Sir Isaac Newton: Scientist, Bible Scholar, Astronomer

Newton and Leibniz.were co-inventors of the calculus that is essential in today's mathematical models.
Newton and Leibniz.were co-inventors of the calculus that is essential in today's mathematical models. | Source
This is a cut away diagram of Solomon's temple as we have been able to determine, partly from Newton's research into this topic. As a complex, it was probably sky related as many other ancient megalithic structures.
This is a cut away diagram of Solomon's temple as we have been able to determine, partly from Newton's research into this topic. As a complex, it was probably sky related as many other ancient megalithic structures.
This is the floor plan of the main building. It does not show the vast courtyard, the gates and all three divisions. There are similarities in design to Maya megalithic structures that did serve as astronomical observatories.
This is the floor plan of the main building. It does not show the vast courtyard, the gates and all three divisions. There are similarities in design to Maya megalithic structures that did serve as astronomical observatories. | Source
The Tikal temple complex is arranged around a central observing courtyard. Note the stellae that serve as markers. These have a similar appearance to markers in Solomon's temple
The Tikal temple complex is arranged around a central observing courtyard. Note the stellae that serve as markers. These have a similar appearance to markers in Solomon's temple
At Chitzen Itza ia the temple of the warriors that has a thousand columns. The significance of these likely has to do with fine naked eye observation of the heavens.
At Chitzen Itza ia the temple of the warriors that has a thousand columns. The significance of these likely has to do with fine naked eye observation of the heavens. | Source
Like many other things such as algebra, alchemy was inspired from the Arabs. Newton had a secretive interest in alchemy and turned it toward our modern chemistry.
Like many other things such as algebra, alchemy was inspired from the Arabs. Newton had a secretive interest in alchemy and turned it toward our modern chemistry. | Source
In order to obtain a clearer picture of a complex reality, Newton broke it down into small fragments and then added these up to get a more accurate idea. Calculus can be used for almost any numerical analysis.
In order to obtain a clearer picture of a complex reality, Newton broke it down into small fragments and then added these up to get a more accurate idea. Calculus can be used for almost any numerical analysis. | Source
Following the lead of Kepler, Newton went on to define how orbital dynamics work in the context of gravity. He was in search of how the mind of God worked as he saw no distinction between real science and real religion.
Following the lead of Kepler, Newton went on to define how orbital dynamics work in the context of gravity. He was in search of how the mind of God worked as he saw no distinction between real science and real religion. | Source

Today's Science is Tomorrow's Mysticism

Today we know Isaac Newton as a Renaissance Astronomer and the co-inventor along with Gottfried Leibniz of differential, infinitesimal and integral calculus. But not too many people realize that the same Isaac Newton was an avid Bible Scholar who obsessed in particular, over Solomon's temple, the Revelation of St. John the Divine and the church ages according to that book. He wrote several thousand pages on the subject that are now being printed in several volumes. This is a volume of material that exceeds all of his other writings combined. It includes his ideas on his occult studies. Some people are awaiting this information with avid interest. Newton also delved, albeit, secretly due to the threat of the “Holy Inquisition”, into astrology and alchemy (The foundation of modern chemistry). These points are denied by some, however, with his unorthodox Christian writings soon to be released, this denial cannot stand. It was his firm belief in God that drove him to explore science and the laws of gravity; to understand the workings of God in nature. He figured by studying nature as much as possible, he could get closer to God. Newton believed that there was no real difference between science and religion, to which we can agree as these two disciplines need to counterbalance one another dialectically. Science without religion can become cold, austere and without a humane center. Religion without science degenerates into mere superstition and empty rituals.

If it were not for his invention of the calculus and his observations and writing on astronomy and physics, he might have gone unnoticed. However, he was a deep and prolific writer on these subjects which include the ground breaking “Principia Mathematica”, “Optiks” and his work on natural philosophy called “Philosophiæ Naturalis”. These alone gained considerable notoriety for him. He laid the groundwork for our contemporary classical mechanics, described the effects of gravity and speculated as to its cause. From gravitation, he worked out the three laws of celestial motion, which we still use today, although we have now embellished them with complex orbital dynamics. He built the first practical reflecting telescope.

With his observations of light broken down into colours by a prism, he contributed to colour theory along with Geothe and laid down the foundations for spectral analysis of the elements at a distance. His work on optics laid the foundations of convex mirrors and complex lens arrangements for sophisticated telescopes and ultimately microscopes. He also formulated laws describing cooling and worked out the speed of sound. Out of his discoveries and discourses on mechanics, the Industrial Revolution got a good foundation and start and by using his principles, it really took off within two generations of his lifetime. From his mechanics, steam driven power became a reality, first in powering mills and later in the form of the steam engine that drove trains and ships.

