Wonderful Tales from the Holy Quran IV/IV
Wonderful Tales from the Holy Quran
I am thankful to the reader who gemmed his remark of ‘awful’ in his comments on reading this article IV/IV. I saw it on the 7th of February 2012 and today 11th of February I am trying to remove its awfulness and improve it as best as I can and re-present it with apology for many, many errors in the previous text.
Each heart has its perceptions and each eye has its own discerning power, and the Great God – the Master of the Universe, because He is flawless, as of His this distinguishable feature cannot be seen. Another way of saying it is that because the eyes will fail to find flaw in the flawless, God cannot be seen through eyes but only through intellect. And He uses all the subtleties and surprises and explicit and wonders and humour and acts to give law and rules in ethics for a peaceful life in the world. And God teaches discipline through simple acts and surprises the praying. When the prayer was in progress, in the middle of it the Aayet 2:144 descends and the Prophet turns from the direction of Jerusalem to the direction of Makka:
...........And wherever you are turn your faces towards the Masjidul Haram...........
The Masjidul Haram is the mosque of reverence; this Iste-ara or metaphor is used for Kaaba, the 21 arms long, 19 arms broad and 19 arms high shrine with al-Kiswa – the curtain of black colour draping it and on its four sides arched construction - the Masjid whose spaces form the Masjidul Haram. And it is revered, because in the premises of Kaaba, someone, even if punishable to death, cannot be killed there. And from its precincts not one blade of grass can be plucked and not one louse can be killed inside its premises and nothing that is lying there forgotten left can be picked up. It is Haram – unlawful. This is all to infuse discipline in mankind. And no building could be simpler and no building could carry that awe and majesty as the Kaaba. It is all the twenty four hours under circumambulation, and included in this circumambulation are Bibi Hajera’s and Hazrat Ismail’s graves which are next to its western wall and enclosed by a semicircular three feet high, five feet thick wall and sins here are forgiven and prayers granted.
All the wonderful tales from the Holy Quran are the building blocks to construct the beautiful building of faith in which character is nourished and the form and the behaviour of human refined. But before we go through some of them, we shall review what Quran consists of and when and how it descended and what discipline the scribe followed and how it developed into the assembled copy, serialising the Suras into the consistent book to be read, bringing out correct pronunciation and consistent phonetic.
The Quranic verses were brought by Angel Gibrael, and also they descended on the Prophet SAWW, when the Prophet looked up towards the sky to God, expecting and desiring an instruction, a command or a decision to descend and Aayet 2.144 descended. The Prophet desired to change the direction of the prayer from Baitul Muqaddas to Kaaba, and God listened and obliged, through the command of this Aayet:
(O Messenger to change the direction of your prayer), surely you are looking repeatedly raising your face towards the sky I am seeing, surely then I will turn you towards such a Qibla – cardinal that you become all joyous, Lo then (in the length of this prayer) you change your direction towards Masjidul Haram..........
It took twenty three years for Quran to descend, starting from 610 CE till to 632 CE, of which the last Aayat were revealed just before two months of the Prophet’s death and the Quran not abandoning him, descended making use of the beneficence of his existence. And Quran is not exhaustive of what is written on the plank of the Loh-e Mahfooz – the permanent plank of the storage of record written in light of all what will happen as eternal phenomena. On this plank things are added but cannot be erased. It is the hard disc of the divine phenomenon that does not demagnetise itself and is the device with contents which is in God’s intention, and not yet taken shape. He then sends guides for the law to be explained when He SWT descends messages from it, which are to purify man’s behaviour. And the guides are elated, great and worthy of bearing the Book of God.
The history of Arabia of its pagan culture and the Arab environs of pre-Islam tell that its social structure was at its abyssal depth, and things were not right, inviting divine intervention and Quran came. People were killing their female offspring and burying them alive because they could not bear the humiliation of wedding them off to another person, who was likely to abuse her and exploit her. And there was usury, which created slavery, and there were feuds that were inherited by their generations and passed to their generations. And there was a need for law to reform and the Quran came with its chapters and verses.
