Bhagvad Gita – The Treasure of Knowledge

Bhagvad-Gita
Bhagvad-Gita

"When doubts haunt me, when disappointments stare me in the face, and I see not one ray of hope on the horizon, I turn to Bhagavad Gita and find a verse to comfort me; and I immediately begin to smile in the midst of overwhelming sorrow. Those who meditate on the Gita will derive fresh joy and new meanings from it every day." by Mahatma Gandhi

 

The study of Bhagvad Gita is truly a treasure hunt. This article deals with Bhagvad Gita, its concepts, content, wisdom and philosophy. Bhagvad Gita is one of the most sacred holy books of Hinduism. Hindus consider it as a great message of Lord Vishnu in the avatar of Lord Krishna. The Bhagvad Gita consists of a long conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna, which was held in the middle of the battlefield of Kurukshetra; where the epic battle Mahabharat was fought. Basically, Bhagvad Gita tells us that, how we could conduct ourselves in our day to day lives, keeping God at the center of our awareness and activities, performing our duties, and accepting God as our facilitator and ourselves engaging in the act of liberation and self-realization. People who read Bhagvad Gita with sincerity are liable to be benefited in many ways – mentally, physically and spiritually. As Bhagvad Gita was relevant centuries ago, it is still relevant today in our modern society. In fact, it is more relevant today than it was before, since our lives have become more complex due to challenges in our modern life.

Suppose, someone says to you that you don’t know about yourself, your immediate reaction would be, Pardon? What are you talking? You’ll say, “Well, I am so and so and who else knows about me better than myself?” Alright, you might be saying true, but the fact is that we don’t know ourselves. Let’s say, someone asks you, “Where you were before death and where you shall go after death?” Your answer could be either, “You don’t know!” or “Neither had I existed before death nor I shall exist after death, whatever I am, I am here at present on earth.” Again, you may be right, you may be wrong. So, how could we decide about the truth about all such matters? In Hinduism, Bhagvad Gita teaches the people about all such matters in detail. It teaches the readers that how one should lead one’s day to day life on earth and know oneself. It contains of abundant paths of knowledge and philosophies. Reading Bhagvad Gita is an interesting journey.

It is rightly stated in Bhagvad Gita, "Whatever happened in the past, it happened for the good; whatever is happening, is happening for the good; whatever shall happen in the future, shall happen for the good only. Do not weep for the past; do not worry for the future, concentrate on your present life."

Now, to understand it properly, let’s read it attentively in order to understand the meaning of these lines. The meaning of these lines is that, a supreme power is controlling this entire universe on a macro scale and is controlling the lives of every single living being on this earth on a micro scale. When we do something good, God Almighty rewards us and when we do something bad, He punishes us, in order to bring us back to the right path. In this way, the God Almighty maintains the “Law of Universe”, in which goodness prevails and evil fails. When something bad happens to us, we think God is doing something bad for us, but we are thinking wrong. The fact is that, He is only doing so for our betterment; He is our well-wisher and knows very well.


The Divine Song of God

The Bhagavad Gita (Song of Lord Krishna) is the essence of the Vedas and Upanishads.

Why do you worry without cause?
Whom do you fear without reason?
Who can kill you?
The soul is neither born, nor does it die.
Whatever happened, happened for the good;
Whatever is happening, is happening for the good;
Whatever will happen, will also happen for the good only.

You need not have any regrets for the past.
You need not worry for the future.
The present is happening ...

What did you lose that you cry about?
What did you bring with you,
Which you think you have lost?
What did you produce,
Which you think got destroyed?

You did not bring anything,
whatever you have, you received from here.
Whatever you have given, you have given only here.
Whatever you took, you took from God.
Whatever you gave, you gave to Him.
You came empty handed, you will leave empty handed.

What is yours today,
Belonged to someone else yesterday, and
Will belong to someone else the day after tomorrow.
You are mistakenly enjoying the thought that this is yours.
It is this false happiness that is the cause of your sorrows.

Change is the law of the universe.
What you think of as death, is indeed life.
In one instance you can be a millionaire, and
in the other instance you can be steeped in poverty.

Yours and mine, big and small
erase these ideas from your mind.
Then everything is yours and you belong to everyone.
This body is not yours, neither are you of the body.
The body is made of fire, water, air, earth, and
ether, and will disappear into these elements.