Yet, despite all of this, the genius, Sir Isaac Newton delved more into Biblical studies than in the areas he is more widely known. The body of his material in total is awesome. Using his keen observational skills, he left virtually no stone unturned in his quest to find out the secrets of God. He would look anywhere without self redaction, nor allowed himself to be censored by closed minded individuals. This included the Bible, the occult and Cabala related to number theory in which he had am avid interest. He also studied alchemy, which in his time was considered occult and to the church, a heretical and demonic pursuit, which was punishable by torture or burning to death at the stake if the practitioner did not recant. Consider the fact that at least one of his contemporaries was actually burned to death at the stake for refusing to recant from his discoveries. Giordano Bruno was the victim, burned at the stake by civil authorities in 1600 after the Roman Inquisition found him guilty of heresy and turned him over to the state for his death sentence. Ironically, Bruno was a believer and a friar. Little wonder that Newton was careful!

Alchemy is the precursor, or the primitive form of chemistry. But it's not quite the same as chemistry because it also involves a very large aspect of psychology and occult connections, that the alchemist believed that were integral to the outcome of the experiment. It was considered an elevation of their own mind as well. It was almost psychedelic; something many people have personally experimented with since drugs and herbs of various kinds have been in use in virtually all cultures throughout history. It was an involvement where they became part of the experiment and the experiment altered the experimenter, where they were as one with it and it was virtually a religious experience. Today, this whole process is being reenacted in the exploration of the strange arena of quantum physics, especially when we hear dozens of professors interviewed on the extended recording or “What the Bleep Do We Know Anyway?” concerning the observer and the observed.

One of the ideas of alchemy was to turn lead into gold. The rulers of the day considered this a threat to their economy, for if anyone succeeded in producing large amounts of gold, the standard currency of the day, this would have collapsed the worth of the metal and the wealth of the rulers and threatened their tenure on power. This in itself was frowned upon, and in the past, where people such as the Knights Templar got too wealthy in the early 14th century, they were summarily dealt with, mass murdered on trumped up charges in the dead of night and their property seized in total. In a strange way, the alchemists were right in the idea of the transmutation of metals. Today, we do it routinely in nuclear reactors. Though we could manufacture gold in a nuclear reaction, we chose instead to make isotope medicines as these have more value monetarily and for the treatment of disease. Then there is the nasty fact of the nuclear deterrent to keep the masses of the world in line.

Now, Newton was not trying to create gold. Instead he noticed how different substances behaved with one another and discovered the foundation principles of electrostatics; attraction and repulsion. This related to his astronomical ideas, particularly with comets and gravitational attractions. It can be said that this foundation work led to our understanding of magnetic and diamagentics today. With all of his interests, he was hot on the track for a unified theory of everything, something that is still being pursued today.

Newton spent huge amounts of time dissecting the Bible and other ancient writings either connected with the Bible or independent of it. He was convinced that they contained some sort of code that, if cracked, he would be able to deduce the future of the world. One of the best examples that will soon be available in his books on the Bible and church history, is the dissection and analysis that he had of Solomon's Temple. He obtained the plans, which he found described in early versions of the Bible in different languages. In many Bibles today, this information has been redacted. Newton found all the descriptions in different languages, and from this he constructed a floor plan of what the temple would have looked like. He believed that the layout of the temple was a code in the way it was designed. Such practices are still going on today, especially with various pyramid complexes around the world. We have discovered for instance, that they are principally complex astronomical and astrological observatories. Newton in his day thus believed that Solomon was tapping into some sort of secret knowledge, in direct communication with God, in order to know what the future of man would be, and that Solomon had designed his temple to reflect the possible future of humanity.

When we consider this subject today in relationship to ancient megalithic structures all around the planet, where ancient societies attempted to understand and predict the moods of God and gods, this is far from an unreasonable concept. Whole concepts of time and natural cycles were mapped out at every one that included the idea of prognostication; foretelling the future as a fortune teller attempts to do in their own ways today. From these explorations we have inherited the Maya calendar that is the most accurate in the world and astronomical insights into cycles that are now incorporated in western astronomy today. We have seen examples of how the star patterns themselves have changed from sources in Europe and how the Egyptians mimicked the constellation of Orion in their pyramid complex. So it is not unreasonable to say that the temple built by Solomon also contained clues to the sky and the workings of nature. Newton was not misguided, but actually was an early expression of archeology and paleontology, forms of scientific research held in high regard today due to world wide incredible findings.

