Summary of the Arguments for God
The question of God’s existence has been with us for thousands of years and as such it is doubtless that dozens of books can be written on the different arguments for his existence – this hub however, attempts to merely summarise the key arguments that have developed over our history.
This hub serves as a quick reference to particular arguments as well as a compact revision guide for those trying to learn the key arguments.
Although there are many gods and we do not know which ones if any are true, people should believe in some sort of God because at least then they have a chance of getting it right.
If you don't bet on any God then you are lowering your chances of being rewarded (like going to heaven) and increasing your chances of being punished (like going to hell).
The Anthropic Principle
The chance that the universe would be made to be so habitable for humankind and its success is so slim that in order for it to have happened it must have been actively designed by an all powerful God. It is once again a logical conclusion to assume that this is the God the monotheistic religions speak of.
This argument is supported by science because it agrees with the idea that there are only a few limited conditions that must be present for life, especially complex life, to occur.
The Design Argument
Also known as the "teleological argument" (from the greek word telos - purpose), the Design Argument states that since everything seems to be very well suited for what it is supposed to do, something must have designed it. This designer therefore can be logically assumed to be the God described in theistic doctrines.
Evidence for this is the human eye which is so intricate it must have been designed by God so that we can see. When we look at a watch we can tell it was designed by a watchmaker, likewise, when we look at the eye we can tell that something very powerful designed it which must be God.
The Ontological Argument
Since God is defined as being the most perfect thing imaginable - he is omnipotent, omniscient and omnipresent - he must by definition exist since something that doesn't exist can definitely not be perfect. Perfection necessitates existence. Much like a triangle by definition must have 180o, God being the most perfect being must by definition exist.
The First Cause/Cosmological Argument
Everything we see has had a cause to it: books were written by people, people were born and planets formed - everything has an explanation. The only thing we cannot explain is what was the first cause of all of these things. In order for there to be a chain of events something must start it and that start must logically then be God - something or someone that doesn't rely on other things for its existence and is the sole cause of everything that follows.
"But God can't exist because there is evil in the world"
Several counter-arguments have been made to try and resolve this accusation to God's existence.
Without pain or evil in the world, there could be no good people - heroes and saints would not be able to sacrifice their own needs for the greater good and achieve saintliness.
The Artistic Analogy
A beautiful painting often has dark and light pigments because the contrast makes it beautiful. A piece of music involves discords which are later resolved to bring pleasure to the ear. Thus, it can be argued that the world needs both pain and pleasure to be beautiful and 'in harmony'.
The Argument from Miracles
God has performed many miracles in our lives. In the Christian Bible many miracles are documented (Jesus and Lazarus's resurrection, the feeding of the five thousand etc.) and in most other religions God performs many seemingly impossible things in the lives of humans.
In addition to that, many people claim that God must have performed miracles in their lives and therefore must exist.
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The sequel to this article "Counter Arguments for the Arguments for 'Proving' God" is coming soon!
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