Is Allah Everywhere?

We, as muslims have been brought up to know that Allah is everywhere. We were never told why or how is Allah everywhere.

I asked a number of fellow brothers and sisters around my age group to enlighten me with their thoughts on this issue and ended up with blank faces, furious reactions to my questions and a handful who appreciated the question and logically tried to answer to the best of their abilities and knowledge. The actions and reactions are all understandable but we still need a definite answer, so that it can be marked it in our memory as "resolved".

To find a definite answer I ended up doing my own research which has taken several months of reading and contemplating to understand how is Allah everywhere if Allah is everywhere.

Before I start with an explanation and my answers I want to clarify that there is a difference in the following 2 statements.

  1. Allah is everywhere.
  2. Allah knows everything.

Normally we take all these kind of statements and bundle them together in a cloud of "true statements" in the corner of our memory without questioning any of it. In most cases, the main reason I think is, that these kind of statements are something we like and therefore easily accept and move on without further questioning. First, we need to separate these two statements and look at them individually.

Allah is everywhere means - Allah fills the heavens and the earth with His presence, leaving no empty space.

Allah knows everything means - Allah is aware of everything that is happening in the heavens and the earth, leaving not even a single grain of sand.

My answers to the 2 statements are as follows.

  1. "Is Allah Everywhere...?" : No Allah is not everywhere.
  2. "Does Allah know everything...?" : Yes Allah knows All.

Important Note: These are my answers based solely on my research, and are what I believe right now. I am not an authority on the subject of Islam and may have missed out some points. I have tried to logically understand this issue and am explaining my findings here.

Note : Allah can know everything without being physically present.

Can i provide quotes from the Quran and Hadith which can verify my answers?

Yes, lets do it...

Sura 24- Al-Noor : Verse 35

"Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The example of His light is that of a niche, in which there is a lamp; the lamp is in a glass - the glass looks like a brilliant star - it is lit by (the oil of) a blessed tree, the olive, which is neither eastern, nor western. Its oil is about to emit light even though the fire has not touched it - (it is) light upon light. Allah guides to His light whomsoever He wills; Allah describes examples for the people, and Allah knows everything well (35)"

Translation : Mufti Taqi Usmani.

Let us quickly answer the second question then move back to the first question.

There are many instances in the Quran which relay the same message found in the verse on the right "Allah knows everything well". Other examples can be seen in other verses mentioned in this hub such as "That One is the All-knower of the Unseen and the seen, the All-Mighty, the Very-Merciful".

Similar statements are found in abundance all over the Quran, therefore here we can simply conclude the answer to the second question that "Allah knows all" is true and correct.

Now getting back to the main question "Is Allah Everywhere... "

The above-mentioned verse is the only verse in the Quran I have come across, which gives us a hint that the light of Allah is on Earth. The question that comes to mind is what kind of presence could this be? where could it be on earth?

Sura 38 - Sad Verse 71-72

When your Lord said to the angels, “I am going to create man from clay. (71)So, once I make him perfectly and breath My spirit into him, you must fall down in prostration before him.” (72)

Translation : Mufti Taqi Usmani

Sura 32 - As-Sajda Verses 6-9

"That One is the All-knower of the Unseen and the seen, the All-Mighty, the Very-Merciful, (6)Who made well whatever He created, and started the creation of man from clay. (7) Then He made his progeny from a drop of semen, from despised water. (8) Then He gave him a proportioned shape, and breathed into him of His spirit. And He granted you the (power of) hearing and the eyes and the hearts. Little you give thanks. (9)"

Translation : Mufti Taqi Usmani

Lets look 2 more verses from the Quran on the right to answer these questions.

The key here is that Allah breathes His spirit into the human. Various sources identify this gift or the light/spirit of Allah as the soul of a human and the verses on the right clearly indicate that Allah does breathe His spirit into the person.

Therefore we can say that the light of Allah is within each and every person on this earth, regardless of race and religion they follow. I will add another hub which will discuss the light within us at a later stage.

