History of MMA - The Best of Mixed Martial Arts

The first precursors of MMA events dating from 648 BC and emerged in Greece. The Greeks created the Pankration, a combination of two Greek words: pan, which means everything or more, and kratos, which means strength. The sport, which was a mixture of boxing and wrestling, soon became the most popular event of the Olympics. This is the first record of the existence of something similar to the MMA.

The decline of Pankration coincided with the rise of the Roman Empire. The mixt fight is no longer so popular, giving rise to sports such as boxing and wrestling, which were more widespread in the West.

In 1925 the fighting with mixture of different martial arts returned to the world stage thanks to a family of Brazilians. The history of modern MMA is closely linked to the history of the Gracie family. Carlos Gracie learned to fight with judo Mitsuyo Maeda, a Japanese living in the same region. Later Carlos taught the sport to their brothers and slowly was adapting the rules and blows the same, creating the Brazilian jiu-jítsu.

Once Carlos opened an academy in Rio de Janeiro. In order to draw attention to it, he invented the "Gracie Challenge," which challenged other fighters. These challenges that the Gracies used to promote their fight, showing that they could defeat any adversary, no matter who practise the martial art. The fighting became known as All Valley.

The struggles were gaining popularity as now being conducted at football matches. The idea was to show that they could defeat any enemy, whatever be their physical size. The Gracies were so happy in its "contract" that ultimately leading to their art to the United States, where up an academy and began to teach the Brazilian jiu-jítsu.

Since then, major events have become organized. Since then, major events have become organized. In 1993 happened the first Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), selling 86 thousand quota for pay-per-view in the first edition. In 1993 happened the first Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), selling 86 thousand quota for pay-per-view in the first edition. In the third edition of the event the number of quota sold jumped to 300 thousand. In the third edition of the event the number of shares sold jumped to 300 thousand.

The first UFCs had few rules, no division of weight, time-sensitive or security equipment. The fight occurred in an octagonal cage, called "The Octagon. From then the event has evolved and today is undoubtedly one of the largest of the sport. Usually the fighters dispute smaller events for about 5 years to then begin to compete in major events like the UFC, the Pride and K-1.

MMA is now a sport of high-performance, besides being a real show of entertainment. The limits exist, but only within the rinks. Outside of combat, there is no limit to the number of fans of this sport, that triple every year that passes.

Practice, rules and events


The practice of the MMA before everything goes a long training in any particular martial art. Normally, a good fighter, MMA has stood out in any martial art. The academies are an eye on specific talents of each fighter and heading for the training of MMA when he is ready.

The practice of MMA is becoming too common among those who only want to do physical exercise. The gyms offer classes in MMA for the most varied public, professional wrestlers to women who want only to maintain order.

There is no minimum age to start training MMA. Children 5 and 6 years of practicing martial arts as judo and caratê. At 12 and 13 years are able to mix the arts in a mixed class, for example - which is a real step of the MMA.

Normally, up to 14 years, children and pre-teens learn the technique of coups and do physical condition. The ideal is that the more intense physical contact in the classroom only happen after that. Like any contact sport, the risks of injury exist. It is very important to choose the suitable place to practice. There are excellent academies spread throughout Brazil. Make sure your instructor has the appropriate knowledge. It is also important that you respect the limitations of his body.

There is no record of death in battle of professional MMA. Throughout there is a fight official medical team and closely monitoring the fighters - the priority is to maintain their physical integrity. What happens more cuts are on virtues of punches. Eventually a fighter breaking an arm when falls without anything.



In Brazil, as there is no single regulatory body this way, there are no standardized rules. They vary greatly from event to event. But the vast majority of events adopts as the basic rules of the Pride, increased competition in the world.

Fortunately, most events have tax rules that seek to avoid serious damage to the fighter. Following the rules used in most events:

General rules

The fighters must wear gloves to open finger provided by the event.

It required the use of coquilha (accessory to protect genital).

It required the use of protective mouthpiece.

It is allowed (but not required) the use of: slippers, for protecting the knees, elbows and protectors for the bandages to the ankles and wrists.

The fighters may not apply to the skin products such as oil, vaseline so.

Rules for fighting

It is prohibited:

  • set the genital region
  • bite
  • put their fingers in the eyes of the adversary
  • pull your hair
  • set the nape (Pride)
  • grasp the ropes of the ring
  • play the opponent out of ring
  • kicking an opponent when he is on the ground (CFU)
  • stepping on the head
  • give cycle when the opponent is with the knees on the floor

The fighters who fail to fight "tied", not showing aggression, are warned and the fight was resumed.

