What The Quran Says About Death ? - Life After Death In Quran and Heaven

Death

What Quran Says About "Death"?

What the Quran says about death:-

The one of the beforehand challenges faced by Islam was misconception about death in the anncient Arabs. Briefly speaking, infedals beieved that there was not life after death. So the Quran speaks on the subject quite loudely, vigurously and explicitly. Secondly, according to Quran the real life is the life Hereafter. The death is not the end of life but a start of real life which would last forever. The life of human being has a purpose and that purpose is to obey Almighty and respect humanity. If one fulfills this purpose he will be entered in Paradise whereas the destination of the offender is Hell.

"Every soul shall taste of death, and you shall only be paid fully your reward on the resurrection day; then whoever is removed far away from the fire and is made to enter the garden he indeed has attained the object; and the life of this world is nothing but a provision of vanities."3:185

This is the immutable law of God defined in Holy Quran. So the death is sure and certain. There is no escape from it. We must know then what does death mean. The Quran gives also a warning in the following verse: "Wherever you are, death will overtake you, though you remain in lofty towers" (4:78)

To understand death in the light of teachings of Holy Quran, you must first understand what is called life. Every man has got three things in him - body, life and soul. A man is born with these three things. By death, only the soul remains and body and life cease to exist. You see the body and life with your physical eyes, but you cannot see the soul. As you cannot see the soul even when the body exists, so you cannot see it even when it goes out from the body. There was no life when the body was first formed in the mother's womb. It was at first a drop of water, then a clot of bolld, then a lumb of flesh, then there were bones, then the bones were clothed with flesh, then life was infused in to a dead figure. So the Quran says: "Then We raised you up after your death that you may give thanks."(2:56)

The Quran gives a graphic discription of this evolution of man from the drop of water till it is born. This is the first journey of man. The next journey starts from the time when he is born till he dies. In this context the Quran says: How do you deny Allah and you were dead and He gave you life? Again He will cause you to die and again bring you to life, then you shall be brought back to Him(2:28). The third journey begins from the time of death till the day of Resurrection, and the fourth journey begins from the Day of Resurrection onward. What we call death is nothing but the separation of the body and life from soul. But death cannot destroy you in substance. It destroys your body and life but not your soul. To this law of Evolution, the Holy Quran draws our attention in the following verses:

You must embark upon one stage to another.(84:19)

Have you considered what you emit? Is it you that created it or are We the Creators? We have ordained death among you and We are not to be overcome in order that We may bring in your place the likes of you and make you grow into what you know not. And certainly you know the first growth. Why do you not then mind.

The function of soul begins in great intensity after death. Death is nothing but the turning point of a man from one world to another. The existence of soul is seen from the following verse of Quran:

"Allah takes the souls at the time of their death and also those souls that die not during their sleep. Then He withholds those on whom He passed the decree of death, and sends the other souls back till an appointed term. Surely there are sings in this for a people who reflect. (39:42)

So Quran repeatedly instruct the mankind to remember that pleasures of the world are just for the time being. Quran advises a man to always remember God and obey Him, as a day soon will come when you will have to die. However, the worldly desires divert our attention and efforts from the rememberance of Allah. The Quran gives us a short list:

"The love of the desires of women and sons and hoarded treasures of gold and silver and well-bred horses, cattle and t ilth, is adorned for men. These are t he commodities of this world, and Allah is He with home is the good goal of life." (3:13)

Good deeds would lead a man to heaven whereas the destination of a rebel is hell. So the Quran on this topic states:-

About Hell:-

"Nay, if you had known with a certain knowledge, you would have surely seen the hell. Then you shall certainly see it with the eye of certainty." (102:6)

"What will make you understand what hell is? It is the fire kindled by Allah which rises over the hearts."