The Quranic Surahs were originally memorised, scribed on scapula, on cards of thin parchment, on paper or on wood. The Prophet dictated to the scribes a new Surah as it came and they wrote. It was repeated to the Prophet what they wrote and the Prophet was extremely cautious about it; if there was an error by the scribe it was corrected by the scribe under the vigilance of the Prophet and a complete collection of the Surahs as one book was not done in the presence of the Prophet SAWW (though some say there were seven copies in existence). After the death of the Prophet, the Quran was compiled from the time of the first Caliph down to the third Caliph and a total of five copies were made and distributed to the far flung regions by the third Caliph. But the most authentic copy of Quran with sequential placement of Surahs must be that written by Hazrat Ali over the six months period he dedicated to it on its writing after the death of the Prophet SAWW.
The Quran Hazrat Ali compiled had Tafseeri Hawashi – elaborative borders carrying relevancy data, which is not in the present Quran. Mohammad Ibn Sereen– a translator states, if that Quran could come to hand there was untold detail in it. It was according to Tanzeel - the descend of the Surahs, Makki first and Madni later and Hazrat Ali AS included in his Mushaf, the Nasikh and Mansookh both – the replaced and the annulled Aayat both, revealing its reason and pagination of society and there is not a word in Quran which has not a Zahir and a Batin – an apparent and a hidden in meaning and Hazrat Ali had it explained in his Mus-haf.
The Surahs words and the sentences of the present Quran are however the same as written in his Mus-haf by Hazrat Ali only the Surahs are not in the order as they descended. This has opened a whole office of the PhDs to know the when and the where, and regarding what Aayet when it came. This talk is only to touch on the subject; the scholars of Islam will know every detail only reachable through them. But Yusuf Bin Malik states: One Iraqi came to Ummul Momeneen Hazrat Aisha and asked which Kafan – shroud is better? The Bibi said, “Feel pity for you what bothers you.” He said, “Ummul Momeneen show me your Mushaf.” She asked, “Why.” He said, “So that I may do Quran according to its series, because people are reading not by its serial order.” She replied, “No matter which ever Aayet you like read first.” And all Muslims agree with Bibi Aisha and they have the same faith with her in this as she has.
Hazrat Ali presented the Quran he had compiled in his writing to the Caliph of the time, and said to him, “Issue it to the Ummah.” It was taken in hand and opened by Hazrat Umar and returned to Hazrat Ali with reply, “We do not need it since we have a similar copy.” The Quran assembled by Hazrat Ali was without Aerab - the diacritics, written in a script what it will be called Kufi Script today. Hazrat Ali was the only unquestionable authentic authority on Quran among the Muslims. All the Muslims at best could have had only hours of association with the Prophet, but Hazrat Ali was for the most part of the life of the Prophet with him. He was of the family and knew when and about whom and on what occasion a particular Surah had descended on the Prophet and what more the Muslims were aware of this. The only greatest relief to Islam and to the good fortune of all the Muslims was; the copies of the Quran that Hazrat Usman distributed to the far flung provinces of the Islamic state, Hazrat Ali verified it and he AS hid his Mus-haf – his compiled Quran. This Mus-haf, Ibn-e Sereen says. “I searched and wrote letters to Medina (and other places), but could not be victorious.” The Shia Ulema claim that Mus-haf is with the Twelfth Imam, Imam Mahdi AS, bequeathed in heritage from one Imam to the next and the Twelfth Imam will bring it with him on his appearance and give that to the Ummah to read it.
The following passage is from my book ‘Shia Culture’ due for publication:
‘The Quranic verses were scattered all over the new Islamic state. In this nascent state, Quran existed in the shape of memory in mind, scribed on wood, parchment, scapula and also the Suras written on paper imported from Syria. However, the largest source for the collection of the Quranic Suras was from the memory of the Hafizan – the Quran memorisers. The Muslims by and large memorised and remembered Quran by heart.’