This research thus leads us to his interest in astrology that was integral to almost every ancient society, particularly the megalithic builders including Solomon. Many say that he said almost nothing on astrology, but within his library books on all subjects were found including on astrology. We know that Newton was very much involved with Biblical studies including Bible chronology, prophetic questions and an obsession with Solomon's temple. We also know that there is much in the Bible by way of supportive astrological comment. This is found throughout the Bible, such as in the Psalms, the sayings of Jesus, in Ecclesiastes, the book of Daniel and in the Revelation, all of which Newton studied. This is another one of these secrets that if revealed, could land him in deep trouble with the church authorities of the day. Newton did not write much on astrology, but did not condemn it either, rather criticized a contemporary who did condemn it. Newton told him he had studied the matter and that his contemporary had not. A modern day recapitulation was seen when Carl Sagan refused to go along with other astronomers who sought to condemn astrology.

Perhaps the most noteworthy resource on Biblical astrology, was written by Joseph Seiss in Philadelphia during 1882, who wrote “Gospel of the Stars”. Therein he details the Biblical story of the savior as told in the constellations. We conclude with a sampling of Biblical references on astrology that Newton would have been intimately familiar with due to his in depth Biblical studies.

Astrology in short is “The science which defines the action of the celestial bodies upon mundane affairs, and claims to foretell future events from the position of the stars. Its antiquity is such as to place it among the very earliest records of human learning. It remained for long ages, a secret science in the East...The Egyptians and the Chaldeans were among its most ancient votaries, though their methods differ” greatly from those of the present day. As to the origin of Astrology, Thebes claimed the honour of its invention, on the other hand it has been claimed that Chaldea gave it origin. “Thebes antedates considerably not only ‘Ur of the Chaldees,’ but also Nipur, where Bel was first worshipped, Sin his son (the Moon), being the presiding deity of Ur and the land of the nativity of Terah, the Sabean and astrolater and of Abraham, his son, the great astrologer of Biblical tradition.” Astrology originated in Egypt. It fell into disrepute in Rome as it had become a money making project beyond the pale of the Sacred Science of the Mysteries, which the ignorant did not understand. Adherents to astrology are found among the most intellectual and scientific minds. Later votaries need not blush for even in its present distorted and imperfect form, it is very great. To quote from Isis Unveiled (Vol 1, pp 259): “ Astrology is to exact astronomy what psychology is to exact physiology. In astrology and psychology, one has to step beyond the visible world of matter and enter the domain of transcendent spirit.”

“The heavens declare the glory of God: and the firmament showeth his handiwork Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof. The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple. The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes." Psalm 19:1 - 8

And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; Men's hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken." Luke 21:25

This particular statement was made manifest in 2010 with a grand cross of the outer planets occurring in sync with the massive number of protests and great natural disasters of the same year.


“To every thing there is a season, and a time to every purpose under the heaven: A time to be born, and a time to die; a time to plant, and a time to pluck up that which is planted;” Ecclesiastes 3;

“Children in whom was no blemish, but well-favored, and skillful in all wisdom, and cunning in knowledge, and understanding science, and such as had ability in them to stand in the king’s palace, and whom they might teach the learning and the tongue of the Chaldeans. And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king’s meat, and of the wine which he drank: so nourishing them three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king. Now among these were of the children of Judah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azatiah” Daniel 1:4 - 6

“There is a man in thy kingdom, in whom is the spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of thy father light and understanding and wisdom, like the wisdom of the gods, was found in him; whom the king Nebuchadnezzar thy father, the king, I say, thy father, made master of the magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, and soothsayers;” Daniel 5:11

“I am the LORD, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me: That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am the LORD, and there is none else. I form the light, and create darkness: I make peace, and create evil: I the LORD do all these things.” Isaiah 45:5-7

“That ye may be the children of your father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.” Matthew 5:45-48

“In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.” John 14:2,3

References:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaac_Newton

http://southerncrossreview.org/28/newton.htm

http://www.phys.uu.nl/~vgent/astrology/newton.htm

http://www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/gis/gis_review.html


Newton on the Bible

Isaac Newton
Isaac Newton

This is by the author of "Chaos, the Making of a New Science". As his seminal work was excellent, there is little doubt that this one is also excellent for the scientific side of Newton.

 

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Comments 4 comments

christopheranton profile image

christopheranton 5 years ago from Gillingham Kent. United Kingdom

Interesting article. Thank you.

But what "church authorities" did Newton fear? It couldn't be The Catholic Church, since he was a protestant, living in a protestant country, (England), and any notions that he could have feared "The Holy Inquisition" there must surely be fantasy?


syzygyastro profile image

syzygyastro 5 years ago from Vancouver, Canada Author

Protestant yes, but there are also Catholics in England. The great schism in the Church a couple of centuries earlier in Britain did nothing to remove the Catholics. The Holy Inquisition, though most prevalent in Spain, Portugal, Italy and France, also had influence in the British Isles and were never in want to stir rivalries.

Historical sources actually describe that he exercised care in just how much he let out because of what happened to some of his contemporaries in other countries. Besides, even the Protestant church was not so friendly to any one dabbling in alchemy, astrology and the like. Further, Newton drifted from the accepted catechism insofar as he refused to acknowledge that Jesus was equivalent to God, a point that both main churches adhere to. This point alone is enough to land one in trouble for heresy.


