Commentary on the Lord's Prayer

The Lord's Prayer
(Matthew 6:9-13)

After this manner therefore pray ye: Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen

Jesus "was praying at a certain place, and when He ceased praying, one of His disciples said to Him, "‘Lord, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples." In response to that request the Lord taught His disciples this fundamental Christian prayer of hope.

Let me tell you that The Lord’s Prayer is known as The Model Prayer that Jesus taught His disciples to use as an example for other prayers. However, we have come to know this as the Lord’s Prayer even though Jesus did not pray this prayer Himself. According to the scriptures the prayer that Jesus prayed is found in John 17 when He prayed for Himself, His disciples and those who would believe. Because most people refer to this as The Lord’s Prayer, I will do the same to avoid confusion.

Of all the prayers that people have written and spoken, the one used most often by Christians is the The Lord’s Prayer.


The Lord’s Prayer appears twice in the New Testament: the longer version in Matthew 6:9-13 and in a shorter version in Luke 11:2-4. Luke presents a brief text of only five petitions, while Matthew gives a more developed version of seven petitions. In Matthew, the prayer is composed of an invocation and seven petitions, the first in reference to God, the last four requesting divine help and guidance for ourselves . And The Lord's Prayer concludes with a doxology

The Lord’s Prayer is the comprehensive type of the simplest and most universal prayer. The Lord’s Prayer is by far the best known prayer among Christians worldwide, and has been translated into hundreds of different languages. It is worth remarking, however, that while Jesus Himself specifically instructs His followers to pray in private, this prayer is frequently recited in public, and has been incorporated into the services and liturgies of many Christian denominations.

I will explain each verse of Matthew 6:9-13 and hopefully I can provide some information about the Lord’s Prayer that you didn’t know before but will come to embrace.

Matthew 5-7 is known as the Sermon on the Mount. The Lord’s Prayer is found in Matthew 6, in the middle of the Sermon on the Mount where Jesus was teaching His disciples about many things. Here he is teaching them the example they should follow not IF they pray but WHEN they pray.

I teach The Lord’s Prayer in my Prayer course at The Way of Life. First I teach it from the book Could You Not Tarry One Hour by Larry Lea and then from The Hour that Changes the World by Dick Eastman. They both agree it should take us one hour to pray and meditate on The Lord’s Prayer when we pray it in private. Surely, it takes us only a minute or less to recite it in corporate worship, but when we really sit down to pray the Lord’s Prayer it should take us exactly one hour to do so if we meditate on each line before moving on. If it takes you only one minute to pray The Lord’s Prayer, every time you do you, you are cheating God out of 59 minutes. Could you not tarry one hour?


Jesus called God "Father" more than 60 times in the New Testament. That proves to us the deep relationship Jesus had with His Father.

Jesus did not say "My Father," or "Your Father," but "Our Father." In those two words Jesus included everyone, despite their sex, their ethnic or racial background, or their life history. In these two words, "Our Father" Jesus included us.

The word "father" in the Bible means three basic things:

First, it refers to thesource or origin. God is the source of all that you have.

Second, the word Father speaks ofparental authority. He is God and you are not. He is a father; you are his child. Because He is our Father "in heaven," he has the right to do as He pleases even if His ways do not always make sense to us.

Third, when you call God "Father," you confess that He is a God of tender loving care. He is a God who loves His children with an everlasting love that is faithful and loyal no matter what happens.

"Our Father which art in heaven" acknowledges the intimate relationship of Jesus and believers to the family of God. When we address God as "our" Father, we personally address the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Grammatically, "our" qualifies a reality common to more than one person. Finally, if we pray to Our Father sincerely, we leave individualism behind, because the love that we receive frees us from thinking of ourselves. The "our" at the beginning of the Lord’s Prayer, like the "us" of the last four petitions, excludes no one.

The bottom line is that we can invoke God as "Father" because Jesus did.

By saying "Our Father" we are revealing the fact of the brotherhood of men. We are acknowledging that we are truly members of just one body."

After you give the direct address, you give an identifying statement about the God whom you have addressed. Here the identifying statement about God is where He dwells . . . "Which art in heaven."

"Which art in heaven." After you address God, you can use your own identifying statement. Sometimes I say: All Wise and Eternal God, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob . . . When I teach about the 23rd Psalm, I pray "Heavenly Father, the God of David, Moses, Solomon, Ethan, Asaph and the other psalmists" to relate the direct address and the identifying statement to my teaching.