There are 267053 words in Quran, 105684 dots, 39582 Fata, Kasra, Damma – the diacritics for producing phonetics of Aa, Ee and Oo, 1253 Tashdeedat – the mark for reading a letter twice and Tanween for producing the sound of ‘nn’. The Holy Quran has been put in 30 Paara – parts, there are 114 Surah or chapters and there are 540 Ruku or paragraphs and altogether 6666 Aayat – the sentences, landmarks or self sufficient passage from God. The Suras of Quran those descended in Makka comprise of 86 Surahs and those descended in Madina comprise of 28 Surahs.
There are certain manners to be observed for touching and reading the Holy Quran. The reader has to be physically clean, and with Wazu – the ablution to condition his mind. One can touch Quran even if without Wazu, but not put hand on the Aayat. And before starting to read Quran one has to say, Auz Billahee Minas Shaaitanir Rajeem – I take refuge in God from the Shaaitan that driven out (from the presence of God). At the end of his reading (of that unit), he says Sadaq Allah Howal Azeezul Hakeem – God is truthful, He is high and wise.
Philosopher Irene Lauder is outstanding in English delivery. She gave at the end 2009 a talk on Philosophy and Literature at the Pinner Philosophy Group. She talked on Art and Civilisation and this litterateur took us on the tour of the literary activities of England of the times, nine hundred years after the Holy Quran came. She so idealised Shakespeare that she placed Shakespeare in the coupe of my intellect higher, gemmed and studded, stretching my imagination into the angelic literatus in Shakespeare and the blank pages of my resourcefulness were so filled with motivation that I was all time on lookout to find a simplified book on Shakespeare and I found one. But what to do with the cruelties of the times, I came across in this book (Shakespeare, by Germaine Greer) the spontaneity sputters of a litterateur, scholar and playwright, Robert Greene 1560 - 1592. He takes advantage of his unfailing literary capability and slights William Shakespeare, showing his intense style of command on English expression, entrenched in egoism and driven by the puffs of the weaknesses the knowledge is victim of, in these words: (I have requested dear Irene Lauder to kindly personify Robert Greene in his words and William Shakespeare in his words quoted here).
“There is an Upstart Crow, beautiful with our feathers, that with his Tiger’s heart wrapt in a player’s hide, supposes he is as well able to bombast out a blank verse as the rest of you: and being an absolute Johnannes Fac Totum, is in his own conceit the only Shakescene in a country.”
But the originality of Shakespeare, his personage of prophetic maxims and of the proverbs will be challenged and vanquished if he does not produce cutting and unmatched overwhelms as necessary to answer queries. And Shakespeare appropriates in words spoken by Isabella in Measure for Measure Act 2 thus:
“Forgetting his ‘glossy essence’ – the fragility of his soul, and its ultimate appointment with the Creator – arrogant man makes angels weep. If the angels had our ‘spleen’ (the peculiar turn of human mind), they’d only laugh themselves to death.”
But it will seem there was justification for Robert Greene to write words soaked in sarcasm and also for William Shakespeare to write words cutting and shearing to molest character, since he was not far removed from the custom of the time to present play, trimmed and laced with further grandiose for consumption by the theatrical scenic that written and sketched out by university wits, where Greene was with them during the course of his graduation – reference p. 5, ‘Shakespeare’ by Professor Germaine Greer.
But the centrality of the gist of the episode was; the literary power can take any form but never reach to cast itself in the sweetness and the appeal of the words of God. The intensity and the punch of the words used by the two litterateurs are not the style and the vocabulary of Quran. An incident of anguish and jealousy and a court injustice could not make God equanimity to show such emotions as using the plucks of the expletive of ‘angels weep’ and such sarcasm as ‘upstart crow’. May God rest the souls of the two litterateurs in peace.
Aayet 21.69 andHazrat Ibrahim AS the father of the last Prophets.