Issac Dara 5 years ago

God has proved the biblical things which r going on at present and which r to be done in future.


Sagan Gandhi 2 years ago

In order to appreciate the importance of what Newton did one has to only spend some time thinking about the concept of infinity and how it relates to the areas of mathematics, cosmology, and spirituality. It is interesting that this article mentions both the mathematical work he did along with his spiritual and religious beliefs. Of particular note, as syzgyastro points out, was his refusal to accept the concept of a religious "trinity".

The single most important thing that Isaac Newton did for mathematics was to see and understand that the concept of infinity, and its reciprocal the infinitesimal, could be used together in a harmonious working relationship to arrive at a more refined understanding and approach to solving problems which involved the more complex concept of non-linearity (ie curvature) vs the simpler geometric approach of only being able to model problems with linear (ie lines) segments.

Curves are mathematical concepts/constructs that are more complicated than the concept of linearity in the sense that they always involve some form of recursive (ie self referencing) relationship in the function that defines them. Consider for example the most basic non-linear function y = 1/x, where is the self reference here? ie...how is the function referencing itself?

In order to see this we need to stop and build a foundation of philosophical understanding that starts at the very beginning.

Mathematical functions are theoretical concepts that involve quantities and operations. These operations, ie multiplication and division, are themselves tied directly to real world (ie applied) actions. For example the concept of 100 - 50 = 50 is directly (and exactly) symmetric to the real world act of walking into a store, buying something for 50 cents with 100 pennies, and receiving 50 pennies back. In order to understand the behavior of a function it is always necessary to actually perform a real word process that allows us to see how the operations that the function uses behave. Although we are conditioned to think that the function 1/x is equivalent to a curve which asymptotically approaches zero, the equivalency has to be demonstrated by plotting the curve by iterating the function (a real world process) and seeing the results. It is the iterating process that we need to investigate to see and understand where the self reference is when the function 1/x is iterated. This function involves the concept of division, which itself is performed manually via the process of "long division". The long division of 1/x is symbolically represented as:

1⎾x

And the first step in the long division gives :

Divide divisor into dividend to get resulting quotient of 1/x

1/x

1⎾x

If you continue this process of iterating the long division algorithm you will wind up with a quotient consisting of the following terms:

1/x + 0 + -1/x +-1/x + 0 + 1/x + 1/x +0 + -1/x + -1/x + 0 + 1/x + 1/x +0 …etc.

Now, in order to evaluate what happened when we performed the iterative process of long division in our attempt to find the answer to the question of what 1/x is equivalent to we must first again…lay a foundation of understanding for what we are doing when we iterate via long division. We are asking the long division algorithm to generate an answer. If the algorithm is to be of any use it should generate a correct answer which matches real world results. For example…the process of division has a real world symmetric counterpart of cutting a slice out of a piece of pie. The pie represents the whole and the slice represents the fractional piece cut from it. The purpose of the long division algorithm is to convert the fractional representation to a decimal representation. In the case above we are actually testing the behavior of the algorithm by feeding a function as the input and seeing what it generates as output.

The above series of terms appears to sum to 1/x. The pattern begins at the second term. What is important to take note of is what questions are being asked of the algorithm and what answers are being generated in response to those question at each iterative step. Most importantly is, how is the symmetry of the questions in relation to real world problems changing as we ask each question in the iterative process. From above we see that:

1. First step: We ask the question, what is the answer to 1 divided by x – note that this problem has direct real world symmetry for any positive value of x, we can always thing of a slice of pie being cut into 1/x slices. The answer, points right back to the question…that is the algorithm is demonstrating recursive behavior in that the answer references the question

2. Second step: We ask the question, what is the answer to 0 divided by x – this is where the real world symmetry ends in that we can’t cut a slice of pie out of a pie that is not there however it is not illogical to say that if we don’t have a pie to cut a slice out of there will be no slice of pie…and the algorithm again responds with the quotient 1/x.

3. Third step: We ask the question, what is the answer to -1/x, this question has no symmetry with reality at all or for that matter logic…negative fractions are a nonexistent and undefined concept much as 1/0 is undefined. So when we say that -1 divided by x = -1/x and add it to the quotient we are introducing nonsense into the algorithm. The end result is that the algorithm responds that 1/x =0,

To summarize, in assessing the behavior of the algorithm for the first two iterations it yields a recursive result. Once nonsense is input, the algorithm begins to produce a periodic series result that does not converge.

So the answer to what is the value of 1 divided by x, when investigated using the only form of division algorithm know, points right back to the question 1/x. This the most fundamental kind of recursive function.

If you want to learn more about Newton’s work the following web page discusses it in more depth:

http://youwantedanswers.zxq.net/

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