If the two fighters are on the ground to the point of leaving the ring, the judge must stop fighting and put the two fighters in the same position at the centre of the ring.

Rules for end to fighting

The fight ends when one of the fighters can no longer defend itself from attacks against it granted. This happens when:

  • the fighter hits the tatame, indicating that more does not support the coup
  • the coach play the towel in the ring
  •  the judge decides he can no longer continue
  • the fighter bleeds, and the injury is not stable in time set by the doctor
  • the fighter violates the rules listed above
  • time runs out of fight


Two major events shaking the world of MMA - the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) and Pride. At the end of March 2007, the UFC officially announced the purchase of Pride, held in Japan The union between the companies also provided an annual event involving the main champions of UFC and Pride.

This happened recently in UFC 82 held in the early hours of March 2, in the U.S. state of Ohio. The Brazilian Anderson Silva, the spider, holding the belt of the category average weights of UFC, fought against Dan Henderson (USA), holding the belt in the same category in the Pride extinct. The Brazilian has a real show and ended his opponent to defend its title in the UFC, taking home two awards for: best fight and best completion.

Here the peculiarities of each.



Home: 1997

Location: Japan

Rounds: 1 round of ten minutes to five minutes and 2

Category: Lightweight (up to 70kg)

Welterweight (up to 83kg)

Middleweight (up to 93kg)

Heavyweight (over 93kg)

Image hosted by Dream Stage Entreteinemet



Home: 1993

Location: United States

Rounds: 5 rounds of five minutes (belt) or 3 rounds of five minutes

Category: Lightweight (up to 70.307 kg)

Welterweight (up to 77.111 kg)

Middleweight (up to 83.915 kg)

Lightheavyweight (up to 92.987 kg)

Heavyweight (up to 120.203 kg)

Scams and techniques

Being a real mixture of martial arts, there are no strikes and techniques specific to the MMA. The practitioners literally blows the most diverse mix of many different martial arts such as caratê, judo, jiu-jítsu, muay thai, kickboxing, wrestling, among others.

All academy of martial arts is a potential site for training of a new champion of MMA, to get there because of the MMA fighter must learn the largest number of strikes and technical potential of all martial arts. The training of the moment is called "cross training", that is, cross training. The fighters practising various martial arts at the same time.


Human Weapon - Bokator: Double Elbow Slash

The fighter has to be extremely agile and seek to use the best blows of attack and defence of each martial art at the right time. We can not fail to mention the importance of Brazilian jiu-jítsu and its influence in the MMA. It is not for nothing that Brazil has some of the best fighters in the world of MMA in the world!

Human Weapon - Bokator:Thpouk Kang Sdam

Human Weapon - Karate Inside Leg Kick

Human Weapon - Silat - Sinking Python

Human Weapon Marine Martial Arts - Round Kick Defense

Brazilians UFC Fighters

Among other things the history of this sport has a key role in the descent of Brazilians on the fighters around the world. Brazil is a "granary" of great fighters of MMA. Many of them are listed as major world events of the greatest fighters - Ricardo Arona, Murilo Bustamante, Daniel Acácio, Assuério Silva, among others. Learn more about five big names from MMA in Brazil: Anderson Silva, Mauricio Shogun, Murilo Ninja, Wanderlei Silva and Antonio Rodrigo Nogueira Minotaur.

Anderson Silva

Anderson Silva

Anderson had his first contact with the martial arts for 14 years of age, when it began the practice taekwondô. Then he practiced well as Muay Thai, debuting in MMA, only in 2000. He is currently the best average weight of the MMA world.

Nickname: Spider

Date of birth: 14/04/1975

Weight: 84 kg

Height: 1.88 cm

Place of birth: Curitiba-PR

Black Range: Muay Thai

Black Range: Jiu-Jítsu

Where trains: Muay Thai Dream Team - Ctba

Maurício Shogun

Maurício Shogun

Shogun is to style the muay thai, and his technique of jiu-jítsu is also very accurate. It is one of the best fighters in the world, and virtually all their fights by knockout victories have been decided or finalized. Shogun won the belt of the Pride Grand Prix in 2005 in the middleweight category.