Namrood (Nimrod) was King of Babylon. He was grandson of Ham, son of Hazrat Noah who was first Messenger of God. The people of Namrood were polytheists and worshipped multiple number of gods and Namrood among them posed he was god of gods and he had decreed all other gods were subordinate to him and he was God. This was five generations before Hazrat Moosa AS in the times 1350 BCE. And Hazrat Ibrahim AS in these times preached of monotheism, but people rejected his preaching. So Hazrat Ibrahim AS thought of a plan to destroy their idols in their temple. One day the people were rejoicing and had gone outside of the town and Hazrat Ibrahim AS found the occasion and he went to the temple and broke all the idols, only he left the chief of them intact and hung an axe in his neck. When the people returned they found some of their idols have their legs broken, some have their arms broken and some have their eyes blinded. The people immediately knew it must be Ibrahim who has done it.
They went to him and asked him who has broken their idols. Hazrat Ibrahim said it must be that big one who is intact, ask him. They said the idols don’t speak and you know that. Hazrat Ibrahim said then if they are so powerless that they don’t speak and they cannot defend themselves then why do you worship them. From all this argument the people were convinced that Ibrahim has broken all their idols and they took him to their Emperor. The Emperor considered it a very serious matter and passed injunctions that if Ibrahim does not show regrets and makes no prostration before me he must be thrown in bonfire to set an example. It was impossible for a Prophet of God to bow before Namrood or be regretful of his missionary duty.
Namrood therefore built a big bonfire; its flames leaped sky high and Hazrat Ibrahim AS was catapulted into the fire by Namrood. When Hazrat Ibrahim AS was still in the air, Hazrat Gibrael AS reached to Hazrat Ibrahim and said, “Can I help?” But the degree of faith of Hazrat Ibrahim AS in God was of that height that it was below his station to seek help from the secondary source of help – the Angel, be he the highest of rank among the angels and he said, “God knows my need.” and God seeing that order in Ibrahim, immediately ordered the fire: “Be coolness and a means of safety for Ibrahim.”- Aayet 21.69. The fire obeyed and Hazrat Ibrahim AS entered in it and came out from it like he was coming out from the garden of roses and no harm had come to him, save some say his shirt was burnt at one corner.
Hazrat Ibrahim AS is ancestor of Judaism, Christianity and Islam and by all standards he is a very important figure of historic importance and God had given him a long life. He is builder of the Kaaba walls and the founder of the monotheism when polytheism was at its heights. His father was Terah, surname Aadhar. The poets described gods and he carved them from stones and the priests taught the people to worship them. Aadhar did his best to persuade Hazrat Ibrahim to worship idols but Hazrat Ibrahim AS never yielded to worship an idol and preached against worshipping them.
He is famous for going out to search for guests to join him at his Dastarkhwan – the cloth to serve food on and he did not eat unless he had guests sharing his food that was present on the Dastarkhwan. When Hazrat Ibrahim AS got up to pray and offer prayer to God; the throbbing of his heart could be heard from a distance of two miles. Hazrat Ibrahim AS is buried in the cave of Machpelah near Hebron – Gen 25:7-10. The astrologers had told Namrood before the birth of Hazrat Ibrahim that a new baby will be born in your kingdom and he will demolish your premises and authority and vanquish you. Namrood therefore had all the new-born babies killed. But whom God keeps man cannot harm andHazrat Ibrahim AS survived. Terah had hidden him in a cave for three years. And Hazrat Ibrahim AS when he was given the Imamat vanquished Namrood and his godhood.
