Here's some good resources to look at:
A few men became followers of Paul and believed. Among them was Dionysius, a member of the Areopagus...
(Acts 17:34 NIV)
Dionysius' book "The Celestial Hierarchy" exerted great influence on scholars and it treated at great length the hierarchies of Angels. Together with other works like the Summa Theologica written by Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225–1274), these drew from comparative studies of the Old Testament and New Testament, detailing the descending celestial order and divine rank.
I have an article that also mentions this topic to some extent at:
*SEE the section under "ANGELS from PARADISE"