"He who is blind in this world will be blind in the hereafter." (27:72)

The following verse shows that the pious begin to taste of heavenly pleasures in this world:-

"And convey good news to those who believe and do good deeds that they shall have gardens through which rivers flow. lWhenever they shall be given a portion of the fruits thereof, they shall say: This is what was given to us before. And they shall be given the like of it.: (2:25)

"Nay, whoever submits his whole self to God and is a doer of good, he will get his reward with his Lord, on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve."(2:112)

"In thOh soul at peace, Return unto they Lord. Content in His good pleasure." (89:27,28)

The doors of repentence are open till the time of death. After that nothing will benefit the departed soul. According to the words of Quran:-

And repentance is not for those who go on doing evil deeds, until when death comes to one of them, he says: Surely now I repent; nor (for) those who die while they are unbelievers. These are they for whom We have prepared a painful chastisement.4:18

Yet there is another dimension of death and that is martyrdom. This is just like a life that takes birth, which sees the dead moving, the atoms making new figures and the figures holding those who have still to make a start in life. The Quran says:-

"Think not of those who are slain in the way of Allah as dead. Nay they are living with their Lord. They have provisions. They are jubilant because of that which Allah has bestowed upon them of His bounties, rejoicing for the sake of those who have not joined them but are left behind. That there shall no fear come upon them, neither shall they grieve. They rejoice because of favor from Allah and kindness and that Allah wastes not the wages of believers." (3:169-171).

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Comments 14 comments

G Miah profile image

G Miah 5 years ago from Muslim Nation

Brilliant hub. Very well informed about death. Thanks for sharing.


firdousi0 profile image

firdousi0 5 years ago from Pakistan Author

Thanks for appreciating.


Hafiz Arshad 5 years ago

Your statement is very fruitfullto those people they do not have much knowledge about death.

Please write a comprehensive note about 'ROOH'


Rain87 4 years ago

thanks allah for giving us warning you are great & you rabbul alamin


jamila 4 years ago

Thanks for information of the life after death because i lost my husband


yousuf gabriel 4 years ago

PREFACE

It may cause no little surprise to the world, that a fourteen hundred year old scripture should characterize the atomic phenomenon, and predict the atomic bombs and atomic radiations, and characterize the modern Baconian atomism. Yet the greatest wonder is reserved for the scientists and the philosophers that can judge the real worth of the subject. This warning of the Quran is a miracle undeniable either by the scientist or the philosopher, and leaves the scientist in a fix regarding science's denial of the miraculous and supernatural, since the Quran has established the facts of miraculous nature in the field of science itself. Great indeed are the marvels of modern science from Railway Engine to Radio-television, but this marvel of the Quran figures greater than all. And great indeed has been the discovery of Einstein in Equivalence of Mass and Energy and wonderful has been the successful realization of Fission Chain Reaction by Fermi, but greater is this discovery of Atomic phenomenon in the Quran.

The warning of the Quran has shown the true reality of the Baconian culture of atomistic materialism, and has pointed to the real remedy of the atomic ills in a way that it appears as if none in this modern age did really know either the reality of this Baconian culture or the real remedy of its ills. The Quran by giving out the causes of the appearance of the atomic bombs has shown the way out by the removal of the actual causes. And no doubt, there is no remedy except by the removal of these causes. If this atomic catastrophe could be avoided, it is merely by removing these causes. It is a powerful warning, far more powerful than the stockpiles, since it is the neutralizer of the atomic bombs and it is the extinguisher of the fire of the atomic hell. It has naturally to be of a nature extremely bitter, yet not more bitter than the taste of the atomic bombs and atomic radiations. Because the disease is extremely serious and very deep-rooted and all-pervading, the remedy could not be but equally drastic. A fortunate humanity ought to accept this treatment with gratitude despite its severity. It is the last, only chance to avail, and appearing in the nick of time, and as the last guidance and last hope of this mankind, its utility could hardly be over stressed. If this mankind is destined to avoid the atomic doom, it shall hearken to this heavenly voice. Here is the Noah's Ark in this fiery deluge, so let him who desires to be saved, embark. Yet if this generation would find itself unwilling or helpless to benefit by it, for, there is the possibility of this generation, or even some following generations to pass away apparently unscathed by the insidious radiations, and even by the blasting atomic bombs, then pray, preserve these my works in some museum, for they shall be needed by some future generation, caught in unbearable miseries, and obliged to find out some guidance to emerge from the atomic pit. They will bless this kind act of yours despite the great wrongs you will have done to them by bequeathing them great genetic debts, and endless troubles.