But the soul is permanent—so who are you?
Dedicate your being to God.
He is the one to be ultimately relied upon.
Those who know of his support are forever
free from fear, worry and sorrow.

Whatever you do, do it as a dedication to God.
This will bring you the tremendous experience of joy and life-freedom forever.

The Bhagavad Gita has influenced many great personalities, thinkers, philosophers and ideologists over the years. Here are some quotes from famous personalities across the world on the Bhagavad Gita:

"The Bhagavad Gita has a profound influence on the spirit of mankind by its devotion to God which is manifested by actions." by Dr. Albert Schweitzer

"The marvel of the Bhagavad Gita is its truly beautiful revelation of life's wisdom which enables philosophy to blossom into religion." by Herman Hesse

"The Bhagavad Gita is the most systematic statement of spiritual evolution of endowing value to mankind. It is one of the most clear and comprehensive summaries of perennial philosophy ever revealed; hence its enduring value is subject not only to India but to all of humanity." by Aldous Huxley

"I owed a magnificent day to the Bhagavad Gita. It was the first of books; it was as if an empire spoke to us, nothing small or unworthy, but large, serene, consistent, the voice of an old intelligence which in another age and climate had pondered and thus disposed of the same questions which exercise us." by Ralph Waldo Emerson

The Bhagvad Gita teaches us that, change is the law of the universe. What you think of as death, is indeed life. In one instance you could be a millionaire and vice versa. That’s mine, that’s yours, it’s big, it’s small – erase these ideas from your mind. Then everything is yours and you belong to everyone. In conclusion, Bhagvad Gita teaches us how to live in this beautiful world, do our prescribed duties and yet remain like lotus leaves amidst water. The world in which we breathe, we live, is said to be a world of illusion. The Bhagvad Gita states out of egoism and ignorance, we become blind in this world through our desires, our deeds, our acts and our actions, not knowing our true purpose. It teaches us how to handle/face difficult situations, how to cross hurdles with a sense of fearless and stability of mind. I believe, the one who is prepared to go through the battles of life, through duty, discipline, decency, devotion, stability of mind, wisdom, truth, knowledge, is absolutely qualified to attain liberation and union with the Supreme.


~ Copyright © Surabhi Kaura 2010

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Comments 55 comments

sujju profile image

sujju 6 years ago from mangalore, india

undoubtedly a treasure of knowledge.... one of the oldest n most organised forms of literature....great work


vrajavala profile image

vrajavala 6 years ago from Port St. Lucie

Let us always remember "dasa dasanudas" the servant of the servant of Krsna is what I want to be. To be more humble than a blade of grass, and more tolerant than a tree"

I care nothing for liberation, but always to serve at the lotus feet of my Gurudev.


Daniel J. Neumann profile image

Daniel J. Neumann 6 years ago from Harrisburg, Pa

Surabhi,

The quote, "When something bad happens to us, we think God is doing something bad for us, but we are thinking wrong. The fact is that, He is only doing so for our betterment; He is our well-wisher and knows very well," reminds me of your question posed earlier this week: "Is it better to be right or kind?" God acts out both, whether we choose to see that in life (when it's hazy and difficult) or in death (when it's clear and obvious) probably determines our quality of happiness.

I love Hinduism more every day I read these thought-provoking, timeless verses.

Thanks so much for posting this,

Dan


maheshpatwal profile image

maheshpatwal 6 years ago from MUMBAI

Surabhi....Thanks for reminding me about the essence of life and how to live a simple and beautiful life by following the BHAGVAD GITA....


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 6 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Daniel,

You gave an excellent reply to the question I asked earlier this week. To me, what I think is that, to be kind is more important than to be right, because often people need a patient heart that listens not a brilliant mind that speaks. Your answer was also veritable, I like it.

As far as Hinduism is concerned, I believe it’s a way of life. Your perspective of thinking is appreciable. I am impressed. Thank you for the feedback. =)


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 6 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

maheshpatwal,

We should be thankful to Bhagvad Gita for providing us immense knowledge. It’s an amazing journey to go through this holy book. I call it “The treasure of knowledge”, because it’s indeed a treasure. Reading Bhagvad Gita, one can find all the answers, clear any kind of doubts and feel the presence of God Almighty. It’s truly a treasure hunt. =)


hubber-2009 profile image

hubber-2009 6 years ago from India

I believe that Bhagavath Gita cannot be given in one single page here..


