Bahai Religion And Its Religious Practices


Baha'i Religion and History

The Baha'i religion was founded about one hundred and fifty years ago. Baha'i Faith, as it is popularly known, is among the fastest growing in the world.

It has more than five million followers from every country and corner of the world and is the second most popular religion, only second to Christianity.

The concept of this religion is unity and peace. The belief is not dissimilar to the Christian belief, where they both believe in one God, however, the similarities are a little distorted when it comes to people, as Baha'i believes that there is only one human race as opposed to the the belief in many races. Their main message is that of humanity.

How Baha'i Faith was founded

It was a wealthy Persian who abandoned his princely possessions and life of luxury that caught the attention of thousands of people across the globe. Baha'ullah left his riches behind to dwell amongst the poor facing persecution and deprivation. His actions were seen as a humanitarian gesture.

Facing much adversity and humiliation he brought home a message of peace and unity. Claiming to be a messenger for God, Baha'ullah's work and influence equaled that of Moses, Buddha, Christ and other divine messengers.

Unlike other religions, Baha'i stands out among all. It is the only religion that has withstood division into sects and has remained one united entity despite having over ten thousand locations throughout the world.

Shrine of the Bab, Mount Carmel, Israel
Shrine of the Bab, Mount Carmel, Israel
House of Worship, New Delhi
House of Worship, New Delhi

Religious Holidays of Baha'i

The Baha'i Faith like any other religion has their holy days and days of observances. There are nine holidays, one period of fasting and two days of special observance where persons still go out to work.

March 2 - 21 - Nineteen days of fasting.

This is a time of renewal and meditation where members come together to read scriptures and talk to each other and meditate. There is no consumption of any kind between sunrise and sundown. Most believers will not take any solid or liquid for the nineteen days of fast. This period of fast is said to be a preparation for the coming year which begins on the last day of fasting.

March 21 - Baha'i New Year.

This is known as the Naw-Ruz the fist day of the Iranian New year which is in the month of Farvardin, the first month of the year. Naw-Ruz is a National Holiday observed by all religions in Iran. However for the Baha'i it is observed as The Day of God or The Day of The Coming of The Promised One. The Baha'i makes it a spiritual celebration commencing in prayer and scripture ending with a feast, being also the ending of the nineteen days of fasting.

The Ridvan Festival -

The Ridvan Festival is the observance of the time Baha'ullah spent in the garden called Ridvan in the 1863. It is also known as the 'Most Great Festival' and also marks the declaration of Baha'ullah being as Prophet.

The period of celebration is twelve days but three in particular are declared as Holy Days, as follows:-

April 21 - First Day of Ridvan Festival

April 29 - Ninth Day of Ridvan Festival

May 2 - Twelfth Day of Ridvan Festival

These three days in particular are celebrated in observance of the time he entered the garden, the time his family joined him in the garden and their departure form the garden of Ridvan.

May 23 - Declaration of the Bab -

The story began in 1783 when Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsá'í began to travel through Persia declaring that the Great Day was coming. The Great Day would be the day the the Promised One (the Qa'im) would come.

Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsá'í was a learned man and his knowledge and teachings impressed many scholars and clergymen thus gaining him pupils. One such pupil was Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashtí, his favorite and eventually his successor.

When Shaykh Ahmad-i-Ahsá'í died in 1826, Siyyid Kázim-i-Rashtí continued to spred the message. Kazim died in 1843 and his brother Mullá Husayn continued to spread the message. It was Mulla who met a young man, Siyyid Ali Muhammad, who revealed himself as the Promised One after passing two tests that would prove the revelation of the Qa'im. This happened on May 22, 1844.

It was Muhammad who declared himself the Bab, also known as the Qa'im or the Promised One. The Promised one was but the Gate who foretold that there was but another to come after him that would be The Messenger.

Baha'i worship

May 29 - Ascension of Baha'ullah -

Baha'ullah died at the age of 75, on May 29, 1892.

July 9 - Martyrdom of the Bab -

The Bab was executed on July 9, 1850 around noon after being imprisoned for three years. The only day in history that is similar in comparison was the day Jesus was crucified.

October 20 - Birth of the Bab -

Marks the birth of Siyyid Ali Muhammad. He is also known as the 'John the Baptist' of the Baha'i Faith as he Heralded the coming Baha'ulla.

November 12 - Birth of Baha'ullah -

The birthday of Baha'ullah, two years before the Bab

November 26 - Day of the Covenant (Work not suspended) -

The son of Baha'ullah was born on May 23. He was also declared his father's successor on that same day. When Baha'ullah died, some Baha'is wished to celebrate his birthday. Abdu'l-Baha refused, stating that May 23 belonged to the Bab. After a lot of persuasion he declared November 26 as a day they could celebrate if they wanted to, with a stipulation that they still go out to work.

