The Main Events in the Book of First Kings

King Solomon's Temple

King Solomon Welcomes the Queen of Sheba

Elijah the Prophet Rebukes King Ahab

The Adventures of King Solomon and The Prophet Elijah

1 Kings 1

As David nears his death, his son Adonijah attempts to set himself up as king and calls all the king's sons and many guests to a feast; all except his brother Solomon. Bathsheba and Nathan the prophet appeal to David. David declares Bathsheba's son Solomon will succeed him on the throne. David has Zadok put Solomon on his own mule to ride throughout the city. When Adonijah and his guests hear that David made Solomon king, Adonijah and all those with him disperse out of fear. Solomon promises to treat Adonijah well if he acts in a worthy manner.

1 Kings 2

David charges Solomon to walk closely with God and follow all his decrees and the Lord will bless his reign. David also gives Solomon instructions on how to deal with Joab the commander of his army, Barzillai the Gileadite, and Shimei (the one who cursed KIng David as David was fleeing from his son Absalom). David passes away and is buried in Jerusalem (the City of David). Adonijah makes a request through Bathsheba, asking that David's attendant Abishag become his wife. Solomon has Adonijah executed for his request to have Abishag as his wife. Solomon dismisses Abiathar from the priesthood; and has Joab and Shimei executed for their ill behavior during his father David's reign. So Solomon's reign was established in Israel.

1 Kings 3

Solomon makes an alliance with the pharoah of Egypt and marries his daughter. The people of Israel were sacrificing at the high places because there was no temple to bring them to. Solomon walked with the Lord according to David's instructions. Solomon went to the most important high place in Gibeon and offered a huge sacrifice. After Solomon made the huge sacrifice, during the night, the Lord appeared to Solomon and asked Solomon to make whatever request he wanted. Solomon asks for wisdom to rule the kingdom. The Lord was pleased with Solomon's request and declared that he would give Solomon wisdom as well as fame and riches if Solomon faithfully followed all the Lord's decrees. Solomon adjudicates a dispute between two prostitutes and gives a wise verdict. All Israel recognises that Solomon has wisdom from God to administer justice.

1 Kings 4

The chapter lists Solomon's officials and governors; the territory over which he reigned; the provisions he doled out each day; and the number of horses and chariots he had. The news of Solomon's wisdom spread throughout the known world and many nations sent delegations to meet with him and to listen to him.

1 Kings 5

Hiram king of Tyre sends envoys to king Solomon. Solomon requests cedars be sent to Israel from Tyre so he can build a temple for the Lord. Hiram praised the Lord for Solomon and sent the requested materials for the temple. Solomon conscripts laborers to help build the temple.

1 Kings 6

Solomon builds the temple in Jerusalem.

1 Kings 7

Solomon builds a palace for himself. Solomon hires Huram from Tyre to craft furnishings for the temple.

1 Kings 8

Solomon summons all the elders of Israel to Jerusalem to bring up the ark and place it in the temple. Solomon prays a prayer of praise and thanksgiving to the Lord for the Lord's faithfulness to fulfill his promise he made to David. Solomon prays a prayer of dedication for the temple. Solomon dedicates the temple with offerings and sacrifices.

1 Kings 9

The Lord appears to Solomon and promises to be with Solomon and Israel if he and his sons remain faithful to the Lord and follow after his decrees. If however, the people do not remain faithful to the Lord, the Lord makes clear that the temple will become a byword to all the surrounding nations. After Solomon built the temple and the palace, he gave the area of Galilee to Hiram king of Tyre as a gift for all his help building the two buildings. Hiram rejected the area calling it Cabul which means "good for nothing."

1 Kings 10

The Queen of Sheba hears about Solomon's wisdom and visits him. She arrived in Jerusalem with a caravan. Solomon answered all her questions. When the queen saw all the wisdom of Solomon and his palace and everything else belonging to him, she was overwhelmed. They exchanged gifts and she returned to her own country. More Solomon's splendor and possessions are reported.

1 Kings 11

Solomon's many foreign wives lead him astray and he builds shrines for all their gods. Some adversaries rise up against Solomon and Israel. A man named Jeroboam rebels against Solomon. Solomon tries to kill Jeroboam, but Jeroboam flees to Egypt. Solomon dies and is laid to rest in with his father in the city of David.

