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The Logical and Scientific Guide Book on to How to Live.

  1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
    Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago

    Without basing anything on Unprovable Beliefs, what would this guide book include?

    1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
      Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

      ...in other words, what would our world be like if no one believed in anything not proven on the physical plane? - a world where societies are based on logical, scientifically accepted observations, only.  - would it be a society where only a few have power: the logical Spock-types? Or would everyone be able to get on board?

      1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
        Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

        Never mind...read Plato's Republic.

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        Rad Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

        I'm pretty sure you live in a supposed secular society, I know I do. We have laws that tell us what is required from us and what the consequences are. So it would look pretty much as it does now except with less running around on Sundays.

        1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
          Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

          Well, in that case we should be more like Germany... they are very atheistic and do a lot of questioning, philosophizing and thinking. So, I do not know about that. We don't do much thinking outside the box here.  I believe Christian doctrines makes the majority of Americans very docile and obedient. Yikes! did I keyboard that?

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            Rad Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

            Americans, docile and obedient? Please forgive me but American's are not know as docile or obedient to those outside the U.S.

            1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
              Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

              - to one German gal, who I spoke with at a party the other evening, they are. She is a college professor here in So. Cal and She Told Me, In general, her students don't have much interest or fascination with the world or their studies and just work to get good grades. What can of worms have I opened now? Is it a possibility or not. No, so forget about it.
              I must stop this irresponsible keyboarding. Never mind. So sorry. I apologize. Take me off the list. I will quietly go.
              Did I say never mind? I am not cut out for this type of work. I fire my self. Good bye. Put this one to bed immediately...
              Finis.

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                Rad Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                That's the general stereotype, but that has nothing to do with being docile or obedient

        2. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
          Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

          The fact is, scratch that... it happens to be my opinion, that we are letting our POTUS get away with way too much. WTM!!!! Plato warns us about people like him. It is a matter of JUSTICE!
          (which is what Plato's Republic is all about. )

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            Rad Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

            Perhaps it's time to change your system. Our Prime Minister doesn't have as much power as your boss does. He is also not guaranteed complete terms. But I try not to get involved in American politics as Americans seem to get upset when I feel I'm allowed to comment.

            1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
              Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

              Our "boss" is not supposed to be our boss! 
              In Plato's Republic the tyrant is seen as the unhappiest of all men. Because no one likes him.

              1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
                Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                The system has changed and that is the Problem. Our system was based on human nature and how to keep the government from becoming too powerful. It is not logical that we do nothing to stop the current tide of political power grabs by our elected representatives / politicians.
                However, that we even have that system in place is based on the belief in God and inalienable rights offered to us by Him.

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                  Rad Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                  No the system hasn't changed. He is allowed more powers because he is able to give himself more power.

                  Rights offered to you by God. Centre of the universe much? Not being able to see past your self much?

                  1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
                    Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                    Oh my gosh amighty!  The tyrant is the unhappiest of men, yet he works against his own best interest.  WHY? In Obama's case, is it because he cares not about his OWN best interest? Is he is going by logic and scientific reasoning in effort to save the nation and/or the world??

                  2. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
                    Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                    Here we go!!!
                    So a logical and scientifically based society would feature the following precepts:

                    1. The residents/citizens would not be "self centered" or "self" oriented. Instead, they would be "others" oriented.

                    Agreed,  Rad Man?

    2. Paraglider profile image90
      Paragliderposted 3 years ago in reply to this

      A guide book on how to live would primarily be a book on Ethics.
      Ethics can and should be introduced to children (and adults too, if the need has not been addressed) without reference to any supernatural source or influence.
      The ancient Greeks had no trouble distinguishing Ethics from religion, and neither should we.

    3. psycheskinner profile image81
      psycheskinnerposted 3 years ago in reply to this

      About a quarter of the self-help books on the market would fit this description.

    4. A Troubled Man profile image60
      A Troubled Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

      It would probably look something like this...

      http://www.aesopfables.com/

  2. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
    Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago

    Our logical and scientifically based Utopia is shaping up just fine at this point!

    1. There are no "Citizens."
    2. There are no borders.
    3. Sharing with others is expected.
    4. Self-orientation is not allowed.
    5. The spirit of working for the sake of Others is required.
    6. Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness are not guaranteed.
    7. Equality is to be enforced in the interest of fairness/justice.
    8. Leaders and any control over Others is Taboo.
    9. All conversations and verbal exchanges are to be that which is logical and provable.
    10. Kindness and thankfulness are not to be expressed, as they are not logically necessary.

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      Rad Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

      Where are you getting all that?

      1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
        Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

        I got this from my own deductive reasoning based on previous comments from you and others.

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          Rad Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

          There is no way you got that from anything I said.

        2. Paraglider profile image90
          Paragliderposted 3 years ago in reply to this

          Well, apart from RadMan, I'm your only other respondent. I suggested your guide book would in effect be a book on Ethics, which would not even vaguely resemble your 10-point plan. But you showed no interest in what it might comprise.

          1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
            Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

            O.k. I am now! I didn't know you had more to add!  If you would like to explain Ethics, I'm quite interested. I admit I came up with my 10-point plan way too quick. The Greeks probably took their time with these matters.