November 28 - Ascension of Abdu'l-Baha (work not suspended) -

Abdu'l-Baha was knighted by Queen Victoria in World War 1 for humanitarian services. He passed away on this day at about 1:15 in the morning.


A quote by Shoghi Effendi about the passing of Abdu'l-Baha

At 1:15 A.M He arose, and, walking to a table in His room, drank some water, and returned to bed. Later on, He asked one of His two daughters who had remained awake to care for Him, to lift up the net curtains, complaining that He had difficulty in breathing. Some rose-water was brought to Him, of which He drank, after which He again lay down, and when offered food, distinctly remarked: "You wish Me to take some food, and I am going?" A minute later His spirit had winged its flight to its eternal abode, to be gathered, at long last, to the glory of His beloved Father, and taste the joy of everlasting reunion with Him.

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Comments 41 comments

Apostle Jack profile image

Apostle Jack 5 years ago from Atlanta Ga

I enjoyed the story.But Christianity is spiritual and my choice.

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

Christianity is also my choice. I am not Baha'i but I like to learn of new things. I never heard of Baha'i until last week and decided to learn all I can. I am not a follower of Baha'ullah.

Thanks for stopping by and leaving a comment.

Dexter Yarbrough profile image

Dexter Yarbrough 5 years ago from United States

Hi Cardisa. It is always good to learn new things. Thanks for sharing. I had heard of the Baha'i religion and now I know more. Good morning!!

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

Good Morning Dexter, thanks for stopping by. Always leaving such wonderful comments. Thank you so much.

Lesleysherwood 5 years ago

Thanks for this information Cardisa. I worked with someone a few years back who was of this faith, so I'm finding it very interesting to read. Sort of gives me more insight into her character. Its very interesting!

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

Hi Lesley, Thanks for stopping by. I think it is very important to understand other religions as most of the people we know are different beliefs than us. So we get a better idea of who they are.

Thanks much!

always exploring profile image

always exploring 5 years ago from Southern Illinois

This is very interesting..I've never heard of this religion, but i like to learn new things. It's always been strange to me that there are so many different religions. There is only one God, so many wars fought over religion. I am not a member of any organized religion, but i know and worship God. Thank you so much for sharing this article..It's good to learn about the world outside of America.


Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

The truth is the first time I heard of Baha'i I thought it was a place. When I found out it was a religion I decided I had to learn more. This religion is so interesting.

Thanks for stopping by and leaving such insightful feedback.

Aka Professor M 5 years ago

The pursuit of Wisdom is One that takes us down many sideroads, Cardisa! It is in exploring these paths that we learn more of why we are here and what our reason for living really is.

Religions are our attempt at discovering the nature of our world and our Creator but more often that not, we end up learning more about those, who share this world with us. That you have chosen to make this known here on HubPages shows that You are someone who teaches by good example.

By that I mean you, Cardisa, as a Christian have choose to make yourself aware of your brothers and sisters beliefs, learn about them and then allow them to see you as a tolerant and rational person, who is strong in her own beliefs!

By not forcing your religious convictions on others, you actually attract those, who are curious about you, to your hubs and wanting to learn how you are this way, will gravitate to you, because they appreciate this genuine warmth of your character.

That is how it appears to me. I have decided to comment here and will, with your kind indulgence, be checking out more of you works. Thanks for sharing this knowledge with us, here on HubPages, Cardisa !

Regards Mike (Aka Professor M!) ;D

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

Wow! Wow! I don't know what to say but THANK YOU Mike!!!

You seem to understand me so well. I do not wish to impose any belief on anyone but being aware of other religions and cultures will allow us to grow as a people. How can I love and accept you if I don't know you?

Thank you for such insightful and kind comments Mike, they are highly appreciated!!!

Aka Professor M 5 years ago

You Are very welcome! Experience has taught me very well, Cardisa! After having almost 60 years of it, I have turned the Knowledge that I have learned into, the Wisdom that is to be shared with all who, themselves are seekers!

Regards Mike (Aka Professor M!) ;D

Pollyannalana profile image

Pollyannalana 5 years ago from US

I understand this too and it compares I think to reading bible guides by different authors. We don't have to believe every word they say to give us food for thought. I use to laugh so much at Hal Lindsey years aho talking about UFOs maybe being of satan and well I didn't even believe in UFOs! Since then though all this art in caves from centuries ago and pictures of things you can only see from the sky made at a time there were no planes...that we knew of! I stopped laughing.

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

I agree with you Polly. It seems to me that we only remain in ignorance when we refuse to learn anew. Reading enhances knowledge, you don't have to agree with the subject, just the knowledge of it will help us understand each other, our past and the future.

Multiman 5 years ago

Actually, a recent Court Case brought by the larger group of Baha'is against a much smaller group, and which was lost by the larger group headquartered in Wilmette, shows that there is another group of Baha'is quite small in the USA but gathering quite a nubmer in India and other locations called because of legal requirements the Orthodox Baha'i Faith.