1 Kings 12

Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, replaces Solomon as king of Israel. Jeroboam returns from Egypt and goes to Shechem with all other Israelites for Rehoboam's coronation ceremony. Jeroboam asks Rehoboam to improve the harsh labor conditions practiced during Solomon's reign. Rehoboam asks his father's counselors for advice and they counsel Rehoboam to agree to lighten the workload. Rehoboam then asks his friends for their advice for the same situation and they counsel Rehoboam to intensify the labor conditions. Reho boam rejects the advice of his father's counselors and goes with his friends ideas. When Jeroboam and the other Israelites hear that the labor conditions will get worse, they revolt against Rehoboam's reign. Only those living in the territory of Judah remained under Rehoboam's reign. Jeroboam becomes king over the northern tribes of Israel from Ephraim to Dan. Jeroboam sets up two golden calves as places of sacrifice so the people will not go to Jerusalem to worship the Lord. Jeroboam also built up other shrines on high places and appointed priests who were not Levites.

1 Kings 13

A man of God from Judah goes to the one of Jeroboam's altars in Bethel and prophesies that a future king named Josiah will reign in Judah. The man foretells that Josiah will sacrifice the false high priests on Jeroboam's altar. Jeroboam stretches out his hand to attempt to seize the man of God, but his hand shriveled and the altar split in two. The man of God prays for Jeroboam and his hand was healed. The man of God from Judah obeys the Lord instructions and refuses Jeroboam's invitation to go to the palace and eat with him. On the way home, an old prophet from Bethel invites the man of God to eat with him and reluctantly accepts. After departing the home of the old prohpet, the prophet from Judah is killed by a lion for not obeying the Lord's command not to stop and eat. The old prophet from Bethel retrieves and buries the young prophet's body and asks that when he dies his servants bury him in the man of God's tomb. Jeroboam does not change his ways, but continues to sin against the Lord and do evil.

1 Kings 14

Jeroboam's son becomes ill. Jeroboam sends his wife to the prophet Ahijah in Shiloh. Ahijah prophsies against Jeroboam for his sin against the Lord. Nadab succeeds his father Jeroboam as king. In the meantime Rehoboam continues as king over Judah. During Rehoboam's reign, the people of Judah commit evil before the Lord. In the fifth year of Rehoboam's reign, Shishak the king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem and carried off treasures from the temple and the royal palace. Rehoboam is succeeded by his son Abijah.

1 Kings 15

Abijah reigned as king of Judah for three years and committed all the sins of his father Rehoboam. There was warfare between Judah and Israel throughout Abijah's reign. Asa succeeds Abijah as king of Judah. Asa reigned in Jerusalem for 41 years. Asa did what was right in the Lord's eyes. Asa expels the temple shrine prostitutes and deposes his grandmother as queen mother for setting up a detestable Asherah pole. Judah and Israel continue to war during Asa's reign. Asa makes a treaty with Ben-Hadad the king Aram who helps Asa in his fight against Israel. Asa died and was succeeded by his son Jehoshaphat. Nadab reigns in Israel and does evil in the eyes of the Lord. A man named Baasha kills Nadab, replaces him as king, and executes the rest of Jeroboam's family. Baasha ruled Israel for 24 years and did evil in the eyes of the Lord just as Jeroboam had done.

1 Kings 16

The word of the Lord came to a man named Jehu who prophesies against Baasha. Baasha dies and Elah his son follows him as king of Israel. Elah reigns for two years. Zimri, an official in Elah's court, plots against Elah, strikes him down, and takes his place as ruler of Israel. Zimri kills off Baasha's entire family. Zimri ruled for seven days, but the people of Israel declare Omri, the commander of the army, as king. Zimri goes home and kills himself. Omri reigned for 12 years, but did evil in the eyes of the Lord. Omri was followed by his son Ahab. Ahab was king of Israel for 22 years and did more evil in the eyes of the Lord than any king of Israel before him. Ahab married Jezebel the daughter of the king of Sidon and set up a temple of Baal in Samaria. In Ahab's time, Hiel of Bethel rebuilt the walls of Jericho, but in accordance with the words of Joshua lost his sons in the process of rebuilding them.