Never in its long history mankind could find itself exposed to so grievous a threat as at present from the atomic devastation. This threat means not only the complete annihilation of life on earth, besides a most disgraceful end of all humanity, all civilization, but also an absolute certainty of the earth being rendered uninhabitable for millions of years to come due to the dispersal of radioactive materials throughout the world as a result of either the fission process carried on in the atomic bomb or the atomic reactors for-peace. This world may any moment be subjected to a hail of atomic bombs and destroyed in a matter of days, hours, even minutes inspite of all the futile efforts on the part of mankind to put a ban on the atomic war. The course of atomic-energy-for-peace may not prove any the less hazardous. Rather the possibility is that in the long run the so-called atomic-energy-for-peace may prove equally if not more destructive and more devastating than the hail of atomic bombs, inspite of all the wishful thinking on the part of those, responsible for the adoption of the atomic energy today or tomorrow. The Quran, fourteen centuries ago has prophesied the atomic hell and has diagnosed the moral and economic causes of its emergence in the clearest of terms. This prophecy of the Quran is the subject of this present book.

That an ancient scripture should prophecy atomic bomb fourteen centuries ago in an age completely innocent of modern science, and should perfectly portray the spectacular phenomenon of atomic explosion, may come as no little surprise to the whole mankind in general. But that it should describe the peculiar and distinctive features and all the differentiating characteristics of the atomic energy, that is, the nuclear energy as distinct from any other kind of energy, all in a manner exactly scientific, extremely succinct, and in a way amazingly mysterious, all-pervading and all comprehensive, is something that may leave any knowledgeable scientist aghast with wonder. When we say scientific in this respect, we mean exact science of the present times. And that the prophecy should depict all the various aspects of the philosophy of atomism judging all its moral, religious, ethical, aesthetic and economic principles and doctrines to the consequential appearance of atomic hell, well deserves the notice of this present generation particularly when the causes of the trouble are clearly illustrated.

Thought and views, in all or almost all or the grater part of my works, are, all, almost all or at least in greater part original and my own, nowhere else to be found hitherto. The matter is mainly supplied by the Quran and Science.

YOUSUF GABRIEL

6th June 1980


a stranger 4 years ago

its 17:72 and not 27:72.

quran.com/17/72

Keep practising. May Almighty bless you


AISHA 2 years ago

MAY ALLAH HELP ALL OF US IN FOLLOWING ISLAMIC RULES IN EVERY ASPECT OF LIFE


firdousi0 profile image

firdousi0 2 years ago from Pakistan Author

Ameen


habiba salaman 2 years ago

may allah bliss us in this world


yousuf gabreil 2 years ago

COMMENTS ABOUT ISLAMIC BOMB

Gabriel’s Islamic Bomb

Allama Muhammad Yousuf Gabriel has written a book named " Islamic bomb", a book in which it is dealt with the subject of nuclear situation in the Pakistan, India, Middle East and America. Some books entitled "Islamic bomb" have already been published but these are based on a particular design, and having a politico-journalistic, quasi-technical and strategic approach inter-woven with nuclear statutory fabric with a tinge of plaintive hue and interlined with reproaches. Two books of this kind have appeared in English language, and both could be expected to deal with the same questions in the same field, and having similar approach. However in the Islamic Bomb written by Allama Muhammad Yousuf Gabriel he has written the basic philosophy and fundamental points of nuclear science.. He has discussed on NPT, nuclear weapons, Indian's bomb, Islamic bomb, Middle East bomb, and American bombs. The introduction of the book deals with the political situation of the region. What are the views of the India, America and other western countries about the Pakistan's Islamic bomb; he has discussed the same topic also. Western countries want the Muslim countries remain away from getting nuclear energy, nuclear weapons and nuclear strategy. What they are doing in Iraq and what they want to do in Pakistan also, it is critical question, which we have to discuss. “Gabriel’s Islamic Bomb" has been printed from Lahore, by (Progressive Publishers, Zaildar Park, Ichra, and Lahore) recently.