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

Hello Multiman.

Are you saying that the smaller group of Bahai were operating as an independent faith? Thanks for the information. You see it pays to learn. I will do some research and get more info on the matter.

Thanks much!

Multiman 5 years ago

They are an independent Faith, known as the Orthodox Baha'i Faith. I have an article on it, under topic Baha'i, explains the difference between the two groups. Any way other than that small point your article was terrific and very good.

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

Thank you Multiman, I'll have to check it out.

upal19 profile image

upal19 5 years ago from Dhaka

I heard the name and I saw their complex somewhere in my town but I didn't know about them more. Thanks for sharing.

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

You are quite welcomed Upal19. Thanks fro stopping by.

James A Watkins profile image

James A Watkins 5 years ago from Chicago

Thank you for the interesting report. One of my favorite books of all time was written by a man of the Bahai faith, Guy Murchie: "The Seven Mysteries of Life." I enjoyed your fine Hub. :-)

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

Thanks James. It's nice having you around even if it's once in while. I was kinda worried that you would leave us after what HP did to you. Glad you decided to stick around.

J.S.Matthew profile image

J.S.Matthew 5 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

What an awesome Hub! I had heard of this religion but didn't know much about it. I am so glad I found this in the HubFeed! Voting Up and Sharing! Great job Cardisa!


FloraBreenRobison profile image

FloraBreenRobison 5 years ago

My uncle's first wife and mother of my cousins as well as her daughters (not her son) are Bahai. They are some of the most non-prejudiced people I have met among devout followers of a faith as their faith encompasses beliefs of other faiths. This includes Christianity and I know Connie would disagree with anyone who said that she and others of her faith were not spiritual, despite what the person who made your first comment says (*really, the term is Bahai Faith, not Bahai superstition, Apostle Jack).

I hear Christians I know disagree with each other to the point of shouting at each other, people of all faiths declaring that theirs is the only correct one. No one I know who is Bahai does this and I know some personally (as supposed to a generalization about people I've never met). Oh, and in case your readers are wondering, I myself am nonreligious. I have no affiliation with the Bahai Faith.

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

Thank you JS, I really liked when I was researching the faith. It made me want to be Bahai too. The faith allows you to be selfless, but the weird thing is that the man who founded it abandoned he riches to live in poverty but the Bahai religion is one of the wealthiest.

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

Flora, I like this faith, and you are right, Christians don't live in harmony. The Bahai is the kind of religion that makes you reconsider who you are as a person.

That Apostle Jack fellow is pretty prejudice of other religions and he calls himself and Apostle. We should be looking to learn all we can from each other, not ridicule. He called my hub a story!

homesteadbound profile image

homesteadbound 5 years ago from Texas

Thank you Cardisa for a very nice hub. Everyone could learn from the unity displayed by the Bahai's. I have hear of them and seen their temples/churches but have not knowingly met one. It sounds like they would be a very kind and accepting person.

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

Hello Homesteadbound, you are right. People of the Bahai religion are very friendly, caring and accepting. That's what makes them so special and unique. The fastest growing religion second to Christianity.

Vinaya Ghimire profile image

Vinaya Ghimire 5 years ago from Nepal

Baha'i is relatively a new phenomena but is second to Christianity in terms of popularity. Wow, I really did not know that. I always thought more than faith it is cult practice. Looks like Baha'i practice is very similar to Islam but not rigidity of the hardliners, more close of Sufi cult, to be precise.

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 5 years ago from Jamaica Author

I wouldn't really classify Bahai as a cult because the principles are really similar to Christianity. Their faith is based upon easing the hardships of mankind and unity. These are the same principles that Christianity was based on when Christ was here on earth.

Thanks for stopping by.

Multiman 5 years ago

Vinaya, I was re reading this column and saw your comment. Yes, there is a lot of sufi influence in my opinion, in that Baha'u'llah while originally a follower of the Bab, was also known to dress as a sufi in the mountains of Sulyimania (sic).

DeBorrah K. Ogans profile image

DeBorrah K. Ogans 4 years ago

Cardisa, Very interesting and introspective hub on the Bahai`faith!

Thank You for sharing, Peace & Blessings!

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 4 years ago from Jamaica Author

Thank you DeBorrah. I thought it was a very interesting religion. Thanks for reading and commenting.

Shawn 4 years ago

Wow! I have herd of this several years ago. This was related to me from an Alaskan frend of mine,he grew up in this faith,mentiond several supprising fallowers.I am supperised,as to the growth and statis as this person was not trying to sell me his faith.He also appreciated my belief.Knowledge of other religion,customs,cultures and places has allowed growth in my life turning my religion to reality.I live a Christian Reality!The love letter the Lord sent to as many as want it.I had to learn to read it first. Then learn the people,places,tings,and,copious information of ALL types.This Bahai friend has and was helpful.Cardisa thank you for yor help.without yours and many more than I could count over 25 years of study,thank you!Thank the Lord who gave us brains to use,tools to assist,but most of all each other.Grace to you Cardisa!