            1. Paraglider profile image90
              Paragliderposted 3 years ago in reply to this

              A couple of years ago I explored this area in a few hubs, along with a great many helpful contributors. What we eventually came up with was a simple non-mystical formulation of basic Ethics, which I've copied below. If you are interested in a link to the complete articles (which are no longer on Hubpages) I will happily provide it.

              The code of Ethics is in two parts:

              The Knowledge, comprising the three axioms on which the code is based.
              The Code, a framework of simple guidelines that a child can learn to apply.

              Part One - The Knowledge

              We share the Earth with our fellow Humans, with Animal life and with Plant life.
              We are responsible first to each other and our future generations, then to all life on Earth.
              Sometimes we are subject to natural forces beyond our control.

              Part Two - The Code

              Do not hurt, harm or abuse other people
              Do not force your will on other people
              Do not take what is not yours
              Do not be devious, treacherous or deceitful
              Do not be cruel to animals
              Be moderate in your consumption
              Try to be helpful to other people
              Be generous with your ideas and talents
              When misfortune occurs, do not give in to despair

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                Motown2Chitownposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                This is great, para.  It's a more extensive version of my cousin's credo:  "Be good to the planet and each other."

                1. Paraglider profile image90
                  Paragliderposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                  Thanks smile  It was an enjoyable exercise in the writing and refining. But HubPages isn't its natural home. (It doesn't sell enough Ugg Boots, or something!)

                  1. 0
                    Motown2Chitownposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                    smile

                    Which other hubbers participated?  And where is the series now?

                2. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
                  Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                  Motown, Do you also value the Ten Commandments?

                  1. Paraglider profile image90
                    Paragliderposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                    The first three are the God of Moses telling people how he wants to be worshiped. As such they can never be universal, since most people in the World do not acknowledge that God.

                    The fourth about keeping the sabbath surely isn't important enough to merit a place among the top ten instructions on how to live. (Even though in Numbers 15, v 32-36 Moses, supposedly instructed by God, has a sabbath breaker stoned to death! Not much love and forgiveness there, is there?)

                    The rest are generally OK, with reservations. For example, murder, adultery, lying and stealing are proscribed, but physical and mental abuse and other forms of cruelty and bullying are not alluded to in any way. That's a serious omission.

                    The tenth commandment says you should not covet your neighbour's 'possessions' and is very telling in the order in which the possessions are listed: house, wife, male or female servant, ox, donkey. In some translations, 'slave'  replaces 'servant'.  The underlying assumption (reinforced throughout the Bible) is extremely paternalistic. Some are OK with that, but I'm not. How about you?

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                    Motown2Chitownposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                    Is that relevant to my response to paraglider?

        3. HattieMattieMae profile image67
          HattieMattieMaeposted 3 years ago in reply to this

          I like you kathryn,  you tell it like it is! lol

    2. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
      Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

      I think we get the picture of life without belief in and institution of:

      1. God
      2. Love
      3. Individual rights
      4. Borders.
      5. Self-interest
      6. Elected leaders

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        Rad Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

        Why are you thanking yourself for your own comments?

        1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
          Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

          Oh, lets get technical.

          1. 0
            Rad Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

            Technical? I'm attempting to follow and am having a hard time understanding when you reply and thank yourself.

            1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
              Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

              I am in "threaded." sorry. Anyway I think I fixed it.  We're done though, right? I win?

              1. 0
                Rad Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                Sure you win... at confusing me and for writing complete fiction. LOL

                1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
                  Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                  Do not WANT to have this Utopia realized? why not?  I would think you and others would love to live there!

    3. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
      Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

      This just in:

      No prayer in schools.
      No "In God We Trust" on dollar bills.
      No religious icons on public buildings.
      No reference to God in pledging allegiance to the country.
      No sexual discrimination as far as whom can marry whom.
      No depicting humans and dinosaurs coexisting on roadside attractions.
      No teaching creationism in schools.
      No frightening the public with billboards of holy scripture messages.
      Aborting fetuses is legal.
      Drinking alcohol is legal.
      No killing witches
      No killing Muslims

      1. wilderness profile image97
        wildernessposted 3 years ago in reply to this

        lol

        1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
          Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

          (Thanks for being a good sport, wilderness...)
          And Thank You for helping us out here!

          1. wilderness profile image97
            wildernessposted 3 years ago in reply to this

            LOL  You're welcome, Kathryn, and more than welcome.  Whatever I can do to help straighten out the poor misguided souls of the world. Or give a chuckle to a stray reader or two that has been surfing the forums...  smile

            1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
              Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

              smile

  3. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
    Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago

    Ethics is the study of moral reasoning.
    So, morals have nothing to do with religion. I did not know that. Morals are based on reasonable behavior I guess.
    What is reasonable behavior based on?
    logical behavior.  paraglider is right. I have to rethink all of this.
    It is logical to be self-interested.
    Yes it is.
    paraglider is right. I have to rethink all of this.
    I think I should have followed through with just firing myself. I am not up to the task.