Bibi Hajera and the Hills of Safa and Marwah
Hazrat Ibrahim AS was eighty years old and at that age he had a son born to him and Bibi Hajera, his Bandi – a legally married woman, though only of a status of a maid servant, but these relative words were insignificant before virtue and God accorded to her status of elations. After the son was born to her, soon Bibi Sarah became jealous of Bibi Hajera and as a solution God sent order to Hazrat Ibrahim to go and leave the son and Bibi Hajera somewhere far. And God sent a guide, who took him to the desert of Makka and stopped there. The order of God came to him to leave them there. This was the place from where the origin of the formation of the first crust of the world had started; and God intended Hazrat Ibrahim to build afresh His House there. God ordered Hazrat Ibrahim to build a shrine, Aayet 2:127: Hazrat Ibrahim went on a small hillock and his spade uncovered the original foundation of the Kaaba built by Hazrat Adam AS, and he and his son Hazrat Ismail AS erected the new shrine of the House of God on its old foundation, which is a copy of the Baitul Mamoor (the house above the Kaaba in heaven, where the angels in their multitudes do circumambulation and do prayers).
When Hazrat Ibrahim AS was leaving Hajera and her baby son, he saw no food and no water there for them, but that was the order and he left them and returned to Bibi Sarah. After three days when the food and water had finished, the child was crying with hunger and milk of Bibi Hajera had dried and she ran to look for water for her son. There were two hills Safa and Marwah. She climbed the hill Safah to see if there was water. She saw water towards Marwah and she ran towards Marwah and climbed the hill and when she looked back she saw water towards Safa and she ran towards it and climbed up the hill and each time she was glancing back at his son. She had left Ismail on the ground rubbing his heels. She ran seven times between Safa and Marwah and at last tired she sat down and did not want to go to her son to see him dying. Then she saw, where her son was there is a fountain of water gushing out from the ground into a stream, and she called out Zam Zam – stop, stop, fearing her son might be drowned and it could also mean a joyous exclamation from her. And that’s how the spring got its name, and it had the beneficence of health and Hajis drink it for the cure of ailments. The Zam Zam had sprung because of the rubbing of the heels by Hazrat Ismail AS. Many people finding water came to live there. And today millions (3 million in 2011) of Hajis were commemorating the running of Bibi Hajera as their Hajj ritual and ran between the hills of Safa and Marva seven times as recommended - Aayet 2:158.
Hazrat Ibrahim AS returned to Hajera Bibi after one year, but he was allowed only to stop, see his son and then return. Then sixteen years past and now he was sent again. He was 96 and for three consecutive days was seeing in dream that he was sacrificing his son. Bibi Hajera was very happy that this time her husband had come to stay longer. She told her son Ismail this is your father. Hazrat Ismail was an infant when he had seen his father and now he would talk to his father and learn of the Prophetic ways. And then Hazrat Ibrahim mentioned to his son of his dream he had seen for the last three days consecutively that he is sacrificing him for God. Now Hazrat Ismail AS was also a Prophet, the instinct of Prophethood he was born with, was without misgivings - the nature of doubts enshrined in lower spirits was non-existent in him and the conviction of faith in God was absolute. He knew the prophets do not see dreams that are false. And he said to his Prophet father, “He is ready to be sacrificed.” and said, ‘O father, you will not find me lacking in patience.”’
Hazrat Ibarhim AS asked Bibi Hajera to prepare Ismail, he will take him on a tour. She prepared him and he took him to the hills of Mina and laid him down on the ground and put a blinding band on his eyes and ran the knife to and fro on the throat of Hazrat Ismail. When he opened his eyes he found a ram was lying slaughtered and his son is standing safe. In commemoration of this event, the Hajis sacrifice an animal after the performance of Hajj.
Haroon ar-Rasheed was born in 148 AH - 763 AD, died in 858 AD in Khorasan Iran. He was a highly literatus personality and a good general as well. He ruled for a long time and brought prosperity during his reign in his legendry kingdom, but he was also extremely tyrannical and ruthless and would imprison and torture and kill at the slightest of his displeasure and he had a suspicious mind. He feared the piety and the piousness of the progenies of the Prophet Mohammad SAWW for which an undercurrent movement wanted they be given to rule to guide them on the righteous path. Haroon ar-Rasheed feared the popularity of Imam Moosa Kazim AS, b 745 AD, d 799 AD, the 7th Imam of the House of the Prophet. Just as Haroon ar- Rasheed’s father Mahdi feared the Imam’s father, Imam Jafar Sadiq AS, b 702 AD, d 765 AD whom he had poisoned using the well established method of these courts to kill through poisoning those who could not be challenged.