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 4 years ago from Jamaica Author

Thank you Shawn, I am glad you found the answer to your unasked questions about this faith. Have a blessed afternoon.

LauraD093 profile image

LauraD093 4 years ago from Pittsburgh PA

I really enjoyed this hub--I am always open to learning about new faith practices and theologies--I had never heard of this religion and liked learning more about it.

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 4 years ago from Jamaica Author

Hi LauraD093, this religion is so close to the Christian beliefs I too enjoyed learning about it as well. Thanks for stopping by and leaving a wonderful comment.

starapostle profile image

starapostle 4 years ago

Hi Cardisa, I don't have anything positive to say about the Baha'i faith. This is what I was thinking when I read the post, but before that, I simply just think it's from the Devil.

It's among the fastest growing religions in the world how? because they advertised it? Over five million followers from Every country and Corner of the world? Must have been a secret, why wouldn't you openly evangelize if you have revelation from God? The second most popular religion how?

Nobody knows what this is, even you had to research it. If someone would go as far to say, what they have is equaled to Moses and Christ, how? That would only make it an imitation, as Moses and Christs prophesied, and have a link through prophecy, who is linked to this Baha'i prophet that he has fulfilled something validating past prophets proving himself a prophet, which would be the proof of God?

Their believing about races instead of God. Their main message is that of humanity and not God. His actions were seen as a humanitarian gesture, so the people made him a prophet. You can be poor, get burnt, and give your money to the poor, but that doesn't make you a prophet, those things aren't the things that prove love, but the people chose him on something superficial similar to those things. What strength is in his teachings of love that display power?

A rich man marketed a story, but if you start with the choice to be poor, your not starting with God choosing him, which is what counts and is characteristics of biblical prophets. His work is thought to be equaled to partial testaments, which means it can only compare and not validate any scripture. He brought home a message and no proof of the witness of God. Who are they expecting to Come? Promised by who? What past revelation are they connecting their God to? If it started in 1783 and has no connection to nothing then they made it up, they still have to persuade men, if their manuscripts are as big as Moses and Christ, then it is not Christs fulfillment, Christ said his yoke would be light, but you have to take on a whole other world to to understand what they are waiting on, because they have no power in their knowledge. They have mysteries still. Anything that needs that long to save the world is not it. I can do it in one hour if I had the worlds attention, even shorter than that I believe, but that's another story.

I see it like this, whoever doesn't believe Christ risen from the dead is a Anti-Christ. Be careful who you decide to jump in bed with, if you leave it up to the media and people like Obama, they'll send you the Devils message, "do as thou wilt," they don't care who you lay with, I do.

The reason why people who call themselves Christians have so much trouble, is because they don't have what the people of the new testament had, a validation of the last testament, and when you should be looking for that, your looking for the end, with no validation in-between. When you don't have that, and you don't really know the Devil's power in the world, he can easily sift you until you meet me. All they have to do is tell you it's from the past, get you to read it, can't prove it, and then consider it. All religions are based on false witnessing of God. Otherwise stop waiting and reveal the revelation that will unite the world with powerful knowledge, which would be the revelation of God. They all have had plenty of time to do it.

He who believes on a prophet, receives a prophets reward.

starapostle profile image

starapostle 4 years ago

Hi Cardisa, I did not know you had comments pending. I take my words seriously, to the point I want it known the things I say, so I am accountable for my words. If you decide not to show my comment, can you send me my words back to me? I would greatly appreciate it.

Star Apostle

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 4 years ago from Jamaica Author

Hello Starapostle, I have not checked my HP account in a few days due to ill health. I want to apologise for not getting back to you earlier. Thanks for leaving a comment.

starapostle profile image

starapostle 4 years ago

:) are you mocking me! God bless you.

Cardisa profile image

Cardisa 4 years ago from Jamaica Author

Hi Starapostle, I certainly am not mocking you and your first comment I am now only seeing as it was sent to the spam box. Thanks again.

As far as your comment is concerned I agree with all your points. A religion that started as a result of someone who martyred themselves as a humanitarian might be interesting but not biblically based. Christianity also encourages humanitarianism and unity but the center of our faith is that of One God. There is is no biblical base that Baha was sent of God as Christ was. There was no foretelling of his appearance or record of him anywhere in the bible. The bible tells that Jesus will make a second appearance but not as a sheep to the slaughter (like his first appearance) but as the conquering LION of the Tribe of Judah so there again he cannot be Christ in the second coming.

Thanks so much for your wonderful comment. Have a great day.

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