Juventus FC: the most beloved football team in Italy
Juventus FC: the Team
Juventus Football Club S.p.A. (from lat. Iuventus , youth), also known as Juventus, or simply Juve, is an Italian football club based in Turin. Founded in 1897 as "Sport Club Juventus" by a group of high school students in Turin, it is the third Italian club as to age among the still active ones and, together with Torino, one of two representing professional football in the capital of Piedmont .
Linked since the twenties to the Agnelli family, the club has always played in the highest category of the Italian football league (since 1929 known as Series A) since its foundation, except for the 2006-07 season.
Juventus is the most winning club in the country, and one of the most successful and important in the world, to the point of being named by the International Institute of Football History and Statistics, an organization recognized by FIFA as Best Italian club and the second in Europe of the twentieth century.
In 1988, Juventus was awarded a special recognition as the first team in the history of continental football to have won all three major competitions run by the Union of European Football Associations, the Champions League Cup, UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and the UEFA Cup. With the victory in the 1985 Intercontinental Cup, finally, Juventus became the first - and remains the only - club in the world to have won all the trophies at least once in the official internationally.
Based on the findings of a survey of companies Demos & Pi (September 2010), Juventus appears to be the team with the highest number of supporters in Italy, having received the preference of 29% of the sample. It is also among the teams with the highest number of supporters worldwide are approximately 180 million supporters, according to a report by the German market research company Sport + Markt AG Sports in August 2005.
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Juventus: History of the club
On November, the 1st, 1897 the Sport Club Juventus was founded in Turin, on the initiative of a group of students from the Liceo Classico "Massimo d'Azeglio”, who were used to sit on a bench in Corso Re Umberto (the bench on which Juventus was established is now kept in the current home of the club). The first team jersey was pink, with black tie or bow tie. In 1903 they started to name their club Juventus.
In 1900, under the name of FootBall Club Juventus, the company enrolled its first national championship, but was eliminated from the Foot-Ball Club Torino. The first national Title came in 1905, at the time the team played at the Velodrome Stadium Umberto I. In 1906, the president of the company, the Swiss Alfred Dick, as a consequence of some tough discussions in the dressing room, left Juventus, together with a group of dissident shareholders, and founded the Football Club Torinese: the oldest rivalry in Italian football had started and this decision brought to such economical problems that led Torino and Juventus on the brink of relegation in 1913.
After World War I, Juventus raised with the presidency of Giuseppe Hessand and Corrado Corradini: Juve managed to improve its placement in the league and to provide some players, including goalkeeper Giovanni Giacone, to the National Team.
Edoardo Agnelli, the owner of Fiat took control of the company in 1923. In the same year he built a new stadium, in Corso Marsiglia (Turin), the first Italian sport facility built entirely with reinforced concrete . With the arrival of the first professional coach, the Hungarian Jenő Károly, came the victory of the second flag in the 1925-26 season.The first big winning cycle of Juventus, thanks to top players like Giovanni Ferrari, Raimundo Orsi, Luis Monti and the famous defense trio Combi-Rosetta-Caligaris, came between 1930-31 and 1934-35, a period of five consecutive championships (national record), as Juventus reached also the semifinals of the Central European Cup for four consecutive years.
The Coach of the victorious team in four of the five seasons was Carlo Carcano, the father of the “method strategy”, and many of the Juventus players were selected in the Italian Team that won the International Cup, the former European League and, especially, in the World Championship 1934 (9 Juventus players played in that team).
The untimely death of Edoardo Agnelli, in 1935, coincided with the end of the “golden Juventus years”. For the rest of the Thirties, and almost all the forty Juventus team was unable to regain the championship, which came only at the end of the decade, in 1949-50.
Between 1943 and 1945 the company, which already had to change its name as a consequence of the Italianization imposed by Fascism, assumed the name of Juventus Cisitalia, in conjunction with the car company of the same name, the Cisitalia precisely which was owned by Peter Dusio, president of his club (but the Fiat brand name, owned by the Agnelli family, was associated with Torino Football Club).