1 Kings 17

Elijah the prophet tells Ahab King of Israel that it will not rain for three years. The Lord sends Elijah to a place called the Kerith Ravine where Elijah drinks from the brook and is fed by ravens. The Lord tells Elijah to move on to Zarephath in Sidon where a woman will supply him food. As long as Elijah stayed with the woman, she never ran out of flour or oil. While Elijah was staying with the woman of Zarephath, her son died, but Elijah raised him from the dead.

1 KIngs 18

As the famine continues, King Ahab summons a servant named Obadiah and sends him throughout the land to find grass to keep the king's horses and mules alive. Obadiah was a devout believer in the Lord. As Obadiah is searching for grass, Elijah meets him along the road and directs Obadiah to tell Ahab that he was here. Obadiah objects fearing that Ahab's evil wife Jezebel would kill Obadiah if she thought he was harboring information about Elijah (for Jezebel was killing all the Lord's prophets). Elijah appears to Ahab and condemns the actions of the king and the king's family. Elijah orders the king to summon all the people of Israel to assemble at Mount Carmel. After the people arrive, Elijah challenges the Israelites to choose between the Lord and false idols and proposes a duel between the Lord and the false god Baal. The servants of Baal sacrifice to and call on their god, but he does not answer. The Lord answers Elijah and Elijah slays the servants of Baal. Elijah prays to the Lord to end the three year drought and the Lord sends rain.

1 Kings 19

Ahab tells Jezebel everything Elijah did and how he executed the prophets of Baal. Jezebel threatens to kill Elijah. Elijah flees to Beersheba in Judah and prays that he might die. An angel appears to Elijah, provides food for him, and sends him down to Horeb (Mount Sinai). The Lord appears to Elijah at Horeb and speaks to him in a whisper and tells Elijah to go back to the Desert of Damascus to anoint hazael king of Aram, Jehu king of Israel, and Elisha to replace him as prophet. The Lord also tells Elijah that the Lord has preserved seven thousand devote believers who have not bowed the knee to Baal.

1 Kings 20

Ben-Hadad king of Aram leads an attack against Israel and demnads tribute from Ahab king of Israel. Ben-Hadad demands more tribute and Ahab refuses. Ahab defeats Ben-Hadad king of Aram. Ahab fails to obey the Lord by making a treaty with the king of Aram rather than executing him as the Lord commanded. The Lord sends a prophet to Ahab to condemn the king for his lack of obedience to the Lord and sentences Ahab to die.

1 Kings 21

Ahab desires the vineyard of a man named Naboth. Naboth refuses to trade his vineyard because it was his families inheritance at the time the Israelites conqueres Canaan under Joshua. Jezebel the wife of king Ahab conspires against Naboth and takes his vineyard for Ahab. The Lord sends Elijah to meet Ahab at Naboth's vineyard and condemn him for the murder. Ahab repents and the Lord tells Elijah that the disaster pronounced on Ahab's family will occur during his son's reign.

1 Kings 22

Ahab asks Jehoshaphat king of Judah to help him retake Ramoth Gilead from the Arameans. Jehoshaphat agrees, but aks that they seek the counsel of the Lord first. Ahab asks some prophets who agree that they will have victory, but Jehoshaphat wants them to seek the counsel of a prophet devoted to the Lord. Ahab reluctantly calls for Micaiah the prophet who speaks against the attack. Ahab decides to attack anyway and convinces Jehoshaphat to wear Ahab's armor. Ahab is wounded in the battle and dies. Jehoshaphat became king of Judah and walked in obedience to the Lord. Jehoshaphat built a fleet of sailing ships, but they never set sail. Jehoshaphat was succeeded by his son Jehoram. Ahaziah succeeded his father Ahab as king of Israel and did evil in the eyes of the Lord.

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Comments 3 comments

RevLady profile image

RevLady 6 years ago from Lantana, Florida

A very good overview. I just did a hub on Naboth not to long ago and your summary was excellent. Thank you.


kgril 5 years ago

i really enjoyed reading this. it waz very good. i hope that you do second kings very soon!!


ecoggins profile image

ecoggins 5 years ago from Corona, California Author

kgril, thank you for your encouraging comment. I hope to have 2 Kings posted this week.

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