The Abbasid’s were shrewd and ruthless politicians. The subtler method near them was first to de-popularise the rival and turn the support base away from them. Haroon ar-Rasheed first wanted the reputation and the popularity of the Imam deflated and rid of him to oblivion by playing politics. So he contracted a magician from India and called him to his court to cast a magic spell on the Imam to be guffawed at and subdued. For that he arranged a banquet and invited the Imam to the banquet whom he had forced earlier to leave Medina and come to live in Baghdad where it was easier for him to watch his supposed to be enemy and rival what he considered him.
Haroon ar-Rasheed was enjoying full power as Caliph but like all the Abbsids was pensive that the Imams of the Aehlebaait enjoyed untold popularity and respect in the hearts of the people! And he had to do something to denigrate them. When the food was laid and the Imam intended to lift a morsel from the plate, the food disappeared and the plate became empty of food. Haroon ar-Rasheed and his coterie of men started to laugh hysterically. The Imam was quiet for a moment. He then looked at the wall. There was a rug hanging on the wall. It was carrying a figure of a lion in the middle of its length. The Imam pointed his finger at the image of the lion on the rug and said to him, “Swallow this magician.”
The image of the lion started becoming big and then became real and jumped out of the rug and went to the magician and put one foot on him and opened his mouth and swallowed the magician. All the laughter of the people in the banquet had disappeared. The Caliph Haroon ar-Rasheed turned pale and turned to beg the Imam that he had the magician brought from India as guest, please your grace save my honour and return the magician to let him go to his home. The Imam then asked the lion to throw out the magician and go back. The lion threw out the magician and went back to sit as image on the rug.
The point here to remember is that it is not the nature of a lion to swallow. He is a predator of the kind that tears its prey but because the lion was ordered to swallow, he swallowed and changed his jibillat - the inborn nature or the instinct dominating his nature, and not followed his conscious and his nature that was now obedient to the order of the Imam and he swallowed instead of tearing and gnawing. The jibillat of a fish is to swim and if it is ordered to fly and if it flies it is a miracle and not a magic. And the Imam had done miracle, and when the necessity arises for the divine Imams and the Prophets to perform miracle, they do perform miracle and a miracle will be defined as a phenomenon that supersedes the existing technology of the times in the performance of feats.
Khalifa Haroon ar-Rasheed once asked Imam Moosa Kazim AS: “O inheritor of the knowledge of the Prophet, give me the greatest and the most concise lesson.” Imam Moosa Kazim AS replied:
There is nothing that the eye sees, except that there is a lesson in it.
This saying of the Imam was to spur intellect to be vigilant and active. The same thing was said by the Holy Quran in Aayet 29:20 in which it says:
Say (O Mohammad): Travel in the land and see how He originated the creation, so will Allah produce a later creation, for Allah has power over all things.
Hazrat Moosa AS and Hazrat Khizr AS- Aayat 18: 60-82
Hazrat Moosa AS was the only Prophet with whom God talked directly on this earth and he started his prophethood with that distinction. His Arabic name Moosa was given to him because he was drawn from water. And God was kind to him when he was infant and kind to him when he was given Nabooat – the Messengership. And God had promised his mother, do not worry, cast your son in the river I will return him to your lap and you will feed your milk to Moosa and I will make him Prophet. Hazrat Moosa AS was so loved by God that there was more mention of his name in Quran than of any other Prophet and because of His special affection for Moosa, God had given a very special place to his people among His creation. Hazrat Moosa AS asked God one day, “Why you love me so much.” God said:
“O Moosa, son of Imran, you were looking for your sheep one day. She had gone astray leaving the herd. O Moosa you remember, you were looking for it and going here and there and then you found her, she was standing on the top of the hill. Moosa you climbed up the hill and raised your stick to beat her but then you put your stick down and lifted the sheep and stroked her lovingly and said, ‘You were missing, and I was worried for you, what if a wolf had eaten you.’ Moosa My love for you is because you raised your stick to punish her when you found her but you forgave her.’’’
