Our prophet Isa - Jesus (PBUH) and Islam
Isa - Jesus in Islam
All Muslims respect and revere Jesus or Isa as he is known in Islam. He is one of the greatest of Allah's (God’s) messengers to mankind.
The Qu'ran confirms his virgin birth within the Chapter entitled ‘Maryam’ (Mary). The birth of Jesus is described as follows.. our Prophet Jesus, Isa, عيسى(pbuh) is the messenger of Allah for the purpose to guide the people of Israel with a new scripture - The Gospel, (Injil.) He was born to (Mary), Maryam by virginal conception which is a miraculous event by Allah. Isa was neither killed or crucified but was raised alive to live in Jannah, (heaven).
He will return close to the day of judgement to restore justice and defeat the Masih ad-Dajjal,(the anti christ). Isa (pbuh) was a mortal man like the other prophets that came before him, he was not the literal son of Allah, he was divinely chosen to spread the Message of Allah (God). Isa (pbuh) foretold the coming of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh).
(Remember) when the angels said, “O Mary, Allah gives you good news of a word from Him (Allah), whose name is the Messiah Jesus, son of Mary, revered in this world and the Hereafter, and one of those brought near (to Allah). He will speak to the people from his cradle and as a man, and he is of the righteous.” She said, “My Lord, how can I have a child when no mortal has touched me?” He said, “So (it will be). Allah creates what He wills. If He decrees a thing, He says to it only, ‘Be!’ and it is.” (Quran, 3:45-47)
Jesus was born miraculously by the command of Allah (God), the same command that had brought Adam into being with neither a father nor a mother. Allah has said:
The case of Jesus with Allah is like the case of Adam. He created him from dust, and then He said to him, “Be!” and he came into being. (Quran, 3:59)
During his prophetic mission, Jesus performed many miracles. Allah tells us that Jesus said:
“I have come to you with a sign from your Lord. I make for you the shape of a bird out of clay, I breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by Allah’s permission. I heal the blind from birth and the leper. And I bring the dead to life by Allah’s permission. And I tell you what you eat and what you store in your houses....” (Quran, 3:49)
Muslims believe that Jesus was not crucified. It was the plan of Jesus’ enemies to crucify him, but Allah saved him and raised him up to Him. And the likeness of Jesus was put over another man. Jesus’ enemies took this man and crucified him, thinking that he was Jesus. Allah has said:
...They said, “We killed the Messiah Jesus, son of Mary, the messenger of Allah.” They did not kill him, nor did they crucify him, but the likeness of him was put on another man (and they killed that man)... (Quran, 4:157)
Neither Muhammad nor Jesus came to change the basic doctrine of the belief in one God, brought by earlier prophets, but to confirm and renew it.
Muslims also believe that Allah revealed a holy book to Jesus called the Injeel, some parts of which may be still available in the teachings of Allah to Jesus in the New Testament. But this does not mean that Muslims believe in the Bible we have today because it is not the original scriptures that were revealed by God. They underwent alterations, additions, and omissions. This was also said by the Committee charged with revising The Holy Bible (Revised Standard Version). This Committee consisted of thirty-two scholars who served as members of the Committee. They secured the review and counsel of an Advisory Board of fifty representatives of the co-operating denominations. The Committee said in the Preface to The Holy Bible (Revised Standard Version), p. iv, “Sometimes it is evident that the text has suffered in transmission, but none of the versions provides a satisfactory restoration. Here we can only follow the best judgment of competent scholars as to the most probable reconstruction of the original text.” The Committee also said in the Preface, p. vii, “Notes are added which indicate significant variations, additions, or omissions in the ancient authorities (Mt 9.34; Mk 3.16; 7.4; Lk 24.32, 51, etc.).”
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