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 6 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

hubber-2009,

Perhaps, you are mistaken. Here, I haven't discussed the entire Bhagvad Gita. I have just discussed the quintessence, the summary, the conclusion and the summum bonum of Bhagvad Gita. If you are interested to go through the entire contents of Bhagvad Gita, you may buy the book. I am sure it will help.


Shirley Pisa 6 years ago

I suppose it is a universal concept that the good will be rewarded and the bad will be punished.


akulkarni1234 profile image

akulkarni1234 6 years ago

i wanted to write on this i thought it wasnt covered as it should have been.

a relieved fan of yours ..thanks for both


akulkarni1234 profile image

akulkarni1234 6 years ago

when is your next hub coming?


mkneedakusa profile image

mkneedakusa 6 years ago

Thanks for creating this hub. I enjoyed reading it and love the pictures of Krishna.


subisht@gmail.com 5 years ago

perfect example set by lord krishna


rcnairktr@gmail.com 4 years ago

I am a humble follower of YOGA. Bhagavath Geetha is a great source of inspiration for me, and it is possible for me to chant quite a few renowned Slokas from memory when ever I feel stressed.

Unfortunately, the Sloka bearing the message, "What ever had happened is for the sake of goodness ...." hasn't come to my notice yet. I request you to kindly inform me the details like the chapter number of Geetha in which that Sloka appears.


destiny undefined profile image

destiny undefined 4 years ago from india

it is an ocean of knowledge and enlightment.

one need to dedicate one life full in it


ram_m profile image

ram_m 4 years ago from India

Hello Surabhi you have in a nutshell explained the great message of Bhagavat Geetha.This is a great hub


Supriya 4 years ago

Really very helpful to know the importance of life


SHINOY SREENIVASAN 4 years ago

personaly iam very proud about my friend abdul manaf who had send me this.He had teached me a true Believer always shows faith and tolerance towards other religion. JAI HIND


loveendures 4 years ago

You were OK till you wrote "When we do something good, God Almighty rewards us and when we do something bad, He punishes us, in order to bring us back to the right path. In this way, the God Almighty maintains the “Law of Universe”, in which goodness prevails and evil fails. "

It is the God that created both good and evil If God knows everything past present and future then he also knows who is doing good and who is doing evil. Whatever the evil we do, then it is the God's idea.

Gita's message is nothing to do with good or evil. Ravan was a very good shiva bhakta. Duryodana went to heaven !!! Dharmic Bhishma Karna and Drona joined evil Kauvaravas.. etc etc etc

Did you get it ? Gita is interpreted badly by many people.

The entire summary is in 2 47


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 4 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

loveendures,

That's veritable. It is the God Almighty who has created both Good and Evil, but the question arises - why did the God create both Good and Evil? The answer is crystal-clear. The God is implicitly giving us a message to recognize our inner soul's voice to choose the right path. There is an intention behind the creation of the 'evil' path; it is to teach us a lesson from our mistakes and not to repeat it again. Noteworthy to mention, many other religious scriptures follow the same idea. Socrates once said, "Man, know thyself." Meaning thereby, know yourself through self-observation and you will understand the universe and the Gods.

The ‘Good and Evil’ was just an example to explain the statement, "Whatever happened in the past, it happened for the good; whatever is happening, is happening for the good; whatever shall happen in the future, shall happen for the good only. Do not weep for the past; do not worry for the future, concentrate on your present life." Gita teaches us about the value of life and how to attain wisdom of universe. Did you get it? I hope so.

No, it’s not a summary of Bhagvad Gita. It is just a piece of writing, which describes the purpose of Gita in a nutshell. As far as people’s interpretations regarding Gita are concerned, people are enlightened. They might be having different point of views, but they have the fundamental right to freedom of speech and expression.


loveendures 4 years ago

Thank you for your response. I am sorry for making my ego that interfered when I asked you " Did you get it ?' in the last post.

I keep wrestling with the duality of good and evil. Your quote "they have the fundamental right to freedom of speech and expression." is very valid. When I quoted the verse 2 :47 the message to me was about the very freedom we all enjoy. The word " evadhikar" in that verse keeps ringing in my ear most of the time. The verse stays away from defining good and evil stuffs, there are NO moral codes , it gives us the full freedom in our actions, so to say we are the drivers of this life. In terms of nondulalty there are no good or bad, for the simple question that never gets answered ... How good an action is good enough ..( fill in the blank)


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 4 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

loveendures,

Please do not apologize, my friend. I did not smell any air of ego/anger from your end. Asking questions seem reasonable to me.