Now if the light of Allah is within humans then this light does not really fill every empty space on earth and therefore we cannot say that Allah is everywhere (filling every empty space). But I can also understand how this could be a reason why people would say that Allah is everywhere.

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "Our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, comes every night down on the nearest Heaven to us when the last third of the night remains, saying: "Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?"

Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 21 :: Hadith 246

Hadith (meaning) - a report of statements or actions of Muhammad, or of his tacit approval or criticism of something said or done in his presence.

Let us assume for a moment that Allah is on earth and read through the Hadith on the right.

This Hadith clearly explains that Allah comes down to the nearest sky and does not go up from earth to the nearest sky. The assumption that Allah is on earth is contradicted when keeping this Hadith in mind.

Once again lets not confuse this with Allah knows everything that is happening on earth.

Next let us look at some more verses which reveal that Allah is actually on His Throne.

Sura 10 - Yunus : Verse 3

"Surely, your Lord is Allah, the One who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and then He positioned Himself on the Throne. He governs all affairs (of His creation). There is no one who could intercede before Him, except after His permission. That is Allah, your Lord. So, worship Him. Would you still pay no heed?"

Translation : Eng-Mufti Taqi Usmani

Sura 13 - Al-Rad : Verse 2

"Allah is the One who raised the heavens without pillars that you can see them. Then He positioned Himself on the Throne and subjugated the sun and the moon, each one of them running to an appointed time. He manages all matters, elaborating the signs, so that you may be sure of meeting your Lord."

Translation : Eng-Mufti Taqi Usmani

Sura 25 - Al-Furqan : Verse 59

"The One who created in six days the heavens and the earth and whatever lies between them, then He positioned Himself on the Throne. (He is) the Rahman (the All-Merciful, Allah). So ask about Him someone who knows."

Translation : Eng-Mufti Taqi Usmani

Sura 57 - Al-Hadid : Verse 4

"He is the One who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then He positioned Himself on the Throne. He knows whatever goes into the earth and whatever comes out from it, and whatever descends from the sky, and whatever ascends thereto. He is with you wherever you are, and Allah is watchful of whatever you do."

Translation : Eng-Mufti Taqi Usmani


Sura 7 - Al-Araf : Verse 54

"Surely, your Lord is Allah who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then He positioned himself on the Throne. He covers the day with the night that pursues it swiftly. (He created) the sun and the moon and the stars, subjugated to His command. Lo! To Him alone belong the creation and the command. Glorious is Allah, the Lord of all the worlds."

Translation : Eng-Mufti Taqi Usmani

Sura 11 - Hud : Verse 7

"He is the One who created the heavens and the earth in six days, while His throne was on water, so that He might test you as to who among you is better in deed. And if you say, “You shall be raised after death,” the disbelievers will surely say, “This is nothing but sheer magic.”

Translation : Eng-Mufti Taqi Usmani

Sura 20 - Ta-Ha : Verse 5

"The Rahman (Allah, the All-Merciful) has positioned Himself on the Throne."

Translation : Eng-Mufti Taqi Usmani

Sura 32 - As-Sajda : Verse 4

"Allah is the One who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between them in six days, then He positioned Himself on the Throne. Other than Him, there is neither a guardian for you, nor an intercessor. Would you then not observe the advice?"

Translation : Eng-Mufti Taqi Usmani



All the verses above clearly mention that Allah is on His Throne and not just everywhere.

Sura 37 - As-Saaffat - Verses 6-10

"Verily, We have decorated the nearest sky with an adornment, the stars, (6) and (have made them) a security against every rebellious devil. (7) They cannot listen to the Upper realm and are hit from every side (8) to be driven off, and for them there is a lasting punishment; (9) however, if one snatches a little bit, he is pursude by a bright flame(10)."

Translation : Eng-Mufti Taqi Usmani

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) said, "Our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, comes every night down on the nearest Heaven to us when the last third of the night remains, saying: "Is there anyone to invoke Me, so that I may respond to invocation? Is there anyone to ask Me, so that I may grant him his request? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, so that I may forgive him?"