Hazrat Moosa was given the Book of God Taurait and given the distinction of talking to God and what to talk of his heights! He came to the Ummah – the nation of his followers and went on the Menmber, the high chair on the pulpit and gave a talk and stated of the two distinctions given to him and thanked God for them. At that time a thought came to him in his heart; ‘God has done extreme favours to me in learnedness and has made me so high and He has not made anyone learned, exceeding me.’ Hazrat Moosa AS although was an Ulul -Azm Paaighamber – the first degree resolute Messenger of God, but the degree of submission is always drenched in the hospitality of humility and coated with the humbleness of modesty and though this thought was not a bad thought but there was a trace of egotism in it:
Jinkay Rutbay Haain Sewa Oonko Sewa Mushkil Haai
Those who have high status, for them hurdles to face are alo high.
The highly placed, the close friends of God, if ever even make a small lapse, there is hard and harder accountability - it comes in motion for the Turk-e Oola – for that slightest giving up of the highest desirable specifics carried by the distinguished representatives of God, and it is not accepted by God that they slip. As soon as this thought came to Hazrat Moosa AS, Angel Gibrael was ordered to go and inform Moosa that he take to the journey and go to the place of the meeting of the two rivers Rome and Faras and meet My one servant and learn some knowledge from him. And Aayat 18: 60-82 of the Holy Quran came up, in form and generation. Hazrat Moosa was given one clear pointer about the place where he was to meet the God’s servant: “Your roasted fish for snack will turn alive and swim off in the river.”
Hazrat Moosa took his nephew, whom he groomed as his deputy, Hazrat Yusha Ibn Noon with him and started off on the journey, Aayat 18: 60 - 82 say:
“(O Messenger, recall that incident) when Moosa (started off to meet Khizr) and spoke with his youth (Wasi or legatee Hazrat Yusha bin Noon) that until I reach the meeting point of the two rivers, I will not give up walking whether I will be walking for years. Then when the two of them reached to the point of the joint of the two rivers, they left behind their roasted fish which made a tunnel in the river and made its way off. Then when they went further, Moosa said to his youth (Wasi/legatee), bring our snack, with this journey I have become quite weary. (Yusha) said did you see this that when we stopped (beside the bank of the river) near that rock, I left behind the fish (there) and the Shaitan made me forget to mention it to you and the fish in a strange way, made its way into the river. Moosa said that is the very place we were searching for, then both of them turned back tracing their footsteps. There, the two of them found, one of my servants (Khizr) to whom we had bestowed a portion of Wilayet – the divine access from our domain and we had taught him from our divine knowledge a particular knowledge.
Nabi Moosa said to him (to Khizr), ‘May I stay with you for the purpose that what knowledge for guidance has been taught to you; you teach some of it to me. (Khizr) said you will not have patience with me. And how can you have patience on that of which you cannot encompass (any) in your knowledge. Moosa said God willing you will find me principled and I will not disobey you in any matter. He said if you would follow me then do not question me about anything until I myself speak to you about it.’
So they started off together until they boarded a boat and the servant of God (Khizr) made a hole in the boat. Moosa said, have you made a hole to drown the inmates, this is an astonishing thing to do. This servant of God said, I had said that you will not be able to bear with me. Moosa said let it be bygones, a slip did occur, do not do accountability of that and be so harsh in the matter. Then both of them proceeded further until a youth was seen and the servant of God murdered him, Moosa said you killed an innocent man and that too not even in reparation, you did a strange thing. The servant of God said I had said you cannot show toleration. Moosa said after this if I raise any question then you do not keep me with you, you have reached to the limit of excuses (from me). Then the two resumed going forward until they reached to the folks of a village and asked them for some food to eat, but people there refused to treat them as their guests, then in this village the two of them saw a wall there that was about to fall down. The servant of God straightened that. On that Moosa said, if you wanted you could have taken payment for it (so that there was some provision for food). The servant of God said this is the separation point between you and me, now about those things you could not be patient, I am going to tell the factuality about them.