Yes, the verse gives us the full freedom in our actions, but it is upto us to use the actions in a good faith. I believe there is nothing good or bad, it is the perception which makes it so. What one observes is what one thinks. A human mind is designed such that it acts to immediate reactions. If one will think positive, one will see positivity everywhere around him and vice-versa.

You have raised a very good question – “How good an action is good enough?” The answer is crystal-clear. An action is good enough, so long as it doesn’t harm anyone. An action is good enough, so long as it is for the benefit of others. An action is good enough, so long as it seems justifiable from an objective point of view…by objective, it means, what a reasonable person thinks. An action is good enough, so long as there is no heinous motive behind it.

Any action that we do has a fruit attached to it. The fruit is either bitter or sweet. Hence, the proverb says, “Man, know thyself.” Meaning thereby, judge the utterance of your inner-soul’s voice; is it directing you on the right path or vice-versa? No one knows us better than us. Listen to the inner-soul’s voice during solitary time, for it can provide all the answers to our questions


loveendures 4 years ago

Thank you again. Your answer to my question appears very straight and simple but at a deeper level I find it is not that easy. In true love /action some one is going to get hurt. Some one gets benefitted at some one else's cost. An action can be justifiable to one but not necessarily to another. What causes some one to do have a heinous motive; no one knows for sure, a neuroscientist can defend by attributing this to a deranged chemical level in a neuron. The story of Mahabharata is full of contradiction but equally true and powerful.

Verse 2 47 again comes to my mind. It is all about action which is nonbinding and unconditional. This I call real LOVE.


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 4 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

loveendures,

I like what you have written. You are very thoughtful and your feedback makes me to think deep, though the level of its deepness is arduous to measure.

Scientifically speaking, we humans have a 'Pituitary gland', which is the base of our skull between the optic nerves. It is the master gland, which sends messages to our brain to act abruptly to whatever we see, observe or think. Every human thinks differently. What I like, you may not like and vice-versa. So, yes, coming back to your statement, "An action can be justifiable to one but not necessarily to another"... I absolutely agree.

Now, let's think rationally here in a 'spiritual' way. Morality and ethics define the characteristics of a person. Any action which is morally right and within the principles of ethics and humanity, is OKAY and eventually, the action seems good enough. Action comes in many forms. I believe in the saying, "As you bow, so shall you reap." Similarly, as you'll treat others, others will treat you in the same manner.


jaya 4 years ago

how to avoid negative thoghts


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 4 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

jaya,

I believe meditation can help in such case or divert your mind in other good things, such as, listening to your hobbies.


pranay 4 years ago

Surabhi,

why people take advantage if we be kind to them


loveendures 4 years ago

People do take advantage of others kindness, well intended but if they are fully human they do appreciate and show gratitude. They even do same or even more to others.

Your question why they take advantage ? Gita answers very nicely it is none of our buisness to see to the result of our actions.Our kindness is NOT BASED on their aprovalor disapproval.


pranay 4 years ago

So do we need to be still kind to them though they hit us on self respect


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 4 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Pranay,

To be kind or not to be kind is the choice of a person. The person showing generousity must have a clear heart and a pure soul, rather than having any expectation of kindness from the other. If the 'expectation' factor is there, then you will see negatively that the other person took the advantage of your kindness. So, have no expectation, instead, have a genererous heart. When we give someone a gift, we should not expect that the other person will also give us a gift. Love and kindness go hand in hand. They are co-related. Love showers when kindness is embraced without any resentment, negativity, expectation or jealousy.


PRIYA 3 years ago

THIS GITA HAS HELPED US ALL THROUGH OUR LIFE AND HELP US ALWAYS. I BELIVE IN GOD AND BELIVE FORE EVER.


Chris 3 years ago

God bless you all for taking the time to share with one another what really matters. The Gita is truly divinely inspired literature. Surabhi, you are an amazing woman of grace.


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 3 years ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Priya,

Glad to know that mate!

Chris,

Thanks for dropping by. It's my pleasure to write about such a masterpiece and the wisdom it offers. Thank you, it's your humbleness. God bless you as well.