shaukat awan 18 months ago

HOW I DISCOVERED ATOMIC BOMB FROM QURAN

BY

ALLAMA MUHAMMAD YOUSUF GABRIEL

Year 1994

It was in September 1963 that I happened to have the debate on the point, ‘’whether it was the word of God” with Anne Marie Schimmel in the Punjab University Lahore who denied the divine original of the Quran and claimed that the Quran was not the word of God but was the word of the Prophet of Islam, because it had mistakes in it. That the Quran contained “Chapter on atomic Science”, and modern Baconian atomism, and attributed the causes to the consequent appearance of atomic bomb and atomic radiations, termed by the Quran as atomic hell and that if the causes given by the Quran were removed, possibility of the atomic hell and the atomic war would automatically vanish, was an argument irrefutable? In favour of the divine original of the Quran, for, who other than God knew the atomic science and the atomic phenomenon, centuries ago, when the Quran came into being. The honourable Lady realized the force of the argument and retreated in my twenty fifth year, in 1942, the year in which Enrico Fermi had successfully established the fission chain reaction a fact about which I was utterly ignorant at that time, In the result of a vision, I started my study, without a teacher or a College, working for my livelihood at the same time. The torturous ordeal of studying continued day in day out for forty years, that is to the year 1982. During these years I studied, four languages, namely, Urdu, Persian, Arabic and English and their literatures, and the scriptures, the old and the New Testaments, and the Quran, and philosophies and certain branches of various sciences, e.g. Physics, Chemistry, Radiobiology etc, and Histories. The toil and labour defies human imagination. All these decades I toiled in the field of knowledge perpetually like a man possessed. No doubt God had bestowed upon me a wonderful memory. Indeed unbelievably wonderful. I still remember an incident when I was but a schooling baby. And when after many years mentioned the incident, my mother said, “how can you remember that you were but a schooling child then. You must have heard it from someone”. I have Previously alluded to a vision that preceded my intellectual struggle but let it be known that the values of my works does not dependent on the vision but is entirely dependent on the scientific facts and realities concerned.

I kept my study as if I was dragged on the path by some spiritual power. It was in 1962 that one day while studying the Quran, I happened to discover the point atomic science, atomism and the atomic bomb. I continued the research on the Subject and studied the books on Physics. In September 1963, I was harnessed into a debate with Anne Mare Schimmel , on a subject that I used the point of atomic science contained by the Quran very successfully. But let it be known, that all that went between us during the debate was very elementary Quite, naïve, and short. It is with a view to bring the subject to some sort of completeness, that I am writing these pages after the finish of the actual debate with the Lady.

In 1964, Sir Stephen Runnciman, the English historian of Byzantine Empire delivered lecture in the Punjab University Lahore, and I sent a lengthy letter about the atomic future of mankind to Lord Russell by Sir Stephen Runnciman. The reply of Lord Russell, was as follows:-

“”I have read your letter with much interest. And my answer is as follows:-

{Since Adam and Eve ate the apple man has never abstained from any folly, whatever he could do and the end is atomic hell}}.

Was Lord Russell amiss in his surmise. No. Judging from the apparent circumstances, certainly not. And if I had not had hope of mankind’ s survival from the atomic annihilation, which I had found in the Quran I would have followed Lord Russel’s course, and having assumed reticence on the topic, would have saved myself from all that misery, torture and labour after the receipt of Lord Russel’s letter in 1964. I, however, did not mention my discovery in the Quran in my continued letter to Lord Russel do not remember why. It is a point to think about.

I continued my labour in the field of knowledge, both ancient and modern till in the year 1972, a storm of the knowledge burst upon my mind, and within ten years, as a result of heart-breaking labour I wrote fourteen volumes on the subject of Quran’s. Hotama that is the atomic hell, in English language.

Equal number I wrote in urdu. But Alas! No sooner did I complete these volumes in 1982 than developed ear trouble, and certain other maladies, which still in the end of 1994 have not left me. My brain is affected. Vocabulary has been dwindled, writing power has suffered. That which I am writing now in these pages, bears little comparison to that which I have written in these manuscripts, God, however, is great. My heart weeps because I think that which I have written is the only and the sure means of saving this world from the dreadful end in the flames of atomic hell. It is a living miracle of the Quran which I have shown. Not all the atomists of the world together can produce a description of the atomic phenomenon like that which the Quran has produced in a dozen words, and have elucidated the causes of the appearance of the atomic hell, in about seventeen words. Alas again that the stalwarts like Einstein, and Russell have died. They no doubt would have confessed their motility of the work that wonder which the Quran has worth. No doubt the distance between the human and divine intellect can be clearly seen in this case and let also be known that the basic causes of the appearance of the atomic hell which the Quran has given namely, slander, backbiting, engrossment in the accumulation of wealth, and a belief that the wealth will render them immortal, that will continue eternally have not been recorded by any of the modern philosophers or wisemen.