After the Second World War the company changed its name in Juventus Football Club. With the President Gianni Agnelli and later his brother Umberto, Juventus enjoyed a second round of victories, thanks to the arrival of players like the Argentine Omar Sivori and the Welsh John Charles who, along with the young Italian talent and team captain Giampiero Boniperti, were named Magical Trio by the Press: three championships between 1958 and 1961, the first of which was the 10th one of the Club and it gave the right to Juventus to exhibit a star on their shirts. Omar Sivori in 1961 became the first player of Serie A to win the Ballon d'Or. In this cycle was followed by a decade of no victories, with the exception of the 1966-67 title: in this year Juve won in the last game, surpassing Internationale defeated in Mantua.
Giampiero Boniperti became president of the club and his first title in this new role came immediately in his first season, in 1971-72 and then again in 1972-73: it was the first of a new cycle, which in fifteen years, under the technical management of Carlo Parola and then Giovanni Trapattoni, brought nine championship titles to Turin (the last in 1986), two Italian Cups and international victories that made the Juventus club the first European Football team winning all of the UEFA competitions.
In these fifteen years the points record for 16 team-leagues was set: it was in the 1976-77 Championship, when Juve won the UEFA Cup, too, after a tough double final against the Spanish Athletic Bilbao, with a team made of Italian players only. Zoff, Cuccureddu, Gentile, Furino, F. Morini, Scirea, Case, Tardelli, Boninsegna (replaced by Spinosi), Benetti and Bettega.
The title of European champion, achieved in Brussels on May 29th 1985 against Liverpool, was damaged by the hard brawls occurred by Italian and English fans, which led to the deaths of 39 spectators.
The championship won in 1986 closed the decade of Trapattoni: During his management, 9 Juventus players of the Italian team took part in the 1978 World Championship in Argentina (where the Squadra Azzurra classified as fourth) and 6 in the victorious World Cup 1982 in Spain. In addition, Antonio Cabrini, Gaetano Scirea and Marco Tardelli became the first football players in the world to win all the competitions for clubs and the FIFA World Cup.
As the generation of players who had led Juventus team to all of these successes came to an end, Juve supporters faced nine years with no victories in the Championship, even if they won an Italian Cup (1990) and two UEFA Cups (1990 and 1993).
Marcello Lippi led Juventus from 1994 to 1999 and from 2001 to 2004
In 1994, a change in upper management was the prelude to the arrival of Marcello Lippi, who started a new winning cycle in Italy and internationally: in ten seasons, with an interval of a two-year interregnum of Carlo Ancelotti, who won the Intertoto Cup (the last trophy won by the club, so far), Juventus won five league titles, reached four finals of the Champions League and won the 1996 Edition at the Olympic Stadium in Rome as well as one Intercontinental Cup and one UEFA Super Cup.
In 2004, Juve Management hired Fabio Capello as their new coach: in the two years of technical management of the Friulian, Juventus won two consecutive championships in 2004-05 and 2005-06: Juve supporters consider those victories respectively the 28th and 29th “Scudetto”, but because of the court case journalistically defined Calciopoli, some clubs in Serie A were penalized, the championship of 2005 was revoked: Juventus was relegated for sporting fraud in the last place of the ranking and got a 17 point penalization (later reduced to 9) in the next tournament series B (Italian Second Division). The title was awarded the Internationale Milan. Under the new leadership (Giovanni Cobolli Gigli, President, Jean-Claude Blanc, CEO) Juventus, with 28 wins and 10 draws out of 42 games (i.e. 85 points net of penalization), was promoted to Serie A one year later, winning the Serie B championship. The new coach, Didier Deschamps, former top-player of the first Lippi Era, retired before the end of the season, after achieving the sure promotion in the summer of 2007. Claudio Ranieri was chosen to entrust the technical management, followed by Ciro Ferrara – on his first experience Coaching -, former head of the youth sector, and Alberto Zaccheroni, hired in January 2010. On 19 May of that year, after the end of the season, Andrea Agnelli assumed the presidency of the club instead of Blanc; Giuseppe Marotta is the new CEO and Luigi Del Neri the new coach of the club.