Mohan 3 years ago

Thank you all for the wonderful discussion that helped myself to answer few questions.

Dear Kaura, one thing always bothers me, there are lot of evil people around us, particularly politicians who loots nations money, selfish doctors who cares only for money irrespective of their divine profession and what not and where not...wherever you go you come across people with terrible attitude. How do we tolerate or handle ourselves when we come across such people or situations...as I get very emotional lot many times....


Lorrie 24 months ago

That's a sharp way of thinnikg about it.


Dinesh1chaudhary profile image

Dinesh1chaudhary 14 months ago

Is it possible for me to understand Bhagvad Gita on my own ?


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 13 months ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Hi Dinesh, yes absolutely! Peace.


Dinesh1chaudhary profile image

Dinesh1chaudhary 13 months ago

Thanks Surbhi, m looking forward to control my mind and senses and I cannot find anything as appropriate as Bhagvad Gita.


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 13 months ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Dinesh, have you tried meditation? I would suggest you to try that first before reading Bhagvad Gita. Find a place that's not noisy and sit in a lotus-like position... close your eyes and just listen to the silence around you. I hope that helps, my friend!


Dinesh1chaudhary profile image

Dinesh1chaudhary 13 months ago

I counts beads and chant "hare krishna" mantra. I think it is the best way of meditation.

Suggest me another thing that is helpful. I just want to control my senses.


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 13 months ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Whichever way you like and find comfort with, so long as your concentration is not being diverted. Peace :)


Dinesh1chaudhary profile image

Dinesh1chaudhary 13 months ago

Thanks


manatita44 profile image

manatita44 13 months ago from london

Great and good of you to highlight this sacred book, Surabhi. It is an immortal treasure. I also read Srimad Bhagavatam; The Yoga Vashishta; Vivika Chaudamani of Sri Shankaracharia and a few more.

Powerful words included. Jai Sri Krishna!


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 13 months ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Thanks for gracing it further, Manatita. I shall read the books you have mentioned. Jai Sri Krishna!


manatita44 profile image

manatita44 13 months ago from london

My Sweet, the devotional way is not to try to read everything. Great if you can, but the active practice of Meditation and Satsang, will help you infinitely more.

Still, we must all travel our Path. How is the book? Do finish this first. Love.


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 13 months ago from Toronto, Canada Author

I finished reading it. It was such a pleasure. I shall write a review on it and send it to you soon. Love.


manatita44 profile image

manatita44 13 months ago from london

I have a fountain of knowledge in my Heart and sat at the feet of an Divine Incarnation for 33 years. Please use me. Much Love.


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 13 months ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Om Namah Shivaya, Manatita. Much love... much.


swalia profile image

swalia 10 months ago

A great hub! Bhagvad Gita is the answer to all of life's eternal questions. Loved this, Surabhi and sharing it on social media. Hare Krishna!


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 10 months ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Thank you, Shaloo :) Much Love to you! Hare Krishna.


Siddharth Kapoor 5 months ago

Surabhi Kaura - I admire you for penning down your thoughts for the great Bhagvadgita. Your poem dedicated to your mother brought me here since I am looking to write one for my mom who lives in India. On a personal note, I find you extremely beautiful. I am also from Toronto. It's fantastic to know a legal acumen like me. Nice to be friends here on hubpages. I am new to this site. I would like to hear from you.


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 5 months ago from Toronto, Canada Author

Siddharth, I like your name. Have you read "Siddhartha" by Herman Hesse? Coming back to your feedback, I appreciate your sincerity. Ah! I am out at this moment. Volunteering. So using my phone to comment. Can't type much... but I am pleased to know you. Will look you up tomorrow. Thanks for the compliments. God bless.


Siddharth Kapoor 5 months ago

Surabhi. I feel lucky to see your reply here. HAHA..... just because my name is Siddharth doesn't mean that I am the one in the book. I joke. I am more pleased to know you. I have read that book a long time ago. Tell me more about you. I can see that we have much in common. You are pretty..... saying that in a good way. God bless you too. See you around.


Siddharth Kapoor 5 months ago

I forgot to add I have written my first poem for you here on hubpages.


Surabhi Kaura profile image

Surabhi Kaura 5 months ago from Toronto, Canada Author

You are a beautiful Soul :) Thank you. Radhaswami.

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