In the Pamphlet which Bertrand Russell had sent to me, in which his surmise was given in the words, {{Since Adam and Eve ate the apple man has never abstained from any folly whatever he could do and the end is atomic hell}} The follies that were alluded to and were described therein in caricatures, were mutual tyranny of human beings, and the wars that were always waged. Obviously the sight of Russell who had the reputation of being the greatest philosopher of his times, could not penetrate. The basic causes and Russell never pointed to the real cause, that is the man\s engrossment complete in the accumulation of wealth, and man’s belief in the continued eternity of this wealth, Nay, he rather recommended the scientific materialistic progress for the sake of accumulating the wealth which was a symbol of the facilities provided by the modern materialistic progress. Not only Russell but his entire contemporary community of the scientists and philosophers held the similar, views. In their appeal to mankind, regarding the atomic destruction Russell, Einstein and Several other imminent scientists said, {{forget your quarrels, if you forget your quarrels, that the progress of science has for you a paradise awaiting. If on the other hand, you do not forget your quarrels, and are engaged in a war that is the atomic war, then it means that annihilations of life on earth{{. Many years however elapsed since this appeal was made to mankind. But the mankind has not forgotten its quarrels. Rather the quarrels are every moment increased and intensified. Surely the appeal so great an assembly of universal celebrities, was not based on a real ground. It had flaws. It had not touched the real cause. The cause that actually was the cause of the wars and which not Russell but the Holy Quran had depicted with clarity and vehemence. Here again the difference between the human and the divine intelligence. The human intelligence has not been able to penetrate the natural obstacles, while the some obstacles have not proved strong enough to stop the divine intelligence from penetrating to the basic truth. It is hard for nay human being in these days to speak against this material scientific progress and the facilities provided by


muhammad zeeshan 17 months ago

Prais to almighty allah, some of the muslims says that after a person dies and burried in the grave s/he became alive again to answer the questions of munkir nakeer. And s/he is either blessed or being tornment in the grave till the day of resruction. To what extant it is true, please guide me.


shaukat awan 17 months ago

CONTENTS- Gabriel's Islamic Bomb

Foreword

PART-1

Chapter-1.

Bharat and American Bomb --------------1

Chapter-2.

The Islamic Bomb------------------------------10

Chapter-3.

The Islamic Bomb- Preface---------------27

Chapter-4.

The Distinguishing features of the atomic phenomenon by the Quran ----53

PART-II

Chapter-1.

The verdict of Science on the present Adoption of Atomic Energy----------------86

Chapter-2

Science Gives the Decision---------121

Chapter-3.

The judgement of the Author-----------125

Chapter-4.

A Poem of Hafiz Shirazi------------------126

Bibliography------------------------------------128

FOREWORD

The term Islamic Bomb having assumed a general and universal notoriety throughout the world and having appeared both in the world press and publications, now appears, at least in outward appearance, to be losing its luster. But the atomic bomb having been the basic topic, it could not be safely assumed that the affair has been finished. No, but the affair will only see its end with the end of the process of the Baconian science - guided progress, (the basic cause of the appearance of the atomic bomb), without any doubt or ambiguity, in the flames of the atomic hell, that is the atomic bombs and the atomic radiations. The atomic bomb is only the one thing. Tagging it with various denominations makes not a whit of difference to its basic function. It is a hell, and calling it by different names is only a calling. It is wrong, to call it as Christian, Islamic, Hindu or Buddhist bomb. Let it rather be called as Baconian bomb, the common bomb. To associate its name with any religion is a blasphemy against that religion, and therefore accountable inspite of the rational, irreligious and scientific outlook of the people of this present age. The atomic bomb is a phenomenon quite peculiarly different from the rest of the phenomena. The Christian bomb will not hesitate to kill the Christians nor will the Communist Bomb ever spare the Communist. The Islamic, the Hindu, or the Buddhist bomb could not be regarded as an exception to this rule. The Atomic bomb with its sophisticated name, that is the nuclear bomb may be regarded as the common grave-digger of this mankind, and will not make any distinction in erecting tombstones on the grave of different peoples.