‘That boat (I made a hole in) belonged to some poor people who worked on the river. I made it damaged, because there was a king who was behind them and was seizing every boat by force. And that youth; his parents were Momin – pious of righteous faith (and I feared after growing up) due to his infidelity, disobedience and ingratitude might come upon them. So we wanted that the Sustainer give them such a son in his place that was better in piousness and compassion. And this wall was of two orphan boys of the town and below this was a treasure hidden; belonging to them, and their father was a righteous man. So your Lord desired that both reach to the age of full strength and bring out their treasure. And all this was your Sustainer’s mercy and I did nothing from my own will and this is the explanation of those things on which you could not have patience.’”
This story has the lesson that though the keeping of a promise is the highest of the desirable good deeds, but making a protest on an apparent violation is necessary. Also one should not imagine him crowned with the unique coronet of the bestowals of knowledge upon him, there might be someone born with greater knowledge and more favoured bestowals than one bestowed upon him. And that the world is not all in all that is apparent, it is there hidden also and there is Wisdom behind cause and effects.
In these presentations, there is a reward of benignity from God and let our palms cup to receive it. It was in your love and for your pleasure that I looked round and collected data and delivered it to you and in the process learnt so much. Thank you.
I am thankful to Maulana Zulqadar of Babul Murad Centre London, and Maulana Maroofi of Husaini Mission Imambaargah and Masjid London for their spot helps in writing this talk.
Afkar-e Shia (Shia Thought)
1. Photographic image of letter of Prophet Mohammad SAWW with seal of the Prophet to the Muqawqis – the administrator of Egypt. (Crescent International August 2011)
2. Photographic image from Quran stated to have been written by Hazrat Ali AS, present in Aastan-e Quds Rizvi (two exhibits). (Eeman bil Quran, By Allama Talib Husain Kirpalwi Shaheed)
3. Surah Hamza in modern day script with diacritics.
In the Makkan period of Revelation, the Muslims turned towards Jerusalem for prayer. About a year and half after Hijra in 623 CE, the Holy Prophet was leading the prayer in Masjid-e Quba in Medina that the order came and the Prophet turned towards Kaaba. Such ordinances are also for tests of loyalties; some in prayer became victims of confusion and some - those who had unflinching faith in the Prophet’s leadership, turned as the Prophet turned.
Only two months earlier of the Prophet’s death, on the 17th of Hajj in Ghadeer-e Khum he SAWW had delivered a long sermon and was physically so strong that he lifted Hazrat Ali’s arms high in front of the multitude and declared him Maula – the master in the same coinage as him, and two months ten days after this event of the Ghadeer-e Khum he died. It is suspected the Prophet was poisoned.
 Aayet 2:106 states when an Aayet is cancelled, an Aayet similar or better than that is introduced.
 Scholar-playwright Robert Greene was a university wit at the Cambridge University. His fellow compatriots at the University were Marlowe, Nashe and Peele. Ref: Shakespeare by Germaine Greer, Sterling New York.
 Since for long the spring of water is a well of water, in 1983 when the Kaaba was not so extensively built, I went to the basement and saw the well with its rudimentary cover and pipes descending in it to bring out the water - the Zam Zam for the Hajis.
 Some Jewish Ulema think it was not Prophet Moosa bin Imran, but it was Moosa bin Meesha bin Yusuf bin Yaqoob, whose period was before Hazrat Moosa AS.
 Hazrat Khizr was son of a king in the times of King Faridoon. His family tree is Balya bin Malka bin Aamir bin Arfas bin Saam bin Nooh. Hazrat Khizr is alive and he often comes out to help someone in distress. Some interpreters have said Khizr was an angel, but God compares the kinds of the likes and not a man with an angel.