    1. Zelkiiro profile image84
      Zelkiiroposted 3 years ago in reply to this

      Yep. Morals are based on reasonable behavior. Kindness and generosity are the result of deep-seated self-interest.

      Why would I be nice to someone? My primate brain says it's because it's the right thing to do, but my reptilian brain says it's because they'll reward me for my niceness.

      Why would I purchase goods instead of stealing them? My primate brain says it's because it's the right thing to do, but my reptilian brain says it's because I'll get arrested and then no longer be able to buy the new issue of Hustler.

      And so on.

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        Rad Manposted 3 years ago in reply to this

        Ethics needs to be taught to the young and separate from Religion. All religions teach is do good, get reward eventually, do bad and get punished eventually because God is always watching. Few people get past this and that's why they are always spouting off about the punishment of hell. Somehow our jails are full of these people.

        1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
          Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

          In defense of Religion: 

          It is logical for me to assume there is a
          source
          of
          my
          Self.
          It is also logical that I should be able to know that Source.
          Being able to directly know the Source (yes, capitalized and singular) of our selves is the purpose behind all religions.
          Therefore, religions are helpful to those who want and need to know the Source of themselves and all life. (Just don't fall for illusive man-made doctrines, and internal church politics, while you're at it.)
          TWISI

  4. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
    Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago

    I would add these logic-based rules to any How to Live list:

    Do not get pregnant before you have a home to raise a child.
    Do not get addicted to any substance.
    Do not attempt to fool or trick anyone.
    Listen to your Mother and Father.
    Don't be afraid to advise and counsel teenagers.
    Do not try to control others in any way. (As long as they are not children or young teens needing your guidance.)
    Respect all children and their inner lives.

    1. Paraglider profile image90
      Paragliderposted 3 years ago in reply to this

      A logical extension of this one would forbid the teaching of most religious material to children, such as the first three of the ten commandments. This is exactly why I would include ethics but exclude religion from education.

      With this exception, that to make sense of history, literature, culture in general, it is necessary to understand how people used to think, and how many still do. Therefore there has to be a place for education _about_ religious beliefs, but not until the child has learned critical thinking.

    2. gmwilliams profile image85
      gmwilliamsposted 3 years ago in reply to this

      Excellent logical, commonsense principles indeed. It is amazing how many people DON'T follow such principles.  This is why this society is in the malaise it is in.

    3. Paraglider profile image90
      Paragliderposted 3 years ago in reply to this

      I also meant to say that ethical or moral guidelines are likely to meet with pretty wide agreement. It's only when one includes supernatural based statements (which here you have not done) that all hope of universality goes out the window.

      So you see, your Logical and Scientific Guide Book on How to Live, which when you started this thread you thought would be a non-starter, in fact turns out to be the best approach after all smile

      1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
        Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

        Okay you win. Thanks for your persistence.

      2. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
        Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

        - paraglider mentions universality. It seems the test is whether these precepts are applicable to all.
        ...minorities, special cases, special needs, all people should be guaranteed equality as to agreed upon rights in the name of justice.
        Logically, these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.
             Surely we can keep these rights by always insisting upon them. It requires a proactive stance and simple understanding to comprehend when they are being threatened. And we value them because they are what we need, whether we believe God gave them to us, or not.

        1. Paraglider profile image90
          Paragliderposted 3 years ago in reply to this

          I think we can agree that all people legally present in a country should be equal under the law.
          I think it is also a good principle that every action and pursuit is allowed (maximum freedom) unless society through its legislative procedures has specifically outlawed that action.
          Life and liberty are therefore guaranteed. Pursuit of happiness is a personal choice that is also protected up to the point of illegal forms of pursuit.
          None of this requires existence of or belief in any God, does it?

        2. Paraglider profile image90
          Paragliderposted 3 years ago in reply to this

          You've added this bit since I replied to your first draft, above.

          And yes, absolutely. The people need to be on their guard against erosion of rights. There has to be a compromise, e.g. between national security and personal privacy, but we as a public have to ensure it is a compromise approved by the majority. And this is far more important to society than our personal notions of the supernatural.

          1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
            Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

            I have scottish ancestry too. My granfather's last name was Dunbar. His middle name was Mulford. I find this an odd middle name. Is there a town in Scotland called Mulford?
            Thanks so much for enlightening us: the few who have been following along. smile

            1. Paraglider profile image90
              Paragliderposted 3 years ago in reply to this

              I can't think of a town called Mulford, but there's certainly a Dunbar:

              Cope sent a challenge frae Dunbar,
              Sayin' Charlie meet me an' ye daur,
              An' I'll learn ye the art of War,
              If ye'll meet me in the mornin'!

              1. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
                Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago in reply to this

                I love all things Scottish. I melt at the sound of bagpipes.  I need to travel there. Thanks for sharing.

  5. Kathryn L Hill profile image84
    Kathryn L Hillposted 3 years ago

    "Men upon too many occasions do give not give their own understandings fair play; but yielding to some untoward bias, they entangle themselves in words and confound themselves in subtleties." Alexander Hamilton in the Federalist Papers. 1788. ( Alexander Hamilton also had Scottish heritage.)

 
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