The Sermon on the Mount

The Sermon on the Mount was Jesus' discourse to the disciples and the multitude in the Gospel of Matthew 5-7. It is also found in briefer form in Luke 6:20-49, where it is virtually "the ordination sermon of the Twelve" (Luke 6:12-16). There are parallels to these teachings elsewhere in the Gospels, and many scholars hold that the nucleus of the sermon was preserved in the "Sayings Source" (called "Q" for Quelle, "source"), and that the evangelists, chiefly Matthew, elaborated it by adding relevant material from other sources. As a typical "sermon" of Jesus, it is unsurpassed in interest and importance.

The chief subjects are: (1) the Beatitudes (Matthew 5:3-10) followed by a special application to the disciples; (2) Jesus' purpose, to "fulfill" the Law, to widen or deepen its scope, rather than to annul or "destroy" it (Matthew 5:17-48); this is illustrated by several examples of the "fulfillment" of the ancient legislation; (3) Jesus' reinterpretation of the customary acts of piety prescribed by the scribes and their Pharisaic followers- almsgiving, prayer, and fasting (Matthew 6:1-18); this section includes the Lord's Prayer; (4) the importance of absolute sincerity and trust in God (Matthew 6:19-34); (5) various admonitions, as against censorious-ness, imprudence in preaching, hesitation or reluctance in prayer, hypocrisy, merely verbal profession of faith, and concluding with the great parable of the two house builders (Matthew 7:1-27).

Many scholars have described this sermon as "the Charter of Christianity." However, it is best understood as a sermon, presupposing the current Jewish faith and practice but insisting upon a new approach, a new devotion, of the kind all Jesus' teachings expressed.

More by this Author

  • The Christian Meaning Of Justification
    2

    In the terminology of Christian theologies "justification" refers to the passage of man from the state of sin to the state of justice or favor with God.

  • The Epistles to Timothy
    0

    The Epistles to Timothy are two books in the New Testament that purport to be letters addressed by the Apostle Paul to his younger colleague, Timothy. Because these letters and that addressed to Titus chiefly contain...

  • Types of Literature in the Old Testament
    1

    Modern scholars have classified Old Testament writings according to their literary genres (Gattungen is the German technical term) and have searched for their origin in preliterary oral traditions and in the daily life...


Comments 2 comments

RevLady profile image

RevLady 6 years ago from Lantana, Florida

Excellent and enjoyable read. Your summary of Sermon on the Mount is well presented and well digested. Thank you.

Forever His,


Peter Dickinson profile image

Peter Dickinson 6 years ago from South East Asia

I reckon the charter goes a bit awry however. You might like to read:

http://www.counterpunch.org/dickinson11222010.html

    Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account.

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No HTML is allowed in comments, but URLs will be hyperlinked. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites.


    Click to Rate This Article
    working