We are not locked into what to say, but a model is to give a direct address and an identifying statement about the God to whom we are praying. "Which art in heaven" does not only refer to a place but also to God’s majesty and His presence in the hearts of believers. Heaven, the Father’s house, is the true homeland toward which we are heading and to which, already, we belong.

We pray to our Father who is "in heaven" because the phrase refers to heaven as the center of the universe and the seat of all authority and power and dominion and greatness.

God is in the seat of all authority and all power. Therefore, when we say, "Our father which art in heaven," we are proclaiming that God has the authority and power to hear us and to help us when we pray. It is precisely because God is in heaven that He has the power to help us.

Even though The Lord’s Prayer is short, every single word is important. Every single word is crucial. "Our" opens us up to a big view of the universe. "Father" encourages us to believe that God cares. "In heaven" means that we don’t have a problem that God can’t handle.

Think of it this way as we summarize the first 6 words of The Lord’s Prayer:

"Our" speaks of Community; that we do not pray alone. Instead, we pray WITH others and FOR others.

"Father" speaks of Family; that we are not left alone. Instead, we pray to the One who cares for us.

"Which art in heaven" speaks of Authority; that we do not struggle alone. Instead, we pray to the One who has the power to help us.

It is only at this point that we can go into petitions. There are seven petitions, but notice the order of the petitions. The first three petitions have to do with God. God is given His supreme place and then and only then should we go into the four petitions for ourselves. It is only when God has been given His proper place that all other things fall into their proper place.

Let’s look at the first three of the seven petitions. Keep in mind that the first three are about God.

The first series of petitions carries us toward God, for His own sake. In none of the three petitions do we mention ourselves. It is Thy name, Thy kingdom, Thy will!

"Hallowed be thy name". “Hallowed” means “honored.” Holy is the name which should be hallowed or honored,. We should begin our prayer with worship, ascribing praise and honor to Him who is worthy of it. We should treat God’s name as no other name. We should give God the uniqueness that no other name deserves. When we say, “Hallowed be thy name” we are rearranging the words and we are really saying, “Thy name, be hallowed.”

Beginning with this first petition to our Father, we are asking the Father that His name be made holy. When we say "hallowed be thy name," we ask that it should be hallowed in us, who are in Him; but also in others whom God’s grace still awaits, that we may obey the precept that obliges us to pray for everyone, even our enemies.


"Thy kingdom come." After worship, we should pray for the advancement of God’s cause, putting His interests first. Specifically, we should pray for the day when God will set up His kingdom here on earth and reign in righteousness. When we say, “Thy kingdom come” we are really petitioning “Come, thy kingdom.” We should rearrange the words into the way we speak. When we say, "Thy kingdom come," we are calling forth God’s perfect plan for us here on earth.

"Thy will be done.” After we say, "Thy kingdom come" we should acknowledge that God knows best by saying, “Thy will be done.” Let’s rearrange those words and say, “Be done, thy will.” When we do that, we are surrendering our will to God’s will. It also expresses a longing to see His will in us and throughout the world.

This is the end of the three petitions concerning God: "Hallowed be thy name, thy kingdom come, thy will be one." The next line is “on earth as it is in heaven.” This explains all three preceding petitions. The worship of God, the sovereign rule of God, and the performance of His will are all reality of heaven that we pray for on earth.

Now that we have made our petitions concerning God, we are ready to go into the four petitions concerning ourselves and our own personal needs. Even though we are praying for ourselves, we are also praying for others as well. Hear, the “us” and “our” in the next three petitions.

"Give us this day our daily bread."
"And forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors."
"And lead us not into temptations, but deliver us from evil."

"Give us this day our daily bread." Jesus teaches us this petition because it glorifies our Father by acknowledging how good He is, beyond all goodness."Give us" also expresses the covenant. We are His and He is ours, for our sake. But this "us" also recognizes Him as the Father of all men and we pray to Him for all on a daily basis. We pray for daily bread for ourselves and for others. No one is excluded. "Our bread" is the "one" loaf for the "many."

This acknowledges our dependence on God for our daily food, both spiritual and physical. That’s why we should pray this prayer every day. We should pray for daily bread; never for bread in the future. This first petition for ourselves is for our sustenance so we can be strong enough to do other things. Now that we are able to continue, we make the next petition.

"And forgive us our debts as we forgive our debtors." Some people say "forgive us our trespasses as we those who trespass against us." Know that "debts" and "trespasses" both mean "sins." It depends on the version of the Bible you are using.

We pray for forgiveness because forgiveness from God is necessary if fellowship is to be maintained. We need to forgive others so God can forgive us. Notice on the cross, the first thing Jesus asked for was forgiveness for those who sought to do Him wrong. Forgiveness paves the way for blessings to follow.