Bukhari :: Book 2 :: Volume 21 :: Hadith 246

Next, from the verse on the right we know that the nearest heaven is where we see stars. The nearest sky is where we find stars which also serve as security against the Jinn. When the Jinn try to listen to the commands of Allah at the doors of the heavens they are hit from every side and if a Jinn does manage to hear commands of Allah to relay to humans the jinn are pursued by a bright flame which we can see and we call the shooting star.

Another note we can make here is that the Jinn go up in to the stars at the doors of the heavens to listen to Allah's command. Therefore the commands of Allah are coming from beyond the stars.

I have also repeated the Hadith mentioned before talking about Allah coming down to the nearest sky in the last third portion of the night called tahajjud.

From science we know that the earth is continuously rotating ... thus there is a time of tahajjud somewhere on earth at any given time... the time disclosed in the Hadith is the third part of the night ... therefore it is safe to assume that for humans (in human time-space only) ... Allah is at the nearest sky (heavens) listening to anyone asking for forgiveness. I will discuss the time space of the Heavens and the time space of the earth in the separate hub.

The third part of the night also tells us that the location is the dark side of the earth.

Science is still looking at stars at the moment, and they have not gone beyond stars as far as i know. The farthest point discovered to-date is 42 billion light years away (where 1 light year equals 10 trillion kilometers or 6 trillion miles). [a trillion can be 1012 or 1018 depending on short scale and long scale countries].

The scale of the nearest sky is immense.

Sura 25- Al-Furqan : Verses 45-46

Have you not observed how your Lord stretched out the shadow (of the sun)? If He so willed, He would have made it stand still. Then We made the sun an indicator for it(45). Then We pulled it toward Us in a gradual manner(46).

Translation : Mufti Taqi Usmani

One more verse gives us a hint of Allah being in a location. This verse tells us about the shadow of the sun, the shadow has been pulled towards Allah in a gradual manner. i.e. sometime during sunrise and sometime during sunset (which are the times that the shadows are pulled). Shadows always point in the opposite direction to the sun, i.e. toward the dark side of the earth. If we look back we did make a point that Allah is in the last third of the night or the dark side of the earth. The hadith and the verses of the Quran were revealed on separate occasions over a number of years, yet they both match so perfectly.

Finally...

Now back to my answers...

  1. "Is Allah Everywhere...?" : No Allah is not everywhere.
  2. "Does Allah know everything...?" : Yes Allah knows All.

From all the verses of the Quran and Hadith mentioned in this hub, I think it is safe to conclude that Allah is not physically present everywhere but definitely knows every single detail about the Heavens and the earth and everything in between.

Allah's light is on earth within humans which we call our soul. The right way to get close to Allah or the light of Allah within us is to purify our Nafs (self, psyche, ego or soul).

Allah knows best and we can only ponder.

Sura 41 - Fussilat (MAKKA) : Verse 54


"Beware, they are in doubt about meeting their Lord. Beware, He is the One who encompasses everything. "

Translation : Eng-Mufti Taqi Usmani

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Comments 2 comments

MansooR 3 years ago

Salam good artice..

yes you are right, if we look in quran and hadith it is clearly mention that Allah high above the arsh and skies of the world..

and this is just a misconception in islam which is spread by Sufis that Allah is eveywhere ( nao'zo billah).

I totally with your article, nice post but there is only one point which I dont agree it is :

Sura 38 - Sad Verse 72

So, once I make him perfectly and breath My spirit into him, you must fall down in prostration before him.” (72)

by this ayat you concluded that "that Allah breathes His spirit into the human. Various sources identify this gift or the light/spirit of Allah as the soul of a human and the verses on the right clearly indicate that Allah does breathe His spirit into the person. "

actually here from "my spirit" Allah means "Spirit created by me".

you me check the Mohsin Khan's Translation.

else it is a good article...

may Allah increase your knowledge

Allah knows the best.


arksys profile image

arksys 3 years ago from Adelaide, Australia Author

thanks mansoor ... i will check the translation by Mohsin Khan and one or two more well known translators to confirm this.

thanks again... i'm glad you agree as most people don't. :)

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