Books on the topic of Islamic Bomb have appeared in the World Press. These books as well might have been expected, are based on a particular design, and having a politico-journalistic, quasi-technical and strategic approach interwoven with nuclear statutory fabric having a tinge of plaintive hue interlined with reproaches. The overall spectacle of these books is that of a woman accusing, altercating, bickering, hurling defiance at the adversary and expressing regret at the wrong and the folly of the other. Two books of this kind have appeared in English language, and both could be expected to deal with the same questions in the same field, and having similar approach. Even if two hundred had been produced, they would have the same pattern. Such books even if written with admirable ability, in great detail and with exquisite beauty, could excite neither appreciation in me, nor could be of much benefit from my point of view, for they do not touch the real base of the problem, and merely play about in the outer crest of the malady, while my treatment of the topic in my “Islamic Bomb” is basic, philosophic and is concerned with the fundamental points of nuclear science. Let it be remembered, that unless the basic root of this nuclear problem is held, and eradicated, no superfluous or partial treatment will be of any avail, till ultimately the last stage of the process has arrived in the flames of the nuclear hell, to eradicate this mankind, and indeed all life on earth in actual misery, affliction and disgrace.

Of these books one is named as ‘PAKISTAN’S ISLAMIC BOMB’ and is written by Maj. General D.K.Palit and P.K.Namboodiri jointly, both of India. It appears strange to observe that these authors regard the nuclear threat as a universal threat to all life on earth, and they negate the efficacy of the nuclear proliferation treaty, and yet instead of tackling the problem with a view to ridding the world of this plague, they dwell at length and exclusively on the nuclear war strategies, preparations, precautions, tactics of assault and defence besides trying to shift the blame on the other party. How deeply this world appears to have been hypnotized by the nuclear doom, may be judged from these books, whose authors, whether they themselves know it or not, may be seen as men playing with the brands snatched from the fire which is consuming their own house. These authors appear in their seemingly capable discussions of their topic, as completely ignorant of and indifferent to the real nature of nuclear phenomenon and its consequent hazards. How dearly it is wished that they had known, that no other alternative was left for this mankind but either to vanish under the hails of atomic bombs suddenly, deservedly, or to perish, slowly, lingeringly and deservedly under the stings of deadly radiations in misery and affliction after a spell of existence on earth as cancer-ridden chimeras.

These are not just an alarmist’s views. It is not even an exaggeration of the facts nor it is in anyway indulgence in hyperbolism. This mankind that today raves in mad frenzy after the reactors and the bombs will see this process to its Finish. This science - guided, continuous, systematic, ever - increasing and infinite process of wealth - accumulation will explode in nuclear flames and will consume this mankind. And certainly no heavens will ever cry, for it is not the heavens that did wrong to this mankind, but surely it is this mankind itself that has wronged itself .It appears to be in no way amiss to say that merely pruning the branches would no do, but rather the basic causes ought to be removed in order to remove the effects. And what, by the way, happen to be the causes of the nuclear malady? They are the habits of slander, and engrossment in the pursuit of wealth, and the beliefs that, wealth would render them immortal. Unless indeed these causes are removed, there is no power beneath the heaven and over this earth to save this world from the nuclear doom.

The Book ‘PAKISTAN’S ISLAMIC BOMB’ revolves about the Pakistani nuclear bomb, and the effects of its birth on Indian nuclear programme. The two countries being neighbours with constantly estranged mutual relations. The line of argument assumed by these authors to prove the necessity and the subsequent birth of the Pakistani nuclear bomb is this: that because Israel has the nuclear bomb and Arabs have not, the Arabs will want to have one. Further because the Arabs have the necessary money but Pakistanis have not, and because the Pakistani have the necessary talent for building a nuclear bomb which the Arabs have not, the Arabs will want Pakistan to build a nuclear bomb for the Arabs. And because the Pakistanis and not the Arabs will build the nuclear bomb, it is natural that it is the Pakistanis that’ll be in command of the bomb built by them for the Arabs. But what is really worrying these authors is the point that Pakistanis will retain some nuclear bombs for India, being their close adversary. India will thus be obliged to counteract for safety and integrity and will be dragged reluctantly into the nuclear war preparations.

Suggesting the necessities of options to India against the prospective birth of the ‘PAKSITANIC BOMB’ the authors of ‘PAKISTAN’S BOMB’ write:-

“Clearly it was to Pakistan’s advantage to obtain approval---- and the funds----for an “ISLAMIC BOMB" by projecting the Arab-Israel conflict and the advantages to be gained by injecting an Arab Nuclear Argument into that confrontation. It is also clear that once Pakistan has acquired a minimum nuclear armoury, it will switch the focus of its strategic thrust from the Israel to the Indian conflict, whatever the Arabs might say. And when that happens, an agreement on the nuclear free zone or a joint declaration would be of no help to Indian security. India will therefore have to rely on

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