testament is in force after men are dead, since it has no power at all while the testator lives."
This means the New Testament begins with His death on the cross ( not at His birth). This also means that, as a man on this earth and throughout His human life and ministry, Jesus was under the Old Testament (Covenant).
So what does this mean?
Jesus was a Jew who had to follow the 10 Commandments, the Feasts, the Holy Days (Sabbaths) and could not eat certain foods just like the rest of the Jewish people of His day. Not only did Jesus meet the standards of the Old Covenant (Testament) laws, but He by far exceeded them.
So what made Jesus different from the rest of the Jewish people?
Jesus knew who He was, as the Son of God. He knew exactly why He was sent to this earth, He knew He was not of this world, but while He was here He would witness to the world of the Kingdom of God. Which is where He had come from. He would witness what He had seen and heard. As a man on this earth Jesus talked, walked, and lived the standards of the Kingdom of God with all of His grace.
In Matthew 4: 17 (NKJV) it states: 17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say; "Repent; for the kingdom of heavenis at hand."
And as He continued to follow the Old Covenant laws, Jesus was telling them to change the way they think, because something greater is coming and it called; "The Kingdom of God."
So what was the three and a half years of Jesus ministry for?
To prepare those of Christ's ekklesia that Christ built to enter the Kingdom of God. Jesus Christ death the cross began the New Testament. The disciples of Jesus, with the guide of the Holy Spirit, would continue to build on the foundation of Christ's ministry and spread the Gospel of the Kingdom of God and His Grace.
In Matthew 6:33 (KJV) it states : 33 But seek ye FIRST the Kingdom of God and His Rightieousness; and all these things shall be added unto you.
Did you notice this verse above it did not say; seek the 10 Commandments, or the sabbaths, or the feasts, or watch what you eat or drink or tithings.
As a matter of fact it is stated in Matthew 5: 20 (NKJV) : 20 For assuredly, I say to you that unless your righteousness exceeds the righteouness of the scribes and the Pharisees, you will by no means enter the Kingdom of God.
So what does this mean for christians?
This means there is not an overlap of the Old and New Covenants (Testament). This mean we as christians in the New Testament (Covenant) are to focus our effort on the the Kingdom of God and His Grace (rightieousness) through faith.
I will end this Hub with these words from Jesus in verses from Matthew 28: 18 thru 20(NKJV) which states: 18 And Jesus came and spoke to them saying, All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth. 19 Go therefore and make desciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20 teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you, and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age. Amen