"And lead us not into temptation." God does allow His people to be tested and tried. We should distrust our own ability to resist temptation. Therefore, we pray and depend completely on God not to allow us to go into temptation. In classical Greek, the word translated "temptation" means "a test," and refers to any experience that tries our health or our will. An illness, a death, a financial crisis, any hardship is a "test," or a temptation.

"But deliver us from evil" is the last of the four personal petitions. When we ask to be delivered from the evil, we pray as well to be freed from all evils, present, past, and future. We pray that God will deliver us from hurt, harm, and danger. We pray to be delivered from every evil. And in so doing we also pray that God will grant us peace as we await the blessed hope and the coming of our Savior, Jesus Christ.

That ends the four petitions pertaining to our needs and the needs of others. We now comes to the last part of The Lord’s Prayer. This final part is a doxology. A doxology is simply a short prayer of praise to God. A doxology has five distinct characteristics.

1. It is about God.
2. It contains praise.
3. It has Creation language
4. It has Eternal language
5. And it ends with Amen

"For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen." This doxology acknowledges the ending of the prayer attributing all power and glory to God forever through all eternity.

"Amen" in this prayer and in any other prayer means "And it so" indicating being in agreement with what has been just been said.

Will you pray The Lord's Prayer along with me now? As you do so, think about what you are saying. Let’s pray that prayer that Jesus taught His disciples by saying . . .

Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth, as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen


Now let’s look at the format of the Lord’s Prayer along with my own commentary.

The Lord’s Prayer begins with a direct address: "Our Father." Jesus invites us to say "Our Father" when we pray.

In corporate worship or when praying as a group the word “Our” is appropriate. This means everyone is included. The word “Our” shows that God is no has no favorites, but He is God of the just and the unjust. “Our” is the right personal plural pronoun to use. In The Lord’s Prayer there in not one “I” “Me” or “My.” However, the word “our” is used four times and the word “us” is used three times. That should tell us that The Lord’s Prayer is not a private personal prayer but a corporate inclusive prayer.

You are admitting that you are not the only one in the world who has a concern to bring to God. To begin with the word "our" means that you are in a fellowship and a community of God’s children around the world. This is an important insight because it is very easy to become "Me" oriented when you pray. But when you pray "Our Father," you are confessing that your problems are not the only problems in the world. You are admitting that there are millions of people around the world who have concerns just as great as yours. To pray like this imparts a bigness and expansiveness to your prayer because it includes all of God’s children everywhere.

When we pray "Our Father" as a congregation, we cease to be individuals coming to church with our own particular burdens and our own agendas. Instead, we become part of a family with a common heritage and with shared values. And that family of brothers and sisters is even more decisive than a biological family. It is a family created by the new birth and made possible by the shedding of the blood of Jesus Christ for our redemption.

Every prayer should be addressed to God. Here God is addressed as Father in acknowledgment of His sovereignty over the universe. Prayers should be prayed to God in the name of Jesus, who mediates. We can say "Father" because we are relationship with God as Jesus was.

Remember this is the model prayer which means that we use it as an example. We can use other names of God as a direct address. Some examples include: Almighty God, All Wise God, Everlasting God, Eternal God, Gracious God or whatever your heart leads you to say. I tend to use a direct address to God that relates to what I am teaching or preaching or meditating on at the time of the prayer.

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Comments 4 comments

stessily 5 years ago

revmjm: This is a wish-thought come true! Several weeks ago I had the thought that this topic would be wonderfully covered by you, but I let it go at that thought. Thank you for this beautiful presentation. It oftentimes astounds me how much is said and conveyed in this seemingly simple prayer that is so easy to remember and so soothing to recite. Voted up + useful + awesome + beautiful

Kind regards, Stessily


Dahlia 5 years ago

Simply beautiful!


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revmjm 5 years ago from Richmond, VA Author

Dahlia, thanks for your kind words.


Deborah Sexton 2 years ago

Nice hub.

In Hebrew the word for hallow means to honor as holy and sacred.

Hallowed be thy means holy and sacred be your name. It is more of a statement than a request. The request would be that all who call themselves “of God” do so by living the life those “of God” should, which is holy.

In the Jewish life, prayer is devotion from the heart, called kavanat ha lev, and must exist in true prayer. Kavanah implies the existence of concentration, worship, and single-mindedness. “Prayer without kavanah is like a body without a soul,” meaning that the attitude of “service of the heart” (avodah sheba-lev) is required when praying.

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