The Vedas: Basics
The four Vedas
Rig-Veda, Yajur-veda, Sama-veda, Atharva-veda
There are four Vedas in the Hindu religion but the fourth is abandoned by many of the learned Hindus of India and the number therefore is reduced to three. Each Vedas are composed of two or perhaps of three parts. The first consists of hymns and prayers the second part of teaching which instill religious duties and of arguments connecting to theology. Some of these last are embodied in separate tracts which are sometimes inserted in the second part above mentioned and sometimes are in a detached collection forming a third part. Every Veda equally contains a treatise describing the adjustment of the calendar for the purpose of fixing the proper period for the performance of each of the duties enjoined. The Vedas are not single works but works by various authors whose tags in the case of hymns and prayers seems are attached to them. They were most probably written at different periods but were compiled in their present form in the 14th before Jesus Christ.
They are written in an ancient form of the Sanskrit very different from that now in currently in use. Very few and the more learned of the Hindus in the Sanskrit Language of India are able to understand them. Although in the beginning a small portion of them were deciphered into European languages but now most of them have been put in plain words. Although contents by a writer whose judgment and fidelity may be totally depended on sufficient to give us a clear notion of the general scope of their doctrines yet it does not enable us to speak with confidence of particulars or to assert that no allusion whatever is made in any part of them to this or that portion of the legends or opinions which constitute the body of the modern Hindu faith.
There is in truth say repeated texts but one "Divine being" the Supreme Spirit the Lord of the Universe whose work is the universe. Among the creatures of the Supreme Being are some superior to man who should be adored and from whom protection and favors maybe obtained through worship. The most repeatedly cited of these are the gods of the rudiments the stars and the planets but other personified powers and virtues likewise emerge.
The three principal expressions of the Divinity; Brahma, Vishnu and Siva (Mahesh) with other embodied characteristics and energies and most of the other gods of Hindu mythology are indeed mentioned or at least indicated in the Veda. The primary systems of belief of the Vedas are the "Unity of God".
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