Nickname: Shogun

Date of birth: 25/11/81

Weight: 93 kg

Height: 1.82 cm

Place of birth: Curitiba-PR

Black Range: Muay Thai

Black Range: Jiu-Jítsu

Where trains: Kick Boxing Academy

Murilo Ninja

Murilo Ninja

Murilo Ninja is writing his story in the MMA. Considered an athlete very aggressive and very fiber, it is one of the most respected fighters in the world. Ninja has been intensifying his training every day ever with a single goal: win and be champion wherever it passes.

Nickname: Ninja

Date of Birth: 22/05/1980

Weight: 83 kg

Height: 1.80 cm

Place of birth: Curitiba-PR

Black Range: Muay Thai

Black Range: Jiu-Jítsu

Where trains: Kick Boxing Academy

Wanderlei Silva

Wanderlei Silva

Wanderlei Silva, former world champion MMA, was born on July 3, 1976, and 13 years, finding itself short and gordinho, began to train with a simple goal - to improve its aesthetic and fix a girlfriend.

Since then, the curitibano already participated in over 30 fights and lost only five, besides being bicampeão world of MMA, representing Brazil in international Prides. He is idol in several countries, especially in Japan where it is character of videogame boy and propaganda of several commercial TV.

Nickname: The Axe Murderer

Date of birth: 03/07/1976

Weight: 93 kg

Height: 1.82 m

Place of birth: Curitiba-PR

Black Range: Muay Thai

Black Range: Jiu-Jítsu

Where trains: Kick Boxing Academy

Antonio Rodrigo Nogueira Minotaur

Antonio Rodrigo Nogueira Minotaur

Minotaur began his career at 96. In 99 was living in the United States where he won some major tournaments, jiu-jitsu and judo. Then began the dispute major events of MMA. Minotaur came to open an academy of martial arts in the United States, but eventually returning to Brazil to improve further in jiu-jitsu. One of his best performances was in the Pride 16, disputed in Japan, where he defeated Mark Colleman, one of the great names of the MMA. Since then, Minotaur has become one of the greatest fighters in the world of MMA.

Nickname: Minotaur

Date of birth: 02/06/76

Weight: 104kg

Height: 1.91 cm

Place of birth: Vitoria da Conquista-BA

Black Range: Jiu-Jitsu

Where trains: Brazilian Top Team Academy and Boxing Thay - RJ

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Comments 11 comments

Mike the salesman profile image

Mike the salesman 7 years ago from birmingham alabama/sherwood oregon

well constructed hub! I enjoyed it! tHANKS

tapMaster 7 years ago

An in-depth introduction to the history of MMA. This hub is well research. Is it ok to relay the article to http://www.profightforums.com/?

megamass profile image

megamass 7 years ago from Portugal Author

Ok tapmaster. But if you put the article in your forum, do not forget to rewrite the article to avoid punishment of google for duplicate content and put a link to this hub.


Lawrence Leary 7 years ago

I love the way you site is constructed and you give an in depth history of MMA.

captainchris profile image

captainchris 6 years ago

Thanks for the history lesson! :)

dan 6 years ago

Great hub, I love the collection of videos

Pankration Uniforms 6 years ago

I think pankration is a very good martial arts. I have read that the first martial arts come form India and some say its Greek. I have also seen the human weapon episode on pakration it was very interesting to watch and learn more about pankration.

Pankration Uniforms 6 years ago

I think pankration is a very good martial arts. I have read that the first martial arts come form India and some say its Greek. I have also seen the human weapon episode on pakration it was very interesting to watch and learn more about pankration.

kjrzeek1 profile image

kjrzeek1 4 years ago from New Jersey, USA

I love MMA, and it is nice to see the history behind it. People don't realize how much goes into the training and the sacrifices these fighters have to make...Good hub!

swag master eddie 2 years ago


StNik 22 months ago

One piece of history that is often overlooked is the success that MMA had in Pennsylvania over a decade before the UFC was created. The "sport" of MMA is very different than the ideology of mixed martial arts. The concept of mixing martial arts does date back to Pankration, but at far as a regulated and organized sport it began in 1980 in Pittsburgh, PA more than a decade before the UFC. CV (Caliguri and Viola) Productions Inc. introduced mainstream MMA competition March 20, 1980 and launched the "Super Fighters League" that was very successful until the State of Pennsylvania banned the sport in 1983. It was the first legal precedent for the sport. There is a book that documents the entire history of the sport called Godfathers of MMA. http://mmahistory.org/mma-history-ufc/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CV_Productions,_Inc.

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